初二英语知识点复习(总结版 初二英语知识点复习 总结版) 总结版

  1. take : 拿走 take sb. / sth. to someplace; take sth. with you bring: 带来 bring sth for a picnic It’s going to rain, please take an umbrella with you. You’d better finish your homework today and bring it to school tomorrow.
  2. keep + 名词 + 形容词 Keep the windows open, it’s hot here. keep sb doing sth I’m sorry I’ve kept you waiting for a long time. keep 表示“借”用于和一段时间连用: How long can I keep this book?
  3. let / make / have sb do sth 让(使)某人干某事 Let’s go to the zoo! How did he make the baby stop crying?
  4. forget to do sth 忘记去做某事 remember to do sth 记得去做某事 forget doing sth 忘记做过某事 remember doing sth 记得做过某事
  5. stop to do sth 停下来做另一件事情 stop doing sth 停止正在做的事情 stop sb from doing sth 阻止某人干某事 Let’s stop to have a test, it’s too hot today. When the teacher came into the classroom, the students stopped talking. We plant trees to stop the wind from blowing the earth away.
begin / start to do sth
  6. tell / ask sb to do sth 否定形式 tell / ask sb not to do sth. Policemen asked us not to play on the road , it was too dangerous. Our P.E. teacher told us a story yesterday.
  7. see / hear / watch sb do sth see / hear / watch sb doing sth I heard him singing in the room when I passed by.
  8. enjoy sth ; enjoy doing sth ; enjoy oneself = have a good time Our classmates went to the zoo last Sunday. They enjoyed themselves.
  9. be busy with sth ; be busy doing sth They are all busy with their work.
  10. finish doing sth. Tom didn’t go to bed until he finished writing the composition.
  11. want sth / to do sth / sb to do sth would like sth / to do sth / sb to do sth
feel like doing sth. He didn’t feel like eating anything.
  12. had better do sth 否定形式: had better not do sth You’d better not sing here, the baby is asleep.

  13. Why not do sth ? = why don’t you do sth ? = Why didn’t you do sth ? Why not come with me?
  14. What about sth / what about doing sth ? = How about ? How about playing basketball with us?
  15. Thank you for sth / Thanks for doing sth. Thanks for your help. It’s a pleasure. Thanks very much for helping me.
  16. instead 往往放在句首或句尾 instead of sth / instead of doing sth. 通常放中间 He didn’t go to the park. He went to the cinema instead. He went to the cinema instead of going to the park..

  17. put on 强调动作 wear 强调状态 in 介词,构成一个短词 Put on your old clothes tomorrow, because we’ll do some cleaning. Kate is wearing a red sweater today. The man in a blue suit is Mr. Li
  18. 在 if 引导的条件状语从句、以 when , before, after , as soon as 引导的时间状语从句, 当 主句是:一般将来时态、含情态动词或祈使句的情况下,从句用一般现在时表示将来时。 We’ll go hiking if it doesn’t rain tomorrow. it doesn’t rain = it isn’t rainy I’ll tell her the good news as soon as I see her. 同样的情况还适用于 not until 句型 I won’t go to bed until I finish my homework.
  19. 在以 when 引导的时间状语从句, 当从句是一般过去时态时,主句往往用过去进行时,表示在过去的某 一时刻正在发生或正在进行的动作: They were having supper when I got to their home.
  20. It’s time for sth / It’s time to do sth / It’s time for sb to do sth. It’s time for us to start our lesson now.
  21. It takes / It took / It will take somebody some time to do something. It took them twenty minutes to finish the cleaning. It will take us about ten hours to finish our homework.
  22. it 作形式主语或形式宾语,其真正的主语或宾语是后面带 to 的动词不定式: It’s necessary to learn English well. We found it difficult to work out the maths problems.
  23.
too to 句型, too for sb to do sth ,对某人来说太以致于不能The apples on the tree are too high for me to reach. Kate is too young to go to school.

