初中英语八年级下册 go for it 说课稿 Unit 2 文章来 源莲 山课件 w ww.5 Y K J.cOm 英语八年级下 Unit 2 What should I do? 单元总结课的教案资料 (一)本单元语言目标:
  1. 谈论在学校和家庭中遇到的种种麻烦和问题。
  2. 为他人找到合理的解决办法,提出相应 的建议。
  3. 为自己的问题找到解决办法。 (二)重点单词:
  1. play v. 播放
  2. loud adj. 高声的;大声的
  3. argue v. 争论,争吵
  4. wrong adj. 错 误的;有毛病的;不适合的
  5. could v. can 的过去式
  6. ticket n. 票,入场券
  7. surprise v. 使惊奇;使意外
  9. except prep. 除;把......除外
  12. until prep. 到......为止
  15. send v. 发送,寄 (三)重点词组:
  1. keep out 不让......进入
  2. out of style 不时髦的;过时的
  3. call sb. up 打电话给......
  4. pay for 付款
  5. ask for 要求
  6. the same as 与......同样的
  7. in style 时髦的;流行的
  8. get on 相处;进展
  9. as much as possible 尽可能多
  10. all kinds of 各种;许多
  11. on the one hand, ......(在)一方 面,......
  12. on the other hand, ......另一方面,...... (四)重点句型:
  1. What should I do?我应该怎么做?
  2. You could write him a letter.你可以写信给他。
  3. What should he do?他应该怎么做?
  4. Maybe he should say he's sorry.也许他应该说抱歉。
  5. What should they do?他们应该怎么做?
  6. They shouldn't argue.他们不应该争吵。
  8. other adj. 任一的; (两方中的)每一方的
  10. fail v. 失败
  11. football n. 足球
  14. include v. 包括;包含

  13. fit v. 适合,适应

  16. themselves pron. 他们自己(反身代词)
(五)重点语法: 情态动词 should 的用法 should 是情态动词,它的基本用法是必须和其他动词一起构成谓语。情态动词没有人称和数 的变化,意为"应该......"。should(应当,应该)用于所有人称,表示劝告或建议。 eg. You should wait a little more.你应该再多等一会儿。 I have a very bad cold.我感冒很厉害。 You should lie down and have a rest.你应该躺下, 多喝水。 在这个单元中我们还学到用"could"表示建议, 这时 could 不是 can 的过去式,而表示比 should 更加委婉的建议。 I need some money to pay for the summer camp. You should/ could borrow some money from your brother. (六)知识点讲解:
  1. I don't have enough money.我没有足够的钱。 enough:adj.充足的、充分的,在句子中可作定语修饰名词,也可作表语。 eg. Do you have enough time? Six pieces of paper will be enough.

  2. I argued with my best friend.我与我最好的朋友吵架了。 argue with sb.意为"与......争吵,争论" eg. He often argue with his classmates.
  3. My clothes are out of style. 我的衣服过时了。 be out of style / fashion 表示"过时""不合乎时尚" 反义词是"be in fashion"表示"合乎时尚" eg. He is aways in fashion. The sofa is out of style, and I don't like it.

  4. Maybe you should call him up. (
  1)maybe 是副词,用来表示推测,译为"也许,或许,大概"。 eg. Maybe you are right. Maybe they will go out for a walk.
maybe 不同于 may be。maybe 是一个词,是副词,may be 是情态动词 may 加上动词原形 be, 意为"或许",后接形容词、 名词、 代词等。eg. It may be true. He may be the man we are looking for.

