一. 教学内容: Unit 7 How do you make a banana milk shake? 二. 语言目标: Describe a process Follow instructions 三. 目标语言:
  1. ?How do you make a banana milk shake? ?Peel the bananas…
  2. ?How many bananas do we need? ?Three.
  3. ?How much yogurt do we need? ?We need one cup of yogurt. 四. 重、难点诠释:
  1. Turn on the blender. turn on 指打开电源开关,on 表示某活动或状态在进行中,如: ①The light is on. ②The water is on. ③some books are on show/sale. “关掉”(灯、水管等)用 turn off ;“调大”用 turn up,调小用 turn down。 在以上四个短语中,on, off, up, down 都用作副词,即“动词+副词”短语,这种短语的宾语如果是代词,要放在两词中间;若 是名词,中间、后面均可。 ex: The light is on. Please turn . (关掉) The radio is too loud. Please turn .(关小点声) It’s getting dark. Please turn . (开灯)
  2. cut up the bananas 此句中的 cut up 意为“切碎”,up 是副词,也是“动词+副词”结构的短语。 ex: ①Don’t cut it up. ②He cut up the carrot. (vp. cut) 与 cut 相关的短语有: ①把……切成……(样子)cut …… (pieces 碎片) ②砍倒 削减 cut 。 ③切开,cut
  3. Pour the milk into the blender. 本句中 pour 用作动词,意为“倒,灌”。pour… into… 意为“把……倒入……里”。 ex: ①Please the soup my bowl. ②People shouldn’t waste water the river. 若表示“为某人倒……”,常用 pour sb. sth. 或 pour sth. for sb. ex: 我给你倒杯茶吧。 Let me you tea. =Let me pour a cup of tea . pour 还可以表示“下大雨”,主语用 it 或 rain。 ex: ①下了三天倾盆大雨。It for 3 days. ②外面正在下大雨。 outside.
  4. Put the bananas and yogurt into the blender. put … into/in… 意为“把……放入……里”。 ex: I put some sugar into the coffee. 常见的由 put 构成的短语有:①穿上 ②举起,挂上,张贴 ③扑灭 ④收起来放为 ⑤推迟
  5. Peel three bananas peel 意为“剥/削皮”。 ex: ①I’m not good at peeling an apple. ②Let me peel an orange you. =Let me you .
  6. How many bananas do we need? ①how many +复数名词, “多少……” (几口人) there in your family? 意为 : are (几个孩子)do you have? ②need 在本句中用作行为动词,意为“需要”,在否定句或疑问句中要和助动词连用。 ex: <1>He (不需要)any help. <2> you need any more money? ?No, thanks. need 还可以用作情态动词,后接动词原形,否定形式为 needn’t ex: <1>You (不必)worry about him. He’s OK. (=don’t have to) <2>Need I do it now? ?Yes, you . ?No, you .
  7. first, next, then, finally (表示时间先后顺序的副词) (
  1)first 意为“首先”,可用于句首或句尾。 He had a rest first after he had lunch. 1

  2)next 意为“其次,然后”,可用于句首,句中或句尾。 Tell me what to do next. When I next see her, I’ll ask her about it. I like English best, and math next. next to… 意为“在旁边,差不多,仅次于”。 ex: He is next to me in height. He is next to last in the exam. He sits next to me. (
  3)then 意为“然后,其次” 与 next 意思差不多。但 next 更强调“接着做某事”,而 then 则着重于表示“下一个动作在…… , 之后”,常与 and 连用。 ex: Jim came first, then Mike. I had breakfast at 6:30 and then went to work. (
  4)finally 意为“最后,终于”,相当于 at last,通常用于句首。 Finally I worked out the problem.
  8. Finally mix it all up. mix up 是动副结构的短语,意为“使……混合”。all 在此短语中可省略。 Please mix up the eggs with the salt. =Please mix the eggs and the salt together.
  9. Add these to the sandwich. add 是动词,意为“加起来”,add sth. to sth. 意为“把某物加到某物里”。 ex: Can you add some sugar to my coffee? Please add some salt to the noodles.
