初三英语专项训练 阅读 阅读
No. 4 Middle School Qian Xueping
中考阅读题型: 中考阅读题型:
一.完形填空 二.阅读理解 三.主观阅读 四.首字母填空
联系上文+ 联系上文 词义辨析
( A ) As soon as he finished his homework, Eric jumped onto his bike and rode off along the beach . While he was along , he thought about the whales . (07 年南京市中考完形填空 年南京市中考完形填空) A. riding B. running C. getting D. walking
( C ) In 2000 , the Chinese novelist Gao Xingjian won the Nobel Prize for literature (诺贝尔文学奖 诺贝尔文学奖). 诺贝尔文学奖 He was the first Chinese to win the world’s most important literary prize . A. actor B. singer C. writer D. dancer
联系下文
The Earth is moving all the time. It turns around a make-believe(想象的 想象的) through its center . 想象的 We call this make-believe line Earth’s axis (轴). 轴 ( C ) A. end B. way C. line D. point If a seagull (海鸥 flies out too far and it is too 海鸥) 海鸥 tired to fly back to the beach, it does not get frightened because it can sit and rest upon the . A seagull can even sleep on the waves . ( D ) A. ships B. trees C. rocks D. waves
通过语境 推理判断
His most famous novel is “Soul Mountain( 灵 山). The novel has changed into languages . ( D ) A. no B. few C. little D. many
It was Daniel’s birthday. But there were no presents, not even a card . He was very . ( B )
  21. A. happy B. sad C. excited D. grateful
固定搭配要牢记
a result of her hard work , the first American Mother’s Day was celebrated in Philadelphia on 10th May 19
  08. ( A ) A. As B. For C. With D. To Daniel is not good at his English. So his parents are very worried him . ( B ) A. with B. about C. at D. in
分析句子结构 Jim is only 4 years old. He can neither read write . ( D )
  20. A. or B. and C. but D. nor Some people are shy they are that afraid when they meet new people . (C ) A. very B. quite C. so D. such
完形填空的解题方法: 完形填空的解题方法 联系上下文 词义辨析 固定搭配 理解语境 推理判断 分析句子结构
Let’ Let’s have a try ! 完成第一项: 完成第一项:完形填空
Now let’s check your answers :
  1. C
  6. B
  2. D
  7. A
  3. A
  8. B
  4. A
  9. D
  5. D
  10. C
固定搭配: 固定搭配 would rather…than… Our eating habits are very important to us. Many times, most of us would rather eat sweets and ice creameat meat and rice. ( C )
  1. A. and B. to C. than D. or
联系上文 Many times, most of us would rather eat sweets and ice cream than eat meat and rice. are not bad if we eat them at the end of a meal. ( D)
  2. A. Meat and sweets B. Sweets and rice C. Meat and rice D. Sweets and ice cream
联系上文, 联系上文, 巧用连词进行推理 Sweets and ice cream are not bad if we eat them But if we eat them at the end of a meal. a meal, they take away our appetite (食欲 . 食欲) 食欲 ( A )
  3. A. before C. during ( A )
  4. A. may C. should B. after D. in B. must D. need
语境理解 When we feel , our body is in need of food. ( D )
  5. A. angry C. worried B. excited D. hungry
固定搭配+ 固定搭配+短语辨析 A long time ago, some judges ( 法官 in 法官) England to decide whether a man was telling the truth __ giving him some…bread. ( B )
  6. A. is used B. used used to do sth.
C. was used D. use ( A )
  7. A. by B. with C. about D. to by doing sth.
联系下文 A long time ago , some judges in England used to decide whether a man was telling the truth by giving him some bread. …… ( B )
  8. A. sweet B. dry C. wet D. salty
A man who is worrying about has difficulty in eating anything Because dry. he is worrying , he loses his appetite and does not want to eat food . dry
联系上文 逻辑推理 Some judges in England used to decide whether a man was telling the truth by giving him some dry bread. If the man could not eat the bread, it showed that he was telling . ( D )
  9. A. truth B. facts C. lie tell a lie / tell lies D. lies
理解语境 A man who is worrying about has difficulty in eating anything dry. Because he is worrying , he loses his appetite and does not want to eat dry food . ( C )
  10. A. everything B. anything C. something D. nothing something 某事
完形填空解题技巧: 完形填空解题技巧: 第一遍: 通读全文, 了解大意. (选中部分答案 第一遍: 通读全文, 了解大意. (选中部分答案) 选中部分答案) 第二遍: 仔细研读, 推敲细节. (运用解题方法 第二遍: 仔细研读, 推敲细节. (运用解题方法) 运用解题方法) 第三遍: 代入答案, 检验阅读. (全面理解文章 第三遍: 代入答案, 检验阅读. (全面理解文章) 全面理解文章)
回答反意疑问句: 回答反意疑问句: 要判断是否与事实相符 Sweets and ice cream may take away our appetite (食欲 if we eat them before a 食欲) 食欲 meal . It’s not good for us to eat sweets or ice cream before a meal , is it ? No, it isn’t. Is it good for us to eat sweets and ice cream before a meal ? No, it isn’t.
(A)
Dear Dad I haven’t visited the Summer Palace yet . Uncle Li has promised to take me there this coming Sunday. Yesterday, Uncle Li took me to visit his factory . … Hope to hear from you soon . Yours Lin Hua
句中信息细体会, 巧用转换来答题. 句中信息细体会 巧用转换来答题 What did Lin Hua do yesterday ? She / He visited Uncle Li’s factory . Yesterday, Uncle Li took me to visit his factory . me = ? Lin Hua his= ? Uncle Li’s she / he
(B) When an earthquake hit a small town, many houses fell down. After the earthquake, many people donated lots of money and things to help the poor people there . I decided to let my children share what they have with them . I filled a box with foods and clothes. While I was doing this , I encouraged the boys to choose their toys and donate some of their less favourite things .
分析所含信息,答题要有针对性 分析所含信息 答题要有针对性 Where did the writer put the foods and clothes ? In the box. I filled the box with foods and clothes. 包含信息: 包含信息 Who : I ( the writer) What : foods and clothes Where : in the box
(C) There is a wonderful underground in Shanghai. So the visitors can travel around the city very easily. How can visitors travel around Shanghai easily ? By underground.
( D) Eating in space is different from eating on the earth. The food that astronauts carry with them does not look like the food we eat on the earth. … Eating in space is not easy . Astronauts must learn to eat this way .
取标题, 看头尾, 归纳中心, 确定短语. 取标题 看头尾 归纳中心 确定短语 Eating in space is different from eating The food that astronauts on the earth. carry with them does not look like the food we eat on the earth.
……
Eating in space is not easy . Astronauts must learn to eat this way .
  1. What is the best title of the passage? Eating in space.
英译汉:分析句子结构 确定主谓 优先翻译, 英译汉 分析句子结构,确定主谓 宾),优先翻译 然 分析句子结构 确定主谓(宾 优先翻译 后添加修饰成分.符合汉语习惯 切勿逐词翻译 符合汉语习惯,切勿逐词翻译 后添加修饰成分 符合汉语习惯 切勿逐词翻译!

