状语从句

  1. 时间状语从句
  2. 条件状语从句
  3. 原因状语从句
  4. 结果状语从句 5 让步状语从句
  1. 时间状语从句 (
  1)时间状语从句常用 when, as, while, before, after, since, till, until, as soon as 等 连词来引导。例如: It was raining hard when got to school yesterday. While he was doing his homework, the telephone rang. As he walked along the lake, he sang happily. He had learned a little Chinese before he came to China. After he finished middle school, he went to work in a factory. (
  2)在时间状语从句里,主句为将来时,从句用一般现在时 在时间状语从句里, 在时间状语从句里 主句为将来时, I’ll ring you up as soon as I get to New York. I will tell him everything when he comes back. He won’t believe it until he sees it with his own eyes. (
  3)若就时间状语从句提问,应用 when 来提问。如: 若就时间状语从句提问, 来提问。 若就时间状语从句提问 While we were sweeping the floor, the bell rang. (就划线部分提问)
  2. 条件状语从句 (
  1)条件状语从句通常由 if 引导。例如: What shall we do if it snows tomorrow? (
  2)在条件状语从句里,主句为将来时,从句用一般现在时 在条件状语从句里, 将来时, 在条件状语从句里 主句为将来时 I’ll help you with your English if am free tomorrow. He won’t be late unless he is ill.
  3. 原因状语从句 (
  1)原因状语从句通常由 because, as 引导。例如: He didn’t come to school because he was ill. As it is raining, we shall not go the zoo. Since you can’t answer the question, I’ll ask someone else. (
  2)because 和 so 不能同用在一个句子里。
  4. 结果状语从句 (
  1)结果状语从句由 so…that, such…that, so that 引导。例如: He is so poor that he can’t buy a bike for his son. She is such a good teacher that everybody likes her. My pencil fell under the desk, so that I couldn’t see it. (
  2)so…that 语 such...that 可以互换。例如: 在由 so...that 引导的结果状语从句中,so 是副词,与形容词连用。其结构 是: “...so + 形容词(副词)+ that + 从句” 。例如: He was so glad that he couldn’t say a word. The hall is so big that it can hold 2,000 people. Mother lives so far away that we hardly ever see her. 在由 such…that 引导的结果状语从句中,such 是形容词,它修饰的可以是
单数或复数可数名词,也可以是不可数名词;名词前面可以带形容词,也 可不带。如果是单数可数名词,前面需加不定冠词 a 或 an。例如: It was such a hot day that nobody wanted to do anything. He had such long arms that he could almost touch the ceiling. He made such rapid progress that he did very well in the mid-term. 有时上述两种结构是可以互换的。例如: It was such a wonderful film that all of us wanted to see it again. =The film was so wonderful that all of us wanted to see it again. It is such an important match that nobody wants to miss it. =The match is so important that nobody wants to miss it. (
  3)如果名词前由 many, much, little, few 等词修饰时,只能用 so, 不用 such。 例如: Soon there were so many deer that they ate up all the wild roses. He has so little time that he can’t go to the cinema with you.
  5. 目的状语从句 (
  1)目的状语从句通常由 so that, in order that 引导。例如: We started early so that we could catch the first train. He studies hard so that he could work better in the future. We used the computer in order that we might save time. (
  2)so that 既可引导目的状语从句,又可引导结果状语从句。区别这两种从句 的办法有两个:
  1)目的状语从句里往往带有情态动词 can, could, may, might 等。
  2)从意思上看,目的状语从句往往表示的目的很明确。例如: Speak clearly so that they may understand you. (目的状语从句) Jack is badly ill so that he has to rest. (结果状语从句)
  6. 让步状语从句 (
  1)让步状语从句通常由 although, though 等连词引导。例如: Though he is young, he knows a lot. Although I am tired, I must go on working. (
  2)although(though)不能用在同一个句子中。例如: 我们不能说:Though it was raining hard, but he still went out. 应该说:Though it was raining hard, he still went out.或 It was raining hard, but he still went out. 【实例解析】 1 You will stay healthy you do more exercise, such as running and walking. A. if B. how C. before D. where 答案:A。该题考查的是引导状语从句的从属连词的选择。从意思上看,从句 应是一个条件状语从句,在这四个选项中只有 if 能引导条件状语从句,所以 选 A。