  2)call sb up .打电话给某人 eg. I called up Zhang Hong at eight o'clock. 原句中 him 为代词,所以放在 call 和 up 之间,不 能说成 call up him。 eg. I'll call her up this afternoon. Could you ask him to call me, please.在这个句子中,省略 up。
  5. I don't want to surprise him. 我不想使他惊讶。 在这句话中 surprise 是个行为动词,可以说成"surprise sb.",表示"使......惊讶"。 eg. The news surprises us greatly.surprised adj.惊讶的 surprising adj.令人惊讶的 eg. I'm surprised to hear the news.It's a surprising gift, and I love it.
  6. No, he doesn't have any money, either.不,他也没有钱。either 的用法:用作副词,用在否定 句或否定词组后加强语气, 表示"也", "而且"。 eg. He doesn't like singing, and he doesn't like dancing, either. either 用作代词时,常表示"两者之中任何一个",常与短语连用或用作宾语。 eg. Either of them will agree with you.I don't like either of the books.
  7. I need to get some money to pay for summer camp. 我需要一些钱支付夏令营。 (
  1)need 是个情态动词,也可以是行为动词。 ▲当它是情态动词时,后边直接加行为动词,表示"需要",但 need 作情态动词时一般不用 于肯定句。它一般用于否定句和疑问句中,例如: ①You need not meet him.你不必见他。②Need I repeat it?我有必要重复它吗? 对上一句的简略回答为:Yes, you need. No, you needn't. ▲此外情态动词 must 提问时,否定回答时为 No, ... needn't。 例如:Must he finish the homework now? Yes, he must. No, he needn't.
当 need 作行为动词时,同其他行为动词一样对待,need 后加不定式为"need to do"。 例如:I need to finish the work. 变为疑问句时,不能像它作情态动词时直接提前,而要加
助动词 do/ does/ did 等,例如: He needs to write many words. 改成一般问句:Does he need to write many words? 他需要写许多字吗?Yes, he does. No, he doesn't. (
  2) (sb.)pay(money)for sth.为......而付款 (sb.)spend(money)on sth 在......上花多少 钱 (sth.)cost sb.(money)什么东西值多少钱 这三个短语都是表示付款。但 pay, spend 指的是"人",主语为人,而 cost 指的是"物",主语 为"物"。 例如说他昨天花 10 元买了一本书。用以上三个短语分别为: ① He paid 10 yuan for the book yesterday. 他昨天为这本书付了 10 元钱
②He spent 10 yuan on the book yesterday. 他昨天花了 10 元钱(买)这本书。 ③The book cost him 10 yuan yesterday. 这本书花了他 10 元钱。 注意以上三个动词的动词过去式为:paypaid Unit 2 What should I do ? spend spent costcost
I. Teaching aims and teaching demands: In this unit students learn to talk about problems and give advice. II. Teaching key and difficult points: A. Vocabulary argue, loud, original ,out of style, tutor, upset, adult,
Recycling: problem, sorry, part-time, important, friend, money, home, new, easy, letter, ticket, ball game, surprise, colorful, borrow, write, call someone up, go to someone’s house, every night B. Target language My brother plays his CD too loud. What should I do ? Why don’t you talk to him about it? C. Structures Modals could, should Why don’t you …?(formulaic)
III. Teaching methods: Audio-lingual methods
IV. Teaching aids:
a tape recorder
V. This unit is divided into seven periods. Lesson 1 Speak and listen Section A 1a1c I. Teaching aims and demands: Students learn to talk about problems and give advice. II. Teaching key and difficult points: A. should, B. Vocabulary keep out , play, loud, argue, wrong, What’s wrong ? out of style , could,
Target language
My brother plays his CDs too loud. Maybe you should buy some new clothes. III. Teaching methods: Audio-lingual methods IV. Teaching aids: V. Teaching procedure Activity
  1. Revision Task
  1. Dictation Task
  2. Ask and answer. a tape recorder
Questions about future with will. Activity
  2. Presentation This activity introduces some new vocabulary. Task 1 . Make a two-column chart on the board with the heading Problem at the top of column 1 and the heading Advice at the top of column 2 .Then ask the students to tell you what you could do about it. Problem I want to buy a new guitar but I don’t have enough money.
Advice
  1.
  2.
  3.
  4.
  5. Wait until next year. Don’t buy a guitar. Borrow one. Buy a used guitar. Get a part-time job.
Task
  2. Then read the problem to the class again. Then write the words could ,should ,and shouldn’t on the board next to the chart. Read the problem to the class again and help the class give advice using the words could, should ,and shouldn’t. Task
  3. Ask the students to finish the task in 1a. Teach : Serious problem is a very bad problem, a very big problem. Out of style means not in fashion. enough money : I don’t have enough money to buy a bike. Ask the students to write the problems in the serious or Not serious column. Task
  4. Talk about the answers.
Ask ,Who put “My parents want me to stay at home every night?” the serious column? Ask the same questions about the other items. Discuss which problems students thought were the most serious. Activity
  3. Listen and circle the problems you hear in activity 1a. Task
  1.Point to the pictures in activity 1a. Ask different students to say what they see in each picture. Read the instructions to students. Task
  2. Play the recording the first time. Students only listen. Task
