1.把动词原形中的 i 改为 a,变成过去式。如:
begin?began,drink?drank,give?gave,ring?rang,sing?sang,sit?sat, swim?swam

  2.把重读开音节中的 i 改为 o,变成过去式。如:
drive?drove,ride?rode,write?wrote

  3.改动词原形中的 aw /ow 为 ew,变成过去式。如:
draw?drew,grow?grew,know?knew,throw?threw(动词 show 除外, show?showed)

  4.动词原形中的 e 改为 o,变成过去式。如:
get?got,forget?forgot

  5.动词原形中的 ee 改为 e,变成过去式。如:
feed?fed,meet?met

  6.动词原形中的 eep 改为 ept,变成过去式。如:
keep?kept,sleep?slept,sweep?swept

  7.动词原形中的 eak 改为 oke,变成过去式。如:
break?broke,speak?spoke

  8.动词原形中的 ell 改为 old,变成过去式。如:
sell?sold,tell?told

  9.动词原形中的 an 改为 oo,变成过去式。如:
stand?stood,understand?understood

  10.以 ought 和 aught 结尾,且读音是〔 :t〕的过去式。如:
bring?brought, buy? bought, think?thought, catch?caught, teach?taught

  11.以 ould 结尾且读音为〔ud〕的情态动词过去式。如:
can?could,shall?should,will?would

  12.把动词原形中的 o 改为 a,变成过去式。如:
come?came,become?became

  13.在动词原形后加 d 或 t 变成过去式,并且发生音变。如:
hear〔hi 〕?heard〔h :d〕 say〔sei〕?said〔sed〕 , ,mean〔mi:n〕?meant 〔ment〕

  14.动词的过去式与动词原形一样。如:
let?let,must?must,put?put,read?read〔red〕

  15.不符合上述规律的动词过去式。如:
am, is?was, are?were, build?built, do?did, eat?ate, fall?fell, feel?felt, find?found, fly?flew, go?went, have /has? had, hold?held, leave?left, make?made,may?might,run?ran,see?saw,take?took
 

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