  24. enough 用法:形前名后, big enough ; enough food enough to do sth 足够能够Jim is old enough to go to school.
  25. little , a little 修饰不可数名词 ; much 修饰不可数 few a few 修饰可数名词; many 修饰可数 a little a few 具有肯定含义 little few 具有否定含义 some, any , a lot of = lots of 既可以 修饰不可数,也可以修饰可数名词; There is a little time left, take it easy. We’d better go shopping ,there are few eggs left. Mr. Little doesn’t have much money. (否定句中常用 much 而不用 a lot of )
  26. much too 中心词是 too, 常修饰形容词, It’s much too cold today, we should wear warm clothes. too much 中心词是 much, 常修饰不可数名词, There’s too much water, please be careful..
  27. 有关情态动词的问答: May I ? No, you can’t. No, you mustn’t.
Must I / we ? No, you needn’t. 要注意 could 和 can 的区别:could 可表示语气的委婉,也表示过去的能力 Could you help me ? Could she swim when she was four years old? 要注意 must 和 have to 的区别:must 强调主观, have to 强调客观 要注意 maybe 和 may be 的区别 : maybe 在句中作谓语 Maybe it’s here. It may be here.
  28. 不定代词:someone, anyone ; something , anything , nothing ; somebody , anybody, nobody. Something 常用于肯定句和表示请求的疑问句中 , anything 用于否定句中和疑问句中, not anything = nothing ; without anything = with nothing Would you like something to eat? I’d like Chinese tea with nothing in it . 形容词修饰不定代词要放在不定代词后面: Be quiet! I have something important to tell you. Is there anything interesting in today’s newspaper?
  29. 反身代词: myself, yourself, himself, herself, itself, ourselves, yourselves, themselves. 要记住:一、二人称用物主,第三人称用宾格, 复数 self 要变 selves 和反身代词有关的一些词组:enjoy oneself. = have a good time.
learn by oneself, leave one by oneself She had to teach her son herself. I don’t need your help, I can do it myself.
  30. 形容词修饰名词,副词修饰动词: What a strong wind! It’s blowing strongly.
连系动词:be, feel, look, get, turn , taste, smell, become, + 形容词作表语
  31. 感叹句:What + a/an + 形容词 + 可数名词的单数形式+ 主语+ 谓语! What+ 形容词+ 可数名词的复数形式 / 不可数名词+ 主语+ 谓语! How + 形容词或副词 + 主语+ 谓语! What a nice day it is ! What beautiful flowers they are! How happily they are playing!
  32. 反意疑问句:要注意前肯后否,前否后肯,要用 be 动词,助动词或情态动词来做, 要注意否定词:never, little, few, hardly ,nothing, nobody 等 祈使句的反意疑问句用:will you ? 以 Let’s 开头的反意疑问句用: shall we ? She usually gets up at six, doesn’t she? There’s little water in the bottle, is there? Please take these books to the office, will you? You have never been to New York, have you?
  33. 形容词和副词的比较级和最高级:要注意比较级和最高级的构成: 规则变化: 要双写的:big, fat, thin, red, 不规则变化:good, bad, far, ill, 比较级用在:than , a little + , much + , 最高级用在: of all, of the three, in his class, in the world 等表示有范围的短语中, one of + 最高级 + 可数名词的复数
  34. 以 so 引导的倒装句:表示也一样,也如此,前后主语要不一致,要通过 be 动词、助 动词、情态动词来做: I reached home at 9:00, so did my brother. Canadians eat a lot of beef, so do Chinese people.
  35.
eitheror, neither nor 连接两个主语,谓语动词采用就近原则; Either of 或 Neither of 谓语动词用单数; Both of 或 both and 谓语动词用复数 Both of them are Chinese. Neither of them is Australian.
Neither Jim nor I am American.
 

相关内容

人教高二英语上Unit1--10 知识点复习学案

   高二英语单元知识点总复习教案 高二英语单元知识点总复习教案 单元 高二英语 Unit1 Making a difference 知识点总复习教案 Section I 课前准备,听力,口语 1. Genius is one percent inspiration and ninety-nine per- cent perspiration. 天才是百分之一的灵感加 百分之九十九的汗水.(p.1 Warming Up 右图上) (1) genius 天才,天资 [U];有天才的人[C] 如: ① ...

【中考英语知识点总结,中考英语语法复习资料】学习啊

   学英语简单吗?肯定会有许多学生说: 难死了 难死了”。 学英语简单吗?肯定会有许多学生说:“难死了 。 为什么有好多学生对英语的学习都感到头疼呢?答案只有一个: 不得法 不得法。 为什么有好多学生对英语的学习都感到头疼呢?答案只有一个:“不得法。” 英 语与汉语一样都是一种语言,为什么你说汉语会如此流利? 语与汉语一样都是一种语言,为什么你说汉语会如此流利?那是因为你置身于 一个汉语环境中,如果你在伦敦呆上半年,保准说起英语来会非常流利。 一个汉语环境中,如果你在伦敦呆上半年,保准说起英语来 ...

初三英语知识点

   初三英语重点词组 1 过去常常做某事 used to do sth 习惯做某事 be used to doing sth 激光唱机 a CD player 输入 put into 全神贯注于……中 put one’s heart into 想出、提供 come up with 拾起某物 pick up sth 向某人借某物 borrow sth from sb 把某物借给某人 lend sb sth/lend sth to sb 带给某人知识 give sb knowledge 在校园内的室 ...

高中英语知识点

   高中英语知识点 定语从句 (一)定语从句一般由关系代词和关系副词引导 1,关系代词:who,whom,whose,which,that,as 2,关系副词:when,where,why P.S :关系代词和关系副词必须位于从句之首,主句先行词之后,起着连接先行词和从句 的作用,同时在从句中又充当句子成分. e.g.She is the girl who sings best of all.(关系代词 who 在从句中作主语) The comrade with whom I came know ...

