初二英语 初二英语 被动语态 一、语态概述 英语的语态是通过动词形式的变化表现出来的。 英语中有两种语态: 主动语态和被动语态。 主动语态表示主语是动作的执行者。巧记为:主动、主动、主去动。 主动语态 例如:Many people speak English. 谓语:speak 的动作是由主语 many people 来执行的。 被动语态表示主语是动作的承受者,即行为动作的对象。巧记为:被动、被动、主被动。 被动语态 例如:English is spoken by many people.主语 English 是动词 speak 的承受者。 判断:看我上面举的例子,你来判断哪个是主动哪个是被动 哪个是主动哪个是被动? 判断:看我上面举的例子,你来判断哪个是主动哪个是被动? He opened the door.他开了门。(主动句) The door was opened.门被开了。(被动句) 说明:好了,现在我们对被动语态的句子形式有了一个形象的认识, 说明:好了,现在我们对被动语态的句子形式有了一个形象的认识,但英语句子是千变万 化的,这时就需要你有“火眼金睛 火眼金睛”了 下面老师就来具体讲一讲被动语态的构成。 化的,这时就需要你有 火眼金睛 了。下面老师就来具体讲一讲被动语态的构成。 二、被动语态的构成 被动语态由“助动词 be+及物动词的过去分词”构成。人称、数和时态的变化是通过 be 的 变化表现出来的。现以 teach 为例说明被动语态在各种时态中的构成。 说明:别看英语中一会儿主动被动一会儿现在时一会儿过去时啥的 现在时一会儿过去时啥的, 说明:别看英语中一会儿主动被动一会儿现在时一会儿过去时啥的,好像看得咱们眼花缭 乱啦。其实呢,这么一堆东西归纳起来,就两点:时态和语态。 乱啦。其实呢,这么一堆东西归纳起来,就两点:时态和语态。 一般现在时:am/is/are+taught 一般过去时:was/were+taught 一般将来时:will/shall be+taught 现在进行时:am/is/are being+taught 过去进行时:have/has been+taught 现在完成时:have/has been+taught 歌诀是:被动语态 be 字变,过去分词跟后面。 说明:那么,什么时候用被动语态呢?简单的说,凡是汉语中带 汉语中带“被 的句子 的句子, 说明:那么,什么时候用被动语态呢?简单的说,凡是汉语中带 被”的句子,都能转换成 英语的被动语态。 英语的被动语态。 三、被动语态的用法 (
  1)不知道或没有必要说明动作的执行者是谁。 例如: Some new computers were stolen last night. 一些新电脑在昨晚被盗了。(不知道电脑是谁偷的) This book was published in 19
  81.这本书出版于 1981 年。 (
  2)强调动作的承受者,而不强调动作的执行者。 例如:the window was broken by Mike.窗户是迈克打破的。 This book was written by him.这本书是他写的。 Eight hours per day for sleep must be guaranteed.每天 8 小时睡眠必须得到保证。 歌诀:谁做的动作不知道,说出谁做的没有必要; 动作承受者需强调,被动语态运用到。 主动态和被动态指的是动词形式,是词法概念;而主动句和被动句则指的是句子结构,从 而是句法概念。所谓主动句就是由主动态动词(词组)作谓语动词的句子,而被动句则是由被 动态动词(词组)作谓语动词的句子。 补充内容: 补充内容: 四、主动语态变被动语态的方法
1
(
  1)把主动语态的宾语变为被动语态的主语。 (
  2)把谓语变成被动结构(be+过去分词) (根据被动语态句子里的主语的人称和数,以及原来主动语态句子中动词的时态来决定 be 的形式)。 (
  3)把主动语态中的主语放在介词 by 之后作宾语,将主格改为宾格。例如: All the people laughed at him. He was laughed at by all people. They make the bikes in the factory. The bikes are made?by them?in the factory. 歌诀是:宾变主,主变宾,by 短语后面跟。 谓语动词变被动,be 后“过分”来使用。 五、含有情态动词的被动语态 含有情态动词的主动句变成被动句时,由“情态动词+be+过去分词”构成,原来带 to 的 情态动词变成被动语态后“to”仍要保留。 歌诀是:情态动词变动,情态加 be 加“过分”,原来带 to 要保留。例如: We can repair this watch in two days. This watch can be repaired in two days. You ought to take it away. It ought to be taken away. They should do it at once. It should be done at once. 1 The People's Republic of China __ on October 1, 19
  49. A. found B. was founded C. is founded D. was found 2 English in Canada. A. speaks B. are spoken C. is speaking D. is spoken 3 This English song by the girls after class. A. often sings B. often sang C. is often sang D. is often sung 4 This kind of car in Japan. A, makes B. made C. is making D. is made 5 New computers all over the world. A. is used B. are using C. are used D. have used 2 1 Our room must clean. A. keep B. be kept C. to be kept D. to keep 2 -I'd like to buy that coat.-I'm sorry. . A. it sold B. it's selling C. It's been sold D. it had been sold 3 A new house at the corner of the road. A. is building B. is being built C. been built D. be building 4 The key on the table when I leave. A. was left B. will be left C. is left D. has been left 5 Doctors in every part of the world. A. need B. are needing C. are needed D. will need 6 His new book next month.
