初一英语知识点
二○○四年十二月 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Zero One Two Three four five S i x seven eight nine t e n 1 11 21 31 41 51 61 71 81 9 Eleven Twelve thirteen fourteen fifteen sixteen seventeen eighteen Nineteen
  1. 特殊疑问句 What’s your name? ?I’m Liu Ying. ?My name is Liu Ying.What’s your number? -I’m Number One. What class are you in? ?I’m in Class Two What grade are you in? ?I’m in Grade One What row are you in? ?I’m in Row One. What row are they in? ?They’re in Row 7 What class is she in? ?She’s in Class One, Grade OneWhat colour is your bag? ?It’s black. What’s his number? -He’s Number One, in Row One. What’s one plus two? -It’s three. What’s this? -It is a clock. What’s that in English? -It’s a book. What’re these? ?They are books. What’re those? ?They are cups. What can you see in the picture? ?I can see a clockWhat can she see? ?She can see a dog. What’s in the room? ?There is a desk. Who is this? ?This is Joy. Who is that? ?That is David. Who’s not here? ?Ann is not here. Who isn’t at school today? ?Li Ming and Wei Fang Who’s that girl? ?That’s my sister, Joy. Who’s that man? ?That’s my father. Who’s on duty today? ?I am. How old are you? ?I’m eleven. How old is she? ?She’s seven. How old is Polly? ?It’s two. How many children are there in your class? ?66 How many pens do you have? ?I have 2 pens. How are you? ?I’m fine, thanks. How is your father? ?He’s well. How do you do? ?How do you do?
Where is she? ?I think she’s at home. Where is the washroom? ?It’s over there. Where are her photos? ?They’re on the wall. Which is your friend? ?The one in a hat. Which boy is Tom? ?The boy on the bike. Whose clock is this? -It’s his. Whose is this clock? -It’s his. Whose shoes are these? -They’re mine.
  2. 一般疑问句 Are you Lin Tao? ?Yes, I am. Are you in Row 4? ?Yes, I am. Are you ten? ?Yes, I am. Are you English? ?Yes, I am Are these your English books? ?Yes, they are. Are those your pens? ?Yes, they are. Are we all here? ?Yes, we are Are they on her desk? ?Yes, they are. Are there two boys in the room? ?Yes, there are Are there any girls in the room? ?Yes, there are. Is one plus two three? ?Yes, it is. Is this a cup? ?Yes, it is. Is that a ruler? ?Yes, it is. Is it a cake? ?Yes, it is. Is it on the desk? ?Yes, it is. Is everyone here today? ?Yes, we are. Is she at school today? ?Yes, she is. Is this your pencil-box? ?Yes, it is. Is that my cup? ?No, it isn’t. Is there a bag on the bed? ?Yes, there is. Do you know? ?Yes, I do. Can you spell your name? ?Yes, I can. Can we put our coats here? ?Yes, you can. Can I see your licence? ?Yes, you can
  3. 重要的词组与句型 (
  1)What’s …plus…? It’s… (
  2)What’s …minus…? It’s…
(
  3)How old…? (
  4)What’s this in English? (
  5)in English (
  6)an English car (
  7)a Japanese jeep (
  8)I don’t know. (
  9)I think he is two. (
  10)This is Li Lei.这是李磊。 电话中表示“我是李磊” 。 (
  11)Is that Tom? (
  12)How are you? ?Fine, thanks. (
  13)Is Bill in? =Is Bill at home? (
  14)Is your friend a boy or a girl? (
  15)That’s right. (
  16)That’s wrong. (
  17)She is at home. (
  18)He is at school. (
  19)Where is she? (
  20)Excuse me, is this your book? (
  21)Here you are. ?Thank you. (
  22)Thank you. ?That’s all right. -That’s OK. ?You are welcome. (
  23)It’s very good. ?Thank you. (
  24)Come in, please. ?Thank you. (
  25)on duty (
  26)Who’s on duty today? (
  27)Are we all here? (
  28)Who isn’t at school today? =Who isn’t here today? (
  29)two new students (
  30)welcome to our class (
  31)Please sit down over there. (
  32)Are you English? (
  33)look after the twins (
  34)This way, please. (
  35)in the same row
(
  36)put our coats here (
  37)put them here (
  38)Let’s go. (
  39)twin sisters (
  40)twin brothers (
  41)look at the picture (
  42)Can I see your licence? (
  43)have a big family (
  44)go to the same school in Beijing (
  45)You look like Lucy’s hat. (
  46)go to No. 2 Middle School (
  47)Can you guess? (
  48)have a seat =sit down (
  49)on the desk (
  50)behind the chair (
  51)under the bed (
  52)near the door (
  53)What can you see in the room? (
  54)Can you see a book? (
  55)a picture of a classroom (
  56)There is a map on the wall in the room. (
  57)a map of China (
  58)The door is locked. (
  59)We must find Miss Gao. (
  60)Can you help me? (
  61)Can I help you? (
  62)Isn’t it in your bag? (
  63)There is some money in it. (
  64)Let me help you find it. (
  65)Don’t worry. (
  66)There’s a purse in here. (
  67)What colour is your purse? (
  68)a tree house (
  69)like to play (
  70)a Young Pioneer (
  71)How many children are there in your class?
