初一英语阅读练习
Unit 1 Part One
Jane White is an American girl. She is a student. She is fifteen. Her father is Mr. White. Her mother is Mrs. White. Bob is her brother. He is a student, too. Bob is in a yellow coat. Jane is in a red sweater. She is a nice girl. 根据短文,选择正确答案。
  1. Jane is. A. American B. English C. Chinese
  2. Bob is Jane’s. B. brother C. mother A. father
  3. How old is Bob? A. He’s fifteen. B. We don’t know. C. He’s sixteen.
  4. What color is Bob’s coat? It’s. A. red B. Black C. yellow
  5. What color is Jane’s sweater? A. red B. Black C. yellow
  5. 扩展 white night 不眠之夜 a white elephant 大而无用的东西 white lie 善意的谎言 black tea 红茶,汉语不叫“黑茶” black coffee 清咖啡 black cloth 青布,不一定是“黑布” green-eyed 眼红,不是眼发绿 a green hand 新手 brown sugar 红糖而不是 red sugar purple wine 红葡萄酒,不是“紫色酒” blue films 黄色电影不是蓝色电影 Mr. White is a very white man. 怀特先生是位诚实的人 He has been feeling blue today. 他今天闷闷不乐 When I saw him, he was in a brown mood. 我看到他时他正心事重重 I hope he’ll soon be in the pink again. 希望他能尽快振作起来 He was looking rather green the other day.
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他那天脸色不好.
Part Two
This is a picture of Mr. Green’s family. The man in the middle is Mr. Green, the father. The woman is the mother. They have a son and a daughter. The son is behind Mr. Green. His name is Jim. He’s
  14. Kate is Jim’s sister. She is
  12. Jim and Kate are in the same school. But they are in different grades. Jim is in Grade
  3. Kate’s in Grade
  1. They are good students.
  1. Mr. and Mrs. Green have children. A. 1 B.2 C.3 D. no
  2. Jim is Kate’s. D. brother A. classmate B. friend C. sister
  3. Jim and Kate are in the same. A. grade B. class C. row D. school
  4. name is Jim. D. Mr. Green’s son’s A. Jim B. Mrs. Green’s daughter C. Mr. Green’s
  5. Jim and Kate are. A. fine B. nice C. tall D. good students 参考答案:BDDDD
Part Three
Passage A A Cat and An Ant A cat asks an ant, “Where is the apple tree?” The ant says, “I know, but give me two apples. OK?” “OK!” says the cat. They come to an apple tree. Many big apples are on it. Quickly (很快地) the , cat is in it. “Give me, please.” Says the ant. “Oh, no. They’re my apples, not your apples.” “Only one please! Only one!” “Ok! Here you are.” One small apple falls down(落下). The ant thanks him and goes away(走开). Quickly, one, two,…….many ants come behind the ant. 根据短文内容,判断句子正(T)误(F)
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( ( ( ( (
)
  1. The apples are in the tree, and the cat is on the tree. )
  2. Many big apples are on the tree, but the ants have on small apple. )
  3. The cat is selfish(自私的). )
  4. The ant is a fool(傻瓜). )
  5. The ants are united(团结的).
参考答案:FTTFT Passage B Look at this picture of Hong Kong. It’s very beautiful. Many city buses, taxis, cars, trucks are coming and going. Many people are waiting for the traffic lights to change. Then quickly they walk across the streets in different ways. There are many high buildings on the hills. Working ships and many boats are on the sea.
  1. It’s a beautiful picture,? A. is it B. isn’t it C yes, it’s D. isn’t
  2. What are the people waiting for? A. They are waiting for the buses. B. They are waiting for the traffic lights to change. C. They are waiting for the ships. D. They are walking.
  3. Why are they waiting? A. Because the traffic lights are red. B. Because the traffic lights are green. C. Because the policemen let them not go across. D. Because they are buying something.
