初三英语( 初三英语(上)知识点复习指导
Unit 5 If you go to the party, you’ll have a great time
一. 重点单词
  1. organize 组 织
  2. against prep.反对
  3. chance n.机会;机遇
  4. tonight n.今晚,今夜
  5. window n.窗;窗户
  6. explain v.解释;说明
  7. improve v.提高;改进
二. 重点词组
  1.If you go to the party ,you will have a good time .(if 引导的条 件状语从句,时态是 “主将从现”)
  2.go to the party 去参加聚会
  3.have a great/good time =have fun = enjoy oneself 玩得高兴,过得
  4.let sb in 让某人进入
  5.take away 拿走
  6.all the time = always 总是,一直
  7.make a living 谋生
  8.in order to …为了…
愉快

  9.study for …test 为…考试而学习
  10.stay at home 呆在家里
  11.Let’s have/make it …让我们约定在…
  12.half the class 一半的学生
  13.end-of-year party 年终晚会
  14.go to college 上大学
  15.travel around the world 环游世界
  16.make a lot of money 赚很多钱
  17.get an education 受教育
  18.in fact 事实上
  19.a professional soccer player 一名职业足球运动员
  20.play sports for a living 以运动为谋生
  21.get injured 受伤
  22.be famous for…因…而出名
  23.too much+不可数名词/too many+可数名词复数
  24.much too +形/副词 实在太…
  25.so much +不可数名词 /so many +可数名词复数 如此多… 太多的…
三. 重点句子
  1. I think I’ll ride my bike. If you do, you’ll be late.
  2. I think I’m going to stay at home. If you do, you’ll be sorry.
重点语法: 四. 重点语法: 由 if 引导的条件状语从句
if 用做连词时,可以表示“如果;假如”,用来引导一个条件状语从句。 如: I will go if he asks me. If you eat bad food, you may be ill. 注意:在主句和条件状语从句中的动词都表示将来的动作时,主句中常用一 般将来时,含有 情态动词的句子或祈使句,也可以是谓语含有 want, hope, wish 等动词的 句子,但从句中常 用一般现在时代替将来时。如: We will come to see you if we have time. You won’t be able to pass the exam if you don’t work hard. I hope to visit her if I am free. 【典型例题】 用所给动词的适当形式填空。 I don’t know if my uncle . If he , I will be happy. (come)
All of us will be excited you can come with us. A. while, B. if C. but D. or
五. 知识点讲解
  1、I think I am going to the party with Karen and Ann. 分析: be going to do sth. 将要、打算做某事。如: I am going to do some shopping with my mother. 辨析:be going to and will.
be going to and will 两者都可以表示将来,其区别如下: be going to 常用于事先经过的打算、计划或意图,也可用于根据某种迹象 将要发生的动作。如: Why are you taking down all the pictures? I am going to repaint the wall. Look at the dark clouds in the sky. It’s going to rain. will 常用于不受人的主观意愿影响的单纯将来, 也可用于条件状语从句中, 还可以表趋向或习惯的动作。如: Tomorrow will be Teacher’s Day. If it doesn’t rain tomorrow, we will go to the zoo. We will die without air or water. 【典型例题】 典型例题】 Look at these dark clouds. . A. it will rain C. it is raining B. it’s going to rain. D. it will be fine.

  2、Half of class won’t come. 分析: ① half, adj and n. 一半(的)。half 常用于名词或修饰名词的冠词前 面,即 half a/an/the/one’s +n. 还可以用于 a half +n. 这中结构。如: Please cut the cake into halves. The little boy drank half a bottle of water.== the little boy drank a half bottle of water. Half of the children are from Chinese. 注意:half 短语作主语时,谓语动词与 half 后的名词保持一致。如:
Half of the kids are sleeping now. ② class n. 全班的学生,属于复数;班、班级,属单数。类似的集体名词 还有:family, team, nation. 如: The class has selected its new monitor. 【典型例题】 典型例题】 Half of his books A. have B. has written in French. C. is D. are
the
  3、if you do, the teachers will take it away. ① do 在此只上文中出现的“bring food to the party”。在英语中,常 使用 do, does, did,指代上文中再次出现的动作,以免重复;如果是否定,则 用相应的 don’t, doesn’t, didn’t。 如: He doesn’t want to buy a computer, but I do. Please pass me your homework. If you don’t, I will be hungry. ② take away, 拿走,带走。注意属于动副的结构。如: The food tastes terrible, please take it away. 【典型例题】 典型例题】 I wonder if it is going to rain next week If it, I have to stay at home. A. is B. does C. do D. will