(
  72)There is only one. (
  73)They’re at work. (
  74)Let me count. (
  75)Are there any pears in the picture? (
  76)There isn’t a cat here. =There is no cat here. (
  77)There are not any cats here. =There are no cats here. (
  78)come on (
  79)a little cat (
  80)Can’t you see? (
  81)a very nice sweater (
  82)It looks very nice. (
  83)I want a sweater like this. (
  84)The man in the green car is his father. (
  85)The girl in red is Lucy. (
  86)come here (
  87)Whose is this shirt? (
  88)Whose shirt is this? (
  89)Let me have a look. (
  90)put on (
  91)What about…? =How about…? (
  92)What’s the time? =What time is it? (
  93)give it to Mr. Hu (
  94)It’s time to get up. (
  95)go home go to school go to the classroom (
  96)8:05 eight five =five past eight 8:15 eight fifteen=fifteen past eight=a quarter past eight 8:30 eight thirty=half past eight 8:45
eight forty-five =fifteen to nine=a quarter to nine 8:55 eight fifty-five=five to nine 1:58-2:02 two to two to two two (
  97)half past one (
  98)It’s time for lunch. (
  99)It’s time for break. (1
  00)play games
  4. 音标归类 name cake grade eraser same take age table late face game favourite bag am can that and an map bag apple Japanese man cat at thanks have fax American glad family dad hat cap black animal orange A what want banana woman American address husband England Macao about many any class banana classmate ask father afternoon answer past me she he Secret Chinese Japanese these we yes seven ten eleven twelve hello spell pencil pen desk bed egg very welcome American them let well yes address guess get help men red E yellow dress else next eleven secret English eraser excuse England behind women beside between sharpener student licence parent zero
I
O
U
Ow
Oo
Ou Ear
five hi nine minus bike Chinese fine nice child China nice licence wife like behind find kite white line mine beside time in six it fifteen this in English its think picture his hill twin American sit Miss middle will family sister big thing with river little which give no old hello don’t home over go phone goes open only clothes not clock orange sorry on forgot box doctor lock dog woman who do to whose brother come love mother son some money worry colour glove London computer today parrot welcome police London women computer excuse duty student number plus cup bus but much mum us husband uncle under must up supper hundred funny put ruler blue um minus row know window yellow how now flower brown too room school afternoon classroom schoolbag broom noon book look goodbye good foot football floor door Mouse house count blouse trousers Young pear wear
hear near seat teacher please clean speak Ea sweater great break
  5. 词形转换 名词变复数 代词变复数 Child Children This These Foot feet That Those Sheep Sheep He/she/it They Man Men His/her/its Their Woman Women Him/her/it Them Mouse Mice I We My our
  6. 代词 第一人称第二人称第 三 人 称 单 复 单 复 单 复 人称主格 I We You You He She It They 代词宾格 Me Us You You Him Her It Them 意 义 我 我们 你 你们 他 他 它 他 们 物主形代 My Our YourYour His Her Its Their 代词物代MineOursYoursYours His HersIts Theirs 意 义我的我们的你的你们的他的她的它的他 们 的
  7. 反义词、同义词、同音词、 反义词/对应词 Yes-No Morning-afternoon On-under Plus-minus Student-teacher Open-close This-that New-old Young-old These-those Same-different Black-white Woman-man Sit down-stand up Light-dark
Down-up After-before Go-come Ask-answer Take-bring Dad-mum 同音词 Two-too-to His-he’s Are-R There-their No-know Where-wear 同义词/近义词 Be in=at home Mr-mister Look-see Fine-well
  8. 单词课文每天读一遍
Boy-girl Here-there Father-mother Brother-sister Child-parent Husband-wife
Light-heavy Short-tall Right-wrong Big-small Aunt-uncle Son-daughter Our-hour Why-Y
Hi-hello Desk-table
 

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