教学内容: 一. 教学内容: Unit 11 Could you please clean your room? 讲 语言目标: 二. 语言目标: Make polite requests; Ask for permission 目标语言: 三. 目标语言: -- Could you please sweep the floor? -- Yes, sure. 难点诠释: 四. 重、难点诠释:
  1. Could you please + ? 请你……好吗? 表达一种礼貌的、委婉的请求。其中 could 是客气的表达方式,不是过去式,所以回答时不能用 Yes, I could。可以用 Yes, I can / Sure / No problem、I’d love to. / Of course. / OK 等回答。否定回答则用 Sorry, I can’t 或 I’d love to, but…,并陈述理由。ex: -- Could you please sweep the floor? -- Sure.
  2. Could I please …? 是用来询问对方,征求对方的许可,意思是“我做……可以吗?”其中的 could 也是较客气的说法,可用 can 或 may 代替。 ex: --Could I use your computer? -- Yes, you can / may. Sorry, you . -- you give your notebook to me? -- Sorry, I’m using it.
  3.

  4. take out the trash 倒垃圾 take out 是动副结构的短语,若宾语是代词,则置于两词中间。它还可以表示,拿出……来,ex: Take out your books, please. 关于 take 的常用短语有:拿走 take,拿到……去 take,拿到屋里去 take the room, 取下,摘下 take ,脱掉,起飞 take 。
  5. make one’s /the bed 整理床铺 有关 bed 的短语:呆在床上 ,在床上 ,躺着看书 read ,睡觉 。
  6. fold clothes 叠衣服 fold 的形容词是 folding,意为“可折叠的”,如:一把折叠伞 a umbrella。
  7. sweep the floor floor 指“地板”,是不可数 ovt 名词。ex: on the floor; floor 也可指“楼层”,ex: I live on the fifth floor.
  8. I’m working on the computer. work on 意为“从事,忙于”。ex: ① He’s working on a math problem. ② The writer is working on his new book. 关于 work 的短语有: (解出) the problem. work 努力学习……; work a reporter; work the magazine.
  9. I hate some chores, too, but I like other chores. hate 意为“憎恨,讨厌”,其反义词是 like, 同义词是 dislike,其后的动词形式为 ving 或 to do (不定式),与 like 用法相同。 (
  1) I hate (travel) by train, but this time I like (travel) by train. (
  2) Tom doing housework. (讨厌,不喜欢)
  10. Thanks for taking care of my dog. take care of …意为“照顾,照看”,相当于 look after. (
  1) Could you please (照顾) my baby?
(
  3) ! (当心) It’s dangerous.
  11. Give him water and feed him. feed 是及物动词,意为“喂养,饲养”,常用词组有 feed sth to …; feed … With sth.; feed on …(以……为食) (
  1) He’s feeding the meat the dog. = He’s feeding the dog meat. (
  2) Elephants feed grass.
  12. ? Could I please borrow your pen? -- Sure! Here you are! 句中的 borrow 意为“借”,指说话者借别人的东西,常用词组是 borrow … from.若是把东西借给别人,则用 lend sth. to sb. 1
ex: ① -- Could I your bike? -- Yes, but please don’t it to others. ② -- Where did you the book? -- From the library. ③ -- Who did you your dictionary to? -- To Jim.
  13. Could I invite my friends to the party? 此句中 invite 是动词,意为邀请,其名词形式为 invitation,是不可数名词 ① 谢谢你邀请我参加你的聚会。 Thanks for me your party. ② 我能邀请你看电影吗? Could I invite you a movie? ③ 谢谢你的邀请。 Thanks for your . me.
  14. Thanks for taking care of my dog. 句中的 care 是名词,意为“照顾,照料”,其形容词为 careful,副词为 carefully;反义词分别为 careless(粗心的),carelessly(马 虎地) (
  1) (当心)! There are too many cars on the road. (
  2) You should yourself and keep fit. (
  3) She is a girl, and she does everything . (
  4) He drove and had an accident.
  15. Could I stay out late? stay out late 意为 “在外面呆到很晚” 与 stay 相关的短语有: , 熬夜 stay , 呆在家里 stay , 保持健康 stay 。
  16. Can I get a ride? get a ride 意为“搭车”;若说“让某人搭车”,则用 give sb. a ride. ① -- Could you me ? -- Sure, get in, please. ② -- Could I please your ? -- Sure! With pleasure. 模拟试题】 【模拟试题】(答题时间:45 分钟) 根据句意及汉语提示完成句子。 Ⅰ. 根据句意及汉语提示完成句子。
  1. ? Could you please (打扫) the floor? ? Sure!
  2. ? Can you (擦) the window? -- OK, I’ll do it right now.
  3. First I have to (拿出去) the trash.
  4. Could I ? (搭车)
  5. ? May I use your computer? -- Sorry! I’m it. (从事,忙于)
  6. Mike hates (做) the chores.
  7. My sister is cleaning the (客厅,起居室).
  8. I don’t like doing the dishes because it’s (无聊).
  9. Thanks for (邀请) me to your house.
  10. The car isn’t (我的). Ⅱ. 单项选择
  1. Thanks for me a ride. A. giving B. to give C. getting D. to get
  2. Sheep (绵羊) grass. A. feed B. feed on C. feed to D. feed with
  3. He said I could the book for a week. A. borrow B. lend C. keep D. buy
  4. Mother asks me my clothes if I’m free. A. wash B. washing C. to wash D. will wash
  5. Could you please my dog for a walk? A. get B. bring C. take D. make
  6. ? Could you please move the chair? -- . A. Yes, I could B. Sure C. Sure, I won’t D. Sorry, I couldn’t
  7. You weren’t when I phone you. A. in B. at C. out D. up
  8. ? Could you please do the dishes? -- Sorry, I can’t. I have my homework. A. do B. to do C. doing D. to
  9. The bike is not mine, it’s . A. my B. her C. his D. your
  10. Don’t forget the dog clean water. A. give B. to give C. giving D. to giving 2

