初一英语知识点(下册)

  1.
  2.
  3.
  4. Could I use your pen? listen to sb listen carefully be careful =look out go home go to work go to bed go to school go to the classroom February the eighteenth Could you help me? Sure/Certainly/Of course It has no eyes or ears. =It doesn’t have eyes or ears. =It has no eyes and no ears Guess what it is. Guess how old he is. Heavy(反) light Empty(反)full Hungry(反)full be full of The box is full of books. full of Please give her the bag full of apples. so young a boy =such a young boy Let me help you carry it. want sth want to do sth want sb to do sth All the students are good. Both my hands are clean All of the students are good Both of my hands are clean. The students are all good. My hands are both clean. He gives all of us eggs. He gives both of us eggs. A bottle of … A basket of …

  5.
  6.
  7.
A cup of … A bag of …
  16. Are all the things in the car now?
  17. He is away. put …away You should put your things away. =You should put away your things.
  18. What else can you see? =What other things can you see? something else
  19. The other+单数=the other 两者中另一 The other+复数=the others Other +复数=others Another+单数=another
  20. My bike is broken.
  21. get down get up get sth for sb get home get there get to school get to the shop
  22. What’s wrong? What’s wrong with sb/sth?
  23. in the tree on the tree
  24. Don’t worry. worry about sb/sth =be worried about sb/sth I worry about my study. =I am worried about my study.
  25. I think so I don’t think so
  26. come this way
  27. thank goodness
  28. mend the bike
  29. knife(pl) knives
  30. There is no picture.
  31. I have no books. 其余 另外 三者以上另一

  8.
  9.
=I don’t have any books. =I haven’t books.
  32. Thank you very much =Thank you a lot --That’s OK/That’s all right/It’s my pleasure /You’re welcome
  33. 反义词 同(近)义词 同音词 Hungry-full A lot=very much Write-right Easy-hard What about= How High-low about Tall ?short Fast-quick Close-open Fast-quickly Closed-open Put on-take off Cheap-expensive Expensive-dear
  34. It’s time for supper =It’s time to have supper.
  35. have some water
  36. What’s your favourite food?
  37. 区分可数名词与不可数名词 可数名词 不可数名词
  1.可用a/an,数词修饰,有
  1.不能用a/an,数词修饰, 复数 无复数 a book, a cake
  2. 可 用 some, any, a lot
  2. 可 用 some, any, a lot of(lots of)修饰 of(lots of)修饰 some books, any cakes some food, any meat a lot of pears a lot of rice
  3. 专 门 修 饰 可 数 名 词 复
  3. 专 门 修 饰 不 可 数 名 词 数的有 many, few, a few 的有 much, little, a little many books, a few eggs much water, a little money
  4.可用计量词修饰,用复
  4.可用计量?修饰 a cup of tea 数 two glasses of juice a basket of eggs many bags of rice two boxes of books a kilo of meat many bags of pears
  38. would like sth=want sth I would like an apple=I want an apple. Would you like an apple? =Do you want an apple? I wouldn’t like an apple =I don’t want an apple.
  39. would like to do sth =want to do sth

  10.

  11.
  12.
  13.

  14.

  15.
I’d like to go home. =I want to go home.
  40. What would you like?
  41. something to drink something to eat something to play nothing to eat
  42. a piece of
  43. have some/much/no time to do sth I have no time to go home for lunch.
  44. have sports =do sport
  45. be good at sth=do well in sth be good at doing sth =do well in doing sth
  46. play basketball play football play volleyball
  47. pass sth to sb =pass sb sth I pass a book to him. =I pass him a book. pass sth on to sb =pass on sth to sb
  48. Let me try try sth on =try on sth try to do sth
  49. want a go
  50. throw sth away
  51. fly a kite
  52. Throw it like this. Don’t throw it like that.
  53. 情态动词的用法can must could
  1. 无 人 称 和 数 的 变 He can swim. 化,后接动词原形 I can swim. They can swim.
  2.否定句在情态动词 He can’t swim. I can’t swim. 加not
  3.疑问句情态动词提 Can he swim? Can you swim? 前
  4.回答一般用情态动 Could you help me? ?Sure Could I borrow your pen? 词,有些特殊的 -Certainly, here you are.
  54. a basketball fan
  55. basketball player
  56. on the school football team
  57. every day

  58.

  59.
  60.

