华乐思在线教学直播课堂 马上开始
请同学们准备好笔和纸,认真听讲 请同学们准备好笔和纸,
Present Perfect Tense 现在完成时
主讲教师: 主讲教师:彭硕
北京十五中分校英语教师,中学高级教师。宣武 北京十五中分校英语教师,中学高级教师。 区学科带头人,区兼职教研员, 区学科带头人,区兼职教研员,曾带领学生到美 德国等国家交流访问。曾在北京市“ 国、德国等国家交流访问。曾在北京市“空中课 进行远程教学指导。 堂”进行远程教学指导。多年担任毕业年级重点 班教学工作且取得优异成绩,获区先进工作者。 班教学工作且取得优异成绩,获区先进工作者。
Present Perfect Tense 现在完成时

  1. I have seen the film. I don’t want to see it again. 这部电影我已经看过,不想再看了 不想再看了。 这部电影我已经看过 不想再看了。
  2. Have you answered all the questions? 所有的问题你都回答了吗? 所有的问题你都回答了吗?
  3. Have you ever looked at a travel brochure? 你看过旅游宣传册吗? 你看过旅游宣传册吗?
  4. I have never visited the USA. 我从没有去过美国。 我从没有去过美国。
Present Perfect Tense 现在完成时

  1. I have just heard the news. 我刚刚听到这个消息。 我刚刚听到这个消息。
  2. Astronauts have already been to the moon. 宇航员已经去过月球了。 宇航员已经去过月球了。
  3. We have just started to explore other planets. 我们才刚刚开始探索其它行星。 我们才刚刚开始探索其它行星。
Present Perfect Tense 现在完成时

  1. I have lived in Beijing for 10 years. 我已经在北京住了十年。 我已经在北京住了十年。
  2. Ling Ling has studied English for 3 years. 玲玲学习英语三年了。 玲玲学习英语三年了。
  3. His father has been in this school since 20
  00. 他爸爸自从2000年起就在这个学校。 年起就在这个学校。 他爸爸自从 年起就在这个学校
  4. I have lived here since my childhood. 我从小就一直住在这里。 我从小就一直住在这里。
现在完成时的基本用法
现在完成时表结果, 现在完成时表结果,它的动作发生 在过去,但是对现在有影响, 在过去,但是对现在有影响,而这 种影响往往是说话人的兴趣所在。 种影响往往是说话人的兴趣所在。现在完成时跨越两个 时间,一是过去,一是现在。 时间,一是过去,一是现在。 他妈妈从1980年起就教物理。 年起就教物理。 他妈妈从 年起就教物理 His mother has taught physics since 19
  80. 我们从小就互相认识了。 我们从小就互相认识了。 We have known each other since we were children. 自十二世纪以来,中国就使用彩色印刷了。 自十二世纪以来,中国就使用彩色印刷了。 They have done color printing in China since 12th century.
现在完成时和一般过去时比较: 现在完成时和一般过去时比较:
现在完成时与一般过去时有一个很重 要的区别, 要的区别,现在完成时表示与现在 相关, 相关,即把一个过去的状态或动作与现在时间联系起 而一般过去时常常含有与现在无关的意味。 来。而一般过去时常常含有与现在无关的意味。 You can come in. I’ve opened the door. (我打开门这一过去动作产生了与现在有关的结果 我打开门这一过去动作产生了与现在有关的结果: 我打开门这一过去动作产生了与现在有关的结果 你可以进来。 你可以进来。) I have finished my homework. (产生的与现在有关的结果 我现在可以出去玩 产生的与现在有关的结果:我现在可以出去玩 产生的与现在有关的结果 了。)
现在完成时的各种句型: 现在完成时的各种句型: 第一人称 肯定句: 肯定句:I have seen the questionnaire in this paper. We have traveled around the world. 否定句: 否定句:I haven’t seen the questionnaire in this paper. We haven’t traveled around the world.
疑问句: 疑问句:Have you seen the questionnaire in this paper? Have you traveled around the world?
回答: 回答: Yes, I have. \ No, I haven’t. Yes, we have. \ No, we haven’t.
第二人称
肯定句:You have been to England. 肯定句 否定句: You haven’t (have not) been to England. 否定句 疑问句: 疑问句 Have you been to England? 回答: 回答 Yes, I \ we have. No, I \ we haven’t.
第三人称 肯定句:He has been to Disneyland in Los Angeles. 肯定句 They have given concerts all over the world. 否定句: 否定句 He hasn’t been to Disneyland in Los Angeles. They haven’t given concerts all over the world. 疑问句: 疑问句 Has he been to Disneyland in Los Angeles? 回答: Yes, he has. \ No, he hasn’t. 回答 疑问句: 疑问句 Have they given concerts all over the world? 回答: 回答 Yes, they have. \ No, they haven’t.
Note1: The scientists haven’t heard from it yet. No one has discovered any life in space yet. Note2: --Where is Kate now? --She has gone to the library. My sister has been to Australia. Note3: Her grandpa has been dead for ten years. (die) They have had the computer for three months. (buy) You can keep the magazine for two days. (borrow)
课间休息五分钟…… 课间休息五分钟……
Exercise 1
根据句意和所给词首字母提示完成句中所缺单词: 根据句意和所给词首字母提示完成句中所缺单词
  1.Words can’t d my joy. escribe
  2.In 2002 Zhao Yang d out of school beropped cause his father wanted him to work on the farm.
  3.It’s i for us to learn English well. mportant
  4.My mother is i in hospital and I have to ll look after her.
aised
  5.The project has r much money for the sick boy. uckily
  6.Jim fell off his bike yesterday. L, he wasn’t hurt badly.
  7. There are many poor families in the c in China. ountryside

