Revision of Unit 9 ?Unit 10
Unit 9 How was your weekend? Unit 10 Where did you go on vacation?
一般过去时表示过去发生的事(动作或状态) 一般过去时表示过去发生的事(动作或状态) 表示过去发生的事
  1. 构成: 构成: 主语 + 动词过去式
  2. 时间标志: 时间标志: just now (刚刚 刚刚), 刚刚 yesterday, the day before yesterday (前天 前天), 前天 last (weekend, night, week, month, year… ), (two hours, two days, three months, one year) ago in (1990, 20
  00), on Sunday morning (afternoon, evening)
一般过去时表示过去发生的动作和 一般过去时表示过去发生的动作和状态 表示过去发生的动作
  1. 表状态 用be动词 (was, were) 表状态, 动词 肯定: He was happy yesterday. 肯定: He wasn’t happy yesterday. 否定: 否定 一般疑问: 一般疑问 Was he happy yesterday? 否定回答: 肯定 / 否定回答: Yes, he was. / No, he wasn’t.
  2. 表动作 用动词过去式 表动作, 用动词过去式. 肯定: He cleaned the room yesterday. 肯定: He didn’t clean the room yesterday. 否定: 否定 一般疑问: 一般疑问 Did he clean the room yesterday? 肯定/ 否定回答: 肯定 否定回答: Yes, he did. / No, he didn’t. 特殊疑问: 特殊疑问 What did he do yesterday?
规则动词过去式的变化规律 规则动词过去式的变化规律
  1. 一般在动词原形末尾加 一般在动词原形末尾加-ed looked started learned look -- start -- learn--
  2. 结尾是 e 的动词加 --d lived hoped danced live -- hope -- dance-- 3 . 末尾只有一个辅音字母的重读闭音节词,先双 末尾只有一个辅音字母的重读闭音节词, 写这个辅音字母,再加--ed 写这个辅音字母,再加 planned stop ? stopped plan -- dropped shop -- shopped drop--
  4. 结尾是“ 辅音字母 ” 的动词, 结尾是“ 辅音字母+y 的动词, 先变“ 为 先变“y”为“i”再加 --ed 再加 carried cried study -- studied carry ? cry --
turned, passed, arrived, guessed, wanted, planned relaxed, liked, ordered, showed, cooked, painted watched, studied
词尾 ?ed 的读音

  1. 在浊辅音和元音后面,发音为 / d / 浊辅音和元音后面,发音为
turned ordered showed arrived planned

  2. 在清辅音后面,发音为 t / 清辅音后面,发音为 后面,发音为/
passed cooked guessed liked
relaxed watched

  3. 在/ t / / d / 后面,发音为 id / 后面,发音为/
wanted painted studied
动词不规则变化: 动词不规则变化:
had was am /is-- /is-- have/has-- have/has-- were did are-- are-- do/does-- do/does-- became came become-- come-- become-- come-- brought told ran bring-- bring-- tell-- run-- tell-- run-- buy-- buy-- bought catch-- catch-- caught teach-- teach-- eat-- eat-- taught ate gave find-- find-- give-- give-- found begin-- begin-- drink-- drink-- began drank sat sit-- sit-- say-- say-- feel-- feel-- said felt heard make-- make-- write-- hear-- write-- hear-- made wrote grow-- grow-- know-- know-- get-- get-- grew knew got ride-- ride-- go-- go-- rode went put cut put-- put-- cut-- cut-- stand-- stand-- take-- take-- stood took
Unit 9 How was your weekend?
这些短语,你们都会了吗? 这些短语,你们都会了吗? 在星期六傍晚 on Saturday evening over/during the weekend 在周末里 度周末 spend the weekend 打扫房间 clean the room do some cleaning 打扫卫生 读书 do some reading / read books / read a book 7 去海滩 go to the beach go to see the movies 8 去看电影 9 去图书馆 go to the library 1 2 3 4 5 6

have a party

  11.拜访她的爷爷 visit her grandfather
  12.练习说英语 practice speaking English
  13.为数学考试而学习 study for the math test
  14.和某人一起去散步 go for a walk with sb.
  15.对于大多数孩子来说 for most kids
  16.读一本关于历史的书 read a book about history

