初中英语短语和句型归纳

  1. Nice to meet (see) you!或 Glad to meet (see) you!见到您很高兴!这种表达方式为 It's nice (glad) to meet (see) you!的略写.
  2. It's time to do sth. / It's time for sb. to do sth. / It's time for sth.某人做某事的时间到了.例如: It's time to get up. It's time for class.
  3. Welcome to somewhere.(欢迎到某地) Welcome back to somewhere.(欢迎回到某地)例如: Welcome back to school.
  4. Let sb. do sth. (让某人做某事)例如: Please let me help you. Now let me call your names.
  5. May I do sth. ?(我可以做某事吗?)例如: May I have a piece of paper? May I borrow a pencil, please?
  6. like doing sth.(喜欢做某事.)例如: Uncle Wang likes making things. I like walking.
  7. call sb. (sth.)…(把某人或某物称做……)例如: Please don't call me Lily. We can call it Mid-Autumn Day.
  8. Would…like sb. to do sth..(愿意叫某人做某事) I'd like you to meet my parents, too. Would you like to come to have supper?
  9. Why don't you do sth. ?(为何不做某事)也可说:Why not do sth. ?例如:
But why don't you come with me?
  10. help sb. with sth. / help sb. (to) do sth. (帮助某人做某事)例如: We're going to help some farmers with their work.. I'll help him mend his clothes.
  11. sth. is hard (easy…) to do (某事难或易……做)例如: Some of the apples are hard to reach.. English is not difficult to learn.
  12. Shall we do sth. ?或 Let's do sth. , shall we? (咱们做某事,好吗?)例如: Shall we go to the park?
  13. What about sth. ? What about doing sth. ? (……某事如何?做某事如何?)例如: What about a quarter past two? What about having a short rest?
  14. like better(较喜欢)like best(最喜欢)例如: Which animal do you like best? Which do you like better, tiger or panda?
  15. have a good time / enjoy oneself(过得愉快)例如: They are having a good time. We enjoyed ourselves during last summer holiday.
  16. be good at…(擅长……)do well in…(在某方面做或学得好)例如: Some are very good at it. Li lei is very good at football. She does better than me in Maths.
  17. love to do sth.(爱好做某事)例如:
Children often love to play this game.
  18. had better do sth.(最好做某事)例如: You'd better catch a bus. You'd better ask that policeman over there.
  19. be good (bad) for sth..(对某事有好或坏处)例如: Is watching TV too much good or bad for your health?
  20. be late for…(迟到)例如: How often are you late for school?
  21. be away / be not here(不在此处) Who was away yesterday?
  22. have sth. for breakfast (lunch, supper)(早,午或晚餐吃的是……)例如: The twins had eggs and porridge for breakfast this morning.
  23. enjoy doing sth.(喜欢做某事)例如: Are you enjoying living here?
  24. want to do sth.(想做某事)例如: My father wanted to work in China.
  25. on one's way to…(在去某地的路上)例如: On her way home she bought a new pen in a shop. On my way to school this morning I found a little girl crying.
  26. be out / be not in / be not at home(不在家,出去了) I'm afraid he's out at the moment.
  27. ask sb. to do sth.(叫某人做某事) Could you ask him to call me ? Ask him to speak more loudly. Please ask him not to talk in class.
  28. How do sb. do sth.…?(某人怎样做某事?)例如:
How do you spell that, please? How do you usually come to school?
  29. need to do sth.(需要做某事)例如: They needed to climb up the trees with ladders. You need to wear warm clothes.
  30. be different from(与……不同)例如: Your coat is different from mine.
  31. start (begin) to do sth.(开始做某事)例如: Everything begins to grow. The flowers start to come out.
  32. get ready for sth . / be ready for sth.(为某事做好准备.)例如: The farmers are all busy getting ready for the next year.
  33. like A better than B(与 B 相比,更喜欢 A)例如: I like summer better than spring.
