so+谓语+主语:…也一样. 谓语:be 动词/助动词/情态动词
  2. so+主语+谓语:的确如此,真的这样.
  3. help yourself/yurselves to..请随便吃点.. . .
  4. 发现 sb 做 sth : find sb doing sth
  5. 不完全同意 I don’t really agree. 完全不同意 I really don’t agree.
  6. 或者. .或者..either…or…..就近原则 . 既不. .也不. .neither…nor….就近原则 既.. ..又..both…and….谓语用复数 .
  7. 看起来,似乎 It seems/seemed that…..
  8. 由于..而闻名 be famous for…. .
  9. 餐馆就餐用语:a table for two/sit at the table by the window/here’s the menu/May I take your order?/could we have the bill?/That’s all.
  10. 问路 Which is the way to…/where is…/How can I get to…/Is there a..near here/Can you tell me the way to…/Can you tell me how I can get to…?
  11. turn right at the third crossing/traffic lights 在第 3 个路口往右拐=take the third crossing on your right
  12. 过桥 go across the bridge=cross the bridge
  13. 走到路的尽头 go up this road to the end=go on until you reach the end.
  14. at the street corner 在街角
  15. on sb’s way to….在 sb 去…的途中/路上
  16. what’s the matter?=what’s wrong?=what’s the trouble?怎么了?
  17. be sick in hospital/in bed 生病住院/卧床
  18. Maybe it is there=it may be there 可能在那里.
  19. It takes/took/will take sb+时间+to do sth. Sb 做 sth 花费了…时间
  20. 路途遥远 It’s (5 kms)far(away) from…=That’s quite a long way.
  21. wait for…等待
  22. 五分钟的步行/驾驶路程:five minutes’ walk/drive
  23. 迷路 lose sb’s way/sb be lost/sb get lost
  24. just then=just at that time/moment 就在那时
  25. 首先 first of all=at first
  26. a big city like Tokyo 像东京这样的大城市
  27. It’s easy/interesting/important/ (for sb) to do sth.(对 sb 来说)做 sth 是容易的/有趣的/重要的.
  28. if 条件状语从句:从句一般现在时,主句一般将来时。如:If it rains tomorrow, I will not go to the zoo.
  29. at the head /end of…在…的前/尾部
  30. 我的背很疼. My back hurts badly.
  31. 为…做准备 get /be ready for…
  32. stop sb (from) doing sth.阻止/不让 sb 做 sth
  33. have a good/wonderful time=enjoy oneself 玩得很高兴
  34. answer in a tired voice/with a smile 用疲惫的声音/面带微笑回答。
  35. quarrel with sb on sth 为了 sth 与 sb 吵架
  36. complain about sth 为…而抱怨,投诉
  37. 生病用语: have a headache=sb have a pain in the head 头痛, sb have a cough 咳嗽, have/catch a cold 感冒, have cancer 得了癌症。
  38. have /take the medicine three times a day 吃药,每天 3 次
  39. take sb’s temperature 量体温,look over 医生检查病人
  40. drink more water 多喝水,take more exercise 多锻炼
  41. sb 醒来: sb wake up, //sb 醒着的:sb be awake
  42. sb 睡着了入睡 be/fall asleep
  43. 忙着…bu busy doing/with sth
  44. as soon as… 一… 就 ...