  3. Play the recording a second time. Students circle the problems they hear. Then check the answers. Step
  4. Pairwork Ask the students to look at the problems in activity 1a and make conversations. Homework shouldn’t. Make up your own conversations.
  2. Make ten sentences with could, should and
Lesson 2 Listen and speak Section A 2aGrammar Focus I. Teaching aims and demands : Students learn to talk about problems and give advice. II. Teaching key and difficult points: A. B. Vocabulary call sb. up, ticket, surprise, on the phone, What’s the matter?
Target language
You could go to his house. You could give him a ticket to a ball game. What should I /he/they do ? III. Teaching methods: Audio-lingual methods and PPP IV. Teaching aids: V.Teaching procedure Activity
  1. Revision a tape recorder
Task
  1. Check the homework. Ask and answer. Task
  2. Revise the vocabulary. Activity
  2. Listening and circling . Task
  1.Read the instructions. Learn the key vocabulary. Read and repeat the phrases. Task
  2.You will hear a conversation between Nari and a friend. Play the recording twice and students circle the word ,Nari’s friend uses to give advice. Then check the answers. Activity
  3.Listening Task
  1. Read the instructions. Show students the example match. Task
  2. Play the recording again and check the answers. Activity
  4. Groupwork Task
  1.Read the instructions for the activity. Task
  2. Point to the example in the sample dialogue. Ask two students to read the conversation to class. Task
  3. Ask students to role play a conversation between Nari and his friend using these two sets of sentences.Then have the students work in pairs. Task
  4. Check the answers by calling on different pairs to say a conversation to the class. Activity
  5. Grammar Focus Review the grammar box.ask the students to say the questions and the responses. Explain that the word should is always used to ask for advice, but the words could, should, and shouldn’t are used to give advice. Could is a less serious word than should. Pay attention to the questions and answers, ask and answer loudly. Homework: Review the conversation and the vocabulary. Write your own conversations on giving advice. Lesson 3 Reading and writing I. Teaching aims and demands : Students learn to talk about problems and give advice.
II. Teaching key and difficult points: A. Vocabulary pay for, part-time job, okay, either, bake, Teen Talk, tutor, need, maybe, good idea, bad idea, okay idea B. Target language What should I do ? Then I think you should get a part- time job. III. Teaching methods: Audio-lingual methods and Control-reading and writing. IV. Teaching aids: V.Teaching procedure Activity
  1. Revision Task
  1.Revise the vocabulary and the key structures. Task
  2.Dictation. Activity
  2. Reading and writing Task 1 .Read the instructions. Write the possible responses on the Bb and ask a student to read the responses to the class. Discuss the three responses and be sure students understand how the responses are used. Task
  2. Ask four students to read the conversation to the class. Ask the students to fill in the blank. Then ask and answer in groups. Activity
  3. Pairwork Task
  1. Read the instructions.And then ask two students to read the sample conversationn. Task
  2.Ask the students to say some ways to get money that aren’t in the book. Task
  3. ask the students to work with partners as they ask for and give advice.Then ask two or three pairs of the students to say their conversations to the class. a picture
Activity
  4. Pairwork This activity provides an opportunity for students to use the language of the unit to give advice. Task
  1. Read the instructions. Then ask two students to read the dialogue. Task
  2. Ask another pair of students to give their advice on another topic. Pick a topic of current interest in the news. Homework
  1.Review the vocabulary and target language.
  2.Write your own conversations about problems and advice. Lesson 4 Section B I. Teaching aims and demands : Students practice using the target language. II. Teaching key and difficult points: A. Vocabulary original , the same as, in style, nicer, haircut, inexpensive, comfortable
B. Target language I think Erin should tell her friend to get different clothes. Friends shouldn’t wear the same clothes. They are the same as my friend’s clothes. III. Teaching methods: Audio-lingual methods IV. Teaching aids: V. Teaching procedure Activity
  1. Revision This activity in
 

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