初三英语中考复习第 初三英语中考复习第 五 课时 中考复习
本课时复习内容: 本课时复习内容:
  1. 复习被动语态
  2. 复习牛津 8B Unit4~Unit5 词汇 复习要点: 复习要点:
  1.被动语态的概念以及谓语动词构成
  2.掌握一般现在时,一般过去时以及情态动词的被动语态
  3.学会把主动被动变成被动语态
  4.熟记不规则动词的过去分词 强化训练: 强化训练: 一,将下列句子主动语态改为被动语态
  1. They planted many trees last year.
  2. Tom takes good care of his dog at home.
  3. She gave me a book yesterday.
  4. We don't look down on the poor people. 二,用动词的正确形式填空
  1. The workers(work) eight hours a day.
  2. This kind of machine(make) in China.
  3. They(learn) 200 words since last year.
  4. English(teach) in this school. Tom (teach) English for four years.
  5. The e-mail(write)by Jack(send) to Tom yesterday.
  6. The keyboard (use) to type in words.
  7.This exercise must (finish) in two months.
  8.Old people should (take) good care of . 三,翻译:
  1. 这本书是由鲁迅写的.
  2. 我的钱包昨天被小偷偷了.
  3. 我们的教室每天要打扫.
  4. 这扇门不是汤姆开的. 四,据中文,英文解释,首字母及所给单词的适当形式完成句子
  1. People usually say TV instead of t.
  2. The chance is boring. Let's change the channel. But where is the (遥控器).
  3. The game is designed wonderfully. Who is the d of the game?
  4. A map of a place that you are visiting is very necessary for a t(person who is enjoying his/her trip).
  5. We use the k(a set of keys) for typing.

  6. We saw an (education) film last week.
  7. She will play the main her next film.
  8. I think sometimes school life is b(not interesting).
  9. The question is very (not different). You can answer it .
  10. You should (start again) your computer. 五,改错:下列各句中均有一处错,请划出并改正
  1. People want to get expensive fur and bones from tigers and they kill them.
  2. The clothes made of animal fur looks lovely in you.
  3. We can take medicine from many plants and animals.
  4. Some leaf on the trees are zebras' main food.
  6. He is a good student and he always studies hardly.
  7. Don't speak to your parents rudly.
  8.You are welcome to pick flowers in the park . 9 He always careless leaves litter in the classroom.
  10.They are going birdwatch this weekend. 六,翻译下列句子 a) b) c) d) e) f) g) h) i) j) 这本书是 Tom 写的. The book is . 每年春天植树吗? trees every spring? 昨天我在网上订购了一台电脑. I yesterday. 喝酒过多对我们身体有害. Drinking too much is . 这个游戏的目的是周游世界. The goal of the game . 你介意告诉我正确答案吗? Do you me the correct answer? 他正在练习踢足球. He . 我确信他将来这儿. he 什么类型的问题被问道? What type of questions ? 因为大雨,他们不得不做一名演员. They because of .