  11. She’s in trouble. She needs some . A. helping B. help C. helps D. to help
  12. Children often play snow in winter. A. with B. in C. of D. for
  13. Please take him . A. to a walk B. for walk C. for a walk D. of walk
  14. If you don’t feel well, you go to work today. A. needn’t to B. needn’t C. mustn’t D. haven’t to
  15. ? Could you please play soccer with us? -- . A. Yes, I would B. Sure, I’d love to C. No, I wouldn’t D. That’s all right Ⅲ. 句型转换
  1. Could you please do the laundry? (同义句) Will you please the ?
  2. Thanks for inviting me. (同义句) Thanks for your .
  3. Can you lend me your ruler? (同义句) May your ruler?
  4. Give the dog some food. (否定句) give the dog food.
  5. I have to go to a meeting tomorrow. (疑问句) you to go to a meeting tomorrow? 完形填空. Ⅳ. 完形填空 There is an island (岛屿) in the north of Europe. The island is 1 in the world. Its 2 is Greenland. Near Greenland there’s 3 island with the name of Iceland. It’s small. Do you think that Greenland is green and warm? Do you think that Iceland is white 4 ice? If you do, you are 5 .Not many people live on the big island of Greenland. Greenland is not green. Greenland is 6 , 7 most of the island is covered with lots of ice. The ice covering Greenland is 8 than the world’s tallest building. What about Iceland? Is it colder than Greenland? No, it’s not. Iceland has ice, but not so much ice 9 Greenland. Iceland has a lot of hot springs. The climate (气候) is 10 than Greenland, and there are a lot of people living there.
  1. A. largest B. the largest C. larger D. the larger
  2. A. village B. name C. color D. place
  3. A. another B. other C. others D. the other
  4. A. for B. to C. with D. of
  5. A. clever B. wrong C. great D. right
  6. A. blue B. white C. yellow D. brown
  7. A. so B. because C. when D. but
  8. A. bigger B. taller C. higher D. larger
  9. A. that B. as C. like D. than
  10. A. colder B. hotter C. warmer D. cooler Ⅴ. 选择所给句子补全对话 A: Could I invite my friends to my birthday, mom? B: Of course! 1 A: Yeah, mum … 2 B: What for? A: 3 B: Well, I’m shopping tomorrow. And I can buy some drinks and snacks for you. A: Oh, good, thank you, mum. B: You’re welcome. Oh, could you clean your room? A: 4 B: You need to clean it again for your party. A: OK, but I need to do my homework first. B: That’s right. After that, let’s clean the room. I can sweep the floor and do the dishes. A: 5 B: Yes, sure. A. I cleaned it last week. B. Could I borrow some money? C. That sounds like fun. D. I need to buy some drinks and snacks. E. Could you take out the trash? 试题答案】 【试题答案】 Ⅰ.
  1. sweep
  2. clean
  3. take out
  4. get a ride
  5. working on
  6. doing / to do
  7. living room
  8. boring
  9. inviting
  10. mine Ⅱ. 1?5 ABCCC 6?10 BABCB 11?15 BACBB Ⅲ.
  1. wash, clothes
  2. invitation
  3. I, borrow
  4. Don’t, any
  5. Do, have Ⅳ. 1?5 BBACB 6?10 BBCBC Ⅴ. CBDAE
3
 

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