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Nouns 名词
尹庄中学 :王佳亭
CHU SAN YING YU ZONG FU XI
熟记已学过的名词; 熟记已学过的名词; 掌握常用名词的数的变化; 掌握常用名词的数的变化; 掌握名词所有格的构成及其变化; 掌握名词所有格的构成及其变化; 掌握可数名词与不可数名词的区别及用法. 掌握可数名词与不可数名词的区别及用法. 中考考查形式:选择题, 中考考查形式:选择题,单词拼写及选词填 空题, 空题,完成句子
掌握名词的概念,分类,名词可分为:
  1.掌握名词的概念,分类,名词可分为:普通名 词和专有名词; 词和专有名词; 掌握名词复数的构成,用法;
  2.掌握名词复数的构成,用法;名词所有格的构 成方法及用法; 成方法及用法; 理解名词在句中的功能,掌握名词作主语,
  3.理解名词在句中的功能,掌握名词作主语,表 宾语,复合宾语,定语, 语,宾语,复合宾语,定语,状语和同位语的 用法; 用法; 能够辨析部分名词的用法区别,并熟练运用,
  4.能够辨析部分名词的用法区别,并熟练运用, 如:family,home,house;work,job等
考点揭密
可数名词
名词的数
不可数名词
名词的所有格
名词的变化
名词的单数形式 一般可用a来修饰
* a car *a book *a
在元音发音开头的单词前用 an
* an elephant * an apple
找规律
flower flowers
watches
factory-factories
boxes leaf -- leaves
名词的复数形式
  1.复数形式的构成方法 (
  1) 一般在复数名词后加"s"/s/or/z/ 一般在复数名词后加" * dog ? dogs * book ? books dogs books
(
  2) 以s,x,ch,sh结尾的名词加 es" "es"/iz/
*box ? boxes *watch ? watches boxes watches
(
  3)以辅音字母加y结尾的名词,变y为i加 以辅音字母加y结尾的名词, "es" /iz/ * country ? countries country countries * factory ? factories factory factories
请区别:如果是元音字母加y 请区别:如果是元音字母加y 结尾的名词 则只须加" 则只须加"s"
* boy ? boys holiday-holidays boys holidays * monkey ? monkeys monkeys
找规律
potatoes
heroes
tomatoes
找规律
photos radios
zoos
pianos
(
  4) 以o结尾的名词加"s" /z/ 结尾的名词加"
* radio ? radios * zoo ? zoos radios zoos 只有 potato tomato加"es"构成复数 potato ? potatoes tomato ? tomatoes potatoes tomatoes zerozeros zeroes. zerozeros / zeroes. 结尾的名词, (
  5) 以f,fe 结尾的名词,变f,fe 为v再加 "es" /vz/ * half ? halves * shelf ? shelves half halves shelf shelves * knife ? knives * leaf ? leaves knife knives leaf leaves

  2.特殊变化的单词
  2.特殊变化的单词 (
  1)单复数同形
Chinese ? Chinese Japanese ? Japanese
(
  2)变元音字母 (
  2)变元音字母oo为ee
fish ? fish sheep?sheep
tooth ? teeth ooth eeth
foot eet foot ? feet
不规则变化
child--children man--men woman--women
deer
sheep

  3.变man为 men man为 man ? men woma woman ? women wome policema policeman ? policemen policeme Frenchma Frenchman ? Frenchmen Frenchme 请区别:German(德国人) Germans 请区别:German(德国人) ? Germans
  4. 其它形式 child ? children mouse ? mice

  5.一些合成名词的复数构成分两种情况
  5.一些合成名词的复数构成分两种情况 (
  1)将中心词变为复数 (
  1)将中心词变为复数
girlfriend ? girlfriends girlfriends grandchild ? grandchildren grandchildren man, 构成的合成词, (
  2) man,woman 构成的合成词,每个
名词都要变成复数
a man doctor ? men doctors doctors a woman teacher ? women teachers wome teachers

  6.常以复数形式出现的名词
people trousers
clothes
police
glasses
这些名词作主语时,注意它们的谓语用 这些名词作主语时, 复数 * My clothes are newer than yours.
* The police often come here.

  7.可用
  7.可用how many,many,a few,few, few, any,lots of, some,a lot of 等修饰可 数名词复数
*There are a few people in the park. *How many knives are there in your pencilpencil-box?
★不可数名词
物质名词和抽象名词属于不可数名词 water,rice,fish, 如: water,rice,fish,meat 等. 特别记住housework
work chalk time space music money weather cotton homework wood information news medicine

  1.不可数名词无复数,
  1.不可数名词无复数,作主语时常看成 不可数名词无复数 单数
*Some bread is over there. *No news is good news.
  2.常用
  2.常用how much, much, a little, little, a lot of, some, any等来修饰不可
数名词
*They had much money. *He does little housework at home.

