初三英语复习( 初三英语复习(二)学生用 学生用 学习重点:
  1.直接引语变间接引语 学习重点
  2.时态(将来时,完成时)
  3.被动语态
  4.情态动词
  5.句型转换 学习难点:
  1.直接引语变间接引语 学习难点
  2.完成时
  3.句型转换 第一部分 直接引语变间接引语
● 直接引语变间接引语 直接引语变 直接引语:使用引号引出人家的原话 He said,” I am afraid I can’t finish the work.” 间接引语:用自己的话把人家的话转述出来 He said that he was afraid he couldn’t finish the work. (间接引语在大多数情况下是一个宾语从句。) 直接引语变间接引语: 直接引语变间接引语:人称变化、时态变化、宾语从句要用陈述句语序。 直接引语变间接引语有两种句型: 直接引语变间接引语有两种句型:陈述句 有两种句型 一、如何变人称: 下面有一句顺口溜“一随主。二随宾,第三人称不更新”。 “一随主” She said. "My brother wants to go with me. " →She said her brother wanted to go with her. “二随宾” He said to Kate. "How is your sister now?" →He asked Kate how her sister was then。 “第三人称不更新” Mr Smith said。 "Jack is a good worker。" →Mr Smith said Jack was a good worker。 二、如何变时态: : 直接引语变间接引语时,时态的变化规律是往“过去”相应的时态推移: 疑问句
1

  1) 一般现在时变为一般过去时 He said,” I am afraid I can’t finish the work.” He said that he was afraid he couldn’t finish the work. (
  2) 现在进行时变为过去进行时 He said,” I am using the knife.” He said that he was using the knife.” (
  3) 一般将来时变为过去将来时 She said ,” I’ ll do it after class.” She said that she would do it after class. 但要注意在以下几种情况下,在直接引语变为间接引语时,时态一般不变化。 ①直接引语是客观真理。 "The earth moves around the sun and the moon moves around the earth, the teacher told me. → The teacher told me the earth moves around the sun and the moon moves around the earth。 ②直接引语中有具体的过去某年、某月、某日作状语,变为间接引语时,时态不 变。如: Xiao Wang said. "I was born on April 2l, 19
  80。" →Xiao Wang said he was born on April 20, 19
  80。 三、如何变句型: (that,whether\if, 特殊疑问词引导)
  1.She said, "Our bus will arrive in five minutes." →She said that their bus would arrive in five minutes.
  2.He said, "Can you swim, John?" →He asked John if he could swim.
  3.She asked me, "When do they have their dinner?" → She asked me when they had their dinner.
  4."Don’t make any noise," she said to the children. →She told (ordered) the children not to make any noise. 四、其他词语的变化 直接引语 间接引语
2
this, these here now today, tonight this evening last week tomorrow yesterday next week/month/year ago come
that, those there then that day, that night that evening the week before the next/following day the day before the next week/month/year before go
【热身训练】 将下列直接引语变为间接引语:
  1. My teacher said, “She does a good job today.”
  2. He said to me, “You should be careful.”
  3. John said, “I like reading adventure stories.”
  4. Sally told her brother, “You can take these books off my desk.” 【热身训练】 将所给直接引语变为间接引语:
  1. “Do you like playing football?” he asked Mary.
  2. Tim asked May, “Will you be back today?”
  3. My sister asked me, “How do you like the film?”
  4. “Stop talking, children,” he said.
  5. “Don’t worry about him,” she said to me.
3
练习: 练习: I. 请选出正确的答案:
  1. “You’ve already got well, haven’t you?” she asked. →She asked . A. if I have already got well, hadn’t you B. whether I had already got well C. have I already got well D. had I already got well.
  2. He asked , “ Are you a Party member or a League member?” →He asked me . A. am I a Party member or a League member B. was I a Party member or a League member C. if I was a Party member or a League member D. whether was I a Party member or a League member.
  3. He asked, “How are you getting along?” →He asked . A. how am I getting along B. how are you getting along C. how I was getting along D. how was I getting along
  4. He asked me with me. A. what the matter is B. what the mater was C. what’s the matter D. what was the matter
  5. He said, “Don’t do that again.” He me that again. A. said to me; not to do B. said to me; don’t do C. told me; don’t do D. told me; not to do
  6. Can you make sure ? A. that he will come here today C. will he come here today B. when he will come here today D. whether will he come here today

  7. Do you happen to know ? A. where is her address B. in which place is her address
4
C. what her address is
D. the place her address is

  8. Excuse me, but can you tell me ? A. where can I get to the library C. how can I get to the library B. where I can get to the library D. how I can get to the library
第二部分 时态
一、将来时 一般将来时的构成: 一般将来时的构成:助动词 will+动词原形 在口语中,will 在名词或代词后常缩为’ll,wii not 常简缩为 won’t。在疑问 句中,主语为第一人称时(I 和 we)时,常用助动词 shall。 例如:She’ll go to play basketball. 她要去打篮球。 Shall we go to the zoo? 我们要去动物园吗? 例题: 例题:
  1. Mrs. Brown is going to buy a digital camera. (对划线部分提问)
  2.My boss is going to fly to London on business the day after tomorrow. (用 often 改 写句子)
  3.Sam will visit Brazil next week. (变成一般疑问句并否定回答) 单项选择
  1. There a meeting tomorrow afternoon. A. will be going to B. will going to be C. is going to be D. will go to be
  2. Charlie here next month. A. isn’t working B. doesn’t working C. isn’t going to working D. won’t work
  3. He very busy this week, he free next week. A. will be; is B. is; is C. will be; will be D. is; will be
  4. There a dolphin show in the zoo tomorrow evening. A. was B. is going to have C. will have D. is going to be
  5. ? you free tomorrow? ? No. I free the day after tomorrow. A. Are; going to; will B. Are; going to be; will C. Are; going to; will be D. Are; going to be; will be
  6. Mother me a nice present on my next birthday. A. will gives B. will give C. gives D. give
  7. ? Shall I buy a cup of tea for you? ?. (不,不要。)
5
A. No, you won’t B. No, you aren’t. C. No, please don’t D. No, please.
  8. ? Where is the morning paper? ? I if for you at once. A. get B. am getting C. to get D. will get

