定语从句 在复合句中,修饰某一名词或代词的从句叫做定语从句.定语从句所修饰的词叫先行词,定语从句作定 语在先行词的后面.引导定语从句的词有关系代词,that, which who(宾格 whom,所有格 whose)和关系副 词 when, where ,why, 关系代词或关系副词在先行词和定语从句之间其联系作用,同时又做定语从句的一 个成分. 一,关系代词的用法.
  1. that 指物,有时也指人,在从句中做主语或宾语,作主语不可省略,作宾语可以省略. (
  1) his father works in a factory that/which makes tv sets. 主语指物 (
  2) Who was hurt in the accident that/which happened yesterday.主语指物 (
  3) A plane is a machine that/which can fly.主语指物 (
  4) The coat which/that I put on the desk is black.宾语可省略 (
  5) The books that/which they bought were written by me.宾语可省略 (
  6) 注意:which 和 that 指物时可以互换,但 that 比 which 更常见,尤其在口语中,但要注意 that 可指人而 which 则不能指人.
  2. who 指人,that 指物外有时也指人,在从句中做主语或宾语.宾语可省略,作主语不可以省略. (
  1) the girl who often helps me with my english is from england. 主语 (
  2) the teacher who spoke at the meeting just now is having a rest in his office. (
  3) Anyone who wants to pass the exam must work hard every day. (
  4) The boy that /who is playing football on the ground is my brother. (
  5) The girl who/that weren't badly hurt in the accident are my classmates. (
  6) The girl who/that I like isn't here now.宾语可省略 (
  7) He knew the teacher who/whom/that we met yesterday. 3 Whom 指人为 who 的宾格.其前没有介词时可以用 who 代替也可省略. (
  1)who is the teacher that/whom/who xiaoli is talking to? (
  2) the doctor with whom she went to the united states last month is very famous. 注意:在定语从句中常用介词,当介词放在从句末尾时,who/that/which 仍然可以省去,但把介 词提到关系代词前,只能用介词加 which/whom 的结构.这时 which 不能用 that 代替.Whom 也不可 用 who 代替. 如:the room that/which I live in is very big. The room in which I live is very big. 注意:固定词组,不可把介词提到前边. 如:here are the picture books that/which the chicken are looking for. 只能 that 不能用 which 引导的定语从句. (
  1) 定语从句所修饰的词被形容词最高级所修饰时 e.g. this is the most interesting story that I have ever heard. 可省略. (
  2)定语从句所修饰的词被序数词所修饰时. The children like the second lesson that is about"the football match" (
  3)定语从句所修饰的词被 the only, the very ,the same 所修饰时. It is the only word that I know in the passage.可省略 This is the same bike that I lost.这就是我丢的那个车. (
  4) 定语从句所修饰的词被不定代词, any no every little much many 等词修饰时, all, 只能用 that 引导,但 something 前有 the 时 定语从句可由 which 引出修饰 the something. Here is something that I will tell you. I want everything that I want
Here is everything that makese us happy.
  6. d 定语从句修饰词中同时含有人和物时只能用 THAT. I can remember well the persons and some pictures that I see in the room
  7.定语从句所修饰词为 the one 用 that 引出定语从句. Is it the one that you want?可省略.
  8.为了避免重复,在疑问词 who 之后用 that 引出定语从句. Who is the girl that won the first place? The same…..that 表示同一个人或物,that 只起加强相同语气的作用.即便省去不改变句意,名 词前的 same 也可省略, the same…as 中的 same 和 as 则不能省, 而 只表示.. . 一模一样, . 与.. 而不一定是同一个人或物. Eg. I want to buy the same book that you bought. 可以省略. I want to buy the same book as you bought. 二.关系副词的用法; 引导从句的词除了关系代词外,还有关系副词,when, where, why. 1 when. 指时, 在定语从句中做时间状语. (
  1)i still remember the day when I first came to beijing. (
  2) I will never forget the day when I joined the league. When= on which 指 the day.
  3. where 指地点,在定语从句中做地点状语 this is the house where I lived two years ago. This is the house in which I lived two years ago. I know a place where we can swim. 4whose 是 who 的所有格,在从句中用作定语,多指人. You are the only one whose advice he might listen to. The boys whose names were called stood up . I'd like a room whose window looks out over the sea.
