新东方在线 [www.koolearn.com/] 网络课堂电子教材系列
初二英语听说(上)
初二英语听说电子讲义( 初二英语听说电子讲义(上)
欢迎使用新东方在线电子教材
开场白
Hello everyone, welcome to the speaking and listening class. My name is Eva. 发音 ship 【 】 sheep [ ] 七种发音的规则
  1)口语中的三个基本句型: be going to 马上就要做...(计划,安排好的) 口语说成 be gonna 例:我马上就要做这件事情。 I am going to do this right now.(完整句式) I am gonna do this right now.(口语) want to 想做... 口语说成 wanna 例:我想稍微休息一会。 I want to take a break.(完整句式) I wanna take a break.(口语) have got to 必须做...马上,打算做... 口语说成 gotta 例:现在晚了,我得赶紧走了。 It's late. I have got to go now.(完整句式) It's late. I gotta go now.(口语)
  2)重音变轻音。什么样得单词读重音?什么样得单词读轻音?取决于该单词句子中的地位,句子 当中的承载信息的单词要重读,辅助结构作用的次要单词的元音弱读。 一般情况元音弱读为短音[ ] 如:[? ]弱读为[?]
1
新东方在线 [www.koolearn.com/] 网络课堂电子教材系列
初二英语听说(上)
例如:Mary 今天看起来非常的与众不同 Mary looks so different now. 如:[ ]发音特点:
  1,嘴张的宽度大概是一个食指。
  2,嘴角使劲往后咧。 处于次要地位时弱读为[?] 例如:I heard that you just quit. 有一些长音也弱读为短音[?] 如[ ]所在的单词处于次要地位弱读为[?] 例如: What do you want me to do? 有一些复合原音也弱读为短音[?] 如:our [ ?]并不需要强调时,弱读为短音[?] 例:That's our car. 还有一些复合元音:[ ?]可以弱读为短音[E] ; [ ]也会弱读为[?] You are great.
  3) 连读。一般情况下,两个单词相遇时,前面一个单词最后的一个音是辅音,后面一个单词的第 一个音是元音时,发生连读的情况。把前面的辅音和后面的元音连在一起读,这样的现象叫连读。 如:put up 不用谢。Not at all. The meeting yesterday wasn't at all boring. 中考中经常出现的连读情况: (听写) an old friend of mine poor old Tom take a look at it Am I right that's our own He's old, isn't he? Let's at least talk about it. He let us out early.
  4)"y"的音变.字母"y"在以 t, d ,s, z 结尾的单词前面,就会产生连读的音变。 如:"t"后接"y"开头的单词时,读做[ ] 例:Nice to meet you. 如:"d"后接"y"开头的单词时,读做[ ] 例:Why did you quit your job? 如:"s"后接"y"开头的单词时,读做[ ] 例:I miss you. 如:"z"后接"y"开头的单词时,读做[ ] 例:He was your friend.
  5)有时在句子中由于语速过快等原因,发[t]时会发生浊化[d]. 例:not at all What a nice surprise!
2
新东方在线 [www.koolearn.com/] 网络课堂电子教材系列
初二英语听说(上)
What about going to a movie?
  6) 失去爆破的现象。 由于语速过快等原因, 两个单词相遇时, 前面一个单词的最后一个音发辅音, 而且是一个爆破音,后面一个单词也是一个爆破音时,此时只爆破一次,把前面一个单词的 最后一个爆破音消去不独。即失去爆破。另一种情况是前一个单词最后一个音是一个爆破音, 后一单词的首字母开头或第一个音发[m],[n],[l]时,也要发生失爆的现象。 失爆现象不光是在两个单词之间发生,在单词内部也会发生。 例:English [ ] friendly [ ] sit down 连读现象:前辅后元要连读 失爆现象:爆爆相见前爆消 例:I don't like them. It's a big ball. Let's at least talk about it.
  7)特殊字母"h"开头的单词的前面一个单词的最后一个音是辅音时,也可发生连读。把字母 "h"所发的音[h]击穿,用前一个单词的辅音和[h]后面的元音直接发生连读。 例:don't have sell her books It isn't he.
UNIT 1
GREETINGS AND SAYING GOODBYE
问候和道别
This unit was help you to meet, greet and get to know new people in your classes and in your daily life. It was also tell you how to use the right language for the right situation 这个单元会教给我们同学们如何在班级里和你的同学打招呼和在日常 生活中如何认识新朋友。它同时也会我们大家如何在正确的场合使用正确的语言。 what do you a ready know about introducing yourself and others in English.
  1) what do people say when they introduce themselves. hi. hey Hello
  2) what do the people do when they introduce themselves. Shake hands ; hug; kiss on the cheek; bow; a pat on the back; put an arm around each other; wave and say hi; nod your head and smile; slap hands people in United States and Canada often shake hands when they meet each other. The hand shake is not same at hand shake in other country, here is how to shake hand operorily.
  1) hold the other opposing hand formally
3
新东方在线 [www.koolearn.com/] 网络课堂电子教材系列
初二英语听说(上)