  45. sleeping pills 安眠药,light music 轻音乐
  46. again and again 再三地,一次又一次
  47. dream about…梦见…; dream of… 梦想成为…
  48. 系动词+形容词: be/smell/taste/sound/look/feel/turn/get/become
  49. make trouble 制造麻烦,惹是生非,make a noise 制造噪音
  50. every five minutes 每隔 5 分钟
  51. instead/instead of…代替,取而代之,反而
  52. write to sb. 写信给 sb
  53. get enough sleep 睡眠充足;stay happy 保持心情开朗
  54. on time 准时;in time 按时
  55. sb had better (not) do sth, sb 最好(别)做 sth
  56. land on …登陆
  57. pull…out of..=pull…up from…拉上来
  58. 不定代词:something/anyone/nobody/everywhere 等
  59. we’re all by ourselves=we’re alone.单独,独自
  60. feel a little afraid/don’t be afraid. 有点害怕/别害怕
  61. perhaps=maybe 也许,可能
  62. not …until… 直到…才…
  63. sooner or later 迟早,早晚
  64. ran after 追//ran to …向..跑去// ran away 逃跑了
  65. eat up 吃光// use up 用完
  66. take (good) care of ..=look after…照顾,保管
  67. 我自学英语 learn English by myself= teach myself English
  68. learn to do sth 学会…
  69. 记日记 keep a diary,写日记 write a diary
  70. leave sb by oneself 单独留下 sb
  71. join in the League/Party 入团/党
  72. 越来越…:比较级+and+比较级; more and more +多音节词。如:bigger and bigger , more and more interesting
  73. 越…, 就越…: the +比较级,the +比较级。 如:越大越好:the bigger, the better
  74. turn on/off 开/关(电器) ,turn up/down 音量开大/小
  75. the whole story=all the story 整个故事,整件事情
  76. 过了一会儿 after a while/moment
  77. make faces 做鬼脸
  78. 名胜,景点 interesting places=places of interest
  79. my hometown in Zhejiang 我浙江的老家
  80. 暑假 summer holidays; 五一假期 May 1st holiday
  81. a strong wind 大风;in the wind 在风里
  82. make sb do sth. 使/逼迫 sb 做 sth
  83. 倒装句(为了强调)There he is./ Away he went.
  84. with these words. 说完这些话,说着说着(伴随状语) 。
  85. I don’t know how to use it yet. 我不知道怎样使用它。 where to go. 我不知道该去哪里。 what to do. 我不知道该做什么。
  86. wait for sb’s turn to do sth 等着轮到 sb 做 sth It’s sb’s turn to do sth. 轮到 sb 去做 sth 被动:be+动词过去分词 eg:The trees are planted every year. 过去完成时: 过去完成时表示在过去某一时刻或某一动作之前已经发生的动作或情况,一般用在描述过去的某个时点已经发生过的 动作或情况的句子中,即:过去的过去。如:
When we got there, the football match had already started. 当我们赶到时,足球比赛已经开始了。 过去完成时由“主语+had+动词过去分词”构成。其肯定句,否定句和疑问句结构如下: 肯定句:主语+had+过去分词+其他. 否定句:主语+had not+过去分词+其他. 疑问句:Had+主语+过去分词+其他? He had worked for two years by then. 到那时他已经工作两年了。 He hadn't worked for two years by then. 到那时他已经两年不工作了。 Had he worked for two years by then? 到那时他已经工作两年了吗? 三、过去完成时的基本用法
  1. 过去完成时表示在过去某一时间之前已完成的动作,表示对这一过去时间造成的结果或影响。常用以下几种方式: (
  1) 用 by,before 等构成的介词短语。 eg: Linda had learnt 10 English songs by the end of last month. 到上个月底,琳达已经学了 10 首英文歌曲。 John had repaired that machine before midnight. 在半夜之前约翰已经修好了那台机器。 (
  2) 用 when, before, after 等引导的时间状语从句。如: The train had started before we got to the station. 在我们到达车站之前,火车已经开了。 The plane had taken off when I reached the airport. 我到达机场时,飞机已经起飞了。
  2. 过去完成时还可以表示过去某一时间以前发生开始的动作持续到 这一过去的时间。常与 for, since 引导的表示一段时间的短语或从句连用。如: I had worked in a hospital for three years before I came here. 我来这之前,在一家医院已经工作三年了。 He told us that he had worked here since 10 years before. 他告诉我他自从十年前就一直在这儿工作了。
 

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