初中英语词组总结 1 (see ,hear ,notice ,find ,feel ,listen to , look at (感官动词)+do eg:I like watching monkeys jump 2 (比较级 and 比较级) 3 a piece of cake =easy 表示越来越怎么样 小菜一碟(容易) 4 agree with sb 赞成某人 整个 世界
5 all kinds of 各种各样 a kind of 一样 6 all over the world = the whole world 7 along with 同……一道,伴随…… eg : I will go along with you 我将和你一起去 the students planted trees along with their teachers 8 As soon as 11 ask sb for sth 12 ask sb to do sth 13 at the age of 10 ask for ……求助 向…要…(直接接想要的东西) 向某人什么 询问某人某事 在……岁时 ask sb not to do eg:I am sixteen ……的起初;……的开始 最后;尽头;末尾 学生同老师们一起种树 eg : 一怎么样就怎么样 9 as you can see 你是知道的
ask you for my book 叫某人不要做某事 I am at the age of sixteen eg : At the end of the day
14 at the beginning of …… 15 at the end of +地点/+时间 16 at this time of year
在每年的这个时候 感觉/对什么有信心,自信 I feel that I can pass the test
17 be /feel confident of sth /that clause +从句 eg : I am / feel confident of my spoken English
18 be + doing
表:1 现在进行时 2 将来时 能够…… eg : She is able to sing She can sing I'm afraid of dog should be allowed to 能够干什么 被允许做什么 to watch TV 我被允许看电视 I eg :she is able to sing eg : I'm afraed to go out at night
19 be able to (+ v 原) = can (+ v 原) 20 be able to do sth 22 be allowed to do eg: watch I'm TV 21 be afraid to do (of sth allowed
恐惧,害怕……
我应该被允许看电视 生某人的气 和什么一样 eg : Don't be angry with me 为什么而生某人的气 eg : She is as tall as me 她和我一样高 从……离开 在太阳下看书对你的眼睛不好 忙于…… be busy with sth
23 be angry with sb 25 be as…原级…as 26 be ashamed to 29 be bad for 30 be born 32 be careful
24 be angry with(at) sb for doing sth
27 be away from 远离 28 be away from 忙于做什么事 对某人友好
对什么有害
eg : Reading books in the sun is bad for your eyes 和什么不一样
出生于 31 be busy doing sth
当心;小心 33 be different from…… 以……著名 35 be friendly to sb
34 be famous for from Bejing ?
36 be from = come from 37 be full of 装满……的
来自 eg : is from Bejing He comes from Bejing Is he from Bejing ? He be filled with 充满 eg: the glass is full of water 将来时 在某方面善长, 善于…… eg : Reading aloud is good for your English 很高兴做某事
Does he come
the glass is filled with water
38 be glad+to+do/从句 39 be going to + v(原) 40 be good at(+doing) = do well in 41 be good for 对什么有好处 42 be happy to do 43 be helpful to sb
对某人有好处 大声朗读对你有好处 锻炼对你的身体有好处 They are in tronble 上课迟到
eg : Reading aloud is helpful to you 44 be in good health 45 be in trouble 46 be interested in 48 be like 像…… 身体健康
Exercising is helpful to your bady 处于困难中
eg : She is in trouble eg: Be late for class
对某方面感兴趣 eg : I'm like my mother 生某人的气
47 be late for = come late to 迟到 49 be mad at 51 be made of 53 be on a visit to 55 be quiet 57 be sick in bed 61 be strict in doing 62 be strict with sb 格 63 be strict with sb in sth English well
50 be made from 由……制成(制成以后看不见原材料) 由……制成(制成以后还看得见原材料) 参观 54 be popular with sb 表**的缩写 生病在床 58 be sorry to do sth sth 严于做某事 安静 56 be short for 52 be not sure 表不确定 受某人欢迎 eg: 陶 is short for 陶俊杰 be sorry for sb eg : I am sorry for you eg : I am sorry to trouble you
59 be sorry to hear that 60 be sorry to trouble sb 对某人要求严格
eg : He's strict in obeying noles eg: Some students are not strict with them selves 这些学生对自己不严 被要求干什么 I am sure of learning
某方面对某人严格 64 be supposed to do
65 be sure 表确定 66 be sure of doing sth 对做某事有信心 eg: He is sure of winning
67 be sure of sth 68 be sure that sth
对做某事有信心 对做某事有信心
eg: I'm sure of my head (my teacher eg: I'm suer that he can pass the test
我相信我的大脑(老师) 我相信他能通过考试