  2. Shall we go on working? Yes, I prefer to have a rest. A. when B. if C. because D. though 答案:D。该题考查的是引导状语从句的从属连词的选择。从意思上看,只有 选 though 才能说得通。
  3. None of us knew what had happened they told us about it. A. when B. until C. after D. though
答案: 该题考查的是引导状语从句的从属连词选择。 B。 本句的意思是 “在…… 以前我们没人知道这件事。 ”要表达着一意思应用“not…until” 这一句型。
  4. I hope you’ll enjoy your trip, dear! Thank you, mum. I’ll give you a call I get there. A. until B. as soon as C. since D. till 答案:B。该题考查的是引导状语从句的从属连词的选择。本题的意思是“一 到那里,我就给你打电话。 ”要表达这个意思应选用 as soon as。 【中考演练】 一. 单项填空
  1. he’s old, he can still carry this heavy bag. A. Though B. Since C. For D. So
  2. Do you know if he to play basket ball with us? I think he will come if he free tomorrow. A. comes; is B. comes; will be C. will come; is D. will come; will be
  3. In the zoo if a child into the water and can’t swim, the dolphins may come up him. A. will fall; to help B. falls; to help C. will fall; help D. falls; helping
  4. I don’t remember he worked in that city when he was young. A. what B. which C. where D. who
  5. We will stay at home if my aunt to visit us tomorrow. A. comes B. come C. will come D. is coming
  6. The police asked the children cross the street the traffic lights turned green. A. not; before B. don’t; when C. not to; until D. not; after
  7. I was late for class yesterday there was something wrong with my bike. A. when B. that C. until D. because
  8. I’ll go swimming with you if I free tomorrow. A. will be B. shall be C. am D. was
  9. In the exam, the you are, the mistakes you will make. A. careful; little B. more careful; fewest C. more careful; fewer D. more careful; less
  10. You should finish your lessons you go out to paly. A. before B. after C. when D. while
  11. I hurried I wouldn’t be late for class. A. since B. so that C. as if D. unless
  12. When you read the book, you’d better make a mark you have any questions. A. which B. that C. where D. though
  13. The teacher raised his voice all the students could hear him. A. for B. so that C. because D. in order
  14. He took off his coat he felt hot. A. because B. as C. if D. since
  15. It is that we’d like to go out for a walk. A. a lovely day B. too lovely a day C. so lovely a day D. such lovely a day
  16. Mary had much work to do that she stayed at her office all day.
A. such B. so C. too D. very
  17. I felt very tired, I tried to finish the work. A. Although B. Because C. As D. As if
  18. the day went on, the weather got worse. A. With B. Since C. While D. As
  19. well you can drive, you must drive carefully. A. So long as B. In order that C. No matter how D. The moment
  20. Write to me as soon as you to Beijing. A. will get B. get C. getting D. got 二. 根据中文意思完成下列英语句子
  1. 不管他跟我开什麽玩笑,我都不生气。 I am not angry with him, jokes he on me.
  2. 布鲁斯太太对学生非常亲切,以至于学生把她当做母亲。 Mrs Bruce was kind to her students they her their mother.
  3. 只要我们竭尽全力,父母就会满意我们的表现。 Our parents will be pleased with our performance we try our best.
  4. 你一到上海就给我打个电话好吗? Will you please call me you get to Shanghai.
  5. 这个七岁的女孩酷爱钢琴,以至于他已经坚持练习两年了。 The seven-year-old girl likes playing the piano she has kept practicing for two years.
  6. 虽然她很忙,他还坚持自学英语。 , she kept on learning English by herself.
  7. 他长大后相当一名记者。 He wants to be a journalist .
  8. 无论刮风下雨,我们的老师总是第一个到校。 windy or rainy, our teacher is always the first to get to school.
  9. 如果人人为保护环境做出贡献,世界将会变得更美好。 to protecting the environment, the world will become much more beautiful.
  10. 李明昨天没来上学,因为他病了。 Li Ming didn’t come to school .
 