  4. What’s on the hills? A. There are many high buildings. B. There are many high trees. C. There are many houses. D. There are many buses. 参考答案:BBAA
Unit 2 Part One
Passage A Plants are very important living things. Life cannot go on without plants. This is because plants
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can make food from air, water and sunlight. Animals get their food from eating plants and other animals. Man gets his foods by eating plants and animals, too. So animals and man need plants in order to live. This is why we find that there are so many need plants in order to live. This is why we find that there are so many plants around us.
  1. The text doesn’t tell us. A. why there are so many plants around us. B. whether we can live without plants. C. how important plants are for man and animals. D. how many kinds of plants are there in the world.
  2. From the text, we know that animals and man depend on plants while plants depend on. A. air, water and sunlight B. animals and man C. animals only D. man only
  3. What will happen to animals if there are no plants? A. They can eat other animals. B. They may get help from man. C. They cannot live. D. They may go on living.
  4. Which of the following is true? A. Man will be hungry without plants or animals. B. Air, water and sunlight are food to plants. C. Animals make their food from air, water and sunlight. D. Plants are not as important for us as air, water and sunlight. 参考答案:DACB 讲解

  1. can/ could
(
  1) can 表示体力和脑力方面的能力,或根据客观条件能做某种动作的"能力"。例如: Can you ride a bike? 你会骑自行车吗? What can I do for you? 要帮忙吗? Can you make a cake?你会做蛋糕吗? (
  2) can 用在否定句和疑问句中时有时表示说话人的"怀疑""猜测"或不肯定。例如: Where can he be?他会在什么地方呢? Can the news be true?这个消息会是真的吗? It surely can't be six o'clock already?不可能已经六点钟了吧? You can't be hungry so soon,Amy,you've just had lunch. 你刚吃过午饭。 What can he mean?他会是什么意思? 在日常会话中,can 可代替 may 表示"允许",may 比较正式。例如: You can come in any time.你随时都可以来。 Can I use your pen?我能用你的钢笔吗? Of course,you can.当然可以。
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Amy,你不可能饿得这么快,
You can have my seat,I'm going now.我要走了,你坐我的座位吧。 (
  3) could could 是 can 的过去式,表示过去有过的能力和可能性(在否定和疑问句中)。例如: The doctor said he could help him.(能力)医生说他能帮助他。 Amy could swim when she was four years old.(能力) 当 Amy 四岁的时候她就会游泳。 At that time we thought the story could be true.(可能性) 那时我们以为所说的可能是真的。 could 可代替 can 表示现在时间的动作,但语气较为婉转。例如: Could I speak to Amy,please?我能和 Amy 说话吗? Could you?在口语中表示请求对方做事。例如: Could you wait half an hour?请你等半个小时好吗? Could you please ring again at six?六点钟请你再打电话好吗? (
  4) can 的形式 只有现在式 can 和过去式 could 两种形式。能表示一般现在和一般过去两种时态,有时也 能表示将来。所有其他时态(包括将来时)须用 be able to 加动词不定式来表示。例如: They have not been able to come to Beijing.
