初中英语近义词辨析专项练习

  1. tell talk say speak 1 Can you me the truth? 2 What language do you ? 3 This is what they yesterday. 4 Don’t in class,please be quiet.
  2..look look at see watch 1 The coat nice, I want to buy one for my daughter. 2 Please the blackboard, can you anything? 3 She doesn’t like TV,but she likes football game.
  3..sound listen to hear 1 the radio, it says the flood is coming soon. 2 I can’t you , because there’s something wrong with my ears. 3 What you said interesting.
  4..hear from hear of 1 After her sister, she read and soon wrote back. 2 Have you the place called Shenglong? .
  5.receive accept He a present yesterday, but he didn’t it, because it was too much expensive and he sent it back.
  6..look up look for find find out 1 He often takes a dictionary and the new words in it? 2 The little girl her pen everywhere but didn’t it at last. 3 Look! Rita is crying over there. Let’s go and why is she crying.
  7..keep borrow lend 1 ? My bike is broken, can I yours ,Lily? -Oh, sorry, I’ve it to Sandy. 2 ?How long may I this book? -For about two weeks.
  8..reach arrive get 1 They will in Chengdu next week. 2 How do you to school every day? 3 Use a longer stick, then you can the apples.
  9..thanks to thanks for 1 your help, I’ve understand it. 2 the cats, mice dare not come and eat my food.
  10..give in give up
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1 We shouldn’t learning English! 2 I would rather die than before my enemies.
  11..achieve come true 1 He works so hard that he is sure to his dream. 2 His prediction of human’s flying to the moon .
  12.turn off close turn on open 1 the windows please, it’s so cold outside. 2 the lights before you leave the room. 3 The dog the box and took the bone out! 4 the TV, I want to watch the NBA basketball games.
  13.break off break out break into break down 1 He was late for school yesterday, because his car on the half way. 2 The World WarⅡ when she was only five. 3 They their friendship and didn’t talk to each other any more. 4 Last night a thief my house and took away my TV.
  14. solve reply answer solve 解决(问题)及物动词 常与 problem 连用 reply 回复,答复 不及物动词 常与 to 连用 answer 回答 及物动词 常与 question 连用 1 What did Mr Smith to what others said? 2 No one in our class can this question. 3 It’s too difficult for everyone to that problem.
  15.hope wish hope 希望 指较为现实的想法 常有 hope to do 或 hope + 从句, 但没有 hope sb to do wish 希望 指不太现实的要求或想法 有 wish to do 或 wish sb to do。 也有 wish+ 从句,但这时的从句多用虚拟语气,及从句中常有 could 或 should 等 1 ? The weather may be fine tomorrow. - I so. 2 Mum me to be a doctor in the future. 3 How I I could fly to the moon!
  16.take cost spend pay take 花费 尤指花费时间,主语为物 常有 it takes sb some time to do sth cost 花费 指花金钱 ,主语为物 常有 cost sb some money spend 花费 主语为人 常有 spend… doing 或 spend…on sth pay 花费 主语为人 常有 pay…for 1 It often about 3 hours to get to school from my home. 2 ? Who will for the bill?
2
- Maybe our boss. 3 The house him 30,000 dollars. 4 His cousin the whole day making the toy car yesterday.
  17.take part in join take part in 参加某项活动 join 参加某个组织、团体、俱乐部、军队、党团或个人 1 Mr Wang the Party 5 years ago. 2 They invited Lily that party.
  18.do with deal with do with 处理,应付 在问句中要与 what 连用 deal with 处理,对付 在问句中要与 how 连用 1 How can you that problem? 2 What do you the event?
  19.put on wear dress 1 the warm clothes, it’s cold outside. 2 Mary is always red clothes . Maybe red is her favorite color. 3 The little boy could himself when he was three years old.
  20.win lose beat 1 Our team has the football match, we are all happy. But they are frustrated, because theirs the match. 2 The Brazilian football team us 5-0 in that match, all the Chinese fans were very sad.
  21.be made in be made of be made from be made up of 1 The desk wood. 2 This kind of watch Shanghai. 3 Our class 50 students. 4 Paper bamboo.
  22.have been to have been in have gone to 1 They Italy for more than 7 years, so Italy is their second home. 2 This person can’t be Yao Ming, for Yao America. 3 ? How many times Hainan? - Only 3 times.
  23. too much / much too
  1.The computer is expensive.
  2.Stop, Peter. You talked .
  3.I’ve got work to do.
  4.Father, have a rest. You’ve tired today.
  5.Hurry up! You have wasted time.
3