  2)用你的整个手掌握住对方的手掌
  3) 握手时要看着对方的眼睛,微笑着 Formal language (正式用语) Informal language(非正式用语) In United States and Canada, people usually use formal language in official situations. It is use in business and between people of difference age. for example: a younger people speaking to older person should use formal language. On the other hand, informal language is usually use in casual situation. Informal language is used in social situation and among people of the same age group. Young peoples, family numbers and good friends usually use informal language with each other. 根据场景分析什么样的场合用 formal language, 什么样的场合用 informal language.
  1. Meeting someone for the first time(formal language)
  2. speaking with the boss or the manager at work(formal language)
  3. talking to your brothers and sisters(informal language)
  4. talking to your teacher for the first time(formal language)
  5. speaking to an old lady(formal language)
  6. speaking to classmates(informal language) 那些语言叫 formal language, 那些语言叫 informal language. introducing yourself: 第一次见面:(informal) Hello, my name is Eva! Hi, I am Eva! (formal) I don’t think we’ve met. I am Eva. Nice to meet you. Hi, my name is Eva. Nice to meet you. 如何介绍你的朋友和其它的朋友认识(introducing others): (informal) this is Jason. this is my friend Jason. (formal) I’d like you to meet Jason. I’d like to introduce Jason to you. introduce sb. to sb. 把某人介绍给另外的人。 第一次见面说: 嘿,你最近过得好吗? How are you ? Fine, thanks. And you ? Hi! How are you doing? Fine, thanks. I'm ok.
4
新东方在线 [www.koolearn.com/] 网络课堂电子教材系列
初二英语听说(上)
Hello! How is it going?(最近过得好吗) It's fine. It's ok. Hi! How have you been?(好久不见了,过得怎么样?) Fine. How have you been? What’s up?(最近过得好吗) What’s new? Not much. / Nothing much. 做翻译练习: (汉译英)
  1)你好!我叫... Hi! I am Eva.
  2) 很高兴见到你! Nice to meet you. Glad to meet you.
  3)对不起,你的名字叫什么? I am sorry, what’s your name again? 噢,我的名字是 Eva. It’s Eva.
  4)别人一般都怎么称呼你呢? What do people call you? 每个人都管我叫 Eva. Everyone calls me Eva.
  5) 你的名字怎么拼写呢? How do you spell your name? It’s E-V-A 英文名字 George- average; boring Michael ? good-looking; athletic Betty ? old-fashioned; average Emily ? independent; adventurous 说再见 Bye. Googbye. See you. See you tomorrow. / See you next week. See you soon. / See you around So long. 啊呀,我恐怕得赶紧走了。 I am afraid I have to go now.
/ See you next time.
5
新东方在线 [www.koolearn.com/] 网络课堂电子教材系列
初二英语听说(上)
啊呀,我必须走了。 I must be off now. 我最好还是现在走吧。 I’d better be going now. I’d better go now. 呀,现在已经很晚了,我得赶紧走了。 It’s getting late. I must go now. 谢谢你招待我,给了我这么美好得一天。 Thank you for giving me a lovely day. 在你家呆着真是非常得高兴。 It’s been a very pleasant day. 替我向你的父母问好。 Give my best wishes to your parents. 替我向你的哥哥问好。 Give my best regards to your brother 做听力练习: Dialogue 10 A: Hello, George. . B: , Mr. Zhang. How are you ? A: Wonderful, thank you. . B: I had a last week. But I'm now. A: Well, I'm to hear that. And how is in your family? B: , thank you. Please to Mrs. Zhang. Dialogue 2 A: I don't want to take of your time. B: Not at all. Well, It's you again. A: Nice seeing you again too. Let's again sometime. B: O. K. Thanks for coming. A: Goodbye and have a . B: Bye. . Exercise Three Directions: Listen to the passage and answer the following questions.
  1. When did Mr. And Mrs. Smith get married?
  2. When did they move here?
  3. What happened a few weeks ago?
  4. Where did the young man and his wife live?