  1. 你的周末怎么样? 你的周末怎么样? How was your weekend?
  2. 你上个周末做了什么? 你上个周末做了什么? What did you do last weekend?
  3. 星期六下午他去爬山了吗? 星期六下午他去爬山了吗? Did he go to the mountains on Saturday afternoon?
  4. 孩子们是怎样度过那个周末的? 孩子们是怎样度过那个周末的? How did kids spend the weekend?
  5. 对于大多数孩子来说,周末很有趣。 对于大多数孩子来说,周末很有趣。 For most kids, the weekend was fun.

  6. 我过了一个忙碌但有意思的周末。 我过了一个忙碌但有意思的周末。 I had a busy but interesting weekend.
  7. 我阿姨给我做晚饭。 我阿姨给我做晚饭。 My aunt cooked dinner for me.
  8. 今天放学后我看了他们打篮球。 今天放学后我看了他们打篮球。 watched I watched them play basketball after school.
  9. 她的妈妈刚才在找她的眼镜。 她的妈妈刚才在找她的眼镜。 Her mom looked for her glasses just now.
  10. 现在该是回家的时候了。 现在该是回家的时候了。 It’s time to go home now.
  11. 他什么都不想做。 他什么都不想做。 He doesn’t want to do anything.
Unit 10 Where did you go on vacation?
stay at home
  1. 呆在家里
  2. 参观博物馆 visit museums museums
  3. 去参加夏令营 go to summer camp
  4. 有点无聊 kind of boring
  5. 去纽约市 go to New York City
  6. 去爬山 go to the mountains mountains
  7. 去中央公园 go to Central Park
  8. 划船 go boating / row a boat
  9. 骑自行车 ride a bike
  10.为考试而学习 study for exams / tests exams tests
  11.好天气 great/ nice / fine / good weather

  12.发现一个小男孩在哭 find a little boy crying
  13.帮助他找到他的爸爸 help him find his father
  14.让我感到高兴 make me feel happy
  15.决定弹吉他 decide to play the guitar
  16.在水里玩得开心 have fun playing in the water
  17.迷路 be lost / get lost
  18.走路去那家酒店 walk to the hotel
  19.整天 all day = the whole day
  20.太拥挤的 be too crowded
  21.在角落里 in the corner

  1. 你假期去了哪里? 我去了夏令营。 你假期去了哪里? 我去了夏令营。 Where did you go on vacation? I went to summer camp.
  2. 他们去了中心公园吗? 不,他们没去。 他们去了中心公园吗? 他们没去。 Did they go to the Central Park? No, they didn’t .
  3. 那些人怎么样? 他们不太友好。 那些人怎么样? 他们不太友好。 How were those/ the people? They were unfriendly.
  4. 我们在水里玩得很开心。 我们在水里玩得很开心。 We had great fun playing in the water. playing = We had a good time playing in the water. = We enjoyed ourselves playing in the water. ourselves

  5. 我发现了一个男孩在角落里哭。 我发现了一个男孩在角落里哭。 I found a boy crying in the corner. crying
  6. 他迷路了,所以我帮他找爸爸。 他迷路了,所以我帮他找爸爸。 He was/ got lost, so I helped him find his father.
  7. 那让他很开心。 那让他很开心。 That made him very happy.
  8. 他决定打网球。 他决定打网球。 He decided to play tennis.
  9. 他没有钱坐公共汽车。 他没有钱坐公共汽车。 He didn’t have any money for a bus. bus. = He had no money to take a bus. bus.
  10. 今天整天都在下雨。 It rained all day today. 今天整天都在下雨。
  11.我们吃川菜作晚餐昨天晚上。 我们吃川菜作晚餐昨天晚上。 We had Sichuan food for dinner last night.


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