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初二英语听说电子讲义( 初二英语听说电子讲义(上)
Hello everyone, welcome to the speaking and listening class. My name is Eva. 发音 ship 【 】 sheep [ ] 七种发音的规则
  1)口语中的三个基本句型: be going to 马上就要做...(计划,安排好的) 口语说成 be gonna 例:我马上就要做这件事情。 I am going to do this right now.(完整句式) I am gonna do this right now.(口语) want to 想做... 口语说成 wanna 例:我想稍微休息一会。 I want to take a break.(完整句式) I wanna take a break.(口语) have got to 必须做...马上,打算做... 口语说成 gotta 例:现在晚了,我得赶紧走了。 It's late. I have got to go now.(完整句式) It's late. I gotta go now.(口语)
  2)重音变轻音。什么样得单词读重音?什么样得单词读轻音?取决于该单词句子中的地位,句子 当中的承载信息的单词要重读,辅助结构作用的次要单词的元音弱读。 一般情况元音弱读为短音[ ] 如:[? ]弱读为[?]
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例如:Mary 今天看起来非常的与众不同 Mary looks so different now. 如:[ ]发音特点:
  2,嘴角使劲往后咧。 处于次要地位时弱读为[?] 例如:I heard that you just quit. 有一些长音也弱读为短音[?] 如[ ]所在的单词处于次要地位弱读为[?] 例如: What do you want me to do? 有一些复合原音也弱读为短音[?] 如:our [ ?]并不需要强调时,弱读为短音[?] 例:That's our car. 还有一些复合元音:[ ?]可以弱读为短音[E] ; [ ]也会弱读为[?] You are great.
  3) 连读。一般情况下,两个单词相遇时,前面一个单词最后的一个音是辅音,后面一个单词的第 一个音是元音时,发生连读的情况。把前面的辅音和后面的元音连在一起读,这样的现象叫连读。 如:put up 不用谢。Not at all. The meeting yesterday wasn't at all boring. 中考中经常出现的连读情况: (听写) an old friend of mine poor old Tom take a look at it Am I right that's our own He's old, isn't he? Let's at least talk about it. He let us out early.
  4)"y"的音变.字母"y"在以 t, d ,s, z 结尾的单词前面,就会产生连读的音变。 如:"t"后接"y"开头的单词时,读做[ ] 例:Nice to meet you. 如:"d"后接"y"开头的单词时,读做[ ] 例:Why did you quit your job? 如:"s"后接"y"开头的单词时,读做[ ] 例:I miss you. 如:"z"后接"y"开头的单词时,读做[ ] 例:He was your friend.
  5)有时在句子中由于语速过快等原因,发[t]时会发生浊化[d]. 例:not at all What a nice surprise!
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What about going to a movie?
  6) 失去爆破的现象。 由于语速过快等原因, 两个单词相遇时, 前面一个单词的最后一个音发辅音, 而且是一个爆破音,后面一个单词也是一个爆破音时,此时只爆破一次,把前面一个单词的 最后一个爆破音消去不独。即失去爆破。另一种情况是前一个单词最后一个音是一个爆破音, 后一单词的首字母开头或第一个音发[m],[n],[l]时,也要发生失爆的现象。 失爆现象不光是在两个单词之间发生,在单词内部也会发生。 例:English [ ] friendly [ ] sit down 连读现象:前辅后元要连读 失爆现象:爆爆相见前爆消 例:I don't like them. It's a big ball. Let's at least talk about it.
  7)特殊字母"h"开头的单词的前面一个单词的最后一个音是辅音时,也可发生连读。把字母 "h"所发的音[h]击穿,用前一个单词的辅音和[h]后面的元音直接发生连读。 例:don't have sell her books It isn't he.
This unit was help you to meet, greet and get to know new people in your classes and in your daily life. It was also tell you how to use the right language for the right situation 这个单元会教给我们同学们如何在班级里和你的同学打招呼和在日常 生活中如何认识新朋友。它同时也会我们大家如何在正确的场合使用正确的语言。 what do you a ready know about introducing yourself and others in English.
  1) what do people say when they introduce themselves. hi. hey Hello
  2) what do the people do when they introduce themselves. Shake hands ; hug; kiss on the cheek; bow; a pat on the back; put an arm around each other; wave and say hi; nod your head and smile; slap hands people in United States and Canada often shake hands when they meet each other. The hand shake is not same at hand shake in other country, here is how to shake hand operorily.
  1) hold the other opposing hand formally
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  3) 握手时要看着对方的眼睛,微笑着 Formal language (正式用语) Informal language(非正式用语) In United States and Canada, people usually use formal language in official situations. It is use in business and between people of difference age. for example: a younger people speaking to older person should use formal language. On the other hand, informal language is usually use in casual situation. Informal language is used in social situation and among people of the same age group. Young peoples, family numbers and good friends usually use informal language with each other. 根据场景分析什么样的场合用 formal language, 什么样的场合用 informal language.
  1. Meeting someone for the first time(formal language)
  2. speaking with the boss or the manager at work(formal language)
  3. talking to your brothers and sisters(informal language)
  4. talking to your teacher for the first time(formal language)
  5. speaking to an old lady(formal language)
  6. speaking to classmates(informal language) 那些语言叫 formal language, 那些语言叫 informal language. introducing yourself: 第一次见面:(informal) Hello, my name is Eva! Hi, I am Eva! (formal) I don’t think we’ve met. I am Eva. Nice to meet you. Hi, my name is Eva. Nice to meet you. 如何介绍你的朋友和其它的朋友认识(introducing others): (informal) this is Jason. this is my friend Jason. (formal) I’d like you to meet Jason. I’d like to introduce Jason to you. introduce sb. to sb. 把某人介绍给另外的人。 第一次见面说: 嘿,你最近过得好吗? How are you ? Fine, thanks. And you ? Hi! How are you doing? Fine, thanks. I'm ok.