  24. holiday/ vacation
  1.Christmas is a for everybody.
  2.The children will take their summer __ in half a month.
  3.My father is on .
  25. close/ shut off/ turn off
  1.You’d better the motor. It is making too much noise.
  2.All the shops are now.
  3.She didn’t __ the door and entered the house.
  4.He the lights before he left the lab.
  5. the television, please.
  26. instead/ instead of/ without
  1.I don’t like this one; please give me that.
  2.He stayed at home studying English going to the cinema.
  3.Tom passed by me saying hello to me.
  4.He went to school by bike by car.
  5.If Harry is not well enough to go with you, take me .
  27. many/ much / lots of / a lot ( of )
  1. of the visitors are workers.
  2.Has Jack money?
  3.During those three weeks, he ate meat.
  4.I did not understand why you had so strange questions.
  5.Although he is a boy, he reads . 28 above all / after all / first of all / at all
  1.Never waste anything, but never waste time.
  2., let me introduce myself to you.
  3.What are you doing here at all?
  4.He is still a child . Don’t blame him.
  5.I don’t know him .
  29. passed/ past
  1.They hurried the building.
  2.Tom by me without greeting just now.
  3.The train for the small town leaves at ten __ eight.
  4.Two weeks had since Martin had seen him.
  5.In the I have had many jobs.
  30. agree to / agree with / agree on
  1.I what he said.
  2.All those who the plan, raise your hands.
  3.We leaving there the next day.
4

  4.Finally he get someone to help me.
  5.The food doesn’t him.
  31. build/ found/ set up/ put up
  1.Last year a cinema was near our school.
  2.The rich man the hospital and a school in the town where he was born.
  3.The nursery was in our school.
  4.The newspaper reporter his camera under a tree.
  5.They must good relations with the masses.
  32. as / like
  1.she is a fine girl, her mother used to be.
  2.It looks a stone.
  3. you know, he got into lots of bad habits.
  4.You are just what I expected.
  5.He ought to do I tell him.
  33. a number of / the number of
  1.There were people out this afternoon.
  2.Do you write down my telephone?
  3. of trees planted is never under 200 in our village every year.
  4.We have lived here years.
  5. of jobless people grow in the country at present.
  34. get( be ) ready / prepare / prepare for
  1.Mother is busy us lunch in the kitchen.
  2.The doctor told the nurses to the operation at once.
  3.We all to do anything for the people.
  4.Will you help me the party?
  5.Please by seven tomorrow morning.
  35. information/ news/ message
  1. I have a for you from my teacher.
  2.There is much new in this book.
  3.They were listening to the over the radio
  4.Will you take this to your brother ?.
  5.They have no about where she has gone.
  36. the same… as / the same… that
  1.The girl has hair her mother had.
  2.He was about age Tom.
  3.China is not the country she was.
  4.The computer costs mine.
  5.He teaches English in the school my brother does
5