人教版新目标九年级 Unit 6 单元语法精讲
在八年级的学习中,同学们已经认识了宾语从句和状语从句,现在我们来认识一位从句家族的新成 员,它叫定语从句.让我先介绍一下吧. 1,结构:所谓定语,就是名词和代词的修饰成分,如 a good boy 中 good 是定语,bad weather 中 bad 是 定语.当定语需要用一个句子才能表达完整时,就出现了定语从句.与前面的 good 和 bad 的位置不同, 定语从句要放在名词或代词的后面,这时的名词或代词叫做先行词,而从句应翻译在先行词的前面. 如:I know the girl who is running. 我认识那个正在跑步的女孩 女孩. 女孩 (先行词) (定语从句) (定语从句) (先行词) Can you see the book that is on the table? 你看见桌子上的那本书了吗? 书 (先行词) (定语从句) (定语从句) (先行词) 2,关系代词的使用:以上两个例句中的 who 和 that 就是定语从句中的关系代词.关系代词在先行词和 定语从句之间起连接作用,同时又作定语从句的一个结构,代替先行词在从句中充当的成分.同学们可 以参照下表来学习: 关系代词 指代范围 例句 ①That is the PE teacher that plays soccer best. (作主语)这就是踢足球最棒的那位体育老师. ②He isn't the person that I talked to just now.(作宾 语)他不是刚才我与之谈话的那个人. ③I like the cat that has four white feet. (作主语)我喜欢那只长着四只白色爪子的猫. ④This is the cat that I like best. (作宾语)这就是我最喜欢的那只猫. ⑤That is the PE teacher who plays soccer best. (作主语)这就是踢足球最棒的那位体育老师. ⑥He isn't the person whom I talked to just now.(作宾 语)他不是刚才我与之谈话的那个人. ⑦Can you show me the clothing store which is the nearest? (作主语)你能指给我最近的服装店吗? ⑧The book which you're looking for is Tom's. (作宾语)你正找的那本书是汤姆的. ⑨Do you know the boy whose mother is our math teacher? 你认识那个他妈妈是咱们数学老师的男孩吗? ⑩My uncle has bought a new car whose color is light blue. 我叔叔买了一辆颜色是浅蓝色的新车.
指代人 that:在从句中可 以作主语或宾语 指代物
who:在从句中可以 作主语 whom: 在 从 句 中 可 以作宾语 which:在从句中可 以作主语或宾语
指代人
指代物
whose:在从句中作 定语
指代人 指代物
使用关系代词时要注意,关系代词在从句中作宾语时是可以省略的,如上表中的②④⑥⑧四个例句,还 可以理解为:在从句中已有独立主语的情况下,关系代词可以省略.

  1. The town we visited a few years ago is much large than before. A. it B. who C. which D. when
  2. Mianyang is a beautiful city attracts millions of tourists each year. A. where B. which C. what D. who
  3. I like the music I can dance to. A. that B. whose C. when D. who
  4. Do you like the red car is made in Tianjin ? Sure, it looks terrific. A. where B. who C. which D. when
  5. I'm a football fan. I'm interested in everything is about the 2006 World Cup. A. who B. that C. where D. when
  6. 一 Is the girlis interviewing the manager of that company your friend? 一 Yes,she is a journalist from CCTV. A. whom B. which C. who D. whose
  7. The spaceship will be launched (发射) in 2008 will be called Shenzhou VII. A. who B. that C. what D. when
  8. The number of people lost their lives in Indonesian earthquake(印尼地震) reached as many as 62
  00. A. which B. who C. whom D./
  9. The movie is about a true story happened in Korea in 19
  45. A. it B. who C. which D. when
  10. A. A girl called Liu Fangyan takes good care of her blind mother. 同意句变化 B. The girl who Liu Fangyan looks after her blind mother carefully.
