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(
  1) well , soft, second ,better , may , strongly, afraid, sand , stay up, if, now, house
We can’t stop an earthquake(地震), but we can do things to make sure they don’t destroy(毁坏) whole cities. First, it is not a 1 . idea to build houses along lines where
  2. of the earth’s plates(板块) join together. Second, if you think there
  3. be an earthquake, it is better to build houses on rocks , not on
  4. . Third, you must make the houses as
  5. as possible. Weak buildings will fall down in an earthquake, but strong ones may
  6. . . Scientists are
  7. that one day an even bigger earthquake will hit the part around San Francisco(旧金山) . They call it “ The Big One ”. However, people today are still building more
  8. . The population in and around San Francisco is
  9. ten times more than it was in 19
  06. This means that
  10. there is another earthquake, a great many houses and buildings will be destroyed.
  1.good
  2.two
  3. may
  4.sand
  5.strong
  6. stay up
  7. afraid
  8.houses
  9.now
  10.if
【剖析】 这是一篇科普类文章,要求选填的词汇都是浅显易懂的常用词,且都是《大纲》范围 内的词汇。因此,学生要通读全文,了解大意。只要能够理解文章上下的内容,对短文语境 中有用的信息进行分析、推敲、结合整篇,就可以确定所需词汇。值得注意的是,题目提供 的词中有两组形容词、副词的同根词,这就要求我们既要明白文章的意思,还得善用所学的 综合知识。 第 1 题选 good。依句型这里需要形容词,看全文应是 “好” 。 第 2 题选 two。文章一开始就说,我们虽然不能阻止地震,但可以采取措施减少地震对城市 的破坏程度。 如果那样的话, 那么在地球板块与板块交界的地方建造房屋肯定不是好 办法。 (这是一个跨学科的问题,世界上已经发生的地震多数发生在地球板块与板 块交界的地方,科学家们称之为地震带。 由此可见,要学好英语,还要学好其他学 科。 ) 第 3 题选 may。在这里表示猜测、假设,意思是“可能” 。 第 4 题选 sand 。 “沙地”与前面的 rocks 一词对应。这句话是说,如果你认为某个地方 可能要发生地震, 最好是将房屋建筑在地质比较坚硬的地带, 而不能建在地质松的地 带。 比如像沙漠这样的地带就不能建造房屋。 第 5 题选 strong 。除地质条件外,将房屋建得 strong“牢固”些,也是减轻地震灾害的一项 重要措施。 第 6 题选 stay up 。在这里是“站立、矗立”的意思,与前面的 fall down 一词相对应。 第 7 题选 afraid。因为旧金山这个城市就建在太平洋板块与美洲大陆板块交界的地带(环太 平洋地震带) ,所以说科学家们感到担心、害怕。 第 8 题选 houses。科学家们之所以感到担心和害怕,是因为那里的人还在那里建造房屋,这 正好与前面说的减轻地震灾害的方法相反。 第 9 题选 now 。与前面的 1906 年相对比。 第 10 题选 if 。文章最后小结提出假设:旧金山如果依旧那样的话,一旦有一天发生地震,
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后果将不堪设想。 (
  2)
forget, bring,mend,beside,luck,pick,same,differently, I ,every , stop,each
Mr. Brown had an umbrella shop in a small town. People sometimes 1 him broken umbrellas, and then he took them to a big shop in London. They were 2 there. One day Mr. Brown went to London by train. He 3 to take an umbrella with him that day. Sitting in front of him was a man with an umbrella standing 4 the seat. When the train arrived in London, Mr. Brown 5 up the umbrella as he often did during his journey by train. Just as he was getting off, he was 6 by the man. He said angrily, “That’s 7 !” Mr. Brown’ s face turned red and he gave it back to the man at once. When Mr Brown got to the big shop, the shopkeeper had got his six umbrellas ready. After a good look at 8 of them, he said, “You’ve mended them very well.” In the afternoon he got into the train again. The 9 man was in the same seat. He looked at Mr Brown and his six umbrellas, “You’ve had a 10 day,” he said.
