东北师范大学附属中学网校( 东北师范大学附属中学网校(版权所有
期数:07 09 期数: 学科: 学科:英语 年级: 年级:初三
不得复制) 不得复制)
YYC3 005
编稿老师: 编稿老师:李丹 审稿老师: 审稿老师:杨萍
[同步教学信息] 同步教学信息]



第二单元框架体系
课 话 功 结 题 题 能 构 I used to be afraid of the dark. How we have changed Talk about what you used to be like used to do Mario used to be short. 语言目标 Yes, he did. Now he’s tall. I used to eat candy all the time. Did you? Yes, I did. And I used to chew gum a lot. used to, dark, terrify, insect, candy, chat, go to sleep 我过去怕黑。 我们如何改变 谈论你过去的外貌 过去经常做
词汇目标
复习内容 学习策略
alone, quiet, snake, outgoing, friendly, serious, funny, tall, shy, short, straight, long hair Brainstorming Comparing 头脑风暴 比较
Section A
【Language goals】 】

  1. To learn about the use of used to
  2. To talk about what you used to be like. Mario used to be short. Yes, he did. Now he’s tall.
【Teaching procedure】 】
Lead-in
Are you afraid of the dark? I am not afraid of the dark now. I was afraid of the dark when I was young. I used to be afraid of the dark. In this unit, we’ll learn how to use “used to”. “used to” means you often did something in the past. eg.
  1. --I used to be really quiet. 我过去确实很安静。 --You used to have long hair. 你过去留长头发。
  2. ?Did you use to have straight hair? 你过去留长发吗? --Yes, I did.是的。
  3. ?Did you use to play the piano? 你过去弹钢琴吗? --No, I didn’t. 不,我不弹。
1a Talk about people’s personality and appearance.
Step 1: What do you look like? 你现在长什么样? What did you use to look like? 你过去长什么样? What are you like? 你现在是什么性格? What did you use to be like? 你过去是什么性格? Step2: What words do we use to describe personality and appearance. Appearance Personality tall, straight hair, thin, fat, outgoing, shy, easygoing, selfish, overweight, slim, short, medium funny, wild, quiet build, medium height Step 3: Describe people around you. Talk about their past and present(现 在).
1b Listening
Step 1: Look at the picture. The boy in the middle is Bob. He is seeing his friends for the first time in four years. What are they talking about? They are talking about their changes. Step 2: Listen and fill in the blanks. Keys:
  1. short, glasses
  2. tall, short hair
  3. red, curly
1c Pairwork
Step 1: Talk about the changes of Mario, Amy and Tina. A: Mario used to be short. B: Yes, he did. Now he’s tall. Step 2: Talk about the changes of people around. A: My friend Tim used to be quiet. B: Yes, he did. But now he’s outgoing.
2a&2b Listening
Step 1: Look at the picture. Where are Steve and Paul? They are at a party. They haven’t seen each other for a long time. Step 2: Listen and check the words you hear. Keys: friendly, outgoing, quiet
Step 3: Listen again and fill in the blanks with the words you hear. Keys: quiet, outgoing, friendly, sports
2cPairwork
Step 1: Practice the conversation in 2b. Step 2: Make up your own conversation about your changes. A: I used to be really wild. B: I know. Now you’re very calm. I used to be tall. A: Yes. But now I am as tall as you are.
Grammar focus I used to be afraid of the dark. 我过去怕黑。
“used to + 动词原形”表过去的习惯或过去经常反复发生的动作或状态(现在已 经不再存在), 有一种形式,即过去式,用于所有人称, 日常口语中常用助动词 did 来完成各种句式的变化, 即否定式及疑问式是:didn’t use to do;Did… use to do…? 例如: You used to be short. 你过去很矮。 You didn’t use to be short. 你过去不矮。 Did you use to be short? 你过去矮吗? 但是也可以采用否定形式为 used not(usedn’t) to + do , 疑问形式为 Used...to…?
的形式,例如: He used to like playing games. 他过去喜欢做游戏。 He usedn’t to like playing games. 他过去不喜欢做游戏。 Used he like playing games? 他过去喜欢做游戏吗? 注意:get/be/become used to doing 习惯于做某事, 在这个短语中,to 是介 词,所以后面跟动名词。 e.g. You will soon get used to living here. 你很快就会习惯住在这里。 3a &3b Interview Step 1: What are you afraid of? What did you use to be afraid of? Are still afraid of it? Step 2: Go through the things that people used to be afraid of. Did you use to be afraid of them? Are you still afraid of them? Check the answer. Step 3: Interview a partner about these questions. Check the answer. Step 4: Report the result of your survey. Step 5: Make conversations. eg: A: Did you use to be afraid of the examinations? B: Yes, I did. A: Are you still afraid of the examinations? B: No, I’m not. How about you? A: Me? Oh, yes! I’m terrified of the examinations. B: So, what do you do about it? A: I make a good preparation before the examination. 4 Groupwork What did you use to read/eat/watch on TV/do at school? What do you read/eat/watch on TV/do at school? Tell how you have changed.
【Language focus】 】