69 be sure to do sth 一定会做某事 eg: We are sure to pass the test 我们一定会通过这次考试 We are sure to learn English well 我们一定能学好英语 70 be terrified of + 名/动 doing 害怕…… 72 be the same as … 74 be worth doing 丛句 76 because+句子 because of +短语 eg : He was late because he had a headache 77 begin to do = start to do 开始做某事 78 between…and… 79 borrow sth from sb 两者之间 向……借…… lend sth to sb ( lend sb sth 表相同 借给……什么东西 he lent a pen to me ( he lent me a pen eg : Let's begin the game with the song He was late because of his headache I begin to go home start…with…=begin…with… 以什么开始什么 71 be terrified to do sth 习惯做某事 他习惯上课睡觉 害怕做某事 和什么一样 73 be used to doing sth
eg: My father is used to getting up early 我爸爸习惯早 He is used to sleeping in class
值得做什么 75 be(feel) afraid to do sth 害怕做某事 be afraid of sth 害怕某物 be afraid that
eg : I borrowed a pen from him 81 bother 打扰
80 both = the same(as) = not different(from) bother sb to do sth
eg : I'm sorry to bother you ,but can you tell me to way to the station 我十分道歉打扰你,但是你能告诉我怎么去车站 the problem has been bothering me for weeks He's bothering me to lend him money 82 by the end of 84 care 关心 85 catch up with sb 87 come in 89 come up with 91 consider + doing 92 dance to 96 do wrong 意…… 99 each +名(单)每一个…eg : Each student has many books 逃跑出来 106 far from 103 expect to do sth 期待做某事 104 fall down 每一个学生都有一些书 100 end up +doing 摔下来 fall off 从哪摔下来 105 fall in love 101 enjoy +doing 喜欢 102 escape from 从……逃跑 eg: The prisoners have escaped from the prison 犯人从监狱里 with sb /sth 爱上什么 离某地远 eg : The school is far from my home 107 find +it +adj +to do 发现做某事怎么样 forget doing 做了而又忘了 eg: 108 find sb/sth +adj 发现什么怎么样 eg : I find the book interesting 109 finish 完成+doing(名词) 110 fit to sb = be fit for sb 适合某人 111 forget to do 没有做而忘了 112 from…to… Don't forget to go home I forget closing door Tom got his bad tooth pulled out 从某某到某某 eg: From me for her 到……为止 83 call sb sth 赶上某人 86 chat with sb 过来 你能想出一个好办法吗? 为什么不考虑去泸州? 在……方面做得更好 不要介 提出 eg : We call him old wang 和某人闲谈 take sb to + 地点 带某人去某地 eg : Don't you care about this country's future ?你为什么不关心国家的未来 这个问题困扰了我几个周了
进 88 come over to
eg: Can you come up with a good idea
90 communicate with sb 和某人交流 考虑做什么 eg : Why not consider going to lu zhou 随着……跳舞 eg : She likes dancing to the music 她喜欢随着音乐跳舞
93 decide to do sth 决定做某事 94 do a survey of 做错 97 Don't forget to do sth
做某方面的调查 95 do better in
不要忘了做某事 98 Don't mind +doing /从句 /名词
113 get /have sth down 做完,被(别人)做…eg: I have my hair cut
我理了发(头发被剪了)
汤母把他的坏牙拔掉了(被牙医拔掉了)
114 get a part-time job= find a part-time job 115 get along well with sb = get on well with sb math I am ready for math 118 get sb in to trouble 120 get…from… 从某处得到某物 121 give a talk 122 give sth to sb give sb sth 124 go on to do 128 hate to do 去做下一件事 go on doing 讨厌没做过的事 给某人麻 119 get sb to do sth 做报告 eg: He is give a tall go swimming 游泳
与某人相处得好
116 get along with sb = get on with sb 与某人相处 117 get ready for = be ready for 为什么而准备 eg : I get ready for
给某人某物 123 go fish 钓鱼
继续做这件事 125 go out away from 讨厌做过的事 听报告 谈一谈
go out of 好方法
126 go to school 上学(用于专业的)go to the school 去学校(不一定是上学) 127 good way to hate doing eg : 129 have a party for sb 132 have been to …( 133 have fun +doing 135 have to do sth 举办谁的晚会 130 have a talk
131 have been doing 现在完成进行时
You have been talking 有什么事要做
You have been sleeping since 去了某地还没回来 我没什么事情做
地方)……去过某过地方 have gone to …(地方) 玩得高兴 134 have sth to do 必须做某事 做什么事情有麻烦
eg: I have a lot of homework to do
我有很多家庭作业要做 I have nothing to do
136 have trouble (problem) (in) doing sth 137 have…time +doing 138 have…(时间)…off 139 hear sb +do/doing 140 help a lot 142 hope to do sth 144 how do you like 145 if : 是否=wether 放……假
eg: I have month off
我请一个月得假
听见某人做某事/正在做某事 帮助某人某事(某方面) help sb (to) do sth 帮助某人做某事
很大用处 希望做某事 = what do you think of 你对什么的看法 我不知道我是否应该去参加晚会 tomorrow morning 他不知道我们明天早上
 

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