初三英语知识点汇总
  1. appear?disappear?reappear?appearance n. v.出现 v.消失 v.再现 n.外貌
  2. memory?memorize have a good memory(memories) n.记忆 v.记住 有美好的记忆 n. memorize sth. 记住某事
  3. pleasure?please?pleasant(sth.)?pleased(sb.)?pleasing n.乐趣 v. a.令人愉快的 a.高兴的 a.令人满意的(sth.) be pleased/satisfied with sb./sth. adj. pleasant trip/weather/journey n. It’s a/my pleasure. With pleasure. 不用谢。 很荣幸。
  4. reply=answer (replied) reply to sb./sth. n. give sb. a reply
  5. 宾语从句的用法总结: 引导词;
  1).陈述句--that 引导(that 可省略)
  2).一般疑问句(或选择疑问句)?if/whether 引导
  3).特殊疑问句?特殊疑问词引导.
  4)?语序用陈述句语序(主+谓)
  5) what 和 who 在句中作主语,不变语序,作宾语改变语序。
  6)疑问句+陈述句语序的句子 疑问句+动词不定式(to do sth.)
  7)if+从句 whether to do sth.
  8) 语 序 不 变 的 疑 问 句 :
  1).What’s wrong with…?
  2).What’s the matter/trouble with…?
  3)Which is the way to…?
  9)主句是一般时或现在完成时,从句不改变时态
  10)主句是一般过去时,从句用过去的某种时态(过去将来时、过去完成时必须用于主句过 去时当中)
  11)表示客观真理、自然现象,从句中总是用一般时
  12)Could you/Would you please tell me…? 不表过去时
  13) 如果主句是一般现在时, 从句用现在的相应时态, 但是如果从句中有明显的过去时间状 语或从句动作明显已经发生,也可用一般过去时
  14) tell, I’m sure, say 后+陈述句 I’m sure…that (否)I’m not sure…if (ask, wonder, want to know, I’m not sure)后加疑问句
  6. real?really?realize?reality a. ad. v. n. n. realize one’s dream o. one’s dream come true
  7. fun?funny(funnier?funniest) n. a.滑稽可笑的
  8. ? fun:
  1)What (great) fun it is! ▲
  2)It is fun to do sth. ▲
  3)sound like a lot of fun ▲
  4)have time for fun adj.funny:
  1)look funny
  2)sound funny
1

  9. [such+a/an+a.(形)+n.(单) so+a.+a/an+n.(单)]可加从句 如此……的一个 碰到 n.(复)、[U]如果 a.是 many、much、little、few 只用 so,其余都用 such
  10.动词 make 用法总结 .作使役动词“使”
  1)make(keep) sb./ sth.+a.(宾补)make me happy make the room clean
  2)make(let,have)sb. do sth.?> sb. be made to do sth.
  3)make sb. +职务(前无冠词) make him our monitor
  4)make sb.+p.p 使某人被…… make myself understood
  5)make (think,find)it(形式宾语)+a.(for sb.)to do sth.
  6)make it out 把它分辨出 .作为 v. “制作” make sb. sth.=make sth. for sb. make a cake for us
  7)make sth. to do 制作某物为了=in order to make a kite to fly with you
  11.sell?sale?salesman(sold?sold)v.卖 n.销售 n.销售员 sell sb. sth.=sell sth. to sb. 反:buy sb. sth.=buy sth. for sb. sell out 卖完 sell well 销量好(无被动) be for sale 在出售 be on sale 打折出售
  12.visit v./n. 参观?visitor n.= call on /go to see Visit?spwhat ?sbwho (提出宾语)
  13. visit sb./sp. pay /make a visit to sp. one’s first visit to sp. during one’s visit to sp. show sb. around sp.=take sb. to visit sp 14 .solve v. 解决= work out ?solution n.解决方法 the answer /key /solution /entrance /way /introduction to money /medicine /ticket / bill for
  15.if 用法小结
  1). 如果 引导条件状语从句 主将从现 句型转换?ifnot = unless 除非,如果 ?if 肯定=>祈使句+and /then +简单句(顺接) 那么
  1. 否定=>祈使句+or +简单句(转折) 否则 eg. If you study hard ,you’ll pass the exam .=>Study hard ,and you will pass the exam . If you don’t hurry up ,you’ll be late .=>Hurry up ,or you will be late .