  1. I play soccer and I’m on the swim team. 我踢足球,是游泳队队员。 此句中介词 on 在此处的意思是 being a member of…
  2. People sure change. 人们确实会改变。 sure 是副词,意思是 “确实”。
  3. a couple of days 几天 a couple of 的意思是“几个,一些” e.g. I don’t know why I feel so bad. I only had a couple of drinks. 我不知道为什么这么不舒服,我只喝了几杯酒而已。
a couple of 还有“一对,一双”的意思 e.g. There’s a couple of girls waiting for you outside. 外面有两个女孩子在等你。
  4. You have a good memory. 你的记忆力很好。
  5. contact lenses 隐形眼镜 lens 意思是“镜片”,是单数。
  6. be terrified of=be afraid of 害怕…… e.g. The little boy’s father often beats him. That’s why he is terrified of his father. 这个小男孩的爸爸经常打他。这就是为什么他怕他爸爸的原因。 be terrified of doing sth 害怕做某事。 如:I’m terrified of being alone. 我害怕独自一人呆着。 terror n. 恐惧,惊恐; terrify v. 使......惊恐/害怕
  7. I go to sleep with my bedroom light on. 我把卧室的灯开着睡觉。 with 短语表方式
【Homework】 】
Write a composition about how you have changed.
【Culture focus】 】

  1. People usually prefer to talk about the present. When you are talking to someone new or someone you don’t know very well, you should not make statements that might embarrass them, such as you used to be thin and now you are fat.
  2. Many houses in the United States have both a living room and a family room. The family room is where families relax, watch TV, play games, and listen to music every day. It is a very informal room. Most families use the family room more often than the living room. The living room is kept very clean and is used to entertain guests, almost always the parents’ guests.
【Exercises】 】
I. 用动词的适当形式填空。
  1. Mary used to a shy girl, right? (be)
  2. she to have long hair? (use)
  3. Bob (not use) to like me, but now we (get) well on with each other.
  4. I remember that he used to (be) serious. But now, look! How funny he (be)!
  5. ?Sue used to (play) the violin, didn’t she?
--Yes, she did. But half a year ago, she (begin) to learn the piano, and she (play) it well now. II. 根据句意在句中空白处填写一个适当的英语单词。
  1. ?What did you use to be ? --I to be short and shy.
  2. The room is too . Please turn on the light.
  3. Mary is outgoing now. But she used to be much .
  4. ?Did you use to have curly hair? --No, I used to have hair.
  5. ?Are you that he has changed a lot? --Yes, I am. He used to be very serious and now he’s funny.
  6. I’m afraid of in front of a group. I’m shy. Keys: I.
  1. be
  2. Did, use
  3. didn’t use, get
  4. be, is
  5. play, began, plays II.
  1. like, used
  2. dark
  3. quieter/shier
  4. straight
  5. sure/surprised
  6. speaking
 

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