初三英语动词的时态和语态
一、内容提要

  1.第三册知识点及句型

  2.同义句转换归纳

  3.动词的时态和语态
二、专项练习与归纳
知识点及句型

  1.be able to 能、会
He could ride the bike when he was eight.
可用be able to 来代替could
He was able to ride the bike when he was eight.
Will you be able to play computer?
She has been able to play computer.

  2.change the world 改变世界
Some of the inventions have changed the world more than others.

  3.have nothing to do with sth/sb 与……人/物无关
He said he had nothing to do with the accident.
Most of the questions had nothing to do with his lessons.

  4.at the age of …在……多大时
At the age of 12, he started writing his own newspaper.
At the age of 8, she began to swim.

  5.open up 开设
Thomas Edison opened up his own lab in 1862

  6.He asked Tom's mother to take the boy home.
Please take them home.

  7.the boy was too frightened to move.

  8.graduate from school 毕业
Last year he graduated from our school.
I will graduate from school.

  9.give up 放弃
He gave up his job in a foreign company

  10.turn down 把……关小点
Turn down the to set , it's too noise.
Turn down the radio, I'll do my homework.

  11.put up 挂上
We have to put up the lights and Christmas balls.
Put up a map of the world on the back wall.

  12.be base on 以……为根据
The story is based on a real person.
Father Christmas is based on a real person in history.

  13.Live on 继续活着
Lei Feng is dead but his spirit live on.
His spirit of generosity lives on today.

  14.Can't wait to do sth. 迫不及待做某事
They couldn't wait to open the presents in their stockings.
He couldn't wait to answer the question.

  15.as well 另外,也
Some people even put up stockings for their pets as well.
I received a book and a pen as well.

  16.fill…with… 用……把……装满
I filled my bag with books.
She filled the bottle with water.

  17.appear to 对于……显现出来,似乎
it appear that 从句
It appeared to be snowing.
It appears that he will come back.

  18.even though 即使
Even though he studied hard, he didn't pass the exam
Even though she has gone to England, we missed her very much.

  19.It is said that 据说
It is said that he has been to America.
It is said that the policeman saved the boy.

  20.be made of
be made from
be made by

  21.be used for doing
be used to do sth.
be used as
be used by

  2.on the other hand 另一方面,反过来说
同义句转换的归纳

  1.Do you have an erase? an erase?

  2.Maybe it's in one of your pockets.
It in one of your pockets.

  3.Why don't you have a picnic with us?
with us?

  4.Tom missed the early bus and his brother missed it, too.
Tom missed the early bus and .

  5.My father always in the past. But now he always gets up late.
My father but now he always gets up late.

  6.She didn't remember to turn off the lights when she left the room
She when she left the room.

  7.Many put a bookmark in the new book.
A bookmark

  8.Peter likes to borrow things from his neighbors , but he never return them to his neighbors.
Peter likes to borrow things from his neighbors, but he never

  9.I have been here in Sydney since last Friday.
I in Sydney .

  10.Would you like to have a try?
Do you ?

  11.People enjoy surfing all over the world.
by people all over the world.

  12.Hawaii is very famous , because of its beautiful beaches.
Hawaii is .

  13.The weather in England is never too hot or too cold.
The weather in England is .

  14.Her job is to be a part-time assistant in a surf shop.
She in a surf shop.

  15.Tom will have to go back to hometown next week.
Tom will have to next week.

  16.His son is the pride of their parents.
Their parents his son.

  17.Mike has to stop smoking, because of his bad health.
Mike has to ,because of his bad health.

  18.Skating is quite different from skiing.
There are between sating and skiing.

  19.Please finish it as soon as you can.
Please finish it .

  20.The old man died three years ago.
The old man three years.
The old man three years ago.

  21.He bought the watch a week ago.
He the watch a week.

  22.We have done all the work. We have done .

  23.I got a letter from him two days ago.
I two days ago.

  24.She joined the league four months ago.
She for four months.

  25.Watching TV too much harms your eyes.
Watching TV too much your eyes.

  26.Suddenly we heard a piece of beautiful music.
Suddenly a piece of beautiful music.

  27.You've contributed a lot to developing the west of China.
You the west of China.

  28.Have you ever littered onto the ground ?
Have you ever onto the ground?
答案

  1.have you got
  2.may be
  3.why not have a picnic
  4.so did his brother

  5.used to get up early.
  6.forgot to turn off the lights
  7.was put in the new book

  8.gave them balk to his neighbors
  9. arrived , last Friday
  10.want a go

  11.surfing is enjoyed
  12.famous for its beautiful beaches

  13.neither too hot nor too cold
  14.works as a part -time shop assistant

  15.return to his hometown
  16.are proud of
  17.give up smoking

  18.many differences
  19.as soon as possible
  20.has been dead for has been dead since

  21.has had, fro
  22.the whole work
  23.heard from him/ received a letter from him

  24.has been a league member/has been in the league

  25.is bad for
  26.came up into our ears

  27.have made a contribution to developing

  28.thrown about
动词的时态和语态
用括号中动词的适当的形式填空。

  1.The boy is happy because he (sell) out all the newspapers.

