初一英语人教版下册知识点内容
Unit
  1、 Where is your pen pal from? 、
学习内容 A. 主要句型:
  1. Where your pen pal? 你的笔友来自哪里?
  2. She Mexico. 她来自墨西哥。
  3. Where she live ? 她住在什么地方?
  4. She in Mexico City . 她住在墨西哥城。
  5. What language she speak ? 她讲什么语言?
  6. She English and Spanish . 她讲英语和西班牙语。
  7. she speak French ? 她讲法语吗? B. 主要词汇: Countries : Brazil , Japan , The United States , Canada , Australia , Mexico , China , The United Kingdom , France , Germany , New Zealand Languages : Chinese , Japanese , German , French , English , Spanish 难点解析
  1. To ask about where people are from . 询问人们来自哪里。 a. be from “来自” (
  1)Where is your pen pal from ? “你的笔友来自哪里?” (
  2)Mary and Tony are from the United States . “Mary 和 Tony 来自美国。” (
  3)I’m / I am from China . “我来自中国。” b. come from “来自” (
  1)Where do you come from ? “你来自什么地方?” (
  2)Where does your pen pal come from ? “你的笔友来自哪里?” (
  3)My pen pal comes from Korea . “我的笔友是韩国人。” (
  4)They come from Russia . “他们来自俄罗斯。”
  2. To ask about what languages people speak . 询问人们讲什么语言。 (
  1)What language do you speak ? 你讲什么语言? (
  2)I speak Chinese . 我讲汉语。 (
  3)What language does your pen pal speak ? 你的笔友讲什么语言? (
  4)He speaks Japanese and a little English . 他讲日语,也讲一点英语。 注意:“说”某种语言,要用“speak”. 不能用其他的动词。
  3. To ask about where people live . 询问人们居住地。 (
  1)Where do you live ? 你住在哪里? I live in Beijing . 我住在北京。 (
  2)Where does your pen friend live ? 你的笔友住在什么地方? She lives in Washington . 她住在华盛顿。 注意:表示在某个城市,介词用“in” 如:in New York in Tokyo in Mexico City

  4. I like going to the movies with my friends and playing sports . like“喜欢”,后多跟动词 ing 形式。 如:I like listening to music ! My father likes watching TV. Boys like playing balls.
  5. Can you write to me soon ? 你可以快些给我写信吗? write to sb . “给某人写信” I write to my pen pal twice (两次)a month . 我每月给我的笔友写两次信。 Sometimes I write to my parents .
  6. I enjoy physics class at school . enjoy “非常喜欢”,指可以从中得到乐趣。 e.g. I enjoy listening to classical music . 听古典音乐是种享受。 He enjoys his meals . 他非常满意饭菜。
课后复习资料
一.短语: 短语 1 .be from = come from 来自于
  2. live in 居住在--
  3. on weekends 在周末 4 .write to sb = write a letter to sb 给某人写信;写信给某人 5 .in the world 在世界上 6 .in China 在中国
  7. pen pal 笔友
  8. 14 years old 14 岁
  9. favorite subject 最喜欢的科目
  10.the United States 美国 the United Kingdom 英国
  11.speak English 讲英语
  12.go to the movies 去看电影 本单元的国家,人民、语言对应。 二.本单元的国家,人民、语言对应。 1 Canada Canadian English / French 2 France FrenchFrench 3 JapanJapaneseJapanese 4 AustraliaAustralian English 5 the United States American English 6 the United KingdomBritish Enghish
Unit
  2、Where’s the post office? 、
一. Asking ways: (问路 问路) 问路
  1. Where is (the nearest) ……? (最近的)……在哪里?
  2. Can you tell me the way to ……? 你能告诉我去……的路吗?
  3. How can I get to ……? 我怎样到达……呢?
  4. Is there …… near here / in the neighborhood? 附近有……吗?
  5. Which is the way to ……? 哪条是去……的路? 指路) 二.Showing the ways: (指路)
  1. Go straight down / along this street. 沿着这条街一直走。
  2. Turn left at the second turning. 在第二个路口向左转。
  3. You will find it on your right. 你会在你右手边发现它。
  4. It is about one hundred metres from here. 离这里大约一百米远。
  5. You’d better take a bus. 你最好坐公交车去。 (You’d better+动词原形)
三.词组
  1. across from …… 在……的对面 across from the bank 在银行的对面
  2. next to…… 紧靠…… next to the supermarket 紧靠超市
  3. between……and…… 在……和……之间 between the park and the zoo 在公园和动物园之间
among 表示位于三者或三者以上之间

  4. in front of…… 在……前面 There is a tree in front of the classroom. 课室前面有棵树。 in the front of…… 在……(内)的前部 There is a desk in the front of the classroom. 课室内的前部有张桌子。
  5. behind…… 在……后面 behind my house 在我家后面
  6. turn left/ right 向左/右拐 on the left/right of……在某物的左/右边 on the left of our school 在我们学校的左边 on one’s left/right 在某人的左/右边 on my left 在我左边
  7. go straight 一直走
  8. down /along……沿着……(街道 down/along Center Street 沿着中央街
  9. in the neighborhood=near here 在附近 10 welcome to…… 欢迎来到……
  11. take /have a walk 散步
  12. the beginning of…… ……的开始,前端 at the beginning of…… 在……的开始,前端 in the beginning 起初,一开始
  13. have fun=have a good time=enjoy oneself 玩得开心,过得愉快 我昨天玩得很开心。 I had fun yesterday. I had a good time yesterday. I enjoyed myself yesterday.
  14. have a good trip 旅途愉快
  15. take a taxi 坐出租车
  16. 到达:get to +地方 get here/ there/ home 到这/那/家 arrive in +大地方 I arrive in Beijing. arrive at +小地方 I arrive at the bank. reach +地方
  17.go across 从物体表面横过 go across the street 横过马路 go through 从空间穿过 go through the forest 穿过树林
  18.on + 街道的名称。 Eg: on Center Street at + 具体门牌号+街道的名称 Eg: at 6 Center Street 三.重难点解析
  1.enjoy doing sth 享受做某事的乐趣,喜爱做某事 I enjoy reading. 我喜爱读书。 到目前为止,我们学了两个特殊的动词 finish 和 enjoy,都是要带 doing. I finish cleaning the room. 我扫完了这间屋子。
  2.hope to do sth 希望做某事 I hope to pass this exam. 我希望通过这次考试。 hope +从句 I hope tomorrow will be fine. 我希望明天将会晴朗。 (从句即是一个小句子,这个小句子又放在大句子中,从属于大句子,所以叫从句。如 tomorrow will be fine 是一个从句,它又放在 I hope 的后面,形成句中有句。 )
  3. if 引导一个表示假设的句子。 If I have much money, I will go to the moon. 如果我有许多钱,我就会去月球。 If you are hungry, you can buy some food in the supermarket. 如果你饿了的话,你可以在超市买一些食物。
四.本单元的反义词、近义词配对 本单元的反义词、
  1、new?old
  2、 quiet busy 3 、dirty clean
4 、big small
 

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