  5. What did the man do every day?
  6. What did Mrs. Smith want her husband to do?
  7. What did Mr. Smith say to his wife?
6
新东方在线 [www.koolearn.com/] 网络课堂电子教材系列
初二英语听说(上)
UNIT 2
INTRODUCTIONS
介绍
Exercise One Directions: Listen to the following dialogue and fill in the blanks. Hello! My name is Alice. I'm a . This is my . And this is Jane. She is a too. Listen. That's her . See that man near the ? He's our . He's the . His name's Mr. James. Well, it's o'clock, time. Goodbye. Exercise Two Directions: Listen to the dialogue and write the answer to each question in the space given. A: What's your name, please? B: A: And where are you from? B: A: What's your job? B: A: Are you here on holiday? B: A: Thank you, Miss Martin. Exercise Three Directions: Listen to the following dialogue and fill in the blanks with the words you hear. A: Good afternoon, Mr. Chen. B: Good afternoon, Mr. Zhang. Please me to introduce Mr. Wang to you. He is the new of the Sales Department. C: , Mr. Wang. I'm Zhang Xing. I've been to meeting you. A: to know you. I've so much about you. Exercise Four Directions: Listen to the passage and then answer the following questions. ? Who is Peter Smith? Where does he come from? ? How many people are there in his family? ? What does his father do? What about his mother? ? Is his sister a student, too? ? Where does his family live? Exercise Five Directions: Listen to the passage carefully and try to complete the following chart with the information you have got from the tape. , we usually greet them. A greeting is a way of . It is also a way of .
7
新东方在线 [www.koolearn.com/] 网络课堂电子教材系列
初二英语听说(上)
We usually respond by saying . It is not necessary .
UNIT 3
AT THE RESTAURANT 用餐
What food is never alone? What room can people not live in? When did Irish potato change nationality? I am hungry. I feel hungry. I feel a little bit hungry. I'm very hungry. I am starving to death. I'm so hungry that I could eat a horse. eat like a bird Let's eat out. What would you like to have? Are there French restaurants? Are there any French restaurants around here? Are there any Italian restaurants around here? Are there any Thai restaurants around here? Are there any Korean restaurants around here? book a table book a room reserve a table book a table for + 人数 + at + 具体时间 I want to book a table for two at seven o'clock this evening. Smoking or non-smoking? I want a table by the window. I want a table near the street. waiter
8
新东方在线 [www.koolearn.com/] 网络课堂电子教材系列
初二英语听说(上)
waitress Do you have a reservation? Yes, we have reserved a table. menu My name is Sarah, I will be your waitress this evening. May I take your order? Are you ready to order? What would you like to order? What would you recommend? What's today's special? What's today's specialty? What's on the menu? beverage appetizer soup main dish main course salad desserts I'd like I'd like a coke. I'd like to have I'd like to have a glass of beer. I'll have I'll have a Scotch on the rocks. Roast beef please. I'll take I'll take a whisky with soda. Does it taste spicy? Is it spicy?
9
新东方在线 [www.koolearn.com/] 网络课堂电子教材系列
初二英语听说(上)
table Help yourself. Everybody help yourselves. Make yourself at home please. Don't put your elbows on the table. Don't read at table. Don't talk with your mouth full. Don't slurp while eating soup. Don't smack your lips while eating. Ne
 

