九年级英语 Unit1

  1. by + doing 通过……方式 如:by studying with a group by 还可以表示: 在…旁”“靠近”“在…期间”“用、 还可以表示: 期间” “ 旁 、 靠近” 、 期间 、 ” 经过” 乘车” “经过”“乘车”等 、 如:I live by the river. I have to go back by ten o’clock. The thief entered the room by the window. The student went to park by bus.
  2. talk about 谈论,议论,讨论 如:The students often talk about movie after class. 学生 谈论,议论, 们常常在课后讨论电影。 talk to sb. === talk with sb. 与某人说话
  3. 提建议的句子: 提建议的句子: ①What/ how about +doing sth.? 如:What/ How about going shopping? ②Why don’t you + do sth.? 如:Why don’t you go shopping? ③Why not + do sth. ? 如:Why not go shopping? 如: Let’s go shopping ④Let’s + do sth. ⑤Shall we/ I + do sth.? 如:Shall we/ I go shopping?
  4. a lot 许多 常用于句末 如:I eat a lot. 我吃了许多。
  5. too…to 太…而不能 常用的句型 too+adj./adv. + to do sth. 而不能 如:I’m too tired to say anything. 我太累了,什么都不想说。
  6. aloud, loud 与 loudly 的用法 三个词都与"大声"或"响亮"有关。 ①aloud 是副词 是副词,重点在出声能让人听见 出声能让人听见,但声音不一定很大, 出声能让人听见 常用在读书或说话上。通常放在动词之后。aloud 没有比较级 形式。如: He read the story aloud to his son. 他朗读那篇故事给他儿子听。 ②loud 可作形容词或副词。用作副词时,常与 speak, talk, 可作形容词或副词 laugh 等动词连用,多用于比较级,须放在动词之后。如: She told us to speak a little louder. 她让我们说大声一点。 ③loudly 是副词 是副词,与 loud 同义,有时两者可替换使用,但往往 往往 含有令人讨厌或打扰别人的意思,可位于动词之前或之后。如: He does not talk 含有令人讨厌或打扰别人的意思 loudly or laugh loudly in public. 他不当众大声谈笑。
  7. not …at all 一点也不 根本不 如: I like milk very much. I don’t like coffee at all. 我非常喜欢牛奶。我一点也不喜欢咖啡。 not 经常可以和助动词结合在一起,at all 则放在句尾 经常可以和助动词结合在一起,

be / get excited about sth. === be / get excited about doing sth. === be excited to do sth. 对…感兴奋 如: 感兴奋 I am / get excited about going to Beijing.=== I am excited to go to Beijing. 我对去北京感到兴奋。
  9. ① end up doing sth 终止做某事, 终止做某事,结束做某事 如: The party ended up singing. 晚会以唱歌而结束。 ② end up with sth. 以…结束 如: The party ended up with her singing. 晚会以她的歌唱而告终。
first of all 首先 . to begin with 一开始 later on 后来、随 后来、
  11. also 也、而且(用于肯定句)常在句子的中间 中间 either 也(用于否定句 否定句)常在句末 否定句 句末 too 也 (用于肯定句 肯定句) 常在句末 肯定句 句末
  12. make mistakes 犯错 如:I often make mistakes. 我经常犯错。 make a mistake 犯一个错误 如: I have made a mistake. 我已经犯了一个错误。
  13. laugh at sb. 笑话;取笑(某人) 如:Don’t laugh at me! 不要取笑我!
  14. take notes 做笔记,做记录
  15. enjoy doing sth . 喜欢做…乐意做… 如: She enjoys playing football. 她喜欢踢足球。 enjoy oneself 过得愉快 如:He enjoyed himself. 他过得愉快。
  16. native speaker 说本族语的人
  17. make up 组成、构成
  18. one of +(the+ 形容词比较级 名词复数形式 …其中之一 形容词比较级)+名词复数形式 如: She is one of the most popular teachers. 她是最受欢迎的教师之一。
  19. It’s +形容词 形容词+(for sb. ) to do sth. (对于某人来说)做某事… 形容词 如:It’s difficult (for me ) to study English. 对于我来说学习英语太难了。 是形式主语, 句中的 it 是形式主语,真正的主语是 to study English
  20. practice doing 练习做某事 如: She often practice speaking English. 她经常练习说英语。
  21. decide to do sth. 决定做某事 如: LiLei has decided to go to BeiJing . 李雷已经决定去北京。
  22. unless 假如不,除非 引导条件状语从句 假如不, 如:You will fail unless you work hard..假如你不努力你会失败。

I won’t write unless he writes first. 除非他先写要不我不写
  23. deal with 处理 如:I dealt with a lot of problem.
  24. worry about sb./ sth. 担心某人 某事 担心某人/ 如:Mother worried about his son just now. 妈妈刚才担心他的儿子。
  25. be angry with sb. 对某人生气 如: I was angry with her. 我对她生气。
  26. perhaps === maybe 也许
  27. go by (时间) 过去 如: Two years went by. 两年过去了。
  28. see sb. / sth. doing 看见某人正在做某事 强调正在发生 see sb. / sth. do 看见某人在做某事 如: 如: She saw him drawing a picture in the classroom. 她看见他正在教室里画画。
  29. each other 彼此
  30. regard… as … 把…看作为 看作为…. 如: 看作为 The boys regarded Anna as a fool. 这些男孩把安娜看成傻瓜。
  31. too many 许多 修饰可数名词 如:too many girls 修饰可数名词 too much 许多 修饰不可数名词 如:too much milk 修饰不可数名词 much too 太 修饰形容词 如:much too beautiful 修饰形容词
  32. change… into… 将…变为 变为… 变为 如:The magician changed the pen into a book. 这个魔术师将这本书变为一本书。
  33. with the help of sb. == with one’s help 在某人的帮助下 在某人的帮助下 如:with the help of LiLei == with LiLei’s help 在李雷的帮助下
  34. compare … to … 把…与…相比 与 相比 如:Compare you to Anna, you are lucky. 你和安娜相比,你是幸运的。
  35. instead 代替 用在句末,副词(字面上常不译出来) 用在句末,副词 instead of sth. / doing sth. 代替,而不是 用在句中,动词 代替, 用在句中, 如:Last summer I went to Beijing. This year I’m going to Shanghai instead.去年夏天我 去北京, 今年我将要去上海。 I will go instead of you. 我将代替你去。 He stayed at home instead of going swimming. 他呆在家里而不是去游泳。


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