1.aloud adv.出声地(使别人能听得到) Reading aloud is a good way in leaning English. 朗读是学英语的一个好方法。 ▲loud adj. 大声的,声音洪亮的,loud?louder?loudest He talked in a loud voice so that everyone could hear him. 他说话声音很大以便于每个人都能听得到他。 ▲adv. loud?louder?loudest Don’t talk so loud.The kids are reading. 说话小声些,孩子们正在看书。 (Speak)louder,please! 请再说高一些! ▲loudly adv 吵吵闹闹地,噪声地 I heard someone knocked loudly at the door. 我听到有人在使劲敲门。 They are talking loudly in the next room. 他们在隔壁说话声很大。

  2.voice n.噪音,鸟鸣声 She has a sweet voice. 她声音很甜美。 She raised her voice so that she could be heard.
她提高了嗓音队便于别人能听清楚。 He lost his voice./He had no voice because of the cough. 因为咳嗽,他失声了。 ▲noise n 噪音,吵闹 Don’t make so much noise. 别弄出那么大的噪音。 I heard a strange noise outside. 我听到外边奇怪的声音。 ▲sound n.(自然界中的)声音,响声 Sound travels slower than light. 声音的传播比光慢。

  3.memory n.(计算机的)储存器 A lot of information is stored in the memory. 计算机的储存器能储存很多信息。 ▲n.记忆力 He has a poor memory after the car accident. 车祸后他的记忆力很差了。 ▲n. 回忆,怀念 I have a pleasant memory of my childhood. 我对童年有美好的回忆。
vt. 记住,背过
He can memorize new words very quickly. 他能很快记住很多单词。

  4. frustrate vt.使失望,使沮丧 The serious illness frustrated his dream for college. 他上大学的梦想遭受挫折。 ▲frustrating adj. 令人失望的 What he said is frustrating. 他所说的话很令人失望。 She finds it frustrating to watch English movies. 她觉得看英语电影很令人失望(因为看不懂)。 ▲frustrated adj. 失望的,沮丧的 He was frustrated when he failed again in the test. 当他再次考试没及格后,他很失望。

vt. 增加,加
She tasted the soup and added more salt. 她尝了尝汤,又加了些盐。 ▲add to 增添 His coming added to our trouble.
他的到来给我们添了很多麻烦。 ▲add up to 总计达……,加起来…… The number of the students in our class adds up to
  55. 我们班上学生的数目加起来是 55 人。 ▲vt. 补充说,又说 He said goodbye to us and added that he would visit us again. 他和我们说了再见,又说他会再来看我们的。

  6. excite
The news that our team had won excited everybody. 我们队赢了的消息令所有的人很激动。 ▲exciting adj.令人兴奋的
The soccer game is exciting. 那场足球赛很令人激动。 ▲excited adv. 兴奋的,激动的 We were very excited at the news. 当听到那个消息,我们很激动。

  7.speak(speak?spoke?spoken)说(语言),讲话 Can you speak French? 你会说法语吗? Do you know who will speak at the meeting?
你知道谁要在会上发言? ▲talk to/with sb 与某人谈话,talk about/of sth/sb 谈论某人或某事 He was talking to/with his friend whom I called him. 当我给他打电话时,他正在和他的朋友谈话。 What are you talking about? 你们在说什么? ▲say 说(后接说的内容) What did he say at the meeting? 他在会上说了什么? She said she would be back the next week. 她说下周回来。 ▲tell 告诉 tell sb sth 告诉某人某事(接双宾语) Who told you the news? 是谁告诉你的那个消息? ▲讲,说 tell stories 讲故事,tell a lie 撒谎,tell the truth 说实话 Grandma used to tell stories to me when 1 was young. 我小的时候,奶奶经常给我讲故事。 Don’t believe him! He is telling a tie. 别信他!他在撒谎。
To tell you the truth,I don’t quite agree with you. 老实说,我不太同意你的意见。

  8.complete vt.使完全,使完整,(圆满完成) She’s trying to complete collection of the CDs. 他试图收齐那套 CD。 ▲adj. 巧完整的,完全的 Can you make complete sentences? 你会造完整的句子吗? He is a complete stranger to me. 他对我来说完全是陌生的。