  4、Don’t run or shout at the party. 分析: or cong. 其用法如下: 和,表示并列关系,常用于否定句中, and 用于肯定句中。如:
I have no brother or sister. =I have no brother and sister. 或者,表示选择关系,常用于选择疑问句中或 either …..or….结构中。 如: I left it either on the table or in the drawer. 否则,表示转折关系,常用于从句中。如: Hurry up or you will be late. 【典型例题】 典型例题】 We have to get up at 7:15 tomorrow morning, we will be late for the 7:40 train. A. before B. or C.if D. so.

  5、you will be able to make a living doing something you love. 分析: ①living, adj. 活着的,活动的。如: Is that old hero still living? n. 生计,生活。如: It’s not a great job, but it’s a living. ②make a living (by) doing sth. 靠做某事谋生,相当于 live by doing sth. 另外,也可以在 make a living 后加 as 引导短语,以说明身份。如: The boy made a living by selling newspaper. He makes a living as a writer. 【典型例题】 典型例题】 He makes a living writing novels. A. like B. by C. on D. in

  6、Many professional athletes get injured. 分析: injured, 受伤的、受损害的,如: He was badly injured in the car accident. 辨析:injure and hurt. 辨析: 两个动词都有使受伤之意,但是还是有区别的。 Injure,常指由于意外事故而造成的损伤,如地震、车祸等。如: The boy injured his leg. hurt,用法较广,既指肉体上的损伤,也可指精神上的创伤。如: I was deeply hurt by her sharp words. 【典型例题】 典型例题】 The man may in the accident. A. hurt bad, B. hurt badly, C. be hurt bad, D. be hurt badly

  7、reasons against be coming a professional athlete. 分析: against, prep. 用法如下。 A, 反对,违反。其对应的反义词为 for, 常用于 be against sb. /sth. 反 对某人某事。如: Are most people against having a part-time job. 【典型例题】 典型例题】 The idea is very good, but Mr. Li .
A. against, againsting.
B. is against
C. is against it.
D. is
time
  8、I am going to spend time with my grandparents this vacation. 分析: spend time with sb. 跟某人共度时光。如: I often spends time with my friends on weekends. 注意:spend 的其他的短语。 【典型例题】 典型例题】 How do you your spare time? A. take, B. spend, C. pay, D. cost

  9、And if you become rich, you’ll have a difficult time knowing who your real friends are. 分析: have a difficult/hard time(in)doing sth.做……很难。如: I have a difficult time in swimming. 区别:have a hard time with sth 在……方面感到困难。如: I have a hard time with maths. 【典型例题】 典型例题】 He is very strange, I had a hard time with him. A.work B. working C. to work D. worked
六、综合练习
一、单项选择 从各题所给的选项中选出最佳答案,并将其标号填入题前的括号内。 ( )
  1. Sally looks very sad. What should I do to make her B. to be happy D. to be happily C. ?
A. happy happily (
)
  2. I don’t want this computer. Please B. take it away
. D.
A. take away it take them away (
C. take away them
)
  3. They will stay at home if it B. snowed
tomorrow. C. snows D.
A. will snow snow (
)
  4. ?What did Mrs Black say? to her office after school. B. went C. go D.
? She asked us A. going to go (
)
  5. ?When is the good time
the party?
?This afternoon, I think. A. to have have ( D. has )
  6. ?How much your jeans? B. having C.
?125 yuan. A. was is ( B. are D. am C.
)
  7. ?Please remember
your photos here next time.
?Yes, I will. A. take bring B. to take D. bring C. to
( A. in ( ?
)
  8.
  1.Don’t wear these old clothes. They are B. out )
  9. ? What does your father do? . C. of
style. D. out of
A. He is thirty-six years old lawyer C. He is from Canada little heavy ( )
  10. ? I want to know .
B. He is a
D. He is a
?In Tonghua. A. where you were born you born C. you were born where born where B. where were
D. were you
二、单词拼写 根据句子中所给的单词首字母或中文提示填入正确的单词。
  1. Mr Brown will give us a talk on reading 略)next Monday.
  2. We can help you to (策
(组织)an English party. (慈善