  10. Put in two teaspoons of honey and a cup of yogurt. 此句中的 put in 相当于 add,意为“加入”,这里的 in 不能用 into 替换。
  11. Finally, put another slice of bread on the top. (
  1)another 意为“另一个,又一个”,指三个或以上的不确定数量中的一个。 ex: ?Would you like another one? ?No, thanks. I had another cup of tea. (
  2)slice 用作名词,指“一片”,其同义词为 piece。a slice of … “一片……” There some slices /pieces of meal on the table. I’d like another slice of bread. (
  3)bread 是不可数名词,表示“一片面包”用“a slice/ piece of bread”; “几片面包”为 some pieces/ slices of bread;“一些面包”为 some bread (
  4)top 用作名词,意为“顶部,上端”。 ex: I live on the top floor. (adj.) There is a TV tower on top of the hill. He is a good student. He’s always in top three in the class.
  12. Here’s a recipe for a great turkey sandwich. 这是一个倒装句。here 放在句首用来提起对方注意。当主语为名词时,动词一般放在主语之前,当主语是代词时,动词放在主 语之后。 ex: ①Here comes the bus. ②There goes the bell. ③Here he comes. ④Here is my family photo. 五. 不可数名词量的表示: 表达不可数名词的数量时,要用到量词,如 glass, cup, teaspoon… (
  1)slice /piece:一片面包;几片肉; 一片/块/条…… 两张纸;一首曲子; 一条消息;两块鱼肉; (
  2)cup 茶杯:3 杯茶;一杯咖啡; (
  3)glass 杯子:一杯水;几杯奶; (
  4)bag 袋子:一袋米;4 袋牛奶; (
  5)bowl 碗:两碗米饭;三碗肉; (
  6)bottle 瓶子:一瓶桔汁;许多瓶水; (
  7)plate 盘子:两盘鱼;多少盘羊肉; (
  8)teaspoon 汤匙;汤勺;两汤勺蜂蜜;一汤勺盐。 六. 祈使句 (
  1)表示请求或命令的句子称为祈使句。通常省略主语 you。 ex: Turn on the light. Cut up the vegetables. (
  2)否定句为 Don’t+v.原 Don’t turn on the computer. (
  3)若想加强语气,表示“务必,千万……”,则在 v.原前加 do。 Do turn off the light when you leave. Do remember to tell him about that. (
  4)还有一个常见的祈使句句型是 let’s… 或 let me… Let’s go for a walk. Let me help you. (
  5)若要强调某个动作指定某个人来做,则加上主语 you。 2
ex: Linda, you answer the question, please. (
  6)将祈使句变为反意疑问句时,通常用 will you 或 shall we。 Let’s go home together, shall we? Let us go surfing, will you? Don’t turn off the TV, ? Read the letter for me, ? 模拟试题 试题】 【模拟试题】(答题时间:80 分钟) I. 单项选择:
  1. Can you pour the milk the tea? A. in B. on C. to D. with
  2. If you add one two, you’ll get three. A. and B. with C. to D. on
  3. sugar do we need? A. How many B. How much C. How long D. How far
  4. It’s time for weather report. Please the TV. A. turn over B. turn on C. turn down D. turn off
  5. ?Can you come to help me make salad? ?. A. Yes, I’d love B. Sure, I’d love to C. Yes, please D. No, thanks
  6. ?How do you make the fruit salad? A. Put the pizza in the oven B. Cut up an apple and a tomato C. Turn on the blender D. Mix it all.