  2). 是否 引导宾语从句有具体时间决定事态(常用将来时) 24 if= whether if+从句=>whether to do sth. o. 只能用 whether 不能用 if 的情况: 与动词不定时连用 whether to do sth. 与 or not 连用 whether or/or not 连接主语从句只能用 whether
  16.sb. used to (动词不定时) do sth = often +V.过 (只用于过去式) 常与 but now 连用 过 去常常做某事
2
There used to be ,didn’t there ?否定:didn’t use to 或 usedn’t to sb. be /get /become used to (介词+ n./ving) 某人习惯于做某事 可以用各种时态 sth. be used ?to do 表被动 ?for doing 某物被用来做eg. Water is used to drink /for drinking be widely used 被广泛的使用 It’s no use doing sth. 做是没有用的
  17.need v./n. ?necessary a.必要的 反.un~ ?necessarily ad.?necessity n. 必需 品 V 情:常用于否定和一般疑问句中,不能单独使用必须加动词原形 needn’t do sth. V 行:need to do sth. 否 don’t/doesn’t need to do sth. ▲ = need sth. 否 don’t need sth. need some help ?don’t/doesn’t need to do sth. (不)需要帮助 need to help him ?don't/doesn’t need to help him (不)需要帮助他 don’t need to do sth. =needn’t to do sth. =don’t have to do sth. =It’s unnecessary for sb. to do 不必做某事 sth. needs doing =sth. needs to be done 某物需要被be in great need of 很需要meet the need (s) of 满足的需要 be required /needed to do sth. 某人被要求做某事 修饰可数,不可数名词,表示“许多”,“一些”
  1. 只修饰【C】 ▲ a great many , many , quite a few
  2. 只修饰【U】 a little , little , much , huge amounts of , a huge amount of , a great deal of ,a bit of
  3. 【C】 【U】都能修饰 ▲ a lot of , lots of , plenty of , some , any , enough
  4. 修饰 V. 24 a lot , a great deal
  18.举例的表达 for example [ , ] 后加句子 名词或名词短句 such A as B 或 Asuch asB 后加名词或名词短句 B 属于 A 的范围 like 像…… prep +sth./doing sth.(宾格) as 像…..一样 加句子 for instance [,] and so on /ect 用于句末
  19.表示提建议 Why not do sth..? Why don’t you do sth.? What/How about doing sth.? Let’s…,shall we? Shall we…?
  20.complete 反 incompletely a.完整的/v.完成 结束 同 finish ad.完全地
3
Eg. You’re completely wrong. 你完全错了。ad.+v. I completely agree with you. ad.+v completely successful ad.+a.
  21. serve server servantservice 为….服务 n.服务员 n.仆人 n.服务业 serve sb. 为某人服务 medical/taxi/telephone services
  22.already , yet , never , ever 的用法 ①already 用于肯定句。Yet 用于否定,疑问句(然而 ,还) ②never 用于肯定句中,表示否定(用于句首,用倒装句) ever 用于疑问句,否定意义的句中 Have you ever….? Yes ,I have./no never. He has hardly ever seen this. not ever =never ever 否定改 never never 疑问改 ever never 反 always 对目的,原因的提问 go to sp. for a holiday want to do sth. so as to(not) do sth =in order to(not) do sth. ▲ to do sth. ▲ so that 加从句 ▲ in order to 加从句 原 because /since /as /now that +从句 因 because of /due to /thanks to sth./doing sth. 加 wh.从句 句中 Eg. Because of what he said. Why…提问 What …for? For what…
  23.try/do one’s best to do sth. 尽最大的努力做….. try (not) to do sth. 尽力做… try doing sth. 试着做某事 try it on 试穿 tired v. tired a. 累的 tire v. 使…..累tiring a. have another try n. have one more try n. 再试一次 try v. again /once more
  24. come down Price be reduced be cut down
  25. price 价格 (high ,low) speed ,pace 速度 at the temperature 温度 rate 比率
  26. only ,still ,just , quite a) 只 仍 刚好 相当= a little[u] /a few[c] 肯 b) so ,very +little/few 否
4
littlelessleast at least 至少反 at most 至多 i. fewfewer?fewest d) quite a little= much = not a little e) quite a few = many = not a few 许多
  27. far ,even , much , still , a little ,a bit , a lot 修饰比较级 a) much 修饰比较级 b) more +原级构成比较级 比较级 and 比较级 越来越….. more and more +原级 eg. more and more beautiful bigger and bigger the+比较级,the+比较级 越…越… The harder you work, the better mark you will get. The more you practice, the better your English will be.
  28. 表示发生 take place = happen = occur a) 无被动 v. b) sth. happen to do c) happen (not) to do sth.
  29. 表示举行 主语是 sb. have hold 主语是会议 take place be held eg. The Olmpic Games are held every four years。 i. Our school sports meeting took place last Monday. ii. We held / had our school sports meeting.
  30. 表示代替 take the place of 动词短语(作谓语) = replace in place of instead of = rather than 而不是 介词短语不作谓语 instead of sth / doing sth 用于句中 instead 相反 用于句首,句末 eg. He didn’t see the flim .He watch TV last night. He watch TV instead of seeing the flim.