  61.
  62.
every Friday every Friday morning 现在进行时 (一)结构 be+Ving 肯定句:He is reading a book. 否定句:He isn’t reading a book. 一般疑问句:Is he reading a book? 肯定回答:Yes, he is 否定回答:No, he isn’t (二)Ving的变法
  1. 一般加ing, looking, doing, playing
  2. 以不发音的e结尾,去掉e加ing skating, making, living
  3. 以重读闭音节结尾,且末尾只有一个辅音字母, 双写此辅音字母加ing putting, running, getting, beginning, swimming, forgetting, hitting, sitting, traveling, preferring, cutting, shopping (三)用法
  1.说话时正在进行 -Where is Tom? ?He is over there -He is having a class.
  2.现阶段正在进行 What are you doing these days? -I am playing football these days.
  3.有如下标志词:now, Look, Listen We are having lunch now. Look, Tom is playing volleyball. Listen, He is singing.
  4.表示将来 I’m coming. He is going shopping do one’s homework read a book watch TV watch a football match look at the blackboard see a film see a doctor draw a picture talk with sb
Say it in English Say “Hello” to sb say sth to sb Speak 说话,说某种 He can’t speak Don’t speak to me. 语言 speak French Talk with sb I’m talking about the film with about sth Jim. 讨论,谈论 I can tell the difference Tell讲述,判断 between them. Tell sb sth
  63. close the door open the door
  64. take photos
  65. 穿衣服 Wear He is wearing a coat. 单词 表状态 穿着 He often wears a hat. 后接 In穿着 He is in a coat. 衣服 The man in a hat is Li 表动作 Put on Put on your coat. 穿上 Put your coat on 不接 表动作 Dress穿 Dress sb Dress oneself 衣服
  66. 一般现在时 (一)结构 肯定句:He is eleven. 按口诀, 否定句:He isn’t eleven. 含系 表示现 疑问句:Is he eleven? 动词 在的状 be 肯定回答:Yes, he is. 态 否定回答:No, he isn’t
talk about sth Say接说的内容
含 行 为 动 词
肯定句:动词用原形 I go to school early. 当主语 否定句:在动词前加don’t 是第一、I don’t go to school early. 二人称 疑问句:在句子前加Do 或复数 Do you go to school early? 肯定回答:Yes, I do. 否定回答:No, I don’t 肯定句:动词变单数 He goes to school early. 否定句: 在动词前加doesn’t,动词改原 当主语 形 是第三 He doesn’t go to school early. 人称单 疑问句:在句子前加Does, 动词改原 数 形 Does he go to school early? 肯定回答:Yes, he does. 否定回答:No, he doesn’t (二)用法
表示现在的状I am here. -Where is Jim? 态 -He is over there. 表示习惯性或常 有 sometimes, often, never, every 经常发生的动day/week, every morning等标志词 作 (三)动词变单数
  1. 一般加s, looks, likes, takes
  2. 以s, x, ch, sh, o结尾加es watches, passes, goes, does
  3. 以辅音加y结尾,改y为I加es studies, carries,
  4. 不规则 have-has go to the shop go shopping at this time of day ?What day is it today? -It’s Monday. ?What’s the time? ?It’s ten. -What time is it? ?It’s ten.

  67.
  68.
  69.
  70.

  71. It’s open 24 hours.
  72. an English-Chinese dictionary
  73. give sth back to sb give back sth to sb I give some money back to her =I give back some money to her.
  74. next Monday
  75. give sb a hand =help sb Can you give me a hand? =Can you help me?
  76. in the evening =at night
  77. May I speak to Jim? =Speaking
  78. There’s something wrong with the bike. There’s nothing wrong with the kite. =There isn’t anything wrong with the kite
  79. after class after school
  80. help sb with sth help sb do sth help sb to do sth
  81. have a (good) rest
  82. It takes sb some time to do sth It takes me an hour to do my homework. It takes time.
  83. I use a bike to go to school. =I go to school by bike I use a knife to cut a cake. =I cut a cake with a knife
  84. at No. 14 Middle School
  85. have sth to do
  86. on Monday on Tuesday morning on Wednesday afternoon on the night of Thursday in the morning
  87. Can I get you something to drink? =Can I get something to drink for you?
  88. have a big breakfast
  89. three or four eggs
  90. That’s all. Is that all?
  91. worry about sb/sth

