初一英语时态专题复习
一、 一般现在时: (
  1、现在的状态。
  2、经常或习惯性动作。
  3、主语所具备的性格和能力。
  4、真理。 )
  1、标志:often(经常),usually(通常),sometimes(有时),always(总是),never(从不), on Sundays(在星期天), every day/month/year(每一天/月/年)
  2、结构: (
  1)主语+连系动词 be(am/is/are)+名词/形容词/数词/介词短语/副词等做表语表状态(包括 There be +n.) 练习:
  1.I(be) a student. My name(be) Tom.
  2. Where (be) my shoes? They(be) here.
  3.Who (be) the girl with long straight hair? I think she (be) Kate.
  4. You and I (not be) in Class Six.
  5.(be) there a supermarket on the Fifth Avenue? Yes, there(be).
  6. her parent tall? No, he. (
  2)主语(非第三人称单数)+行为动词原形+其他 (用助动词 do 帮助构成否定句、一般疑问句和特殊疑问) (
  3)主语(第三人称单数)+行为动词的第三人称单数+其他(用助动词 does 帮助构成否定句、一般疑问句和 特殊疑问句) 行为动词第三人称单数加-s 的形式
  1.- s
  2. 辅音+y: study-studies
  3.以 s,x,ch,sh 结尾 watch-watches teach-teaches4 特殊 have-has do-does go-goes .
  1)His parents (watch) TV every night. 肯定句
  1) My brother (do) homework every day.
  2)His parents (not watch) every night.否定句
  2)My brother(not do)homework every day.
  3)his parents(watch) TV every night?一般疑
  3) your brother homework every day? Yes, they . No, they . Yes, he. No, he .
  4)When his parents (watch) TV? 特疑
  4)When your brother (do) homework? They watch TV every night. He does homework every day. 二. 现在进行时:表示说话瞬间或现阶段正在进行的动作。
  1、 标志: now(现在)listen(看)look(听)
  2、 结构:主语+助动词 be(am/is/are)+行为动词的现在分词(doing) 现在分词的构成:
  1.-ing: eat-eating
  2.辅音字母+e: take-taking
  3. sit, put, begin, run, swim, stop, get, shop,(双写最后一个辅音字母,再加 ing.) 练习:
  1. Jim (take) photos in the park now.
  2. Jim(not take) in the park now.
  3. Jim(take) photos in the park now? Yes, he . No, he .
  4. Where Jim photos now? In the park. 三、情态动词:
  1、任何主语+can/may/must+动词原形
  2、主语+ can’t/may not/ mustn’t+动词原形
  3、 Can/May/Must + 主语+ 动词原形?
  4、疑问词+can/may/must+主语+动词原形? 四、非谓语动词(是固定搭配)
  1. like+ to do 不定式/doing 动名词
  2.want to do sth.
  3. love to do
  5. enjoy doing sth.
  6. thanks for doing
  7. stop doing sth She wants (have) a party. Does he like (swim)? Thanks for (enjoy) CCTV show. She never stops (talk). 五.祈使句: Go straight and turn left/ right. Go through Fifth Avenue. Take a taxi(Take a bus,Take a walk……) 六.综合练习:
  1.Mr Green (be) a worker. Now he (work) in the field.
  2.Listen! Who(sing)?
  3.What time your brother usually (do) his homework?
  4.You can(come) here by bus.

  4. would like to do sth.
  8. let sb. do sth.

  5. Who (have) a ruler?
  6.Are they(clean) the room?
  7.- you(eat) dinner? ? Yes, we are.
  8.Jack (have) a soccer ball, but he (not have) a basketball.
  9.Jim (like)(run)?
  10.They (be) from Canada. They(not speak) Chinese.
  11. He wants (be) tall.
  1.我们正在吃晚餐。 We .
  3.你们在聊天吗?是的。 they ? Yes, they .
  2、我们每天 6 点起床。 We at six every day.
  4、他们常常聊天吗?不是。 they often ? No, they .

  5、他在做什么?他在做作业。
  6、他晚上常干什么?他常做作业。 What he ? He. What he usually in the evening? He usually. 答案:
  1.are having dinner
  2. get up
  3. Are , talking , are
  4. Do , talk, don’t
  5. is doing, is doing homework
  6. does, do, does , homework 七.人称代词: 主格: 宾格: 形容词性物主代词: 我 你 他 她 它 我们 你们 他/她/它们 I you he she it we you they me you him her it us you them 我的 你的 他的 她的 它的 我们的 你们的 他/她/它们的 my your his her its our your their 练习:
  1.(我) am a worker. (你) are a doctor. (她) is a teacher.
  2.This is (他的 )shirt.
  3. This is (我的)pen.
  4.(他们的) trousers are there.
  5. I like this picture. Please give (它) to (我).
  6. People get (他们的) money from (我).
  7.(他们) are new students. (他们的) names are Lucy and Lily.
  8. These are (我们的) shoes. Can (我们) wear (它们).
  9.Thank for (你的) help.
  10. (他) loves (她), and (她) loves (他),too. (我) love (你), and (你) love (我) ,too.
八,There be 句型 句型转换
  1)There is a bank on the street.
  2) There are some cars in front of the park. 否定句:There a bank on the street. 否定句:There cars in front of the bank. 一般疑问句: a bank on the street? 一般疑问句: cars in front of the bank? 就划线部分提问: on the street? 就划线部分提问: in front of the bank? There’s a bank on the street. There are some cars in front of the bank. 同上: are there on the street? 同上: are there in front of the bank There’s only one. There’re some.
  2)将下列句子改为否定句、一般疑问句,并就划线部分提问。
  1. We are eating lunch. We eat lunch at noon.

  2.He is swimming at a pool.
He swims at the pool every day.

  3.Jim and Tony are playing basketball at school.
Jim and Tony play basketball on Sundays.

  4.Sandra is running.
Sandra likes running
 

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