  8.His sister p five yuan aid for the new pen.
  9.His father has never been board a.
  10.Have you ever h of Project Hope? eard erhaps
  11.P your geography book is in your schoolbag. But I’m not sure.
  12.What will happen w electricity? ithout
Exercise 2
用括号内所给单词的正确形式填空: 用括号内所给单词的正确形式填空 has studied
  1.Ling Ling (study) for nearly six years.
  2.David comes to study Chinese in China. His Chinese has improved very (quick) quickly recently. different
  3.Your skirt is very (difference) from mine.
interesting
  4.That sounds (interest). playing
  5.Li Ming started (play) football on the school football team three months ago. languages
  6.--What (language) does Mary like best? -- She likes Chinese and English.
have been
  7. I (be) to Gansu twice. So I know much about Gansu.
  8. --What class have you just had? --I’ve just had Chinese (China) . has built
  9. Since 1989 Project Hope (build) many school all over China.
  10. Charlie (start) learning Chinese started two years ago.
have lived
  11.Ail and his family (live) in London for nearly three years.
  12. I have known (know) Tony since I was five years old.
  13. Gao Hui wants to drop (drop) out of school Because she dislikes school.
to have
  14. He was too tired, so he stopped (have) a good rest. going
  15. Yang Ming stopped (go) to school because his family is poor.
Exercise3
根据汉语提示完成下列句子: 根据汉语提示完成下列句子 an eight-year-old
  1.Ail is (一个八岁的 Indian boy. 一个八岁的) 一个八岁的 drop out of school 退学
  2.His parents want him to (退学 退学). get an education 受教育
  3.Liu Dong can’t (受教育 受教育)because his family are poor.

  4.The old man is so old that he can’t look after himself (照顾自己 照顾自己 照顾自己).
  5.With the help of our teacher (在老师的帮助下 I 在老师的帮助下 在老师的帮助下), can work out the math problem.
In the last five years
  6. (在最近的五年里 we have 在最近的五年里), 在最近的五年里 learned five thousand English words. pay for 赔偿
  7.If you lose the book, you must (赔偿 it. 赔偿)
  8. I have never (听说 him before. heard of 听说 听说)
Exercise 4
句型转换
  1.The girl has lived here since 19
  91. (画线部分提问 画线部分提问) 画线部分提问 How long has the girl lived here?
  2. Miss Zhang has studied English for three years. (改为同义句 改为同义句) 改为同义句 Miss Zhang has studied English since three years ago.

  3. My friend wrote three letters last Sunday. (用since改写 改写) 用 改写 My friend has written three letters since last Sunday.
  4. I think Wang Fei has seen the film.(改为否定句 改为否定句) 改为否定句 I don’t think Wang Fei has seen the film.

  5.They flew to Shanghai once a month. (就画线部 就画线部 分提问) 分提问 How often did they fly to Shanghai?
  6. My father got there two days ago. (改为同义句 改为同义句) 改为同义句 My father has been there for two days.

  7. Mr Li began to teach English in this school in 19
  99. (改为同义句 改为同义句) 改为同义句 Mr Li has taught English in this school since 19
  99.
  8. My friend went to England in 2003 and 20
  05. (改为同义句 改为同义句) 改为同义句 My friend has been to England twice.
本节课到此结束
请同学们下节课准时学习!
 

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