相关内容

初三英语总复习之??定语从句

   定语从句 在复合句中,修饰某一名词或代词的从句叫做定语从句.定语从句所修饰的词叫先行词,定语从句作定 语在先行词的后面.引导定语从句的词有关系代词,that, which who(宾格 whom,所有格 whose)和关系副 词 when, where ,why, 关系代词或关系副词在先行词和定语从句之间其联系作用,同时又做定语从句的一 个成分. 一,关系代词的用法. 1. that 指物,有时也指人,在从句中做主语或宾语,作主语不可省略,作宾语可以省略. (1) his father wo ...

备战2011中考英语总复习资料

   备战 2011 中考英语总复习资料 名词 (一) 知识概要 名词的概念在不同的语法教课书中有不同的解释和分类方法, 但就实际应用来讲还是不 要过分地追求其理论概念, 而更多的要把注意力放在其应用上来。 我们不妨把它分为两大类: 专有名词与普通名词。顾名思义,专有名词是指:个人、事物、机关等所专有的名称,如, the Great Wall, America…它们是不能随意变动的。而普通名词中则包括个体名词,如 pen, worker…它表示单一的个体人或事物;集体名词,如:family, cl ...

备战2011中考英语总复习资料

   备战 2010 中考英语总复习资料 介 词 (一) 知识概要 介词在英语中用法很活, 也无一定规律可循。 在初中范围内还应学一个记住一个, 特别是那些和动词的特殊搭配。 这样长期下去不断学习自然会总结出一套自己的 规律来。下面是一般的规律,可帮助学习时参考,千万不要作为定律去背诵,照 搬。 介词 表示时间 表示地点方位 表示原因方式 其 他 about 大约在……时间 about five o'clock 在周围,大约多远 about five kilometres 关于、涉及 ...

备战2010中考英语总复习资料

   北京中考网?北达教育旗下 www.beijing518.com 电话 010-62754468 备战 2010 中考英语总复习资料 代词 代词 (一) 知识概要 英语中代词可以分为人称代词,物主代词,反身代词,指示代词,疑问代词,不定代词.人称代词主要有主格 和宾格之别.请看下表 人称 我 你 他 她 它 我们 你们 他们 主格 i you he she it we you they 宾格 me you him her it us you them 物主代词分形容词性物主代词和名词性物主代词 ...

09届高三英语总复习语法专项练习状语从句

   09 届高三英语总复习语法专项练习(2008/9/20) 届高三英语总复习语法专项练习( ) ???????????????????????????? (三) 状语从句练习 三 状语从句练习 从句练习: 1. It is he has behaved so badly that he must be punished. A. as B. since C. because D. that 2. Practise as as you can. A. much B. many C. more D. ...

初三英语总复习提纲19

   初三英语总复习提纲 19,八下 UNIT 7 TOPIC 1-2 , 重点短语和句型 1. hear of/ hear from 2. make money 3. turn to sb for help= ask sb for help 6. think over 4. make a poster 5. chat with sb on the Internet 7. try/ do one’s best to do sth 10. make some green tea 8. send in ...

深圳中考英语总复习??定 语 从 句

   成功,从改变开始! 二, 定 语 从 句 (一) 知识概要 定语从句并不属于中考范围,但由于作者在多年的教学中体会到,这一语法现象影响了许多学生自学英语.这些 学生一般是成绩较好的学生,想进行大量阅读来提高自己的英语水平,但总是碰到一些问题,百思不得其解.苦 于自己的水平只限于初中水平, 无法提高, 但各种补习班又都是为一些水平较差的学生开设的, 所以又投师无门. 为了解决这部分学生的学习困难,也为那些有志青年铺平学习上的道路,特用这一节讲述定语从句,不是从语法 上讲述,而是从阅读理解方面 ...