  9. a concert next Saturday? A. There will be B. Will there be C. There can be D. There are

  10. If they come, we a meeting. A. have B. will have C. had D. would have

  11. He her a beautiful hat on her next birthday. A. gives B. gave C. will giving D. is going to giving

  12. He to us as soon as he gets there. A. writes B. has written C. will write D. wrote

  13. He in three days. A. coming back B. came back C. will come back D. is going to coming back

  14. If it tomorrow, we’ll go roller-skating. A. isn’t rain B. won’t rain C. doesn’t rain D. doesn’t fine

  15. ? Will his parents go to see the Terra Cotta Warriors tomorrow? ? No, (不去). A. they willn’t B. they won’t. C. they aren’t D. they don’t.

  16. Who we swimming with tomorrow afternoon? A. will; go B. do; go C. will; going D. shall; go

  17. We the work this way next time. A. do B. will do C. going to do D. will doing
二、 完成时
一)结构 陈述句:主语+has\have+ done 否定句:主语+has\have+not+ done 一般疑问: Has\Have+主语+done 二)用法
  1.表示过去发生或已经完成的某一动作对现在造成的影响或结果 例题: 例题 用 never, ever, already, yet, for, since 填空
6

  1.
  2.
  3.
  4.
I have seen him before, so I have no idea about him. Jack has finished his homework an hour ago. Mr. Wang has taught in this school ten years. “Have you seen the film?” “No, I have seen it.” “Yes, it has left.”
“Has the bus left ?”

  2. (for + 时间段,since + 时间点,或过去某一动作, 以 及 how long ) 例题: 例题 用 since 和 for 填空
  1) two years
  2) two years ago
  4) 4 hours
  5) an hour ago children

  3) last month
  6) we were
巩固练习: 巩固练习:

  1. He has lived in Nanjing the year before last.
  2. I’ve known him we were children.
  3. Our teacher has studied Japanese three years.
  4. She has been away from the city about ten years.
  5. It’s about ten years she left the city.
② 注:非延续性动词 应转为相应的延续性动词 如: buy have borrow keep die be dead join be in
leave be away a pen for 2 weeks. since last week.
.
eg:I have bought a pen. I The dog has died. The dog
练习
一)划线提问

  1) I have been there for two days. you ?
  2)My father has lived here since 20
  00. your father ?
  3)He left here yesterday. he ?
  4)They bought a book two hours ago. they a book?
二)句子综合练习
  1. He has already gone home. He home . (否定句)
he home ? (疑问句)
  2. He has lunch at home.
7
He
lunch at home.
(否定句)
he
lunch at home? (疑问句)

  3. He has been there twice. (划线提问) he been there?
  4.I have lunch at school. you lunch. 第三部分 情态动词 【典型例题】 典型例题】
  1. Peter come with us tonight, but he isn’t very sure yet. A. must B. may C. can D. will (划线提问)

  2. ??-Shall we go skating or stay at home???-Which do? A. do you rather B. would you rather C. will you rather D. should you rather

  3. ??Could I borrow your dictionary? ??Yes, of course, you. A. might B. will C. can D. should

  4. ??Shall I tell John about it???No, you . I’ve told him already. A. needn’t B. wouldn’t C. mustn’t D. shouldn’t

  5. ??Don’t forget to come to my birthday party tomorrow. ??. A. I don’t B. I won’t C. I can’t D. I haven’t

  6. Tom ought not to me your secret, but he meant no harm. A. have told B. tell C. be telling D. having told
练习

  1. --Mary,
you speak Chinese? B. can
-- Yes, only a little. C. will D. could
A. may

  2. --Must I do the work now? -- No, you . You can do it later. A. can't B. mustn't C. needn’t D. shouldn’t
  3. -- I can't stop smoking, doctor. -- For your health, I'm afraid you . A. may B. need C. must D. can
  4. -- Whose book is it? -- It be Bob's sister's. She is only a baby. A. must B. might C. can't D. mustn't
  5. -- Jill looks so painful, there be something wrong with her. -- Oh, dear! We'd better take her to the hospital at once. A. can B. should C. would D. must
  6. -- May I try on the jeans? -- Yes, you . A. should B. can C. must D. need
  7. -- Are you going to Beijing by air? -- It's fast but a litter expensive. So I am not sure. I __
8
A. should B. may
  8. -- Could I borrow your dictionary? A. can B. must
C. must D. will -- Of course you . C. should D. will --No,. D. I haven’t

  9. --Don't forget to come to my birthday party tomorrow. A. I don't B. I won't C. I can't
  10. -- Must I tidy the room now?
-- No, you . You do it after breakfast. A. mustn't, cam B. needn't, may C. don't, have to D. needn’t, must
  11. -- Is this coat Jane's? -- It be hers, but I'm not sure. A. can B. may C. must D. will
  12. -- we go and fly kites today? -- That's a good idea. A. Should B. Must C. Shall D. Would
  13. ?ls your brother playing computer games, Ted? -- He do that because the computer doesn't work. 第四部分 被动语态 A.各种时态的被动语态: ① Chinese by the largest number of people. A.speak B.is speaking C.speaks D.is spoken ② The boy to get supper ready after school. A.were told B.is telling C.was told D.t
 

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