Unit 1 Vocabulary
Crab divide similar characteristic energetic active impatient leader selfish stubborn patient curious outgoing confident modest practical fair elegant argue silly forgive humorous creative equally probably unfair balloon laboratory toothache dentist clone awake cheese available otherwise lively formal slang expression difference mark extra organized personal quality sincerely
phrase

  1.stars :星象 Eg .you can read your stars on some websites.
  2.worry about (not )doing something :为(不)干某事而担心。 Eg the dancer is always worrying about getting fat .
  3. Match :做动词,意思是与.......匹配,相一致。 Eg Your red tie matches your white shirt well.
  4. Show off :炫耀,卖弄。 Eg Barry likes to show off his new car .
  5. Of all colours :各种颜色的,常做名词的定语。相同的还有 of all designs 各 种设计 Eg . That shopping centre has shirts of all designs .
  6. At all time:意思是总是,随时,永远,相当于 always . Eg Mr li is ready to help his students at all times.
  7. Have success .取得成功。相当于 succeed 或 be successful . Eg The young man had little success in finding a job.
  8. come up with something :找到(答案) ;拿出(钱等) 。 Eg Are you able to come up with a solution to the problem ?
  9. mind :做动词时,意思是:介意,在乎。主要用于疑问句或否定句,后面可以 名词或动词的 ing 形式做宾语。 Eg Ihope you do not mind the mess on my desk . Do you mind closing the windows ?
Grammar
It is + 形容词 形容词+that 从句
It 是形式主语,that 从句才是真正的主语。如: It is sad that some people are blind. It is wrong that we look down on disabled people. It is necessary that we learn English well. It is important that you have your own support team.
It is+形容词 动词不定式 形容词+动词不定式 形容词
It is difficult to walk through eight country parks. It is useful to have support teams.
It is necessary to learn English well. It is easy to give seats to the elderly.
It is +形容词 形容词+for sb.+动词不定式 形容词 动词不定式
It is important for us to support him. It is meaningful for us to help Ben. It is important for him to learn some computer skills. It is difficult for Joan to finish the work within 10 days.
主语+be 动词 形容词 动词不定式 动词+形容词 形容词+动词不定式 主语
The article is easy to understand. The story is interesting to read. The event is meaning to organize. The problem is difficult to solve. would rather 的用法
Unit 2 Vocabulary
Pink indigo rainbow mood sleepy represent relaxed harmony sadness calm stressed purity wedding satisfied climate prefer remind wisdom growth envy jealous physical mental strength difficulty decision influence unhappiness jogging diary normally behaviour therapy discover promise successfully college rub skin pale advise free perhaps tight thought protection warmth balance
phrase

