初二英语外研版( 初二英语外研版(下)学案
Module 5 Problems
一、学习目标: 学习目标

  1.知识与技能:能够掌握由 if 引导的条件状语从句(
  2)的用法;能听懂有关叙事内容的 对话;能叙述简单的事情;能读懂反映问题和给予建议的书信;能用条件状语从句进 行口、笔头的表达。
  2.情感态度:乐于参加运用英语的实践活动,善于同别人交流看法。
  3.学习策略:学会运用条件状语从句向别人提建议;学会如何用英语表达感慨。

  1. If I play well, I’ll play the solo.
  2. If the teacher chooses kylie, she will play the dance music.
  3. If she becomes a star, her parents won’t send her away. B .语法学习:if 引导的条件状语从句的用法 语法学习: 语法学习 一)时态呼应 一般来讲,复合句都要遵循主、从句时态呼应规律,状语从句也不例外。即主句用现在时,从 句也用现在时;主句用过去时,从句也用过去的某种时态。具体地讲,主句是一般现在时(包括祈 使句和含有情态动词 can, may, must 等),从句也用一般现在时。例如: Have a good rest if you are tired. 如果你累了,就好好休息一会儿吧。 You must see the doctor if you are ill. 如果你生病了,就必须去看医生。 这里提醒大家特别要注意:如果主句是一般将来时态,这时从句不可以用将来时态,而要用一 般现在时。例如: I won’t go there with you if it rains tomorrow. 如果明天下雨的话,我就不和你一起去那儿了。 If we do nothing, there will be only standing room on the earth. 假如我们不采取任何措施,地球上将只有站的地方了。 二)主从句的位置 大多数情况下,从句可以位于主句之前,也可以位于主句之后。不过从句在前时,主从句之间 必须用逗号隔开。例如: Please tell me if he comes back. = If he comes back, please tell me. 如果他回来了,请告诉我一声。
二、重点及难点: if 引导的条件状语从句的用法 重点及难点
一)时态呼应 一般来讲,复合句都要遵循主、从句时态呼应规律,状语从句也不例外。即主句 用现在时,从句也用现在时;主句用过去时,从句也用过去的某种时态。具体地讲, 主句是一般现在时(包括祈使句和含有情态动词 can, may, must 等),从句也用一般现在 时。例如: Have a good rest if you are tired. 如果你累了,就好好休息一会儿吧。 You must see the doctor if you are ill. 如果你生病了,就必须去看医生。 这里提醒大家特别要注意:如果主句是一般将来时态,这时从句不可以用将来时 态,而要用一般现在时。例如: I won’t go there with you if it rains tomorrow. 如果明天下雨的话,我就不和你一起去那儿了。 If we do nothing, there will be only standing room on the earth. 假如我们不采取任何措施,地球上将只有站的地方了。 二)主从句的位置 大多数情况下,从句可以位于主句之前,也可以位于主句之后。不过从句在前时, 主从句之间必须用逗号隔开。例如: Please tell me if he comes back. = If he comes back, please tell me. 如果他回来了,请告诉我一声。
二)达标学习
A. Rewrite the sentences with if.
  1. Listen in class, or you won't understand what to do.
  2. Eat some breakfast, or you'll get hungry at school.
  3. Hurry up! We'll be late!
  4. Read the instructions carefully. Then you'll know what to do. Answers:
  1. If you don't listen in class, you won't understand what to do.
  2. If you don't eat some breakfast, you'll get hungry at school.
  3. If you don't hurry up, we'll be late.
  4. If you read the instructions carefully, you'll know what to do. Complete the sentences. Give advice with the correct form of the words.
  1. ?I want to get high scores. ? (work hard / do well)
  2. ?How can I remember my friends' birthdays?
三、学习步骤: 学习步骤
Unit 3 Language in use
一)知识点学习 )知识点学习
A . Language practice:
? (keep a note in your diary / not forget).
  3. ?It's late, but I don't want to go to sleep. ? (not get enough sleep / feel tired at school).
  4. ?I don't like speaking English outside the classroom. ? (not practise / not improve).
  5. ?Should I tell my teacher I don't understand the homework? ? (not tell her / she / not able to help you)
  6. ?Is it OK if I watch TV for six hours? ? (you watch too much TV / eyes / hurt)
  1. If you work hard, you will do well
  2. If you keep a note in your diary, you won't forget
  3. If you don't get enough sleep, you'll feel tired at school
  4. If you don't practise, you won't improve
  5. If you don't tell her, she won't be able to help you
  6. No. If you watch too much TV, your eyes will hurt

