★希望做某事 hope to do sth. ★同意做某事 agree to do sth.
★决定做某事 decide to do sth ★需要某人做某事 need to do sth.
★使用某物做某事 use sth to do sth ★准备做某事 get/be ready to do ★ 计划做某事 plan to do sth. ★希望某人做某事 wish sb. to do sth. ★轮流做某事 take one’s turns to do sth. ★拒绝做某事 refuse to do sth. ★告诉某人做某事 tell sb. to do sth. ★请某人做某事 ask sb. to do sth. ★想要某人做某事 want /would like sb. to do sth. ★不得不 have to do ★同意某人做某事 agree sb. to do sth. ★教某人做某事 teach sb. to do sth. ★喜欢/想要某人做某事 like sb. to do sth. ★encourage sb to do 鼓励某人做 ★帮助某人做某事 help sb. to do sth/help sb.do ★It’s one’s turn to do sth. 轮到某人做某事 例:It your turn to clean the blackboard. ★It’s time(for sb.) to do sth.是某人做某事时候了 例: It is easy for me to learn it well. 例:It’s time for me to go home. ★It’s +adj. for/of sb. to do sth. 对于某人来说做某事是…… It is very kind/foolish/nice of you to do so. ★It takes sb. sometime to do sth. 某人做某事花了某时间 例句:
  1.It takes me an hour to get to school by bike.
  2.It took me an hour to watch TV last night. ★too+adj./adv. to do sth. 太…..而不能 例: He was to angry to say a word. ★find/think/feel it +adj. to do sth.发现/认为/感到做某事是… I find/think/feel it hard to learn English well. ★序数词+to do 第…..个做某事 例句:Who is the first to get there? ★我不知/忘记了怎么办。I didn't know/forgot what to do. ★离开房间时不要忘记/记住关灯 例句:Don’t forget/Remember to turn off the lights when you left the room ★be+adj+to do sth / glad to meet you. 顺口溜:本领最多不定式,主表定补宾和状;样样成分都能干,只有谓语它不敢;大家千万要小心,有 时它把句型改;作主语时用 it,自己在后把身藏;七个感官三使役,宾补要把 to 甩开;疑问词后接上它, 宾语从句可充当;逻辑主语不定式,不定式前加 for sb.;to 前 not 是否定,各种用法区别开。 e her two weeks to finish the work. 以下是不带 to 的动词不定式(即动词原形)的常见用法 ★ am let sb. do sth 让某人做某事 ★ make do sth 使得某人做某事 ★see do sth do sth 看见某人做某事 ★ hear do sth do sth 听见某人做某事 ★ 某人+had better( not)do 某人最好(不)做某事 ★情态动词 can/may /must /should+ 动词原(包括情态动词的否定形式+动词原形) ★ 助动词 do/does/did/will/would 在构成疑问句或者构成否定句即 don’t /doesn’t /didn’t /will not /would not+ 动词原形 ★ be going to + 动词原形(表示“即将”“打算” 做某事) 使用-ing 分词的几种情况
  1.在进行时态中。He is watching TV. They were dancing at nine o'clock last night.
  2.在 there be 结构中。如:There is a boy swimming in the river.
  3.在 have fun/problems 结构
  4.在介词后面。如:Thanks for helping me. What /How about doing sth? 做某事怎么样? Are you good at playing basketball? I interested in playing football. 例句:I am very sorry to hear that. I am ready to help others. I am happy / pleased
★why not/why don’t you +动原?为什么不.?Why not/Why don’t you take a walk?

  1. enjoy doing sth
  2. finish doing sth;
  4. stop doing sth
  6. go on doing sth
  10. try doing sth
  14. miss doing sth 喜欢做某事; 完成做某事;
  3.feel like doing sth
  5.forget doing sth 想要做某事; 忘记做过某事 记得做过某事 停止做某事(原来的事)
  7.remember doing sth 试图做某事; 错过做某事;
  11. need doing sth
  13.mind doing sth
  15.practice doing sth

  8. like doing sth 喜欢做某事
  9.find /see/hear/watch sb doing 发现/看到/听到/观看某人做 需要做某事; 介意做某事; 练习做某事; 禁不住做某事;
  12. prefer doing sth 宁愿做某事;
  16. be busy doing sth
  17.can't help doing sth
中。如:We have fun learning English this term. They had problems g
  18.waste time/money doing
  20. stop sb.(from)doing 浪费时间/钱做;
  19.keep sb.doing 让…始终/一直做… 阻止某人做某事

  21. prefer doing A to doing B=like A better than B 喜欢做 B 更喜欢做 A
  22. “do some +doing”短语 如:do some shopping/do some washing/do some reading/do some practicing/do some cleaning/do some speaking
  23. “go doing”短语去做某事(主要指文娱活动等)如:go shopping/go fishing/go swimming/go hiking/go skating/go camping/go skiing(滑雪/go boating / etting to the top of the mountain.

