英语语学习辅导篇:初二册(上)动词时态全搜索 A 篇时态档案
  1.一般现在时 [概念解说] 一般现在时表示现在的一段时间内经常发生的动作或存在的状态。 其谓语动词第三人称 单数要在词尾加"-s 或-es",其余用原形。与它形影不离、亲密无间的频度副词和时间状语 有 often, always,sometimes, usually, every day 等。 [用法点击]
  1)表示现在存在的习惯、经常发生的动作或存在的状态。如: Lucy works very hard.
  2)表示客观真理或事实。如: The earth moves around the sun.
  3)表示按计划、安排将要发生的动作。这时的谓语动词一般是一些表示位置转移或有 开始意义的词。例如: The meeting starts at seven tomorrow.
  4)在 here, there 开头的句子中,常用一般现在时取代现在进行时。如: There goes the bell!
  2.现在进行时 [概念解说] 表示现在正在进行的动作。其构成形式是:am / is / are + doing [用法点击]
  1)表示现在(说话瞬间)正在进行或发生的动作。如: What is he doing in the next room at the moment?
  2)表示当前一段时间或现阶段正在进行的动作。如: Mr Green is writing a book these days.

  3)表示按计划即将发生的事情,常与 go, come, leave 等词连用。如: The train is leaving for Beijing soon.
  4)现在进行时与 always 连用,还可表示赞叹、厌烦、表扬、批评等不同情感。如: Joy is always helping others. (表扬)
  3.一般过去时 [概念解说] 表示过去发生的动作或存在的状态,讲述过去的事实。与一般过去时不见不散的"clos e friends"有 yesterday, the day before yesterday, last year / month / night / week, just now, two days ago, then, in 1999 / 1988 等。 [用法点击]
  1)表示过去发生的动作或存在的状态。如: John had a birthday party last Monday.
  2)表示过去连续发生的一连串动作。如: Mother went to a bookshop and bought an English dictionary for me th is morning.
  3)表示过去某一段时间内经常、反复发生的动作。如: When I was young, I always played football after school.
  4.一般将来时 [概念解说] 一般将来时表示在将来某一时间将要发生的动作或存在的状态, 也可表示将来某一段时 间内经常发生的动作或存在的状态。它常与表示将来的时间状语如 soon, tomorrow, ne xt week, in a few days, the day after tomorrow 等合作。
 

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