  92.
  93.
  94.
  95.
  96.
  97.
be worried about sb/sth Don’t worry about him. =Don’t be worried about him. How big is it? -It’s about this big. It looks very much like yours. He looks very much like his father. What does that say? -It says “closed”. learn sth from sb He learns English from me. bring sth back 国家 The PRC/ China The USA/ American Canada The UK/ England Australia Japan 首都 Beijing 人 Chinese 语言 Chinese English English
Washington American Ottawa London Canberra Tokyo Canadian
Englishman English Australian Japanese English Japanese French
France Paris Frenchman
  98. each other
  99. have a meeting 1
  00.have something to do 1
  01.There is no difference. 1
  02.be friendly to sb 1
  03.have a good time =play happily 1
  04.Let’s be good friends. 1
  05.No smoking No photos No parking 1
  06.leave for school =go to school 1
  07.the map of the world 1
  08.How do you like China? =What do you think of China? -Very much
1
  09.What do you like about China? -The people and the food 1
  10.Do you speak Chinese? -Yes, but only a little 1
  11.the Great Wall 1
  12.follow me 1
  13.family name given name 1
  14.teach me English teach sb to do sth 1
  15.stay here stay at home 1
  16.Here is a postcard from Lily to a friend in the USA 1
  17.five days a week 1
  18.许多 many 修饰可数名词,放肯定、问句、否定句 Much 修饰可数名词,放肯定、问句、否定句 A lot of 修饰可数与不可数,多用于肯定句中 =lots of 1
  19.go out for a walk go out 1
  20.ask sb to do sth I ask them to have dinner they ask us to go to their homes for dinner. 1
  21.write to sb 1
  22.make friends make friends with sb 1
  23.Jim is twelve. =Jim is twelve years old. =Jim’s age is twelve. =Jim is a twelve-year-old boy 1
  24. What is he like? -He is tall -He is like his father =He looks like his father. Throw it like this. Like动词,喜欢 What do you like? I like English. 1
  25.a kind of Like介词,像
all kinds of different kinds of 1
  26.morning meal =breakfast evening meal =supper 1
  27.Do you like rice? Yes, I do. I like it a little. I like it very much(a lot). No, I don’t. I don’t like it at all. 1
  28.have sth for breakfast eat sth for lunch 1
  29.Why don’t you go to the toy shop? =Why not go to the toy shop? 1
  30.do the housework 1
  31.make phone calls to sb make a phone call to sb give sb a call give a call to sb call sb telephone sb 1
  32.do some cooking do some washing do some shopping do some cleaning 1
  33.What else can I do? =What other things can I do? 1
  34.What does he do? =What is he? =What’s his job? What do you do?=What are you? =What’s your job? 1
  35.Where does he work? 1
  36.I want to be a writer. What do you want to be? 1
  37.take turns It’s one’s turn to do sth 1
  38.Nice to meet you. =Nice meeting you. 1
  39.have a party 1
  40.Chinese medicine 1
  41.in the day 1
  42.make money make much money 1
  43.at weekend on weekdays 1
  44.love to work for sb
1
  45.English books on Chinese medicine about 1
  46.When do you get up? 1
  47.Class begins Classes begin. Class is over. 1
  48.right now 1
  49.wash one’s face 1
  50.get home get to school get to the shop 1
  51.go shopping go swimming go fishing go boating 1
  52.I ride a bike to school. =I go to school on my bike. =I go to school by bike 1
  53.on the playground 1
  54.No news is good news. 1
  55.There is a bridge over the river. 1
  56.in the sky 1
  57.How long does it take you to do your homework? 1
  58.too much money too many apples You eat too much. 1
  59.Don’t you usually come to school by bike? Yes, I do. 1
  60.Isn’t the sun bigger than the moon? -Yes, it is 1
  61.Walking is good Is listening to music bad? No, it isn’t. 1
  62.It’s a fine day for walking It’s a fine day for a walk. 1
  63.The air today is nice and clean. The air today is very clean. 1
  64.A is far (away) from B A is 5Km (away) from B far与具体路程不能同时出现在一个句子当中 My home is far away. My home is 5Km from school.
How far…? How far is your home from school? 1
  65.It’s about 10 minutes by bike. It’s about 20 minutes on foot. =It’s about 20 minutes’ walk. 1
  66.be late for school/ class/ work/ meeting 1
  67.stay in bed read in bed 1
  68.at the right time 1
  69.with tears in his eyes The teacher comes in with books in his hand. 1
  70.buy sth for sb buy sb sth 1
  71. 修饰不可数名词 修饰可数名词 A little肯定,一点儿 Little否定,几乎没有 1
  72.a kilo of apples
two kilos of meat half a kilo of milk 1
  73.What things does it sell? 1
  74.twenty yuan a bag ten yuan a kilo five yuan a bottle 1
  75.How much is the book? How much are the eggs? How much is the meat?
A few肯定,一些 Few否定,几乎没有
1
  76.May I help you? =Can I help you? =What can I do for you? -Yes, please/ No, thanks 1
  77.Here’s the money. 1
  78.Reading in bed is bad for eyes. 1
  79.How much is the pen? =What’s the price of the pen?
1
  80. No pains, no gains. 日常交际用语简表 (Daily Expressions in Communication) )
  1. 问候 Greetings a. Good morning / afternoon / evening. Hello / Hi. How are you?
b. Fine, thank you. And you? Very well,
 

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