want to do sth 想要作某事
2 give sb sth = give sth to sb 给某人某物 / 把某物给某人
3 help sb do sth 帮助某人作某事 Eg: I want to help my mother do some housework at home.
4 help sb with sth 帮助某人谋事 Eg: I want to help my mother with some housework at home
5 in the day 在白天
6 at night 在晚上
7 talk with/ to sb 和谈话
8 be busy doing sth 忙于做某事 Eg: He is busy listening to the teacher.
9 in a hospital 在医院l
10 work/ study hard 努力工作
11 Evening Newspaper 晚报
二.重点句式及注意事项:
1 询问职业的特殊疑问词是what; 有三种主要句式
① What + is / are + sb?
② What + does/ do + sb + do?
③ What + is/ are + 名词所有格/ 形容词性物主代词 + job?
2 People give me their money or get their money from me.
3 Sometimes I work in the day and sometimes at night.
4 I like talking to people.
5 I work late. I’m very busy when people go out to dinners.
6 Where does your sister work?
7 then we have a job for you as a waiter.
8 Do you want to work for a magazine? Then come and work for us as a reporter.
9 Do you like to work evenings and weekends?
10 We are an international school for children of 5-
  12.
三. 本单元中的名词复数。
1 policeman policemen 2 woman doctor women doctors 3 thiefthieves


Unit 5 I’m watching TV
一.现在进行时
Ⅰ现在进行时的用法
表示现在(说话瞬间)正在进行或发生的动作
Ⅱ现在进行时时间状语及标志性词
① now 现在
② at this time 在这时
③ at the moment 现在
④ look 看(后面有明显的“!”)
⑤ listen 听(后面有明显的“!”)
Ⅲ 现在分词的构成
① 一般在动词结尾处加ing Eg: go?going look--looking
② 以不发音字母e结尾的动词,去e加ing。Eg: write?writing close--closing
③ 以重读闭音节结尾的动词,如果末尾只有一个辅音字母,应先双写这个字母,再加ing.
Eg: get?getting run?running ( swim, run, put,get,sit,begin)
Ⅳ 现在进行时的构成
肯定句: 主语+ am/is/are+ doing +其他+时状. Eg: He is doing his homework now.
否定句:主语+am/is/are +not+ doing+其他+时状. Eg: He is not doing his homework now.
一般疑问句: Am/Is/Are +主语+ doing+其他+时状?Eg: Is he doing his homework now?
肯定回答:Yes,主语 +am/is/are Eg Yes, he is.
否定回答:No, 主语+am not/isn’t/aren’t Eg: No, he isn’t.
二.短语:

  1.do one’s homework 做某人的作业
do housework 做家务

  2.talk on the phone 在电话里交谈,讲电话
talk about……    谈论……
talk to(with)sb 和某人交谈

  3.write a letter 写信
write a letter to sb 给某人写信

  4.play with…… 和……一起玩

  5.watch TV      看电视
TV show 电视节目

  6.wait for sb/sth 等待某人/某物

  7.some of…… ……中的一些

  8.in the first photo  在第一张照片里(介词用in,序数词前面有the)
in the last photo  在最后一张照片里
a photo of one’s family  某人的家庭照片

  9.at the mall 在购物街
at/in the library 在图书室
at/in the pool 在游泳池

  10.read a book = read books = do some reading看书\阅读

  11.thanks for = thank you for   为某事而感谢(后接动词要用v-ing)
三. 重点句式及注意事项:

  1. 他正在干什么? What is he doing?
他正在吃饭。 He is eating dinner.
他正在哪里吃饭? Where is he eating dinner?
他正在家里吃饭。 He is eating dinner at home.

  2. 你想什么时候去? When do you want to go?
让我们六点钟去吧。 Let’s go at six o’clock.

  3. 他正在等什么? What is he waiting for?
他正在等公交车。 He is waiting for a bus.

  4. 他们正在和谁说话? Who are they talking with?
他们正在和Miss Wu说话。 They are talking with Miss Wu.