  1.There is something /nothing wrong with something .意思是:某物有/没有毛病。 Eg There is something wrong with my new bike .
  2.(something ) look good on (somebody ) 意思是:某物穿在某人身上很好看。
  3.(somebody)look good in (something ) 意思是:某人穿某物很好看 Eg red look good on kitty . Kitty looks good in red.
  4.ever :意思是曾经,在任何时候。通常用于一般疑问句和否定句。 Eg have you ever seen such a tall tree ? The old man hardly ever left his house.
  5. Cheer somebody up :使......振奋起来。 Eg My teddy bear always cheer me up when i feel blue .
  6.remind somebody of something 意思是:提醒某人........,让人想起...... Eg Seeing this film reminded me of my own childhood .
  7. Have difficulty (in) doing something 意思是:做某事有困难。 Eg I have great difficulty in learning English grammar.
  8. Or 表示否则,不然。 Eg Focus more on your study ,or you will let your parents down .
  9. Does 有时候气强调的作用。
Eg John does like playing computer games .
Grammar
一、would rather 意思是“宁愿、 宁可、 最好、 更、 还是为好”, 后接动词原形,常省略为’d rather, 表示优先选择的一种方式 其否定形式是 would rather not do sth。would rather 没有人称和数的变化,所有的人称一律用 would rather。 “would rather+动词原形”是英语中常见的一个惯用句式,美国英语中多用 had rather。would (had)在此决无“过去”之意,它是一个情态助动词,且无词性、时态变化。 例 Mr Li would rather not listen to rock music. 李先生不愿意听摇滚音乐。 If you’d rather be alone, we’ll all leave here. 如果你宁愿独自呆着,那我们都离开这儿。 He’d rather work in the countryside. 她宁可到农村去工作。 You would rather stay at home and do some reading this evening. 今晚你最好呆在家中读点书。 二、如果在两者中进行取舍,表示“宁愿……而不愿……,与其……宁可……”的意思时,则 可用 would rather…than…或 would…rather than…的句型 例 I would rather watch TV at home than go to the cinema. 我宁可在家看电视而不愿去看电 影。 The children would walk there rather than take a bus. 孩子们宁愿步行去那里而不愿乘公共汽 车。 请注意
  1) would rather…than…/would…rather than…也可以颠倒为:rather than…would…。 Would(rather)和 than 后都接不带 to 的动词不定式,若选用的动词相同,那么 than 后的动词 可以省略。 例 I would rather have noodles than rice. 我宁愿吃面条也不吃米饭。 He would rather drink wine than beer. 他喜欢喝红葡萄酒而不喜欢喝啤酒。 Rather than work in such bad condition, he would give up. 与其在这样差的条件下工作, 他宁愿 放弃。
  2)使用 would rather…than…句型时要注意“平行结构”,即在 than 的前后要用两个同类的词 或词组,如两个名词、两个不定式、两个介词短语等。 例 I would rather go to work by bike than by bus. 我宁愿骑自行车也不愿乘公共汽车去上班。 I would rather talk with his mother than with his father. 我宁愿和他妈说话而不愿和他爸说话。 三、在疑问句式中,would rather 与 would rather…than…中的 would 要放在主语之前 例 Would you rather stay here or go home? 你愿意呆在这里,还是回家? Which would you rather have, apples or bananas? 你喜欢吃苹果还是香蕉? Would you rather read a novel than read a poem?你宁愿看小说而不愿朗读诗歌吗? 四、would rather+从句,是一个常用的虚拟语气句型 Would rather+从句,谓语一般用过去时 来表示现在或将来。其意为“宁愿……,还是…… 好些”“一个人宁愿另一个人做某事”。引导 从句的 that 常省略。在谈到过去的动作时,谓语则用过去完成时。 例 John wants to see me today. I would rather he came to tomorrow than today. 约翰今天想去看 我。我宁愿他明天来看我而不是今天。(句中 came 不是表示过去而是表示将来) We’d rather he paid us the money tomorrow. 我们宁愿他明天付给我们那笔钱。 Don’t come tomorrow. I’d rather you came next weekend. 明天别来。我希望你下周末来。 请注意
  1) 如果谈到过去的动作,也就是表示过去已经发生的事情在选择上不恰当。此时, 主句一般为 I had rather ,其 (that) 从句则用过去完成时。例 Would rather you had not done that. 我真希望你没有做那件事。

  2) 如果只涉及主语本人而不涉及另一个人, would rather 之后不接 that 从句而接 have done 则 结构。 例 I would rather have gone to the theatre than stayed home night. 我真希望昨天晚上去看了戏 而不是呆在家里。 He would rather be poor than have got money by dishonest methods. 他宁 可穷也不愿意用不诚实的手段获取金钱。 Henry would rather that his girlfriend worked in the same department as he does.亨利希望他的 女朋友和他在一个部门工作。
prefer 的用法

  1、后接不定式时与 rather than 或 instead of 连用, He preferred to die rather than (to) steal. 如: / He perferred to die instead of stealing. 他宁死也不去偷窃。
  2、注意介词搭配,如: I prefer swimming to skating. (I like swimming better than skating.) 我喜欢游泳胜过滑冰。prefer 因其本身含有比较之意,而不可再与 more 或 most 连用。
  3、prefer+名词或动名词“宁愿”,“更喜欢”。He comes from Shanghai, so he prefers rice. 他是 上海人,因此更喜欢吃米饭。I prefer going by bike.我宁愿骑单车去。I prefer the white one. 我喜欢那个白的。
  4、prefer to do “愿意做”。I prefer to go at once.我愿意马上就走。
  5、prefer sb. to do “愿意某人做” I prefer you to go at once.我倒希望你马上就走。
  6、prefer to sth.“宁愿做...而不做...”. I prefer tea to milk.我宁愿喝茶也不喝牛奶。I prefer watching TV to going out. 我宁愿看电视也不出去。
  7、prefer to do sth. rather than do sth.“宁愿做...而不做...” I prefer to watch TV rather than go out. 我宁愿呆在家里也不出去。
  8、prefer+ that 从句“宁愿”(从句一般用虚拟语气)I prefer that you should do it.我宁愿你做 这件事。
Unit 3 Vocabulary
Teenage mad disturb survey communication deal choice complete refuse accept hardly spare doubt whether worth offer suggestion value plenty allow strict achieve task either review courage truth quarrel spare notice progress valuable reply pleasure spelling stress suffer though firstly blame cause
Phrase