相关内容

新东方在线考研英语主观题高分必读课程-翻译电子讲义

   新东方在线 [www.koolearn.com] 网络课堂电子教材系列 考研英语主观题??翻译 考研英语主观题翻译电子教材 主讲: 主讲: 姜丽蓉 欢迎使用新东方在线电子教材 目录 ??英译汉 第一章 阅读理解 Part C??英译汉的命题特点和规律 ??英译汉的命题特点和规律 一.英译汉概述 二.翻译的标准 三.英译汉命题的基本指导思想 四,近年英译汉真题选材统计 五.英译汉考题的命题趋势 六.英译汉题型特点 (一)句子较长,结构复杂 (二)句子虽短,暗藏考点 (三)新词频现,一词多义 第 ...

英语学习_全新版(新视野,新世纪,21世纪)大学英语听说教程+读写教程+单词朗读+课本电子版+听力MP3+习题答案

   狂人中国 www.krenchina.cn 收集整理]] 弃我去者, 弃我去者,昨日之日不可留 乱我心者, 乱我心者,今日之日多烦忧 以下资料均来自互联网 ]] 获取更多英语听力资料请登录 www.krenchina.cn]] 下载】全新版大学英语【听说教程+综合 【下载】全新版大学英语【听说教程 综合 教程+单词朗读】 教程 单词朗读】听力 mp3 下载 单词朗读 费了这么长时间, 终于完成了全新版大学英语听说教程和综合教程的听力收集整 理工作。所有的听力文件都以 mp3 格式提供。由于文 ...

初二英语强化班-语法讲义

   新东方在线 [www.koolearn.com] 网络课堂电子教材系列 初二英语语法突破 初二英语语法突破讲义 初二英语语法突破讲义 主讲: 主讲:王川 欢迎使用新东方在线电子教材 教材说明:练习题老师只讲一部分,没讲到的题请学员自己课后练习,后面附有参考答案。 第一章 形容词和副词 规则变化 构成方法 一般在词尾加-er/est 原级 Cold Strong Fast slow Nice large Big Thin hot Easy happy Delicious Interesting ...

新东方考研英语词汇电子讲义

   新东方在线 [www.koolearn.com] 网络课堂电子教材系列 考研词汇 5500 考研词汇5500 考研词汇 主讲: 主讲:刘一男 欢迎使用新东方在线电子教材 A Angle n.角 Alps 阿尔卑斯山 Altai阿尔泰山 1, 浊清互变 p/b t/d k/g f/v 2, 平卷音互换 s/sh c/ch t/th p/ph 3,近亲字母互换 r/l/n er el acid n.酸,尖酸的 a.酸的 an a ang =ac ache v.痛,刺痛 n.疼痛,酸痛 acute ...

新东方考研英语翻译冲刺电子讲义

   新东方考研英语翻译冲刺电子讲义 主讲:唐静 说明:老师主要讲了2004年到2006年三年试题 2006年 Part C Directions: Read the following text carefully and then translate the underlined segments into Chinese. Our translation should be written neatly on ANSWER SHEET 2. (10 points) Is it true th ...

英语听力

   如何提高英语听力能力 一、 英语听力学习中的误区 众人的疑惑:为什么老听不懂? 英语基础不扎实的人听不懂,或者听懂的不多,是很容易理解的事情。但有些 语法基础扎实、词汇量足够大的学习者,却也有着相同苦恼和困惑。对于这些学习 者来说,当务之急还是先找出听力障碍的“症结”。 症结一: 语音知识不扎实 你是否碰到过这样的情况:听一段 VOA 的慢速英语新闻,听的时候觉得很舒 服,像是在听一段说唱音乐一样。结束的时候,你忽然发觉其实自己对广播内容毫 无头绪。但是回头对照广播稿子,却又发觉整篇广播稿子 ...

英语听力

   英语四六级听力完美训练方案 第一步: 分钟) 第一步:预判 (3-5 分钟 做题前,一定留出时间看题。正式考试时看题时间约 3 分钟左右。我们只能高效的看而非全面的看。 选项中最需要注意的是:高频词,主语,谓语等。同时注意,相似选项和相反选项要保留,准确答案就在 其间。复合式听写部分也需要注意高频词汇。 例(小对话):A) She’ll have some chocolate cake. B) She’ll take a look at the menu. C) She’ll go with ...