  5. 你们正在谈论什么? What are you talking about?
我们正在谈论天气。 We are talking about the weather.

  6. 他们都正在去上学。 They are all going to school.

  7.  这儿是一些我的照片。 Here are some of my photos.
这儿是一些肉。 Here is some of meat. (some of meat不可数,故用is)

  8.  谢谢你帮我买这本书。 Thank you for helping me buy this book.

  9.  family 家;家庭。强调“整体”,是单数;强调“成员”时,是复数。
His family has a shower. 他们家有一个淋浴。
His family are watching TV. 他全家在看电视。
 

Unit 6 It’s raining!
一.短语:
1 take photos/ pictures 照像
2 take photos/ pictures of sb/ sth 给某人或某物照相
3 have a good time\have fun\have a great tame 玩得愉快
4 work for sb / sth 为某人工作
Eg: Yuan Yuan works for CCTV’s Around The World show
5 on vacation 度假
Eg: There are many people here on vacation.
6 someothers 一些.....另外一些..... one……the others…….一个....另一个....(两者之间)
Eg: There are many students in the classroom. Some are writing, others are reading.
7 put on 穿上(动作)  wear 穿着(状态)
Eg: Tom is putting on his coat now.
8 on the beach 在沙滩上
Eg: Tom and his family are playing on the beach at this moment.
9 this group of people 这一群人

  10. in this heat
二.重点句型

  1.How is the weather? 天气怎么样?    In the raining. 在下雨。

  2.What are you doing? 你正在做什么?   I'm watching TV. 我在看电视。

  3.What are they doing? 他们在做什么?   They are studying. 他们在学习。

  4.What is he doing? 他在做什么?     He is playing basketball . 他在打篮球。

  5.What is she doing ? 她在做什么?     She is cooking . 她在做饭。
三.重难点解析
1 询问天气情况的句式:(横线内容可替换)
① How is the weather in Beijing? (How is the weather today?)
② What’s the weather like in Beijing? ( What’s the weather like today?)
2 回答上面问题的句式:
①It’s + adj. (形容词) Eg: It’s windy.
3 How’s it going (with you)?
① Not bad.
② Great!
③ Terrible!
④ Pretty good.
4 Thank you for joining CCTV’s Around The Word show.
5 I am surprised they can play in this heat.
6 Everyone is having a good time.
7 People are wearing hats and scarfs.
① wear 指穿衣服的状态。
② put on 指穿衣服的动作。
四.谈论天气的日常用语

