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商务英语听力
商务英语听力电子讲义 主讲: 主讲:王荔南
欢迎使用新东方在线电子教材
Lesson 1

  1. Ways to improve your listening ability Listen to the news for five minutes, at least, on a daily basis. If possible, listen to the news over and over. Choose a few TV programs in English. Watch these same programs every week. Record your favorite English-program once a week. Watch it over and over. Watch movies in English Visit a website with listening activities. Listen regularly. Dave’s ESL Café. Randall’s ESL Cyber Listening Lab. Listen to the radio on the internet: National Public Radio; BBC Radio; CNN. Listen to TOEFL and ITELS.

  2. Pronunciation and listening Good/correct pronunciation can help you with understanding of standard English. Some of the pronunciations are very challenging to most Chinese speakers. Late-rate What is more confusing to many Chinese is the ?th sound and s sound. For example, Think-sink See the difference between these combinations? E. HEARING THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN AND Circle the words that you hear.
  1. thank (sank)
  5. path pass
  9. theme seem
  2. things sings
  6. worth worse
  10. tenth tense
  3. thaw saw
  7. fourth force
  11. eighth eights
  4. thick sick
  8. thigh sigh
  12. thumb some F. PRONOUNCING AND IN CONVERSATIONS Read along as you
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listen to the conversation below. Then listen again and repeat the sentences. Pay special attention to words with th. A: Excuse me. I think I'm lost. I'm looking for Thorn Theater. B: Oh, it's not far. It's on Thorn Drive, between Ninth and Tenth Streets, It's the fourth building from the corner. A: Thanks a lot. E. Hearing the Difference Between
  1. sank
  7. force
  2. sings
  8. thigh
  3. thaw
  9. theme
  4. thick
  10. tense
  5. path
  11. eighth
  6. worse
  12. some and (page
  33)
Thank-sank Thick-sick Thaw-saw Path-pass Tenth-tense Practice the following ordinal numbers with me: Fourth fifth sixth seventh eighth ninth tenth eleventh Now please listen to the speaker and circle the words that you hear. Thank /sank Things/sings Thaw/saw Thick/sick Path/pass Worth/worse Fourth/force Thigh/sigh Theme/seem Tenth/tense Eighth/eights Thumb/some
twelfth

  3. Understanding the intonation of tag questions. We have to understand that it’s not enough to pronounce every single word correctly in daily communication. We have to use proper intonation as well. We might have already known the intonation of wh-questions and general questions. Now we’ll talk about the intonation of tag questions.
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It’s a lovely day today, isn’t it? The rising intonation and the falling intonation show difference in meaning: the former means it’s a real question, you really want to figure out whether they’re busy or not; while the latter means you’ve already known the answer and just make small talk. D. UNDERSTANDING THE INTONATION OF TAG QUESTIONS Listen to 10 questions. Are they "real" questions? (Does the speaker really need information?) Circle Yes or No.
  1. Yes No
  6. Yes No
  2. Yes No
  7. Yes No
  3. Yes No
  8. Yes No
  4. Yes No
  9. Yes No
  5. Yes No
  10. Yes No Now listen again. Repeat each sentence after the speaker.
E. UNDERSTANDING THE INTONATION OF TAG QUESTIONS Listen to the conversations. Is the first person really asking for information? Or is this just small talk? Circle Real Question or Small Talk. If necessary, listen several times.
  1. Real Question Small Talk
  2. Real Question Small Talk
  3. Real Question Small Talk
  4. Real Question Small Talk
  5. Real Question Small Talk Introduction to Listening and Speaking D. Understanding the Intonation of Tag Questions (page
  11)
  1. They're busy, aren't they? [Falling Intonation]
  2. This bus goes to Brand Street, doesn't it? [Rising Intonation]
  3. It was a great movie, wasn't it? [Falling Intonation]
  4. This bus doesn't go to Riverside, does it? [Falling Intonation]
  5. The biology books are over there, aren't they? [Rising Intonation]
  6. The food at this party is fabulous, isn't it? [Falling Intonation]
  7. The test wasn't very hard, was it? [Falling Intonation]
  8. The homework was interesting, wasn't it? [Falling Intonation]
  9. We didn't have to do Chapter 5, did we? [Rising Intonation]
  10. The history department isn't offering History 207 this term, is it? [Falling Intonation] E. Understanding the Intonation of Tag Questions (page
  12)
  1. A: Boy, it's hot today, isn't it? [Falling Intonation] B: Yeah, it really is.
  2. A: This bus doesn't run on time too often, does it? [Rising Intonation] B: No, it doesn't.
  3. A: They're pretty slow at fixing the air conditioning around here, aren't they? [Falling Intonation] B: They sure are.
  4. A: They look nice, don't they? [Falling Intonation]
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B: Yeah, they do.
  5. A: You haven't ever taken Business 251, have you? [Rising Intonation] B: No, I haven't.
Listen to 10 questions. Are they “real” questions?
  1. They’re busy, aren’t they? (falling intonation)
  2. This bus goes to Brand Street, doesn’t it? (Rising … )
  3. It was a great movie, wasn’t it? (falling…)
  4. This bus doesn’t go to Riverside, does it? (falling …)
  5. The biology books are over there, aren’t they? (Rising …)
  6. The food at this party is fabulous, isn’t it? (falling …)
  7. The test wasn’t very hard, was it? (falling …)
  8. The homework was interesting, wasn’t it? (falling …)
  9. We didn’t have to do Chapter 5, did we? (rising …)
  10. The history department isn’t offering History 207 this term, is it? (falling …) Listen again and repeat after the speaker. Pay special attention to your intonation. EX2 Listen to the directions and do the exercises. Boy: exclamation. Man, gee, gosh, On time: 按时 run on time:按时运行 Pretty :非常 pretty hot; pretty smart;never ever say pretty pretty! Sure:表示加强语气 -Are you tired? -I sure am. Take a class:选课,
  4. Taking lecture notes
Lesson 2