  1.brought
  2.mended
  3. forgot
  4. beside
  5.picked
  6. stopped
  7. mine
  8.each
  9. same
  10. lucky 【剖析】 这是一篇伞店老板 Mr Brown 在火车上发生的故事,是叙述类文章。要求填的词汇都是 《大纲》范围内的词汇,因此难度不是很大。学生应在短文语境中对有用的信息进行推敲, 结合整篇文章的内容,确定所需词汇。通读全文,了解大意。再读全文,确定所需词的词义、 词性和词形。 第 1 题需要动词,因为该句无谓语,意思是“带来”或“给” ,所以选 brought。 第 2 题需要动词,由于该句是被动语态,意思是“被修理” ,选 mended。 第 3 题为动词, 由空前主语和空后的动词不定式决定, 根据下文判断意思是 “忘记”选 forgot。 , 第 4 题选介词。由语境决定的,意思是“在座位旁边” ,选 beside。 第 5 题选动词,意思是“拾起” ,恰好是词组 pick up,故事发生在过去,所以选 picked。 第 6 题选动词,由于句子是被动语态,选 stopped。 第 7 题选名词性物主代词,由于句子是主系表结构,意思是“我的” ,选 mine。 第 8 题选代词,由后面的 of 结构决定的,指“每一”或者“全部” ,选词中没有提供 all; 所以选 each 。 第 9 题选形容词,由于它修饰的是名词,指“相同的” ,选 same。 第 10 题选形容词,由于它修饰的是名词,指“幸运的或好的” ,选 lucky。 (
  3)
not speak, call , idea, and, what, garden, hear , quiet , do ,eat , name, say
A farmer saw an old man growing something on the other side of the river.
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The farmer
  1. out to him, “ What are you growing , Grandpa? ” The old man 2 . for a moment, then said, “Swim over
  3. I’ll tell you.” The farmer didn’t like the
  4. of swimming across the river. But he wanted to know
  5. the old man was doing. He swam over. The old man said very
  6. in his ear, “ I’m planting peas in my
  7. .” “ You should have shouted. I would have
  8. quite clearly on that side.” Said the farmer. “ Oh, no, I wouldn’t
  9. that . The sparrows would have heard me and
  10. my peas.”
  1. called
  2.didn’t speak
  3. and 【剖析】
  1. 此题选 called 。 根据第一段讲的“一个农夫在河对岸看到一个老人在种什么东西” 推理, 当他想问河对岸 河对岸这位老人在种什么时,就得大声喊 “called out”。 河对岸
  2. 这题选 didn’t speak。因为从下文可知这位老人并没有立刻回答。
  3. 这里需要并列连词,选 and。由上文得知老人没有急于回答,而是让他游过来,再 告诉他。
  4. 利用排除法,结合上下文的意思,可知此题选 idea。
  5.从上下文的意思及句子结构,可知此题选 what。
  6.从后面的 in his ear ,可知说话的声音应该是悄悄地, 所以选 quietly。
  7.从上下文可判断应是在 garden 里种东西。
  8.从这个农夫前一句话有 shouted 一词也知后面为“听”的意思,表示听的结果应为 heard。
  9. 根据上下文的意思, “我不能那样做”选 do 。
  10.此话表示如果我大声说话,麻雀会听到的,那么它就会来吃我的豌豆,虚拟语气, 选 eaten 。 (
  4)
  4.idea
  5. what
  6.quietly
  7.garden
  8.heard
  9.do
  10. eaten
telephone , for, lose, so, strong, clever, somebody, good, happy, outside, everybody, at
Mrs Andrews had a young cat, and it was the cat’s first winter. One evening it was
  1. when it began to snow heavily. Mrs Andrews looked
  2. it everywhere and shouted its name, but she did not find it,
  3. she telephone the police and said, “ I have
  4. a small black cat. Has
  5. found one? ” “ No,madam, ” said the policeman at the other end, “ But cats are really very
  6. animals. They sometimes live for days in the snow, and when it melts (融化) or somebody finds them, they are quite
  7. .” Mrs Andrews felt
  8. when she heard this. “ And ,” she said, “ Our cat is very
  9. . She almost talks. ”
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The policeman was getting tired, “Well then, ” he said “ Why don’t you put your
  10. down? Maybe she is trying to telephone you now. ”
  1.outside
  2.for
  3. so
  4. lost
  5. anybody
  6.strong 【剖析】
  1.