  1. It’s sunny/rainy/cloudy. 今天是晴天/雨天/阴天。

  2. Lovely weather,isn’t it? 天气真好,是吗?

  3. It looks like rain. 看起来要下雨。

  4. It’s raining cats and dogs. 正是瓢泼大雨。

  5. It seems to be cleaning up. 天似乎要转晴。

  6. It’s blowing hard. 风刮得很大。

  7. It’s snowing heavily. 正在下大雪。

  8. The snow won’t last long. 雪不会持续太久。

  9. It’s very foggy. 雾很大。

  10. The fog is beginning to lift. 正在收雾。

  11. It’s thundering and lightening. 雷电交加。

  12. What’s the weather like today? 今天天气怎么样?

  13. What’s the weather report for tomorrow? 天气预报明天怎么样?

  14. It’s quite different from the weather report. 这和天气预报相差很大。

  15. It’s rather changeable. 天气变化无常。

  16. What’s the temperature? 温度是多少?

  17. It’s two below zero. 零下二度。

  18. The temperature has dropped a lot today. 今天温度低多了。


Unit7 What does he look like?
一.短语
1 look like 看起来像....
2 curly /short/straight/long hair 卷/短/直发
3 medium height/build 中等高度/身体
4 a little bit 一点儿…
5 a pop singer 一位流行歌手
6 have a new look 呈现新面貌
7 go shopping (do some shopping) 去购物
8 the captain of the basketball team 篮球队队长
9 be popular with sb 为所喜爱
10 stop to do sth 停下来去做某事
11 stop doing sth 停止正在做的事情
12 tell jokes/ stories 讲笑话/ 讲故事
13 have fun doing sth 愉快地做某事
14 remember ( forget) to do sth 记得(忘记)做某事(没有做的)
15 remember (forget) doing sth 记得(忘记)做过某事(已做)
16 one of 中的一个
二.本单元的重点句:
1 Is that your friend? No, it isn’t.
2 What does she look like?
3 I think I know her. ( I don’t think I know her.)
4 Wang Lin is the captain of the basketball team.
5 She’s a little bit quiet.
6 Xu Qian loves to tell jokes.
7 She never stops talking.
8 She likes reading and playing chess.
9 I don’t think he’s so great.
10 I can go shopping and nobody knows me.
11 Now he has a new look.
三.重难点解析
1 What does/ do +主语 + look like? 询问某人的外貌特征,看上去什么样?
Eg: What does your friend look like?
2 形容头发时, 可按照先长短,后曲直, 最后说颜色的顺序说。
Eg: She has long curly black hair.
3 one of + 名词复数 ,谓语动词要用“单三”形式。
Eg: One of his friends is a worker.
4 不定代词做主语时, 谓语动词要用“单三”形式。修饰不定代词词,应该放在它的后面.
Eg: I can go shopping and nobody knows me.

  5.He is …(通常为形容词,包括身高、体形等)
He has…(通常为形容词修饰的名词,包括头发、五官)
He wears…(穿、戴、留。可以是衣服、帽子、鞋子等,也可以是眼镜、手表、胡须)

  6.I don’t think…的用法 表达否定的看法 I don’t think she is good-looking.


Unit 8 I'd like some noodles
一. 短语

  1. beef and tomato noodles\noodles with beef and tomato 牛肉西红柿面
   chicken and cabbage noodles    mutton and potato noodles
tomato and egg noodles      beef and carrot noodles

  2.would like to do sth \want to do sth 想要作某事

  3.what kind of noodles什么种类的面条

  4.what size bowl of noodles什么大小碗型的面

  5.a large\medium\small bowl of noodles 大\中\小碗的面

  6.ice cream 冰淇淋 orange juice桔汁 green tea绿茶 RMB人民币phone number

  7. House of Dumplings\noodles饺子\面馆  Dessert House甜点屋
二.重点句型

  1. What kind of vegetables\meat\ drink food would you like?   
  I’d like ……
I’d like chicken and cabbage noodles.

  2. What kind of noodles would you like?
I’d like beef noodles.

  3. What kind of noodles would you like?
I’d like chicken and cabbage noodles.

  4. What size bowl \plate of noodles would you like?
I’d like a large \ medium\ small bowl moodes.

  5. What size cake would you like?
I would like asmall birthday-cake.
三.重难点解析

  1. would like 想要 (表示一种委婉的语气)其用法相当于want.
would like + 名词   would like an apple (want an apple)
would like to do sth
He would like to play soccer.
Would you like to see the dolphins?
Yes, I’d like to.

  1)would 是情态动词,没有人称和数的变化,可与人称代词缩写为’d, 与其它情态动词一样可帮助完成疑问句和否定句。(你能举出例子吗?)
  我想要些牛肉。 I’d like some beef.
  她想去打乒乓球。She would like to play ping-pang. (你能变否定句和疑问句吗?)

  2) Would you like sth.? 是提建议的一种句型,如需用一些,用some而不用any.
肯定回答是: Yes, please./ All right./ Yes./OK.
其否定回答是:No, thanks.

  2. What kind of noodles would you like?
kind 在此句中作“种类”讲,a kind of 一种,all kinds of 各种各样的。kind of 有几分
A cat is a kind of animal.
There are all kinds of animals in the zoo
The cat is kind of smart.

  3. Can I help you?你要买什么
   肯定 Yes, please . I would like …… 否定 No, thanks.
 

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