  5. Tigers are big and strong and they are good at hunting the other animals.
k) l)
他喜欢网上聊天. He enjoys . 如果需要,他会来看你. He will .
m) 你在写作之前, 应该做一些笔记. You should before you . 七,阅读理解 At a country house in France, there was a little elephant called Feifei. She was a pet to the people. It uses to come into the dining-room at dinner and ask for food from the visitors. One day when a large party of visitors were sitting at table, the elephant came round and put its trunk between the visitors, asking for food. A young man, however, instead of putting any food into the trunk, took his fork and stabbed (刺) at it. The animal left him and went to other visitors, one after another. They all treated it well. When it had finished its round of the table, it went back into the garden, tore off a branch of tree, returned to the room and shook the branch over the head of the young man who stabbed it with his fork. In a moment he was covered with the ants that had fallen from the branch. The ants filled his hair and ran down his neck. He did his best to get rid of them but could not manage it. The other visitors were amazed at the sight and admired the young elephant for its cleverness. ( )
  1. The elephant went into the dining-room because
  1.
  2.
  3.
  4. ( it wanted to amuse visitors by asking for something. it wanted to ask for food it was very hungry there were a lot of people there
)
  2. The young man . A. did not give the elephant anything to eat but stabbed at it with his fork. B. give the elephant something to eat with his fork C. made the elephant angry by putting food into its trunk D. treated the elephant well
(
)
  3. treated the elephant well A. The young man B. C. Everyone in the dinning-room Nobody
D. Everyone in the dinning-room 八,完型填空 Sharks have been on earth for 1 of years. There are between 200 and 250 kinds
of sharks. They come in different 2__. The largest can be as long as 15 meters. It eats plants from the sea, but many sharks feed __3__fish, other sea animals, smaller sharks and __4__ they eat people. It is said that one of the most _5sharks is the great White Shark. They have attacked a number of people off the __6__of America. Australia, New Zealand and South Africa also have attacks. In some places there are watchtowers on the beaches to warn people about sharks in the water. When a shark __7, a bell rings to __8__the people to get out of the water. Sharks _9about 100 people a year in the world. Perhaps the shark just thinks that the person is a kind of _10__ animal, or something good to eat. ( )
  1.A. thousands ( )
  2.A. sizes ( )
  3.A. to ( )
  4.A. some times ( )
  5.A. clever ( )
  6.A. rivers ( )
  7.A. appears ( )
  8.A. say ( )
  9.A. kill ( )
  10.A. useful 九,字母填写单词: The tiger is the largest of the cat family. It grows to half a meter l than a lion and almost a meter longer than a leopard (豹). It has a s body and powerful arms and l. Male and female tigers look similar, they are the similar size and have the s covering and marking except that male tigers have longer cheek whisker. Tigers are very s and usually live on their own. The f tiger gives b to a litter of two nor three baby tigers. Young tigers may stay with their m for many years before setting out on their own. Tigers can climb, swim and m gracefully (姿势优雅地) on land. Men have killed a lot of tigers and they are now rare (稀有的) and d to find in the wild.
  1.
  6. 答案 重难点解析: 1 .被动语态的过去时是 was/were + 过去分词 a) 被动语态的将来时为 will be + 过去分词 b) 写被动语态时注意不要将固定词组拆开, 如练习中一, His dog was taken care of by Tom at home. " take care of " 应放
  2. 在一起. 又如练习中一,
  4. The poor people are not looked down on. 其中 " look down
  2.
  3.
  4.
  5.
  7.
  8.
  9.
  10. B. thousand B. colours B. on B. some time B. big B. homes B. come B. tell B. eat B. interesting C. hundreds C. languages C. in C. sometimes C. safe C. forests C. shout C. speak C. attack C. sea D. hundred D. kinds D. at D. sometime D. dangerous D. beaches D. cry D. talk D. help D amazing
on" 应放在一起,并且" on " 不能省略. 在做中译英的时候, 学生看见"被" "由"等很明显的表示被动语态的 , 词的时候,知道要用被动语态,但如果汉语中没有出现那些很明显的表示被 动语态的词,学生往往不知道用被动语态. 如第二项第 3, 小题, 4 "我的教室每天要打扫" , "这扇门不是 Tom 开的" 中 没有出现表示被动的词, 但由于主语是动作的承受者, 所以应该用被动语态. d) "练习做某事"应该是"practice dong sth. " e) "介意做某事" 应为" mind doing sth. " f) 不规则动词的过去分词应加强记忆. 练习答案: 一,
  1. Many trees were planted by them last year.
  2. His dog is taken good care of by Tom at home.
  3. I was given a book by her yesterday. A book was given to me by her yesterday.
  4. The poor people are not looked down on. 二,
  1. work
  2. is made
  3. have learned
  4. is taught
  5. written, was sent
  6. is used
  7.be finished
  8. be taken 三,
  1. The book was written by Lu Xun..
  2. My purse was stolen by a thief yesterday.
  3. Our classroom is cleaned every day.
  4. The door was not opened by Tom. 四,
  1. television
  2. remote control
  3. designer
  4.traveler
  5. keyboard
  6. educational
  7. character
  8. character
  9. easy, easily
  10. restart 六,
  1. written by Tom
  2. Are, plated
  3. ordered a computer online
  4. bad for our health
  5. is to travel around the world
  6. mind telling
  7. is practising playing football
  8. I'm sure that he will come here.
  9. are asked
  10. had to drive carefully, the heavy rain
  11. chatting on the Internet
  12. come to see you if necessary
  13. make some notes, write 七,
  1. B
  2. A
  3. D 八,
  1. A
  2. A
  3. B
  4. C
  5. D
  6. D
  7. A
  8. B
  9. C
  10. C 九,
  1. longer
  2. strong
  3. legs
  4.same
  5. shy
  6. female
  7. birth
  8. mother
  9. move
  10. difficult c)
 

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