  2.The plan (give) up because of rain.

  3.If it (not rain) tomorrow, we (go )fishing.

  4.Where you(be) these days?

  5.Where is Tom? He (go) to the post office. He said he (come) back soon.

  6.Mike says he (want )to be a worker after he (finish )school.

  7.The last bus just (leave) when they (get) to the bus stop.

  8.She (not go) to bed until she (finish) her work.

  9.Light (travel )much faster than sound.

  10.I (feel) much better after I (take) the medicine.

  11."Where we(meet)?" "Let's meet outside the park gate."

  12.I(be) afraid Mr Johnson (not visit) out school tomorrow.

  13.I (lost) my bike .you (see) it anywhere?

  14.this kind of car (produce) in Shanghai?

  15.We (see) several members of the family since we (arrive)

  16.I found that the students (play) football on the playground.

  17.The shop (close) at this time of day.

  18.Where your watch (lose)?

  19.the doctor (send) for last night?

  20.Three children (take) good care by the nurse.

  21.Some children (take ) good care by the nurse.

  22.Some new houses (build) by the villagers themselves.

  23.What language (speak) in Australia?

  24.The colour TV (buy) in that shop three days ago.

  25.He said he (stay) here for another two days.

  26.The doctor said Jim must (operate ) on at once.

  27."the bridge (repair) yet?""Yes, the workers already(repair) it."

  28.We are in Grade One this year, so we (teach ) physics next year.

  29."Where (be) you last night?""I(ask) to help Tom at home"

  30.The big tree (blow)down in the storm last night.

  31.I never (eat) such delicious noodles before.

  32.When we reached the town, it (get) dark.

  33.We (have) lunch when suddenly someone knocked at the door.

  34.Lucy said she (visit) the school the next month.

  35.I (wait) until he comes back.

  36.You (watch) TV after supper, aren't you?

  37.They (be) to that small village several times.

  39.Can you tell me if it (snow) tomorrow?

  40.Could you tell me if you (read) the story book?

  41.He said the lights in the room (go) out when he opened the door.

  42.I (be) fifteen soon.

  43.Tom, your aunt (come) this afternoon .

  44.My teacher often (tell) us not to play on the street.

  45.They(plant) trees on the hill. Do you see?

  46.The teacher said that the earth (move) round the sun.

  47.She said she (put) on a new coat the next day.

  48.The Great Wall (know) all over the world.

  49.Could you tell me where Alice (live)?

  50.the film (show) many times since last Sunday.

  51.the street lights usually (turn) on at seven in summer evening?

  52.I (not go) to the cinema because I (see) the film before.

  53.It (get) dark. What about (go) home at once?

  54.You (be) late if you (not hurry).

  55.Use your head and you (find) a better way.

  56.Look!Someone (lie) on the floor.

  57.It (rain) harder now. It (rain) quite often in summer.

  58.Here (come) the bus.

  59.I don't know when the manager (return), but when be (come) back I (let) you know.

  60."Where (be) you this time yesterday?" "I(be) at home. I (go) over my lessons then."
答案

  1.has sold
  2.will be given up/ has been given up
  3.doesn't rain, will og
  4.have, been
  5.has gone, would come
  6.wants, finishes
  7.had, left, got
  8.won't go, finishes
  9.travels
  10.felt, had taken
  11.shall/will, meet
  12.am, won't visit
  13.have lost, Have seen
  14.is, produced
  15.Have seen, arrived
  16.were playing
  17.is closed
  18.was, lost/ has, bee lost
  19.was, been sent
  20.was inverted
  21.are taken
  22.have been built
  23.is spoken
  24.was bought
  25.would stay
  26.be operated
  27.has, been repaired, have repaired
  28.will be taught
  29.were ,was,
  30.was blewn
  31.have, eaten
  32.got/ had got
  33.were having
  34.would visit
  35.will wait
  36.are watching
  37.have been
  38.snows
  39.had studied
  40.have read
  41.had been gone
  42.will be/ am
  43.will come
  44.tells
  45.are planting
  46.moves
  47.would put
  48.is known
  49.lives
  50.has, been showed
  51.are, turned
  52.won't go, have seen
  53.gets, going
  54.will be, don't hurry
  55.will find
  56.is lying
  57.is raining/ rains, rains
  58.comes
  59.will return, comes, will let
  60.were, was, was going
 

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