  7. What’s the difference between the two words? 这两个单词之间有什么不同?
  18. Can you say it in a different way? 能用另外一种方法来讲吗?
  19. What’s the Chinese for the sentence? 这句句子的中文意思是什么?
  20. How do you say it in English ? 用英语怎么说?
  21. Who would like to paragraph in your own words. 谁来用自己的话来翻译下?
  22. Please tell us the main idea of the paragraph in your own words.请用自己的话来说这句句子的主要意思。
  23. Will you translate the text , please. 你来把课文翻译一下。 Using pictures(看图)
  1. Hang the picture on the wall , will you? 把图片挂到墙上去好吗?
  2. Look at the picture closely. 仔细看图片。
  3. What can you see in the picture? 图片上有什么?
  4. What can you see in the lower right-hand corner? 在右下角你看到了什么?
  5. Who’s in the picture? 图片里右谁?
  6. What does the picture tell us? 这图片告诉我们什么道理?
  7. Can you say something about the picture? 你能就图片说说自己的想法吗? Audio-visual media(媒体教学)
  1. Do you know how to operate the machine? 你知道怎么开这个机器吗?
  2. I’ll show you how to use it. 我来告诉你怎么开。
  3. Switch on your machine. 开机。
  4. This is the volume control. 这是音量控制键。
  5. If you have any problems , press the call-switch , please. 如果你有什么问题,按一下叫铃。
  6. Put on your headphones. 戴上耳机。
  7. Let’s listen to the tape. 听磁带。
  8. Is it loud enough? 够响了吗?

  9. Shall I turn up the volume? 我可以调高点音量吗 ?
  10. I’ve got some slides here. 我带了些幻灯片。
  11. Look at the slides. 看幻灯片。
  12. Is the slide clear enough? 幻灯片清楚吗?
  13. Sorry,it’s up side down. 对不起,翻颠倒了。
  14. Take off your headsets , please . 关调耳机。
  15. Don’t forget to switch off the machine. 不要忘记关掉机器哦。
  16. Don’t leave your tapes in the tape deck.. 不要把磁带留在磁带盒里。
  17. Don’t leave your belongsings in the lab. 不要把自己的东西留在实验室里。 Learning a song(学儿歌)
  1. Today we’re going to learn an English song. 今天,我们要学一首儿歌。
  2. I’ll sing the song once and you listen carefully. 我先唱一遍你们仔细听好。
  3. What’s the song about? 这首歌讲了什么啊?
  4. You hum the tune while I sing. 我唱的时候你们哼唱。
  5. I’ll say the words slowly and you repeat after me. 我把单词讲慢点你们跟着我重复。
  6. Now I’ll sing the song again. 我再唱一遍。
  7. Now try to join in. 现在来一起参加。
  8. Who knows the first verse now? 谁知道第一句歌词?
  9. Listen,it goes up here. 听,这里升音了。
  10. Would anyone like to try and sing the song now? 谁来试一下来唱这首歌? Acting out(表演)
  1. Move these desks and chairs aside so that we can have more room.把桌椅放到一边我们有更多空间做游戏 了.
  2. Come to the front. 到前面来。
  3. Go back to your seat. 回到座位上去。
  4. Are you ready for your performance? 你们表演准备好了吗?
  5. Who’ll play the doctor? 谁来演医生?
  6. Face your fellow students please . 面对你后面的同学。
  7. Can you hear them ? 你们听得到吗?
  8. Speak up a bit. 声音再响点。 Encouragement(鼓励)
  1. Who’ll try? 谁来试试?
  2. Any volunteers? 举手?
  3. Try,please. 来试试。
  4. Come on . Have a try. 过来试试。
  5. Be bold. 胆子大点。
  6. Don’t be shy. 不要害羞。
  7. Once more. 再来。
  8. Try your best. 尽你所能。
  9. Try it again . 再试一次。
  10. Hurry up. 快点。
  11. You are doing well. 你做得很好。
  12. You’ve put a lot of effort into your work. 你花了大精力再你得功课上。 Complement(赞扬)
  1. Excellent. 很好。
  2. Very good.