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Hello! How is it going?(最近过得好吗) It's fine. It's ok. Hi! How have you been?(好久不见了,过得怎么样?) Fine. How have you been? What’s up?(最近过得好吗) What’s new? Not much. / Nothing much. 做翻译练习: (汉译英)
  1)你好!我叫... Hi! I am Eva.
  2) 很高兴见到你! Nice to meet you. Glad to meet you.
  3)对不起,你的名字叫什么? I am sorry, what’s your name again? 噢,我的名字是 Eva. It’s Eva.
  4)别人一般都怎么称呼你呢? What do people call you? 每个人都管我叫 Eva. Everyone calls me Eva.
  5) 你的名字怎么拼写呢? How do you spell your name? It’s E-V-A 英文名字 George- average; boring Michael ? good-looking; athletic Betty ? old-fashioned; average Emily ? independent; adventurous 说再见 Bye. Googbye. See you. See you tomorrow. / See you next week. See you soon. / See you around So long. 啊呀,我恐怕得赶紧走了。 I am afraid I have to go now.
/ See you next time.
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啊呀,我必须走了。 I must be off now. 我最好还是现在走吧。 I’d better be going now. I’d better go now. 呀,现在已经很晚了,我得赶紧走了。 It’s getting late. I must go now. 谢谢你招待我,给了我这么美好得一天。 Thank you for giving me a lovely day. 在你家呆着真是非常得高兴。 It’s been a very pleasant day. 替我向你的父母问好。 Give my best wishes to your parents. 替我向你的哥哥问好。 Give my best regards to your brother 做听力练习: Dialogue 10 A: Hello, George. . B: , Mr. Zhang. How are you ? A: Wonderful, thank you. . B: I had a last week. But I'm now. A: Well, I'm to hear that. And how is in your family? B: , thank you. Please to Mrs. Zhang. Dialogue 2 A: I don't want to take of your time. B: Not at all. Well, It's you again. A: Nice seeing you again too. Let's again sometime. B: O. K. Thanks for coming. A: Goodbye and have a . B: Bye. . Exercise Three Directions: Listen to the passage and answer the following questions.
  1. When did Mr. And Mrs. Smith get married?
  2. When did they move here?
  3. What happened a few weeks ago?
  4. Where did the young man and his wife live?
  5. What did the man do every day?
  6. What did Mrs. Smith want her husband to do?
  7. What did Mr. Smith say to his wife?
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Exercise One Directions: Listen to the following dialogue and fill in the blanks. Hello! My name is Alice. I'm a . This is my . And this is Jane. She is a too. Listen. That's her . See that man near the ? He's our . He's the . His name's Mr. James. Well, it's o'clock, time. Goodbye. Exercise Two Directions: Listen to the dialogue and write the answer to each question in the space given. A: What's your name, please? B: A: And where are you from? B: A: What's your job? B: A: Are you here on holiday? B: A: Thank you, Miss Martin. Exercise Three Directions: Listen to the following dialogue and fill in the blanks with the words you hear. A: Good afternoon, Mr. Chen. B: Good afternoon, Mr. Zhang. Please me to introduce Mr. Wang to you. He is the new of the Sales Department. C: , Mr. Wang. I'm Zhang Xing. I've been to meeting you. A: to know you. I've so much about you. Exercise Four Directions: Listen to the passage and then answer the following questions. ? Who is Peter Smith? Where does he come from? ? How many people are there in his family? ? What does his father do? What about his mother? ? Is his sister a student, too? ? Where does his family live? Exercise Five Directions: Listen to the passage carefully and try to complete the following chart with the information you have got from the tape. , we usually greet them. A greeting is a way of . It is also a way of .
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We usually respond by saying . It is not necessary .
What food is never alone? What room can people not live in? When did Irish potato change nationality? I am hungry. I feel hungry. I feel a little bit hungry. I'm very hungry. I am starving to death. I'm so hungry that I could eat a horse. eat like a bird Let's eat out. What would you like to have? Are there French restaurants? Are there any French restaurants around here? Are there any Italian restaurants around here? Are there any Thai restaurants around here? Are there any Korean restaurants around here? book a table book a room reserve a table book a table for + 人数 + at + 具体时间 I want to book a table for two at seven o'clock this evening. Smoking or non-smoking? I want a table by the window. I want a table near the street. waiter
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waitress Do you have a reservation? Yes, we have reserved a table. menu My name is Sarah, I will be your waitress this evening. May I take your order? Are you ready to order? What would you like to order? What would you recommend? What's today's special? What's today's specialty? What's on the menu? beverage appetizer soup main dish main course salad desserts I'd like I'd like a coke. I'd like to have I'd like to have a glass of beer. I'll have I'll have a Scotch on the rocks. Roast beef please. I'll take I'll take a whisky with soda. Does it taste spicy? Is it spicy?
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table Help yourself. Everybody help yourselves. Make yourself at home please. Don't put your elbows on the table. Don't read at table. Don't talk with your mouth full. Don't slurp while eating soup. Don't smack your lips while eating. Ne



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