初中一年级英语上册
Modules 1??2
江淮辅导学校制作 2010年 2010年6月23日 23日
一,重点单词
Meet认识遇见?meeting会议(名词) First第一?(序数词)one一(基数词)?last最 后的(反义词) Class班级?classes(复数) Close关闭?open打开(反义词) City城市?cities(复数) England英国,英格兰?English英国的 parent_?parents(复数) Factory?factories(复数) Her她的,她?she(人称代词主格) Family?families(复数) Work工作(动词)?worker工人(名词)
二,重点短语归纳
Stand up 站起来 sit down坐下 Given name 名字 family/last name 姓 Play/basketball/table tennis/tennis网球 Play football/the piano弹钢琴 Ride a horse/a bike Speak English/Chinese in my class A photo of 一张……的照片 At the hospital z在医院 The first English lesson 第一节英语课
三,重点句型结构
1,somebody be from +地点. 某人来自…… I'm from Beijing 2,My name is +名字.我的名字是…… My name is Wang Hui 3,this is +名字 这是某某 This is Daming 4,I'm + 数词 + years old 我……几岁了. I'm twelve years old 5,welcome somebody to +地点 欢迎某人到某地 Welcome Betty and Tony to our school
6,Can somebody do……?某人能做……吗? Can Betty speak English? 7,I can speak English,but I can't speak Chinese 8,what's somebody 'job? 某人是做什么工作 的? What's your father'job? 你的爸爸是做什么的 9,Is your mother a teacher? 你母亲是老师吗 10,They are factory workers
语法???Be动词 Be动词 四,语法 Be
(一),Be动词的用法规则 ), 动词的用法规则 在一般现在时的句子中be动词有三种形式:am, is, are .相当于汉语中的"是,叫,做" ,用来说明身 份,年龄和状态等.其用法如下 我(I)用am,你(you)用are, is跟着他(he)她 (she)它(it) 单数名词用is,复数名词都用are 变否定更容易,be后not加上去 变疑问,往前提,句末问号莫忘记 疑问否定任你变,句首大写莫迟疑
(二),Be动词各种人称的用法 ), 动词各种人称的用法 人 称 I He/she/It 肯 定 I am… He/she/it is… 否 定 I am not… 疑 问 Am I…?
He/she/It Is he/she Is not(isn't)It…?
They/we/ you
They/we/ You are…
They/we/ You are not (aren't)
Are they/we/ you…?
(三),Be动词可以与前面或后面单词合写 ),Be动词可以与前面或后面单词合写 Be
I am =I'm He is=He's
You are =You're She is =She's It is=It's
What is =What's Is not =isn't are not =aren't
(四),Be动词过去时的两种形式 ),Be动词过去时的两种形式 Be
一种形式是was 它是am is的过去式 一种形式是were 它是are的过去式 作用:用来叙述过去存在的状态或情况
),一般过去时态Be动词各种人称的 一般过去时态Be (五),一般过去时态Be动词各种人称的 肯定句, 肯定句,否定句和疑问句的用法 人 称 I He/she/It 肯 定 I was… He/she/it was… 否 定 I was not… He/she/It was not (wasn't) 疑 问 was I…? Was he/she It…?
They/we/ you
They/we/ They/we/ Were they/ You were… You were we/ you…? not (weren't)
温馨提示 动名词或动名词短语作主语,表达的是一件 事情时,用be动词作谓语应该用单数形式 Swimming is my favourite sport(游泳是我 最喜爱的体育运动)
语法??情态动词can的用法 情态动词can 五,语法 情态动词can的用法
Can属于情态动词,can后的动词不用改变形式 He can ride a bike I can speak Chinese 否定形式是在can后加not,可缩写can't . Tony can't swim 在疑问句,否定句中,can表示说话人的怀疑,猜测,或不 肯定. Can you play the piano? (你会弹钢琴吗)It can't be him He is taller (那不可能是他,他还要高一点) Can 表示主观上能够,be able to 多强调客观上的能够 " I 'm sure I can fly" says the boy 为使语气委婉,可用could代替can could help me? Can表示"能"和"会",疑问句中在首位,婉言形式变 could,否定句中加not
初中一年级英语上册
Modules 3??4
江淮辅导学校制作 2010年 2010年6月23日 23日
一,重点单词
Dictionary字典?dictionaries picture照片?photo (同义) Right ?wrong(反义词)building建筑物?build建 造(动词) People人们?people(单,复同形) Him(他,宾格) ?he(主格)?his(他的,形容 词性物主代词)?they(他们人称代词主格复 数)?them(宾格) Library(图书馆)?libraries
二,重点短语归纳
Dining hall餐厅 in front of 在……前面 In the front of 前面(内部的) Next to 在…旁边,相邻 Have/has got 拥有 how many 多少 Family tree家谱 thank somebody for 为某事感谢某人
三,重点句型结构
There is/are …(某处)有……. There isn't/aren't… (某处)没有……. There are 46 students in my class there isn't a computer on Miss Li desk Is there a dining hall ? Where is/are…? ……在哪里? Where is the gym? 体育馆在哪里? it's in a building in front of the office在办公室前面的一座楼里 How many +复数名词+are there…? 有多少… How many people are there in your family? Three are four He hasn't got any brothers
Have you got…? 你有…….吗? Have you got a big family? 你有一个大家庭 吗? ?yes, I have; no I haven't Somebody have / has got….某人有….. . I have got an English friend Somebody haven't / hasn't got….某人有……
四,语法??there be句型 语法 there be句型
什么情况下使用there be 句型呢?如果要表达 "……地方有……"就要使用there be 句型. 例句:There is an apple on the desk. There is still some water in the cup There are many students on the playground 温馨提示: There be 用于表示在某地方有什么东西或某人,所表 示的人或物都是泛指,而非特指. There are many students in the classroom
句型结构: +某人 某物+ 某人/ 句型结构:There is/ are +某人/某物+地点
肯定句 否定句 疑问句 Is there a computer on the desk? 回答 Yes, there is No , there isn't Yes, there are No , there aren't
There is a There isn't a computer on the computer on desk the desk
There are some students on the playground
There aren't some students on the playground
are there some students on the playground
语法??have/has got句型 五,语法 have/has got句型
什么情况下使用have/has got句型呢?表示某人有 什么东西是,一般要使用这个句型. 例句:I have got a brother and a sister I I have got a lot of friends We have got acomputer She has got a very nice bike Has he got a brother? Have they got any fruit? You haven't got a bike
句型结构:某人+have/ +某物 句型结构:某人+have/ has +某物
肯定句 I have got a very nice dog He /she has got two dogs We have got a new computer They have got a new book You have got a brother 否定句 I haven't got any dogs He /she hasn't got two dogs We haven't got a new computer They haven't got a new book 疑问句 have you got a dog 回答 Yes ,I have No ,I haven't Yes ,He has No , she hasn't Yes ,we have No ,we haven't Yes ,Them have ; No , Them haven't Yes ,I have No ,I haven't
Has he /she has got two dogs? Have we got a new computer Have they got a new book?
You haven't got a Have you got a brother brother?
 

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