  2. Put the underlined sentence into Chinese. 宇航员带的食物和我们在地球上吃的食物 看起来是不一样的. 看起来是不一样的 The food ( that astronauts carry with them) ) does not look like the food ( eat on the earth. we
(E) Matt comes from New York. He loves pop music. When he walks between classes, he always wears earphones . His classmates are afraid of him because he’s big for his age. And he’s really noisy! In his free time he watches action films and practices Kung Fu (功夫 Today he’s 功夫). 功夫 entering a Kung Fu competition.
英译汉: 英译汉 符合中文的习惯 ; 结合文章的中心与 语境; 通顺准确. 语境 通顺准确 His classmates are afraid of him because he’s big for his age. Put the underlined sentence into Chinese : 同学们很怕他, 同学们很怕他 因为相对于他的年 龄来说, 他长的很高大. 龄来说 他长的很高大
Location(位置 位置) 位置 Opening hours Facilities(设施 设施) 设施 for visitors
(F) in the south
  1. of
Guangzhou
  2.every from 9:30 to 16:30 day public toilets
  3. car-parks
  4. shopping centre ,first-aid stations, BBQ places, public telephones Sport Centre
  5. , the Plant Garden .
Main Attraction
讨论: 讨论 主观阅读答题技巧

  1. 认真审题 简洁明了. 认真审题,简洁明了 简洁明了
  2. 人称转换 注意时态. 人称转换,注意时态 注意时态
  3. 理解语境 逻辑推理. 理解语境,逻辑推理 逻辑推理
  4. 英译汉要符合汉语习惯. 英译汉要符合汉语习惯.
  5. 定标题 看头尾 找中心句 确定短语 . 定标题, 看头尾,找中心句 找中心句,
Homework : 完成《南京市中考指导书》 完成《南京市中考指导书》 P86 A) / P125 五, A) 要求: 要求 分钟) 运用解题技巧限时阅读 (15分钟 分钟
Thank you !
 

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