  3.常用
  3.常用a piece of, a cup of, a glass of,a of, of, of, bottle of等来表示不可数名词的量,单复数 等来表示不可数名词的量, 前面的名词上, 表现在of 前面的名词上,而 of 后始终是 单数 *There is a piece of paper in the
book. *Three glasses of orange are on the desk.

  4.有些可数名词或不可数名词在一定情
  4.有些可数名词或不可数名词在一定情 相互转化 况下可相互转化,同一个词, 况下可相互转化,同一个词,但意思不同 (
  1) glass(玻璃)? a glass(玻璃杯) glass(玻璃 玻璃) glass(玻璃杯 玻璃杯) paper(纸 paper(纸) ? a paper(报纸) paper(报纸 报纸) work(工作 work(工作) ? a work(著作) 工作) work(著作 著作) room(空间 room(空间) ? a room(房间) 空间) room(房间 房间)
(
  2) fruit(水果) ? fruits (各种水果) fruit(水果 水果) (各种水果 各种水果) fish(鱼 fish(鱼) ? fishes(各种鱼) fishes(各种鱼 各种鱼) hair(所有头发 hair(所有头发) ? hairs (几根头发) 所有头发) (几根头发 几根头发) time(时间 time(时间) ? times(时代) 时间) times(时代 时代)
指点迷津
is
  1. Ten years (is ,are) short time for me.

  2. A pair of shoes (is, are) under the bed. is
  3. The number of the students in our school (is ,are) 2,0
  00. is
  4. The woman with two children is ( is ,are ) coming here.
  5. Neither he nor I ( is, am ) an American. am
is
  6. Maths (are, is ) hard to learn for the boy. women teachers
  7. They are all ( woman, teachers ; women teachers). is
  8. The population of China (are, is ) over 1,300,000,0
  00. people
  9. There are many (peoples,people )in the street in summer. h has
  10. One of the students (have, has) gone to Shanghai.
指点迷津
C
  1.Several are talking under the tree.And they are. . A.woman;children .
  2. There are three A.people B.woman;child C.women;children . .
A in my family. (2004长春) 长春) 长春 B. person C. child in our city.

  3. Most students can go to college for further A A. education B. information C.science
D
  4.Please give me paper. A. one B. a pieces C. a piece D
  5. This table is made of.
D. a piece of
A. many glass B. some glasses C. glasses D. glass
A
  6. Some came to our school for a visit that day. A.Germans B.Germen C.Germany D.Germanies C
  7. In the picture there are many and two. A. sheeps; foxes B. sheeps; foxes C. sheep; foxes D. sheep;foxs B
  8.They write most of their in English. A. business letter C. businesses B. business letters D. businesses letters
D
  9.arefor cutting things. A. Knife, used B. Knives, using C. Knife, using D. Knives, used A
  10.John boughtfor himself yesterday. A. two pairs of shoes B. two pair of shoe C. two pair of shoes D. two pairs shoes
根据所给单词的正确形式填空: 根据所给单词的正确形式填空: ideas
  1. Different people may have different . (idea)
  2. I often go to work on foot . (foot)
  3. I know one of the boys . (boy)
  4. Mr. Brown is wearing a pair of glasses . (glass)
  5. Please give them their photos. (photo)
  6. Are there any watches in the box? (watch)
  7. There are twelve months in a year. (month)
  8. Would you like some tomatoes ? (tomato)
  9. Look at those people in the boats! (people)
  10. Look! The women are singing. (woman)
  11. Jim has some knives . (knife)
  12. How much are these vegetables ? (vegetable)

  1.The richnot always happy. A A.are B.is C.have D.has A
  2.In Britain,are all painted red. A.letter boxes B.letters boxes C.letter box D.letters box
  3.There are fourand twoin the group. D A.Japanese,Germen B.Japaneses,Germen C.Japanese,GermanD.Japanese,Germans
  4.She was born in Wuhan,but Beijing has become A her second. A.home B.family C.house D.country B
  5.Mother brought me. A.a good news B.a piece of news C.many good news D.two news
课时训练
(A)
  6.We can do the work better withmoney and people. A.less,fewer B.fewer,less C.little,little D.few, few B
  7.Beijing is one of the most beautifulin China. A.city B.cities C.citys D.the cities A
  8.Would you like? B.any more meat A.some more meat C.many more meat D.more much meat
课时训练

  9.?What can I do for you, sir? C ?I'd like two. A.bottle of milk C.bottles of milk
B.bottles of milks D.bottle of milks D.nurse
D
  10."Nightingal Prize"is for. A.workers B.scientists C.doctors
尹庄中学 :皇甫秀春
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