  9.secret n.秘密 It’s a secret between you and me,so don’t tell it to others. 那时我们之间的秘密,所以不要告诉别人。 ▲adj. 秘密的 Let’s keep it secret from others. 咱们不让别人知道此事。 Let the cat out of the bag.= Let out the secret. 泄露秘密。

  10.impress vt.使感动,给……深刻印象 What he did impressed everybody present. 他的事迹给在场的人留下了深刻的印象。 The beautiful sights of the country impressed all of us. 那个国家的美景打动了我们所有的人。 ▲impressed adj. (被)感动的 We were impressed by what he did. 我们被他的话所感动。 、、

  11. native n. 当地人,本国人 When we were on vacation in Brazil,we lived like the natives. 我们在巴西度假时,就像当地人那样生活。 The kangaroo is a native of Australia. 袋鼠是产于澳洲的动物。 ▲native speaker 生来就说某种语言的人 He speaks English so well that we all think he is a native speaker? 他的英语说得太好了,我们都认为他是个本地人。 ▲native language 母语 Marx was born in Germany,and German was his native language.’ 马克思出生在德国,法语是他的母语。 Important phrases(重点词组)

  1.1isten to cassettes 听磁带
  2.first of all 首先
  3.work/study with a group 和小组一起学习
  4.watch English language TV 看英语电视
  5.spoken English 英语口语
  6.writing practice 写作训练
  7.join an English club 加入英语俱乐部
  8.1ater on 以后;随后
  9.look up words(in a dictionary) 查同典
  10.native speakers 生来就说某种语言的人
  11.not at aIl 根本不;一点也不
  12.end up 结束
  13. ask the teacher for help 求助于老师
  14.make up 组成;编造
  15.enjoy doing sth 喜欢做某事
  16.take notes 做笔记
  17.make mistakes 犯错误 1
  8.make flashcards 制作认读卡片
  19.read aloud 朗读
  20. have trouble (in) doing sth 做某事有困难 Important sentences(重点句子)

  1. How do you study for a test? 你怎样准备考试? ▲study for a test prepare for a test 准备考试 ? What were you doing when I called last night? 一 I was studying for the math test. 一 昨天晚上我打电话时你在干什么? 一 我在准备数学测验。

  2. I study for an English test by listening to cassettes. 我听录音准备英语测验。 ▲by 靠,用(方法,手段等),后接动名词(doing…) He makes a living by repairing bikes. 他靠修车为生。 ▲listen vi.后加 to 再接名词。
My sister was listening to music when I got home. 当我到家时,姐姐正在听音乐。 Listen! Someone is knocking at the door. 听!有人在敲门。

  3.He studies by asking the teacher for help.
他靠求助于老师来学习。 ▲ask sb for help 求助于某人 ?You can ask me for help if you have trouble. ?Thank you.1 will. ? 如果你有麻烦,你可以求助于我。 一 谢谢。我会的。

  4.Do you ever practice conversations with friends? 你曾经和朋友练习过会话吗? ▲ever adv. 用于疑问句和否定旬中,“曾经” Do you ever worry that you’11 fail a test? 你担心考试会不及格吗? ▲practice vt.(Am.E) = practice (Br.E) 练习
▲在美国英语中 practice 既可作名词又作动词;但在英国英语中 practice 为名词;practise 为动词。

  5. What about listening to cassettes? 听录音怎么样? ▲what about + n./pron/doing? =how about + n/pron/doing。例如: What/How about going to the movies tonight? 今晚去看电影怎么样?

  6. What about reading aloud to practice pronunciation? 靠朗读来练习发音怎么样? read aloud 朗读 Reading aloud is very helpful in leaning English. 朗读在学英语中很有帮助。

  7.I’ve learned a lot that way. 我那样学到了很多。 ▲a lot 代表一个不可数名词。例如: Though he is young,he knows a lot. 他虽然很小,但他知道很多。 ▲that way 相当于一个副词,way 用于 which,this,that 之后,构成短语,“那样”。如: Don’t talk to your parents that way. 别那样和父母说话。

  8.It improves my speaking skills. 它能提高我的口语技巧。 ▲Improve vt. 改进,改善,提高
His work is improving slowly. 他的工作在慢慢改进。 Her pronunciation has greatly improved.
他的发音大大提高了。 ▲speaking skill 口语技巧 listening skill 听力技巧 writing skill 写作技巧 reading skill 阅读技巧