初中英语知识点

   初中英语知识点 一般现在时的用法 1) 经常性或习惯性的动作,常与表示频腮度的时间状语连用。 时间状语: every…, sometimes, at…, on Sunday I leave home for school at 7 every morning. 2) 客观真理,客观存在,科学事实。 The earth moves around the sun. Shanghai lies in the east of China. 3) 表示格言或警句中。 Pride goes before ...

小学英语知识点归纳

   小学英语知识点归纳 1、话题 、 (1) 字母 字母:(大小)辨认、书写顺序 : Aa Bb Cc Dd Ee Ff Gg Hh Ii Jj Kk Ll Mm N n Oo Pp Qq Rr Ss Tt Uu Vv Ww Xx Yy Zz. 元音字母:A a , Ee, Ii, Oo, Uu 半元音字母: Yy 书写容易错误的字母:E , F , G, M, N, d, i, p, q, x, y. (2) 数字 数字:基数词和序数词的运用,如计算、购物等. 基数词: One, two, t ...

小学英语知识点归纳

   四年级上册 Unit 1 my classroom This is my classroom. It’s big. 这是我的教室。它很大。 The door is green. The windows are yellow. 门是绿色的,窗户是黄色的。 Let’s go and have a look. 让我们去看看吧! We have 6 new lights. 我们有六盏新灯。 Where’s your seat? It’s near the door. 你的座位在哪里?在门附近。 Le ...

中考英语知识点总结

   中考英语知识点总结 中考英语知识点总结 初一年级(上) 【知识梳理】 I. 重点短语 1. Sit down 2. on duty 3. in English 4. have a seat 5. at home 6. look like 7. look at 8. have a look 9. come on 10. at work 11. at school 12. put on 13. look after 14. get up 15. go shopping II. 重要句型 1. h ...

初中英语知识点大全

   英语作文常用谚语、 英语作文常用谚语、俗语 1、A liar is not believed when he speaks the truth. 、 说谎者即使讲真话也没人相信。 说谎者即使讲真话也没人相信。 2、A little knowledge is a dangerous thing. 一知半 、 自欺欺人。 解,自欺欺人。 3、All rivers run into sea. 海纳百川。 、 海纳百川。 4、All roads lead to Rome. 条条大路通罗马。 、 条条 ...

初一英语知识点(上册)

   初一英语知识点 二○○四年十二月 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Zero One Two Three four five S i x seven eight nine t e n 1 11 21 31 41 51 61 71 81 9 Eleven Twelve thirteen fourteen fifteen sixteen seventeen eighteen Nineteen 1. 特殊疑问句 What’s your name? I’m Liu Ying. My na ...

热门内容

大学英语三级词汇

   a(an)art. (非特指的)一(个);任何一个;每一(个)A.D.n.公元 A.M.ad.上午,午前 abandonv.放弃;抛弃,离弃 abdomenn.腹;腹部 abidev.(by) 坚持;遵守;容忍 ability n.能力,智能;才能,才干;技能 ablea.能够,有能力的 abolish v.废除,取消 about prep.关于;在…周围;在…各处 ad.大约 above prep.在…上方;(数量,价格等)大于… abroad ad.出国,在国外 abrupt a ...

强烈推荐小学英语b

   《小学英语教学法》考试大纲 小学英语教学法》 第一部分 期末考试说明 考试对象: 中央广播电视大学英语专业开放教育专科师范英语 考试对象: 方向学生。 “英语教学法”是 一、期末考试要求 要求掌握小学英语教学理念,掌握语言教学方法和教学技巧,了解教 学对象的心理特征和学习风格、学习特点等。 ★哈佛大学★英语系研究,美国布什推荐。专为中小学生英语量身定做。 哈佛大学★ 官方网站:http://hafo.yeryy.com/ 哈佛大学英语教授研究组提供 哈佛大学英语教授研究组提供 二、 组卷原则 ...

人教版9年级英语Unit8 SectionB

   Unit 8 Section B (1) ) 要点: 掌握有关提供帮助的句子,并能用这些句子进行交际。 要点: 重难点: 短语的构成和用法 重难点 重点词汇: 重点词汇: fix up, repair, similar 重点句型: 重点句型: --What do you do? --I fix up old bikes and give them away. 语法要点: 语法要点:短语动词小结 常见短语动词结构有下面几种: 1.动词+副词 如:give up 放弃 turn off 关掉 s ...

2010小学英语词汇总表及拓展词汇

   爱迪教育 Ideaedu.org 更多资料请登录 http://www.ideaedu.org 1 爱迪教育 Ideaedu.org 更多资料请登录 http://www.ideaedu.org 2 爱迪教育 Ideaedu.org 更多资料请登录 http://www.ideaedu.org 3 爱迪教育 Ideaedu.org 更多资料请登录 http://www.ideaedu.org 4 爱迪教育 Ideaedu.org 更多资料请登录 http://www.ideaedu.org ...

硕士研究生英语考试万能作文模版-87201470

   非常抱歉,该文档存在转换错误,不能在本机显示。建议您重新选择其它文档 ...