  7. You can some sugar the milk. A. add, up B. add to,/ C. add, to D. add up, to
  8. You need some help with your math, you? A. aren’t B. needn’t C. don’t D. mustn’t
  9. It’s wrong waste water into the river. A. put B. pour C. to pour D. to put
  10. They are taking turns . A. to sing B. singing C. sings D. sing
  11. Please cut the meat and let’s make dumplings. A. up B. down C. into D. off
  12. There is no for us to do it. A. need B. needs C. need to D. to need
  13. You worry about his health. A. don’t need B. needn’t C. doesn’t need D. needn’t to
  14. Please give me a orange. A. bottle B. bottle of C. full of D. /
  15. He spends his time on English. A. many of B. much of C. a lot D. more
  16. He needs a pencil to write . A. to B. in C. with D. on
  17. Give me. A. two papers B. two paper C. two piece of papers D. two pieces of paper
  18. How many do you need? A. yogurt B. milk C. meat D. oranges.
  19. Please turn the radio. It’s too loud. A. up B. off C. on D. down
  20. Can you the TV? We can’t hear clearly. A. turn on B. turn down C. turn to D. turn up
  21. They put sugar in the coffee. A. a few B. any C. some D. many
  22. There are tomatoes for you to eat. A. a little more B. much C. lot of D. some more
  23. bowls of meat would you like? A. How many B. How much C. How often D. How soon
  24. Please tell us how dumplings. A. make B. making C. to make D. made
  25. Turn on the blender 2 minutes. A. in B. for C. at D. to II. 用所给词的适当形式填空。
  1. I need some (help).
  2. Please tell me when (have) a trip?
  3. I don’t know what (do) next.
  4. The girl is (cut) up the vegetables.
  5. Do you know how (get) to the park?
  6. There (be) some bread on the table.
  7. She (cut) up the meat just now. 3

  8. ?Would you cut up some (tomato) for me? ?With pleasure.
  9. You should (check) your paper carefully.
  10. Father made me (mix) them up.
  11. Jimy, here (be) two letters for you.
  12. I want to buy three vegetable (sandwich). III. 句型转换。
  1. How do you make fruit salad? Do you know? (合并为一句) Do you know make fruit salad?
  2. I’d like a bowl of rice. (提问) would you like?
  3. They need two glasses of honey. (提问) of honey do they need?
  4. Put the meat on the top. (否定句) the meat on the top.
  5. the, turn, blender, two, for, minutes, on, about(连词成句) IV. 完形填空。 We drink tea every day. But more than three thousand years ago, most of people in Europe (欧洲) knew 1 about tea. Some people had 2 about it, but, very few people know 3 to do with it. Once an English sailor went to 4in the east, the west, and the south. He had been to India and China. One day he came home and brought some tea as a 5 for his mother. She 6 her friends about the present and asked them to go to a “tea party”. When her friends came, the old woman brought out some tea-leaves and asked them to eat. Of course, 7 liked the tea-leaves. 8that time the sailor came in. He looked at the table and said, “Mother, what have you done with the tea?” “I boiled it as you
  9.” “And what did you do with the water?” asked the sailor. “I threw it away, of course.” answered the old woman. “Now you may throw away the 10, too.” said the sailor.
  1. A. anything B. something C. nothing D. everything
  2. A. said B. heard C. told D. thought
  3. A. what B. how C. that D. which
  4. A. ships B. world C. countries D. sea
  5. A. drink B. money C. food D. present
  6. A. said B. spoke C. told D. talked
  7. A. nobody B. anybody C. somebody D. everybody
  8. A. At B. On C. In D. Of
  9. A. do B. make C. gave D. said
  10. A. tea B. cup C. water D. leaves V. 根据短文内容判断正误。 Different countries have different food. If you go to England, you may find many fish and chip shops along the streets. Fish and chips are the most popular take-away food in England. People often buy this kind of food at shops. And sometimes they put the food in paper bags and take it home or to their work place. Chinese take ?away food is also popular in England, Australia, and the USA, but the most popular food in the USA is fried-chicken. It’s delicious.
  1. Different countries have the same food.
  2. In England, the most popular take-away food is fish.
  3. People often have take-away food at shops.
  4. Chinese take-away is only popular in China.
  5. Fried chicken is very popular in America. VI. 以 Making fruit salad 为题写一篇短文,说明你是如何制作沙拉的。 试题答
 

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