  1. t sound “medial t”, a t that is not the first or last sound in a word. Sometimes a medial t sounds like a d. For example, numbers that end in ?teen can sound similar to numbers that end in ?ty. But in fact, -teen sounds like /t/ -ty sounds like /d/ 13-30 13-30 14-40 14-40 15-50 15-50 16-60 16-60 17-70 17-70 18-80 18-80 19-90 19-90
A. HEARING THE MEDIAL T Circle the numbers that you hear.
  1. 13 (
  30)
  6. 18 80
  2. 14 40
  7. 19 90
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  11. 16 60
  12. 17 70
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  3. 15 50
  8. 13 30
  13. 18 80
  4. 16 60
  9. 14 40
  14. 19 90
  5. 17 70
  10. 15 50 B. HEARING THE MEDICAL TIN SENTENCES Write the numbers that you hear on the lines.
  1. Almost 50 percent of the class can speak another language.
  2. William started college when he was .
  3. Roughly percent of all high school graduates went to college.
  4. Zach's family moved to Kenya when he was .
  5. The average age is .
  6. Many students lived in dormitories years ago.
  7. Becky graduated years ago.
  8. Ethan got married when he was .
  9. A person who is or can enjoy college more that someone who is or . C. HEARING THE MEDIAL T FOLLOWED BY/N/ Write the words that you hear on the lines.
  1. I was by some insect yesterday.
  2. Do you know where I can find a drinking ?
  3. I bought a blue shirt.
  4. Are you of that?
  5. I have a of homework tonight.
Dictation I’ll give you a pause after each sentence, write it down as quickly as possible.
  1. Almost 50 percent of the class can speak another language.
  2. William started college when he was
  40.
  3. Roughly 30 percent of all high school graduates went to college
  4. They moved to Kenya when she was
  14.
  5. The average age is
  13.
  6. Many students lived in dormitories 50 years ago.
  7. Becky graduated 15 years ago.
  8. Ethan got married when he was
  90.
  9. Ashley moved into a dormitory when she was
  17.
  10. A person who is 30 or 40 can enjoy college more than someone who is 18 or
  19. Now please listen to this section for a second time and check your answer. Pay attention to the meaning of some words. You may notice that there is a number in each sentence。 Make 。 sure that you have heard them clearly。 。 Roughly: around, about Average: 平均 Dormitory:宿舍 :
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Now please pay attention to the following words with Medial T Bitten bite 的分词, 咬 Drinking fountain 饮水机, 汽水机 running water/ tap water 自来水 bottled water 瓶装水 mineral water 矿泉水 Let’s have a drink together. 一起喝一杯. Cotton 棉花 Certain 肯定 A mountain of 堆积如山 See if you can fill in the blanks with the missing words。 Listen to it for the first time。 Chp1p38C Now Listen again to check your answer and repeat after the speaker sentence by sentence。Chpl p38C
An interjection is a word added to a sentence to convey emotion. It is not grammatically related to any other part of the sentence. You usually follow an interjection with an exclamation mark. Interjections are uncommon in formal academic prose, except in direct quotations. Ouch, Ouch that hurts! no, Oh no I forgot that the exam was today.
Hey! Put that down! Shh! The baby is sleeping
Now please listen to the following seven interjections and notice the intonation. Chp1P32 into stu P32 Listen to the conversations. What does the second person mean?