  37. learn/ study
  1.She is to drive a car.
  2.The subject he was chemistry.
  3.Why don’t you from my mistakes?
  4.- What is he here? ? Law. He is a law student.
  5.The old and the young should __from each other.
  38. but/ however/ while
  1.I like the film, I have no time to see it.
  2. It’s raining hard. , I think we should go out.
  3. He said that it was so; he was mistaken .
  4. She listened to me closely he read something.
  39. for example/ such as
  1. He, , is a good teacher.
  2. I know many students of your school, Wang Hong, .
  3. He can speak five foreign languages, German and French.
  4. He knows several languages, , he knows English and Japanese.
  5. Boys John and James are very friendly.
  40. answer/ reply
  1. She failed to to my question.
  2. my question in English, please.
  3. We haven’t to his letter yet.
  4. None of us knew the to the problem.
  41. That is( was ) because../ That is ( was ) why…
  1. It was a long way and we wanted to come back on the same day. we started to so early.
  2. You have failed again this time. you are proud.
  3. Tom is ill. he hasn’t come today.
  4. Tom is ill. he wore too little yesterday.
  5. He was late. his teacher got angry.
  42. near/ close
  1. The school is to my house.
  2. the post office is quite .
  3. Children’s Day is quite .
  4. He stood on the bank of the river.
  5. He is one of my friends.
  43. on fire/ on the fire
  1. The house is . Please call the firefighters.
  2. In the ancient time, people used to cook whole animals .
6

  3. Don’t put your clothes . It’s dangerous.
  4. I don’t know who set the house .
  5. Look out! The pan is .
  44. alive/ living/ live
  1. Who is the greatest man ?
  2. My brother bought a fish?
  3. The people are more important than the dead.
  4. The badly wounded soldier was unconscious but still .
  5. When we found him ten days later, he was still .
  45. greatly/ very / much
  1. Since then the number of milu deer there was increased.
  2. I think he is old.
  3. Now it is easier to make plans for our trips.
  4. I don’t like it.
  5. He is too busy.
  46. cost/ spend/ take/ pay
  1. It us two hours to clean the room.
  2. I a lot of money on books every year.
  3. the clothes me 200 yuan.
  4. Her sister 200 yuan for that dress.
  5. I’m a lot more time in writing English than before.
  47. wear/ put on / have on / dress
  1. Do you know the girl who a red skirt?
  2. He often a black jacket .
  3. He his coat and went out.
  4. I my brother every morning.
  5. she is in a new dress.
  48. job/ work
  1. I have a lot of to do today.
  2. They are hard at .
  3. He has a as a teacher.
  4. I always take a in my holiday.
  5. Something is wrong with the of my watch.
  49. included/ including
  1. Their names are - in the list.
  2. There are a lot of names in the list, his name.
  3. There are a lot of names in the list, his name .
  4. The rent is 4 yuan a month water and electricity.
7

  5. The price postage then.
  50. how many times/ how soon / how often / how long
  1. I don’t know this will take.
  2. I wonder he will come.
  3. “ have you been to Beijing?” “ 4 times.”
  4. _ do the American people elect a president? _ Every four years.
  5. is the longest river?
  51. mainly/ mostly
  1. She is out on Sundays.
  2. She uses her car for her job.
  3. The audience consisted of educated young people.
  4. All of you have made mistakes, but you are to be blamed.
  5. He depended on his father to finish his education.
  52. feel like/ would like
  1. I don’t walking very much today.
  2. I to have dinner with you.
  3. What you to do now?
  4. Do you having something to eat?
  5. I a walk after supper.
  53. across/ through
  1. Look around when you walk the street.
  2. She drove straight the town.
  3. There is no bridge the river.
  4. Water flows this pipe.
  5. The river is 10 metres .
  54. accept/ receive
  1. I his letter yesterday.
  2. He didn’t my suggestion.
  3. We shall you as a friend.
  4. I’ve an invitation to the ball, but I can’t __it because I don’t know whether I’ll be able to attend..
  5. she a good education.
  55. provide… for / provide… with
  1. They provided us all the books we need.
  2. The school provided food the students.
  3. We are provided everything we need for work.
  4. The manager of the guest house provides everything the guests.
8

  5. Can you provide me a room for the night?
  56. right away/ right now/ just now
  1. We must be off . It’s eight already.
  2. She is cooking her meals __.
  3. Don’t talk about this .
  4. He was here .
  5. Do it .
  57. compare/ compare… with / compare… to
  1. If you these two words, you can tell the difference between them.
  2. Please this word that one and tell me the difference.
  2. We usually children flowers of the motherland.
  58. country / nation/ state/ land
  1. How many are there in the world?
  2. All the natural resources are managed by the .
  3. Tra
 

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