  1.On 做介词时表示在.....上面。做副词时,意思是:在进行着;处于工作状态。 Eg Hurry up . The film has been on for ten minutes.
  2.Choice :表示选择性。 have no choice but to do 意思是:除.....之外,别无选择。 Eg Going to seaside for the holiday will be a good holiday . The little girl had no choice but to ask her mother for help .
  3.hand....... in : 提交,上交。 Eg We must hand in our reports before the weekend .

  4. Be worth something /doing something Eg The summer palace is worth a visit .
  5.doubt :表示怀疑,在肯定句中,一般后面接 if /whether 引导的从句。在否定 句中接 that 引导的从句。 Eg We doubt if /whether he told us the truth . We never doubt that he is honest .
  6.be of value 意思是有价值,相当于 be valuable . The invention of computer of is great value to our life . 类似的还有:be of importance =be important . Be of interest =be interesting .
  7.spare :做动词时,意思是:留出,匀出。 做形容词意思是:空闲的,多余的。 Eg Can you spare me a minute ? I have something important to tell you . I hardly have any time for my hobbies .
  8. Leave somebody alone :不打扰,不惊动。 Eg That film star wants to be left alone when he is on holidays .
  9. Reply :回答;答复;对......做出反应。 Eg Many people have replied to our advertisement .
Grammar
get 的搭配很多,但在每种搭配中 get 的意义是不完全相同的。大多数情况下,
get 是及物动词,有时它也可以起连系动词的作用。
  1.get+sb.(sth.)叫来某人,弄到事物. Please go and get him.去把他叫来。 She got high marks in the final examination.
  2.get+sb.+st.为某人弄到事物 Will you please get me a ticket for the football match?请给我弄张足球赛票好吗? He got me some beautiful postcards.他大帮我弄到一些漂亮的明信片。
  3.get+sth.+adj.使某物处于某种状态。 We have got everything ready for the sports meet.我们已经为运动会做好了一切准 备。 She got her school clothes dirty.她把校服弄脏了。
  4.get+sth.+done 使某事被做 You must get your homework done before you watch TV.你看电视前务必把家庭作 业完成。 You'd better go and get your hair cut.你最好去理个发。
  5.get+sb.(sth.)+doing 让某人(物)行动起来。 My duty was to get the four of us studying the subject.我的责任是使我们四个人研 究这个主题。 Who can get the machine running?谁能启动这台机器?
  6.get+sb.+to do 使某人做某事 My idea is that we should get a porter to carry our luggage.我的想法是我们得请个 搬运工来搬运行李。
  7.get+sth.+for sb.替某人弄到某物
Could you get a school timetable for me?你能帮我弄张课程表吗?
  8.get+adj.(get 是连系动词) In summer it doesn't get dark until after eight o'clock.夏天,直到八点过后,天色才 暗下来。 Our nation is getting more and more powerful.我们的国家变得越来越强大。
  9.get+done 变成某种状态(get 是连系动词) Your hand will get burnt if you are not careful.如果你不小心点,你的手会被烫伤 的。 Don't get caught in the rain.别遭雨淋了。
“特殊疑问词+动词不定式 的用法归纳 特殊疑问词+ 特殊疑问词 动词不定式”的用法归纳
一、疑问代词 who, what, which 等和疑问副词 when, where, how 等后面跟不定式,构成不 定式短语。这种结构在句中可作主语、宾语、表语、宾语补足语等句子成分。如: Where to go is still a question. 到哪里去还是个问题。 (作主语) I know where
 

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