B. UNDERSTANDING INTERJECTIONS Listen to the conversations. What does the second person mean? Check(√)the correct boxes in the chart below. Conversation 1 2 3 4 5 6 B. Understanding Interjections (page
  32)
  1. A: It's in the College Library. B: Huh?
  2. A: Do you mean, "Try to enjoy your classes?" B: Uh-huh.
  3. A: I think the test is tomorrow. B: Uh-uh.
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Yes
No
You're welcome.
What?/Pardon? √
There's problem!
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  4. A: I think the test is tomorrow. B: Uh-oh.
  5. A: Thanks for all your help. B: Uh-huh.
  6. A: Do you like it? B: Uh-huh.
Asking for Directions 常用语 Excuse me. Could you tell me where to find a parking lot? Excuse me. Could you tell me where a parking lot is? Excuse me. Could you tell me how to get to a parking lot? Drugstore 杂货店 career planning avenue 街道(南北) block 街区 Listen to the following dialogues one by one and fill in the blanks with missing information:
  1. A: Excuse me. Can you tell me where the college library is? B: Sure. Just __Go__ __down__ a block. _Make a left at the college entrance. It’s right there on your right. A: Thanks. B: You’re welcome.
  2. A: Excuse me. Could you tell me how to get to a drugstore? B: A drugstore. Um, sure. Go down First Street one block. Make a left on Gareth Avenue. A: Left on Gareth. O.K. B: Then go down Gareth three blocks. There’s a drugstore on the corner of Fourth and Gareth. A: Fourth and Gareth. B: Right. A: Thanks a lot. B: Uh-huh.
  3. A: Excuse me. Can you tell me where to find a bookstore? B: The college bookstore? A: No. Just a regular bookstore? B: Well, go down College Driver two blocks and make a left. from the park?across from the college. A: thanks a lot. B: No problem.
There’s a bookstore across
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  4. A: Excuse me. Could you tell me where to find a bank? B: Uh, yeah. Go down College Drive two blocks.. A: Two blocks… B: Yeah. Then make a right on Third Street. Go about a block, a block and a half. There’s a bank in the middle of the block. On Third. A: Thanks. B: Uh-huh.
  5. A: Excuse me. Can you tell me how to get to the Career Planning Office at the college? B: Sure. Go down College Drive to the entrance. Turn left. Go past the Admissions Building. Make another left on Valley Walk. Career planning is across from Admissions. A: On the corner of Campus Way and Valley Walk? B: that’s right. A: Well, thanks. B: You’re welcome!
Ex2, Listen to the dialogues again and locate these places on the map.
A. Language Function: Asking for/following Directions Directions: Listen to the people giving directions. As you listen, look at the map below. Follow the directions from the place marked you are here. Write the letters of the correct places on the lines.
  1. library
  4. bookstore
  2. Taylor Gym
  5. Science and Technology
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  3. copy center
Gym 体育馆 Listen to the five dialogues and pay attention to the following expressions:
  1. Go one block and turn left on Main Street
  2. Taylor Gym is on the right
  3. It’s the little building next to the Student Union.
  4. …across from the Student Union, on Main Street
  5. It’ll be on your right, next to Barnard Hall.. Now please listen to the dialogue again and finish the exercise. Test Audio Script A.
  1. A: Excuse me. Can you tell me where the library is? B: Sure. Go one bloc
 

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