  3. Many famous people give their money to 集团)and do lots of work to help the poor.
  4. Our
(代理商) Beijing deals with our business. in (今晚)?

  5. ?What are they going to do
?They’re going to do their homework.
  6. This is a great (机会) that many people do not have.

  7. I think I’m going to wear j to the party.
  8. She made a l by selling snacks.
  9. If I become a l, I will be able to help more people.
  10. Look! How beautiful the f are in the garden!
三、词形变换 根据句子意思, 从方框中选出适当的词, 并用其正确形式填空。 每空填一词, 每词仅用一次。 luck predict probable origin live mean surprise I organize health

  1.They were
  2.Lin Tao was

to see the old man was still alive. enough to catch the first bus. .

  3.Walking can help us to keep
  4.Not all the
will come true . school trip very much.

  5.Every one of us liked the
  6. You
  7.I enjoyed
  8.That’s an
  9.What’s the
didn’t try hard enough. in the zoo last Sunday. skirt. of this word? by himself.

  10. When he was ten years old, he had to make a
四、句型转换。按要求改写下列句子,每空一词。 句型转换。

  1.They had to carry these boats to the river yesterday.(改为一般疑问 句) they to carry these boats to the river yesterday?

  2.Will your sister take a bus to the zoo?(作肯定回答) , she .

  3.You should tell him to get different clothes.(改为否定句) You should
  4.The young men were playing cards 问) were the young men him to get different clothes. at eight last night.(对划线部分提
at eight last night?

  5. Jim enjoys himself in the park.(写出同义句) Jim in the park.
五、完形填空 阅读下面短文,从各题所给的四个选项中选出最佳答案。 Mary was born in a worker’s family. But she always 1 her friends her father is very rich. They know her very 2 , but 3 says anything about it. Last month Miss Brown, one of her friends, asked Mary to her birthday party .The girl went there with some 4 .She couldn’t find any seat. A young man saw this and 5 and said, “Take my seat, please.” Mary 6 him and sat down, To her surprise, she saw him again at the party. She was very 7 and went to say hello to him. They began to dance. The young man heard a 8 of music and liked it very much. He told the girl he taught piano at school. “I bought a piano ten years 9 ,” said Mary.
“You must play it well, I think.”
“ 10 , I can’t. I don’t know how to get the lid 盖子) ( open, ” answered the girl. ( )
  1. A. tells speaks D. talks ( )
  2. A. good nice D. funny ( )
  3. A. everyone someone ( man )
  4. A. piano D. presents B. says C.
B. well
C.
B. anyone
C. nobody
D.
B. seat
C.
( )
  5. A. put on rang up ( )
  6. A. thanked laughed D. wanted ( )
  7. A. tired careful D. happy ( )
  8. A. kind little ( )
  9. A. after behind
B. looked at
C. stood up
D.
B. listened
C.
B. sad
C.
B. group D. piece B. ago D. soon B. Of course
C.
C.
( )
  10.A. Excuse me Sorry D. Thank you
C.
参考答案 一、1?5 ABCDA 6?10 BCDBA
  2. organize
  8. living
  3. charities
  9. lawyer
  4. agent
  5. tonight
二、
  1. strategies
  6. chance
  7. jeans

  10. flowers
三、
  1.surprised
  6. probably

  2. lucky

  3. healthy

  4. predictions

  5. organized

  7. myself

  8. original

  9. meaning
  3. not tell

  10. living
  4. What, doing
四、1. Did, have

  2. Yes, will

  5. has a great / good time 五、1?5 ABCDC 6?10 ADDBC
 

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