  31. raise 与 rise 用法区别 raise vt.(及物) 有宾语 有被动 (raised) rise vi.(不及物) 加介词或宾语 无被动 (rose,risen) raise one’s hand = put / hold up one’s hand 举手 raise one’s voice 提高嗓音 raise the temperature 升高温度 raise money 筹钱 raise sb. = bring up sb. 抚养某人 raise /keep pets 饲养宠物 raise some problems 提出问题 raise the flag 升国旗 rise into the air=go up 升入空中 rise from the seat = stand up 从座位上站起 rise early = get up 早起 c)
5
rise in the east 从东方升起 (sunrise,sunset) the river rose two inches 河水上涨两英寸 see the steam rising from wet clothes 看见蒸汽从湿衣服上升起 watch the flag rise 注视国旗上升 the sea level will rise 海平面将上升 the price has risen 价格已上涨
  32. Must I …? 否定用:No, you needn’t. You must go now, mustn’t you? You needn’t go now (否定) You mustn’t do…不允许,禁止做某事 Don’t do… You aren’t allowed to do… You aren’t supposed to do…
  33. 感叹句:
  1. a/an +形+n.(单) What + 形+n.(复) +主+谓
  2. 形+n.【u】 How + a/ad + 主+ 谓 先倒划主谓,再确定 what/how 常用的 What 开头,感叹句中的不可数名词:news, information, advice, music work, weather, fun, food a good time, a great success a happy life, a great day a great help, a great year a heavy rain/fog/snow [u]前加 a.相当于【c】
  34. 连接两个主语: (
  1)由 B 决定动词单复数的 not only A but also B 就近原则 neither A nor B either A or B (
  2)由 A 决定动词单复数的 A but B 除了 i. A with B 和 ii. A as well as B 也 iii. A expect B 除…以外 (
  3)动词总是用复数??即用 V 原 both/all
  35.hang i. hangedhanged 绞死 ii. v. hunghung 悬挂 be hanged 被绞死 hang up sth. 挂起某物 sth. be hung on the wall 某物被挂在墙上 hang up wet clothes near a fire 把湿衣服挂在火炉边 被:wet clothes are hung up near a fire
  36. till/until 引导的时间状语从句 a) 时态: (
  1)动作还没发生:
a piece of
6
i. 主将从现 (从句用一般现在时代替一般将来时) ii. 主祈/V 情从现 (
  2)动作已发生,主从句都用一般过去时 iii. 用于肯定句 V 延 iv. until 用于句首/句中用于否定句 V 瞬 a) didn’t/won’t ….until b) =>可以与 when, after 引导的时间状语进行转换 c) till 只能用于肯定句 V 延 (=until)
  37. be made of 看得见原材料 sth. 由…制成 看不见原材料 be made from i. sth.be made in sp. 由某地制造 be made into sth. 被制作成… be made by sb. 由某人制造 sth. be made to do 某物被制作为了… sb. be made to do sth. 某人被使得做某事 be made up of = consist of 由…组成
  38. have been to +次数 how many times have been in sp. +一段时间 how long have gone to 表示人不在 用第三人称 where
  39. how long i. 都用 V 延
  2. for +一段时间
  40. comes, arrive, get…to, reach V 延 have been in 表示到达 arrive in (大) / at (小) get to sp. 到达某地 reach V瞬 V延 have been in 无 sp. 只能用 arrive eg. Has the train arrived? reach the top 够得着顶部 reach school /age 达到上学年龄 arrive arrival --(反) depart departure i. v. n. v. n. arrival time /area /hall 到达时间/地区/大厅 one’s arrival 某人的到达
  41. sometime=at some time (常用将来时)在某一时候 some time 一段时间,介词 for 提问用 how long sometimes 有时候(一般时) some times 几次(用完成时) how mang times sometimes=from time to time=now and then/again=at times 有时,不时 all the time=always 一直 ahead of time=in advance 提前 at any time 在任何时候 (whenever)
7
at a time 一次 at the same time 同时 for the first time 首次 for the time being=now=at present 目前,眼下 keep good time 走时准确(手表,钟) in time=timely 及时 on time 准时 a waste of time 浪费时间 waste time doing sth 浪费时间做某事 in no time=soon=at once 立刻=right now/away
  42. decide --?decision?decisive v.决定 n. a.决定性的 decide (not) to do sth decide on sth decide on the date/time decide + (that) 从句 (将来时) decide to do sth make up one’s mind to do sth be determined to do sth 决定做某事
  43. ▲
  1)lie?lay?lain?lying v. 躺 lie in bed 躺在床上 find a watch lying on the ground 发现一块手表躺在地上 lie on the floor/ground 躺在地板上/地上
  2)lie?lied
 

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