英语听力

   一、 1.John will be thirty on November fourteenth. = On November fourteenth John will celebrate his day. [几乎没有人能讲对!] 2.Since your suitcase weights sixty pounds, you'll have to pay overweight. = The weight of the suitcase is sixty pounds. 3.The Intona ...

英语听力

   2011 年高考英语听力复习攻略:数字型试题主要考查数字,包括数量、年龄、时间、价格等,可以出 现在听力考试的所有题型中;地点型试题主要考查地点,该项内容的考查多为以 where 开头的特殊疑问句; 推断型试题不仅包括推断数字和地点,还常考查学生对人物身份、关系,人物态度、情感以及事件原因的 推断;主题型试题主要考查学生对短对话或短文独白的主要内容的把握能力。 对于高考听力, 把握考查测试点和相关技巧是非常重要的, 下面就常见的高考听力考点 做一下归纳和总结。 一、数字。数字型试题主要考查数 ...

英语听力

   新世纪大学英语试听教程 3 答案 新视野大学英语视听说教程第三册 听力练习录音文本和答案 Uint1 II. Basic Listening Practice Keys: 1.C 2.D 3. A 4.B 5.C III. Listening In While the man is wondering why the woman is suddenly getting excellent marks, she says she read an article on studying and ...

热门内容

2010届高考英语第一次模拟试题

   本资料来源于大家网高考英语论坛 http://club.topsage.com/forum-136-1.html 2010 届高考英语第一次模拟试题 Ⅰ.听力(共两节,满分 35 分) 听力(共两节, 听力 第一节: 第一节:听对话或独白 (共 15 小题,每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 共 小题, 听下面一段对话, 听下面一段对话,回答第 1--3 题. 1. Where does this dialogue take place? A. On a bus B. In a conveni ...

初中英语语法总结(九)--连词

   初中英语语法总结( 初中英语语法总结(九)??连词 ??连词 连词是一种虚词, 它不能独立担任句子成分而只起连接词与词,短语与短语以及句与句的 作用。连词主要可分为两类:并列连词和从属连词。并列连词用来连接平行的词、词组和分 句。如:and, but, or, nor, so, therefore, yet, however, for, hence, as well as, both…and, not only… but also, either…or, neither…nor, (and) ...

打造高考英语高分作文的四步流程(新东方英语)

   打造高分作文的四步流程 时间:2007-09-27 作者: 来源:北京新东方 如果你曾经为英语作文日日伤心以泪洗面,如果你曾经面对作文题目苦思冥想头脑 里天马行空却不知如何动笔, 如果你看到发下来的卷子上英语作文上犯的一些小错误后感到 痛心疾首大呼懊恼,如果你明明会满腔的词汇句式却写作时总感到天不逢时英雄无用武之 地,那么这套流程对你来说应该有一定参考价值. 怎样的流程?审题??草稿??成文??检查 第一步,审题. 第一步,审题. 拿到题目后,手中拿铅笔,手脑眼嘴并用,开始审题.看题目的要求 ...

小学六年级英语上学期期末考试试卷-英语

   小学六年级英语上学期期末考试试卷 一、单词部分(20 分) 一) 1. A. woof 2. A. shirt 3. A. boat 4. A. water 5. A. actor 单词辨音(5×2 分) B. choose B. cleaner B. cabbage B. gas B. cinema C. wood C. learn C. thumb C. bat C. cloud 二) 补全单词(5×2 分) 6. accnt 7. bookst 8. c__m__c 9. strm 1 ...

PEP小学英语五年级下册期末检测模拟试卷

   克里斯英语学校五年级质量检测题 Listening part 听力部分 听力部分(40 分) 一、 Listen and choose. 听录音,选择正确的答案。(5 分) ( )1. Which season do you like best? --. A.spring ( ( ( A. get up B. winter C. summer C. eat dinner . C. have a picnic )2. When do you ? B. eat breakfast )3. I l ...