他们没有能到北京来。

  2. make 这个词可以解释为“做”,指做东西或制东西,do 指做一件具体的事。 Can you make a paper plane for me? 你能为我做个纸船吗? He’s doing his homework now.他正在做他的作业。
  3. So animals and man need plants in order to live. So 表示结果
Passage B
Pre-reading question: How many people are there in a modern family? Most American families are smaller than the families in other countries. Most American families have one or two parents and one or two children each. Children in the US will leave their parents' home when they grow up. They usually live far from their parents because they want to find good jobs. They often write to their parents or telephone them. And they often go to visit their parents on holiday. Parents usually let their children choose their own jobs. Americans think it important for young people to decide on their lives by themselves. Children are asked to do some work around their house. And in many families, children are paid for doing some housework so that they learn how to make money for their own use. ( )
  1. The size of most American families is that of other countries. A. larger than B. smaller than
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(
(
(
(
C. as big as D. as small as )
  2. When children grow up, they leave their parents' home to . A. get married B. be free C. find good jobs D. study )
  3. They visit their parents . A. on weekdays B. on weekends C. at any time D. on holiday )
  4. Which of the following statements is WRONG? A. Children have the freedom to choose their own job. B. Parents don't ask their children to do the housework. C. Parents think it important for children to make their own decision. D. When children grow up, they usually live far away from their home. )
  5. Some parents pay their children for doing housework because . A. children can learn how to make money for themselves B. their children required them to do so C. they are rich D. it is required by law
Part Two
Passage A Mary is an American schoolgirl. She is now in Beijing with her parents. She doesn't know Chinese, but she is trying(努力)to study and speak it. She often tries to speak Chinese to her Chinese friends. Sometimes they don't understand(理解)her, because she can't speak Chinese well. It's Saturday morning. Mary goes out. She is on her way to the park.. She is going there to see a flower show(展览). But she doesn't know how to get there. She asks a Chinese boy. The boy can't understand her. Then she takes out a pen and some paper. She draws flowers on it, gives the picture to the boy and says something about it. The boy smiles and then shows(指给)Mary the way to the park. ( )
  1. Where does Mary live now? She lives in . A. America B. England C. China D. Canada ( )
  2. She can speak Chinese. A. much B. a little C. little D. a few ( )
  3. She likes Chinese with her . A. speak, parents B. speaking, friends D. speaks, girl-friends D. speaking, teachers ( )
  4. Where is she going? A. To a new school. B. To see her friends. D. To a farm. D. To see some flowers.
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( )
  5. How does she ask the way to the flower show? A. She asks the way in Chinese. B. She asks the way with a sigh(标志) C. She draws a picture to ask the way. D. She doesn't ask any people. 讲解:
  1. Try to do sth.
  2. say/speak/talk/tell say:是最口语化的最普通的一个词,意为“说出”、“说道”,着重所说的话。如: “I want to go to the supermarket, he said. 他说,“我要去超市。” Please say it in English .请用英语说。 speak : “说话”,着重开口发声,不着重所说的内容,一般用作不及物动词 (即后面 不能直接接宾语 ) 。如: Can you speak about him? 你能不能说说他的情况? I don’t like to speak like this. 我不喜欢这样说话。 speak 作及物动词解时, 只能和某种语言等连用, 表达在对话中恰当使用词汇的能力。 如: She speaks English well.她英语说得好。 talk : 与 speak 意义相近,也着重说话的动作,而不着重所说的话,因此,一般也 只用作不及物动词, 不过,talk 暗示话是对某人说的,有较强的对话意味,着重指连续 地和别人谈话。如: I would like to talk to him about it . 我想跟他谈那件事。 Old women like to talk with children.老年妇女喜欢和孩子们交谈。 tell : “告诉”,除较少情况外,一般后面总接双宾语。如: He’s telling me a story.他在给我讲故事。 tell a lie 撒谎 tell sb. to do sth. /tell sb. not to do sth. Amy often tells us to study hard.
  3. Sometimes 有时 Sometime 某时 Some time 一段时间 often/ usually/sometimes often 表示"经常", sometimes 表示"有时候", 在表示发生频率上 often 要高于 usually, usually 要高于 sometimes。这三个词表示的是经常性,一般性的动作或情况,常与一般现在时连用, 常位于主要谓语动词的前面,其他谓语动词(be 动词,情态动词和助动词)的后面,有时 也可位于句尾。如果要加强语气,则放在句首。 We usually play football after school.我们通常放学后打篮球。 Sometimes I go to bed early.有时,我睡觉很早。 He often reads English in the morning.他经常在早晨读英语。 Passage B
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Once upon a time, there lived a rich man. He had a servant(仆人). He and the servant loved wine and good food very much. Each time the rich man left his home, the servant would drink the wine and eat up all the nice food in the house. The rich man knew what his servant did, but he had never caught his servant doing that. One morning, when he left home, he said to the servant, "Here are two bottles of poison(毒 药)and some nice food in the house. You must take care of them." With these words, he went out. But the servant knew that the rich man had said was untrue. After the ri
 

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