  9. It’s too hard to understand to voices. 听懂不同的声音很困难。 ▲too + adj./adv. + to do “太……而不能……”。又如: He is too young to go to school. 他太小,不能上学。 She runs too slow to catch up with me. 她跑得太慢追不上我。

  10.This week we asked students at New Star High School about the best ways to learn more English.本周我们问新星中学学生关于多学点英语的最好方 法。 ▲ask sb about sth 询问某人关于……的情况 Ask her about the pen that you lost.She may have found it. 问问她你丢的钢笔,也许她捡到了。 ▲the best ways to do sth = the best ways of doing sth 做……的好办法 Who can tell me the best way of memorizing/to memorize new words? 谁能告诉我记单词的最好办法是什么?

  11. She said that memorizing the words of pop songs also helped a little. 她说记流行歌曲的歌词也有点帮助。 ▲that 引导的是宾语从句,在宾语从句中 memorizing the words of pop songs 为动名 词短语作主语。例如: Teaching English is my job. 教英语是我的工作。 Doing morning exercises is good for your health.做早操对你的身体有好处。 ▲a little 有点,代表不可数名词,其反义词为 a lot。 一 Would you like some sugar in your coffee? 你的咖啡里想加糖吗? 一 Yes.just a little. 好,要一点点。

  12.He’s been learning English for six years and really loves it. 他学英语有六年了,并且很喜欢它。 ▲“has/have been doing sth”现在完成进行时,表示从过去某一时间开始持续到现在, 还要进行下去的动作。又如: She has been learning English for 5 years. 她学英语有五年了。 He has been reading for 2 hours and hasn’t finished it yet. 他看书有两个小时了,但还没有完成。

  13. He finds watching movies frustrating because the people speak too quickly. 他发现看英语电影很令人失望,因为人们说话太快。 ▲动名词 watching movies 在此句中作宾语,又如: I like playing basketball. 我喜欢打篮球。 ▲frustrating 为现在分词充当形容词作用,在句中作宾语 watching movies 的宾语补足 语。 ▲find sb/sth + n./adj./doing “发现某人……”,后面的“n./adj./doing”作宾语补 足语。又如: I find him a hard-working student. 我发现他是个勤奋的学生。 I find physics difficult to learn. 我发现物理很难学。 When she got home,she found him lying in the bed,i
  11. 当她到家时,她发现他躺在床上病了。

  14.She added that having conversations with friends wasn’t helpful at a
  11. 她补充说和朋友练习会话一点帮助都没有。 ▲having conversations with friends 为动名词短语作宾语从句中的主语, 要特别注意, 动名词短语作主语时,谓语动词用单数形式,不要与 friends 一致。例如: Taking care of the little kids is her job. 照看孩子们是她的工作。
▲not…at all 一点也不,用来加强语气,又如: I don’t agree with him at a
  11. 我一点也不同意他的意见。

  15. We get excited about something and then end up speaking in Chinese. 我们会因为某件事变得很激动,最后用汉语来描述。 ▲end up 达到某种状态或采取某种行动,又如: At first he said nothing but he ended up apologizing. 一开始,他什么也不说,到头来还是道了歉。

  16.1’m doing a survey about learning English.Can l ask you some questions? 我正在就关于学习英语作调查。我能问你几个问题吗? ▲do a survey about sth/doing sth 关于……作调查 Last week,we did a survey about surfing the Internet. 上周,我们就网上冲浪作了个调查。 ▲some 用于疑问句时,表示希望得到肯定回答,如果只是询问信息,可以用 any 代替 some 用于疑问句和否定句中。又如: Could you please lend me some money? 你能借给我些钱吗? (希望得到肯定回答) Did you buy her any gifts? 你给她买礼物了吗?(询问信息)

  17.1 often keep an English notebook. 我经常记英语笔记。 ▲keep vt. 记录(某事),在某物上做书面记载
She kept a diary for over twenty years. 她写日记有 20 多年了。 I have the habit of keeping notes. 我有记笔记的习惯。

  18.I can’t pronounce some of the words.有一些单词我不会发音。 ▲some/m



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