初三英语形容词比较句式专项复习教学设计
鹿泉市实验初级中学 齐秀玲 专项复习作为系统复习密不可分的有机组成部分,在语言知识的完整性梳理,系统性 归纳,知识范围的延伸与拓宽,知识创造性的迁移运用等方面有着独有的作用。现以形容 词比较句式专项复习为例作如下教学设计。 一、形容词、副词的原级形式在比较句中的运用。
  1、as…as… 句型的基础性运用。 例如:
  1)Mr Chen drives as as Mr Wang. A. careful B. more careful C. carefully D. more carefully 答案:C
  2)A: The coat costs 1000 yuan. B: Oh, dear! Does it cost ? A. so expensive as that B. as much as that C. as expensive as that D. so much as that 答案:B 解析:肯定句,一般疑问句中可用 as…as…句型,否定句中可用 not as…as…或 not so…as 句型;该句型中应用形容词或副词原级形式。
  2、倍数的表达。例如:
  1)翻译:我的年龄是我女儿的五倍。 I am five times as old as my daughter. (或 I am four times older than my daughter. )
  3、as…as…one can= as…as…possible(尽可能……)结构的迁移性运用。例如:
  1)I spend as much time as I can(learn) to write when I am free. 答案:learning
  2) headteacher said as much as he could (help) Peter not to drop Chinese. 答案: help The to 解析:如果孤立地解题,以上两题需填的动词因为在情态动词 can 和 could 的后面, 学生容易填动词原形。正确的解题思路应当是把 as…as one can 结构整体看待,这样就容 易看出第 2 题是考查 spend…doing something 词组的运用,第 2 题是考查不定式作目的状 语的运用。 二.形容词、副词的比较级形式在比较句中的运用。 。例如:
  1、两部分之间的比较(具体数量可能是三者或三者以上)
  1)Here are three tickets for the film tonight. The yellow one is (expensive) than the other 答案:more expensive two.
  2)Which city is(far)from Hangzhou ,Shanghai or Beijing ? 答案:farther
  2、根据实际意义需要,注意否定式比较的运用。 例如:
  1)This book is (interesting) than that one. I don’t like it at all. 答案:less interesting
  3. much, a bit, a little, even, still 等词常用于修饰形容词、副词的比较级。例如:
  1) was shorter than his father fives years ago. At that time Jim’s father was 178 cm and Jim Jim was 176 cm. A. much B. quite C. a little D. a bit of 答案:C (注意:答案 A 中的 much 虽然也可以用于修饰比较级,但在这里不符合题意。 )
  2)Strangely, the boys in our class can sing than the girls. A. more beautiful B. much beautifully C. much more beautifully D. much more beautiful 答案:C
  4、“the + 比较级”可用于表达“两者当中的最高级”概念。例如: Who is (tall) of the two boys ? 答案:the taller 三、形容词、副词的最高级形式在比较句中的运用。
  1、含 in,of 的介词结构是最常见的标志性提示词。形容词最高级前有定冠词 the,副 词最高级前可以有定冠词 the,也可以省略 the。例如:
  1)I like the room, because it is (bright) one in the hotel. 答案:the brightest
1

  2) Of all my friends Sam picked(many) flowers. 答案:the most 答案:(the) earliest
  3) My mother often gets up (early) in my family.
  4)Of all these shoes the white pair is my (new). 答案:newest 解析:不能用 the newest , 因为形容词性物主代词 my 不能与定冠词 the 连用。
  2、根据实际意义需要,注意否定式比较的运用。例如:
  1)I agree with you. Science is really(popular) subject with me. I even want to drop it . 答案:the least popular
  3、序数词(如 the second 等), next to (仅次于)常提示用最高级形式。例如:
  1)Is the Yangtze River the second(long) river in the world? 答案:longest
  2) Next to playing basketball, I like swimming (much). 答案:most 四、平行性比较的运用。
  1)Susan’s skirt is much more expensive than . A. she B. him C. his D. hers 答案:D(注意:不能选 C,因为 skirt 意为“女式短裙”)
  2) A. The weather in Beijing is much colder than (上海的天气) 答案: in Shanghai that B. The ears of an elephant are much bigger than(猪的耳朵) 。答案:those of a pig 解析:这类比较句需要注意平行性比较时,两个对等成份的同一性结构排列。 五、着眼于动词时态的比较句。例如:
  1. Some boys sometimes talk more than Miss Gao in class. A. is B. talks C. do D . does 答案:D .
  2. Those days were much colder than today A. is B. was C. be D. were 答案:A last week .
  3. You have planted more trees than class 1 A. have B. have planted C. did D. planted 答案:C 注意:比较句中前后两部分的时态有时不一定相同,应视实际情况细致鉴别判断。 六、其他一些基本的比较句句型结构。
  1.、many more 修饰可数名词的复数形式;much more 修饰不可数名词。例如: (many / much) more books than them . 答案:many
  1) We have
  2) There’s (many / much) more water in this bottle than in that one . 答案:much
  2、同一范围内的比较与不同范围内的比较。例如:
  1)Lin Tao is taller than any other student in our class
  2) China is bigger than any country in Africa. 解析:第 1 题属于同一班级内的学生身高的比较,any other student 指的是班里“除林涛以 外的任何其他一个学生”,所以应当有 other 一词;第 1 题中,中国属于亚洲地区,比较对 象是非洲地区的某一个国家,两者属于不同的地区,因此不需要 other 一词,any country 指的是“非洲地区的任何一个国家”。
  3、“比较级 + and + 比较级”表示“越来越……”。例如:
  1)It’s getting darker and darker .Let’s go home.
  2)Hangzhou is becoming more and more beautiful .
  4、“The + 比较级,the + 比较级”表示“越……,越……”。例如:
  1)The sooner , the better.
  2)The more carefully you do your homework , the fewer mistakes you will make. 练习: 一、用下列所给词的适当形式填空:
  1、How (easy) it is to finish the work!
  2、At last the boy chose (small) of the two apples.
2

  3、Of all the buildings in this city the one in the city center looks(beautiful).
  4、Look! A young man is running as fast as he can (catch) the thief.
  5、The girl walks much (slow) than her father. So she falls far behind.
  6、How (bad) the machine is working!
  7、No one else in our class can speak English as(good) as Xiao Ming.
  8、(heavy) it snows, the happier the children feel.
  9、Who works (hard) than Tom, Mike or Kate?
  10、The problem is (difficult) than that one. Even children can solve it easily. 二、下列句子中每句各有一处错,请找出来并加以改正。
  1、In this city Mike has much more friends than his classmate Ted.
  2、The man headteacher is fatter than any other student in the class.
  3、Less and less CDs are sold in town.
  4、Tom worked very hard and he picked most oranges of all the children on the farm.
  5、My uncle’s new car runs much faster than Li Ming’s father. 参考答案: 一、
  1.easy
  2.the smaller
  3.the most beautiful
  4.to catch
  5.more slowly
  6.badly
  7.well
  8.The more heavily
  9.harder
  10.less difficult 二、
  1.much→many
  2. 去掉 other
  3. Less and less→ Fewer and fewer
  4. most→ the most
  5.father→father’s
3
 

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