答案: 1,C 2,B 3,A 4,C 5,B 6,C 7,B 8,B 9,C 10,is called
初中英语定语从句用法及配套练习 I.单项填空
  1. -Do you know the man is talking with your father? -Yes, he's our headmaster. A. he B. who C. which D. whom
  2. Is this the river I can swim? A. which B. in which C. that D. the one
  3. This is the best hotel in the city I know. A. where B. which C. that D. it
  4. Can you lend me the dictionary the other day? A. that you bought B. you bought it C. that you bought it D. which you bought it
  5. Anyone with what I said may put up you hands. A. which agrees B. who agree C. who agrees D. which agree
  6. My watch is not the only thing is missing. A. that B. it C. which D. who
  7. The man coat is black is waiting at the gate A. who's B. whose C. that D. of which.
  8. The girl is reading under the tree my sister. A. which; is B. whom; was C. who; is D. who; was
  9. I love places the people are really friendly. A. that B. which C. where D. who
  10. The world is made up of matter. A. in that we live B. on which we live C. where we live in D. we live in Ⅱ,用适当的关系代词 that, which, who, whom 填空.
  1. The first thing you must do is to have a meal.
  2. April 1st is the day is called April Fool's Day in the west.
  3. The family had lost everything in a big fire got much help from their friends.
  4. The house we live in is very old.
  5. Didn't you see the man I talked with just now?
参考答案: I.1-5BBCAC
6-10 ABCCD
如何区分定语从句? coat 简单句 a red 定语(作 coat 的定语,起限定的作用) 定语从句复合句 I have a coat which is red 定语从句(来限定说明 coat) 先行词 关系词(包括关系代词和关系副词) 关系词 ▲定义:在复合句中,修饰某一个名词或代词,或修饰整个主句的从句叫做定语从句 定语从句.它位于被修饰的 定语从句 词后面,其作用相当于一个形容词. 被修饰的词叫做先行词 定语从句常由关系代词 who, whom, whose, that, which, as 和关系副词 when, 先行词. 先行词 where, why 引导.
如何使用关系代词
一,先行词指人时,关系代词可用 who, whom, that.who 在从句中只作主语,whom 在从句中只作宾语, 人 that 在从句中可作主语或宾语,若在从句中作宾语则常被省略.如:
  1. A friend who/that helps you in time of need is a real friend.
  2. The students whom/that you teach are now doing experiments. 二,行词指物时,关系代词用 that 或 which, 在从句中可作主语或宾语,作宾语时,可省略.如: 物
  1. These are the trees that/which were planted last year.
  2. Is this the book that/which you are looking for? (look for 寻找) 三,that 即可代表事物也可代表人,which 代表事物;它们在从句中作主语或宾语,that 在从句中作宾语 时常可省略关系词,which 在从句中作宾语则不能省略.
  1.The book (that) you are reading is mine.
  2. The book which you are reading is mine. which 在本句中作宾语则不能省略 四,whose 前的先行词多数是指人,也可指物.如:
  1. The book whose cover is red belongs to(属于) me.
  2. The girl whose coat is red is my sister.
如何使用关系副词
一,先行词是一个表示时间的词如:time, hour, day, month, year 时,其所对应的关系词如在定语从句中作 时间状语,则用关系副词 when. (即先行词是时间时,关系副词用 when)
  1. I still remember the day _ C __ I first met Mary. A. that B. which C. when D. Who 三,先行词是一个表示地点的词时,关系副词用 where.
  1. Is this the factory _ B _ he worked ten years ago? A. that B. where C. which D. the one
  2. This is the city_A_Ilived two years ago. A. where B. which C. that D. in which 四,行词是 the reason 时,关系副词用 why,也可省略.如:
  1. That is the reason (why) I did it.
  2. Do you know the reason(why)she has changed her mind?
定语从句练习: 一,将下列句子合并成带有定语从句的复合句.
  1. He is the young writer.He wrote the book.
  2. Do you know the doctor? He comes here once a month.
  3. I 've received the book.Father sent it to me.
  4. What's the name of the girl? Her grandpa took part in the Long March.
  5. The man looks like the actor.I've heard his songs on TV.
  6. Do you see the bridge? It was built last year.
  7. The old man is a professor. He teaches chemistry in a college.
  8. The bike was not good. You wanted to buy it. 三,选择填空
  1. Do you know the girl necklace has been stolen? A. her B. which C. that D. whose
  2. When she came back from London, she told us about the schools and teachers she had visited. A. why B. that C. which D. where
  3. The notebook cover is red is mine. A. who B. which C. whose D. that
  4. The best books I borrowed from the library are all here. A. where B. that C. what D. whatever
  5. Is this the factory you visited the other day? A. that B. where C. in which D. th
 

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