  1. terrible
  6. proud

  2. pocket money
  7. mend

  3. problem
  8. honest

  4. refused

  5. keep
三)合作学习
A. Complete the sentences so that they are true for you.
  1. I'll be really happy if .
  2. We'll do well in English if .
  3. My parents will be angry if .
  4. If it rains next Saturday , .
  5. If I get some money for my birthday , . B. Complete the conversation with the words and expressions in the box.
honest; keep; mend;
pocket money; problem; proud; refused;
terrible
May: What's up? You look really unhappy. Kate: Yes , I feel (
  1) about something. May: Tell me about it. Maybe I can help. Kate: Well, I needed some new shoes to wear to a party. But I didn't have enough (
  2) to buy any. So I asked my sister if I could wear her new shoes. May: That was nice of her. Kate: No, you see, that's the (
  3). She (
  4) to let me wear them because she wants to (
  5) them new for her 16th birthday party. They were expensive. She saved up a lot of money to buy them, and she's really (
  6) of them. But I took them when she was out, and I wore them to the party. And on my way home, I fell, and one of the shoes is broken now. May: Can you (
  7) it? Kate: No, I don't think anyone will be able to do that. May: Mmm, that does sound serious. But if you aren't (
  8), she'll be even angrier with you. Kate: I know you're right. Answers:
C. Complete the passages with the correct form of the phrases in the box. after all; at least; at the end of; angry with; good at; be proud of; spend time My grades aren't very good, and my parents are (
  1)me. I told them that I worked hard at school. The problem is, I'm just not (
  2) schoolwork. They say I (
  3) playing basketball when I should be studying. It's true that I play a lot of basketball. I'm in the school team. (
  4) , basketball is something great and can(
  5). I want to be in the national team. My uncle has offered to help me train, but how can I get my parents to agree? You should also work very hard at school. If your grades are better (
  6) next term, your parents won't worry so much. Then you can ask your uncle to talk to your parents. (
  71) , he thinks you are good at it. Maybe your parents will listen to him.
  1. angry with
  2. good at
  3. spend time
  4. At least
  5. be proud of
  6. at the end of
  7. After all D. Work in pairs. Read the problems and give advice. A I've got a Saturday job in library. Last week, I was doing my homework at the library instead of tidying up the shelves. I saw someone from my school come into the library and steal a book. The problem is, he saw me doing my homework instead of my job. He said, "If you tell anyone, I'll tell everyone what you were doing wrong!" What should I do? Kate B My best friend Linda and I both love acting and singing. I've just found out that I've got the biggest part in the school play. Linda's only got a small part. She's really unhappy about it. I feel sorry for her. I know she wants me to refuse the big part. She says that's what a good friend should do. But it's really important to me. What should I do? Susan C My friend Peter finds maths very difficult. He wants me to let him copy my homework. I want to refuse because I think it's dishonest, but I don't want Peter to get into trouble with his parents. They have warned him about not working hard. And he does work hard?it's just that he doesn't understand the work. Helen Choose one of the problems and write a reply. Say what will or won't happen in each possible situation. Answer: C. This is a model answer: You are quite right when you say that copying is dishonest and you shouldn't let Peter copy your work for that reason. However, there is another good reason for not doing it: if Peter really is your friend and you really do want to help, copying will do the opposite. He will learn nothing and never get any better at
maths. If you want to help him, why don't you spend some time explaining how to do the problems, and helping him to work them out? You say he works hard?help him to do so in the right way, and your friendship will be stronger, and you will respect each other more.
四)听力训练
A .Listen to the conversations . Do the speakers give the same advice as you ? B. Answer the questions. What do the speakers think will happen if ...
  1. Kate doesn't tell the manager about the boy stealing?
  2. the manager finds out that Kate was doing her homework instead of tidying up the shelves?
  3. Susan tells the teachers what Linda wants her to do?
  4. Susan refuses the biggest part in the play?
  5. Helen lets Peter copy her work?
  6. Helen tells Peter's parents about his problem? Listen and check the answers:
  1. She will lose her job.
  2. The manager will be angry.
  3. Linda will lose her part and Susan will lose her friend.
  4. She'll lose the chance to make her parents proud of her.
  5. She'll be dishonest herself.
  6. They'll be able to help him.
五)探究学习 探究学习
A. Around the world : Problem page . B . Module task: Writing a problem page for a magazine
  1. Work in groups .Think of and write a problem .
  2. Work in groups . Read your problem to the group . Discuss advice for each problem . Decide who is going to write the advice for each problem .
  3. Put the problems and the advice on a poster . Display the “ problem page” in the classroom for other students to read .
 

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