  2.
  3.
  4.
  5.
  6.
  7.
  8. 从上下文可看出猫在外面,因此选 outside。 “look for 寻找”是固定搭配 , 所以选 for。 从上下文判断表因果, 所以选 so。 从上下文判断找不到猫,所以是丢了 lost。 在疑问句中应用不定代词 anybody 。 猫是一种生命力非常强的动物,所以选 strong。 表示身体好当用 well 。 从上下文可以知道, Mrs. Andrews 听了警察安慰她的话后,感觉好些了,所以选 happier 。
  9. 从后面一句的 “She almost talks”可推断出她的猫 clever 。
  10. 联系上下文,Mrs. Andrews 在打电话,所以警察让她放下电话 telephone。 (
  5)
  7. well
  9. clever
  8. happier
  10. telephone
tell, hear, listen to , guard, drum, much, fly , army,
with, other, way , instruction
Here are some old ways to sending messages. An Egyptian(埃及人) put his ear to the ground. He 1 . the horses coming this way. He ran to
  2. his people . He was a
  3. . That was one way for Egyptians to send messages. People in
  4. countries sent message, too. When enemies came, one man beat his drum. In the next village people heard the drum and beat their drums, too. The messages went from village to village by
  5. . Much
  6. , some armies (军队) kept many pigeons(鸽子) . These pigeons always
  7. back. When a soldier was sent far away from his own
  8. , he might take a pigeon along. He could tie a message to the bird’s leg. It would fly back
  9. the soldier’s message. These are shown ways to send messages. Can you think of more
  10. ? 1 heard
  2. tell
  3. guard
  4. other
  5. drum
  6. more 7 . flew
  8. 【剖析】
  1. 他“听到”马朝这边跑来的声音,故选 heard。
  2. 他跑去 “告诉”他的人民,故选 tell。
  3. 符合上下文要求,应该是放哨的人 guard。 army
  9. with
  10.ways
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  4. “其他”国家的不特指,other。
  5. 通过鼓来传递信号,drums。
  6. “更何况,更不用说 much more ”是固定搭配,所以选 more。
  7. 常理,鸽子应是“飞” 回来的,所以此题选 flew。
  8. 根据士兵应属军队,这一题选 army。
  9. 表示伴随,应用“带着 with” 。
  10.根据上文,推断这里是问, “你能想出更多的‘方法’吗?” ,所以选 ways。 (
  6)
before, discover , fast, in, come, watch , so, fastly, it, ago , shine, not can
Light travels at a speed(速度) which is about a million times 1 . than that of sound.
  2. one second, light travels about 300,000 kilometers, but sound travels only 340 meters. You can get some idea of this difference by
  3. the start of a running match. If you stand far away from the starter(发令员), you can see smoke
  4. from his gun
  5. the sound reaches your ears. The fast speed of light produces some strange facts. The nearest star is
  6. far away that light which you can see from it tonight started to travel to you four years
  7. at a speed of nearly two million kilometers every minute. The light from some of tonight’s started on
  8. journey towards you even before you were born. So, if we want to be honest(诚实), we
  9. say , “ The stars are shining brightly tonight.” We have to say, “ The stars look nice. They were
  10. four years ago but their light has just reached our earth. ”
  1.faster
  2.In 【剖析】
  1. 因为光的速度比声快,显然“than”之前应该用比较级,所以选 faster。
  2. 承接上文,这里应该用“在 内” ,选。
  3. 介词后应接动名词,表示观看比赛应用 watch , 所以选 watching。
  4. see 后跟不带 to 的不等式,做宾语的补足语,即 see sb. do 结构, 因此,选 come 。
  5. 发令枪响时, 在远处观看的人, 先看到的是火光和烟, 紧接着听到的才是枪声。 before 。 选
  6. 引导一个表结果的状语从句。 “如此 … … 以致于 so… that ” ,下文有 that 所以这 里应该用 so。
  7. 由上下文判断这里应选 ago。
  8. “开始… … 的
 

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