  3. Well done.
  4. Well prepared. 准备得很好。
  5. That’s neat. 非常简洁。
  6. That’s was nicely read. 读得非常好。
  7. You’ve done a good job. 你做得很好。 Comment (内容)
  1. Is it right? 对吗?
  2. There’s a mistake. 有错误。
  3. I’am afraid you are wrong. 我想你错了。
  4. What’s wrong with his answer? 他的答案错在哪里?
  5. Did anyone find any mistakes? 谁着出错误了吗?
  6. You’ve mispronounced the word. 你得单词发音错 了。
  7. This sentence is grammatically wrong. 这句句子语法错误。
  8. That’s not the idiomatic way of saying this sentence. 讲这句句子不试惯用用法。
  9. Come on ,you’re not paying attention. 注意,你开小差了。
  10. You didn’t try hard with that. 你没用功。
  11. Pay attention to your handwriting. 注意你的写字。
  12. It’s untidy. 不整洁。
  13. You should have spoken louder . 你可以讲得更响些。
  14. Think it over. 再仔细想想。
  15. Please think about it. 考虑一下。 Discipline(纪律)
  1. Please be quite. 安静一点。
  2. Stop talking. 不要讲话。
  3. Keep the noise down. 声音轻点。
  4. Not so much chatter. 不要讲话了。
  5. Attention ,please. 注意点。
  6. Don’t talk with your neighbour. 不要和同桌讲话。
  7. Are you listening to me? 你在听我讲吗?
  8. Don “t talk while I am talking 我在讲的时候你们不要讲话。
  9. Stop making noise. 不要吵了。
  10. Sit up straight. 做做正。
  11. One at a time ,please. 马上坐正。
  12. Stay in your seats. 坐在自己位置上。
  13. Put up your hands , please . 举起你的手。
  14. Don’t shout out. 不要嚷嚷。
  15. Keep your eyes on your own work. 眼睛看自己的本子。
  16. Don’t copy from your neighbor’s work. 不要 抄同桌的作业。
  17. I don’t want any cheating. 不要作弊。
  18. Time is up. 时间过了 。
  19. See me in my office during the break. 休息得时候到我办公室来。 Assignment(布置作业)
  1. Practice reading aloud. 练习大声朗读。
  2. Try to retell the story in your own words. 试试用自己的话复述 一下故事。
  3. Learn the text by heart. 把课文背出来。
  4. Do Exercise 3 and 4 on page
  54. 做 54 页得练习 3 和
  5. Copy the new words twice. 那生词抄 2 遍。
  6. Write in your exercise-books , please . 写在练习本上。
  7. Start a new page. 开一页新的。
  8. Don’t forget to leave a margin. 不要忘了留空白。
  9. Check carefully what you’ve written before you hand it in. 在交上来之前仔细检查一下你的作业。
  10. Please correct the mistakes in your written book. 在写字本上改正错的题目。
  11. Please review Lesson Six. 预习第六课。
  12. Next time we are going to have a quiz. Please get ready. 下次 我们要测验,你们准备一下。
  13. You’d better do some revision. 你们最好先预习一下。 Ending a lesson(结束课堂)
  1. There’s still some time to go. 时间不多了。
  2. Let’s have a break. 我们先休息一下。
  3. Class is over. 下课。
  4. That’s all for today. 一天结束了 。
  5. So much for today.
  6. Let’s call it a day.
  7. We’ll meet again tomorrow. 我们明天再见。
  8. We’ll continue our lesson tomorrow. 明天我们再继续。



   ★希望做某事 hope to do sth. ★同意做某事 agree to do sth. ★决定做某事 decide to do sth ★需要某人做某事 need to do sth. ★使用某物做某事 use sth to do sth ★准备做某事 get/be ready to do ★ 计划做某事 plan to do sth. ★希望某人做某事 wish sb. to do sth. ★轮流做某事 take one’s turns to do sth. ★拒绝做某事 refu ...


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21世纪大学实用英语综合教程(第二册)课文翻译及课后答案Unit One online

   Unit One 误 会 佚名 他头发蓬乱,衣着肮脏,口袋里只有 35 美分.在马里兰州的巴尔的摩,他登上一辆公 共汽车并径直走向了洗手间.他想如果他躲在洗手间里,便可以不付钱就乘车去纽约.但是 坐在公共汽车后面的一位乘客看见了他.她拍了拍她前面那位乘客的肩膀说:"洗手间里有 个流浪汉.告诉公共汽车司机."那位乘客轻轻地拍了一下坐在他前面的人,说道:"告诉公 共汽车司机,洗手间里有个流浪汉. 这口信通过一个又一个的乘客传到了公共汽车的前边. 但在这一过程的某个环 ...


   补一:以 add 为中心的词组 1.add up v. 合计 2.add in 添加;把…包括在内 3.add value 增加价值;附加价值;添加值 4.add on 插入;另外加上去 5.add noise 添加杂色;添加噪声 6.add weight to 进一步证明;扩大影响;增强优势;加重 1. 以 believe 为中心的词组 1. believe in 确信, 信任, 信仰, 主张 2. believe one’s ears 相信所听到的话 3. make believe 假装 ...