中考英语总复习复习测试------宾语从句

   中考复习测试 宾语从句 1. My friend wanted to know with his new car. A what wrong is B what is wrong C what wrong was D what was wrong 2. I don’t know they could pass the exam or not. A why B when C that D whether 3. Have you decided the children in the poor ...

初三英语总复习 7B Unit 6 学案提纲

   初三英语总复习 7B Unit 6 学案提纲 班级: 姓名: 1. 祈使句 Be quiet, ? Be quick! (否定句) Take care of your parrot,? Let us clean the fish tank today,? Let’s brush the dog’s fur, ? Let us 与 let’s 的区别:let us 不包括对方. Let’s 包括对方. 有时表强调,可以在祈使句前加 do Do come and help me! Do be c ...

初三英语总复习 7A Uint6 学案提纲

   初三英语总复习 班级 姓名 学号 7A Uint6 学案提纲 1. tie n. 领带; v.系,栓,捆,扎 Look , his father (tie ) his tie now . Please the tree the stick so that it is straight . 2. before / ago (1) He can ride a bike now , but he couldn’t a few weeks . (2) Please com e to see me s ...

热门内容

2011英语考研作文

   题目 1:On Opening Psychological Courses : 参考范文 On Opening Psychological Courses 开设心理课程 Many universities and colleges have now decided to open more psychological courses to their students. This is totally advisable and has been warmly welcomed。 In th ...

牛津小学英语-音标教学

   音标汇总 音标汇总 一.元音字母:a e i o u (a, e, i, o, u 前用“an”表示‘一个’) 辅音字母:除去 a e i o u 都是辅音字母。 二.认识以下音标 三:各种字母的发音: 1.字母 a 的发音 字母 “a”发[ei]: shape cake grape plate table newspaper “a”发[ ]: after afternoon vase basket basketball class dance father can’t “a”发[ ]:bl ...

英语作文构思技巧

   无话可说?英语作文构思技巧! 一、 三点展开法 在谈到某一讨论对象的结果、影响、意义或重要性时,可以按照“个体(自 己)→社会(他人)→整体(国家、国际、世界、人类)”的思路逐层进行展开。 当然,根据个人需要,在实际写作过程中可以根据题目字数要求选取其中的一到 两点来写。 Should Parents Send Their Kids to Art Classes? 1. 现在有不少家长送孩子参加各种艺术班; 2. 对这种做法有人表示支持,也有人并不赞成; 3. 我认为…… 在对第 2 项进行 ...

英语:江苏省南通、扬州、泰州三市2010届高三第三模(附答案)

   http://www.gaokaovip.com 拥有学而优 轻松高考我无忧 江苏省南通市 2010 届高三第三次模拟考试 英 语 第 I 卷 (三部分 共 85 分) 三部分 共两节, 第一部分 听力 (共两节,满分 20 分) 共两节 做题时,先将答案标在试卷上.录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂到答题卡上. 第一节 (共 5 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 5 分) 共 小题; 听下面 5 段对话.每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的 A,B,C 三个选项中选出最佳选项,并 ...

[点点英语]考研英语历年真题超精解(上)之完美版真题

   内部讲义 点点英语考研英语历年真题超精解(上) http://www.diandian.net 前 志存高远 脚踏实地 言 连续数年,点点英语在考研后第一时间发布的答案全对,作为点点团队,我们倍感荣幸。 点点的发展壮大离不开广大点友的支持与回报, 我们也常常在思考怎样为点友再多做些什么。 为此,我们怀着感恩的心,本着对考生负责的宗旨,编写了这本《历年真题超精解(上)》 ,供 参加考研的同学在基础复习阶段使用。 考研英语是一门对基础要求很高的科目。对于准备考研的同学,尤其是基础不太好的, 如果 ...