2
A. will be published B. is publishing C. is being published D. has been published 3 1 Japanese in every country. A. is not spoken B. are spoken C. is speaking D. is not speaking 2 These papersyet. A. have not written B. have not been written C. has not written D. has not been written 3 The sports meet be held until next week. A. didn't B. won't C. isn't D. doesn't 4 1 -My shoes are worn out. A. Can't they be mended? B. Let me have a look at it. C. How much do they cost? D. Can't they mended? 2 the watch been repaired yet? I badly need it. A. Does B. Has C. Is D . Are 3 these desks be needed? A. Will B. Are C. Has D. Do 5 1 Why to talk about it yesterday? A. didn't a meeting hold B. wasn't a meeting held C. wasn't held a meeting D. a meeting wasn't held 2 Who was the book? A. write B. wrote C. written D. written by 3 Where these boxes made? A. was B. were C. is D. am 6 1 The flowers often. A. must be water B. must be watered C. must watered D. must water 2 The books may for two weeks. A. be kept B. be borrowed C. keep D. borrow 3 The broken bike here by Mr Smith. A. can mend B. can mended C. can be mend D. can be mended 7 1 The old bridge in my hometown next month. A. is going to be rebuilt B. will rebuilt C. are going to be rebuilt D. are going to rebuilt 2 The play at the theatre next Sunday. A. is going to be shown B. will shown C. will show D. is shown 3 The old stone bridge next week .A. is going to be rebuilt B. will be rebuild C. are going to be rebuilt D. will rebuild 8 1 Now these magazines__ in the library for a long time. A. have kept B. are keeping C. have been keeping D. have been kept 2 The pot for hot water .A. used; keeping B. was used; keeping C. is used; to keep D. are used; keep 3 Tea in the south of China.
3
A. grows B. is grown C. were grown D. will grow 4 The bridges two years ago. A. is built B. built C. were built D. was built 5 Wet clothes are often up near a fire in rainy weather .A. hang B. hanged C. hanging D. hung 9 1 The river smells terrible. People must dirty things into it. A. be stopped to throw B. be stopped from throwing C. stop to throw D. stop from throwing 2 The teapot water .A. is filled with B. filled of C. fulling of D. filled 3 Old people must be looked after well and politely. A. speak to B. spoken C. speak D. spoken to 4 Old people must . A. look after well B. be looked well after C. looked well after D. be looked after well 10 1 Newly-born babiesin hospital. A. are taken good care B. are taken good care of C. take good care of D. take good care 2 They were at the sudden noise. A. frightening B. frightened C. frighten D. frightens 3 These walls stone. A. are made of B. made of. C. are made into D. made into 11 1 Jane to sing us an American song last Saturday. A. called B. was asked C. told D. was said 2 The papers to them. A. were shown B. show C. shown / D. have shown 3 The coather sister. A. made to B. were made for C. was made for D. was made to 12 1 I five minutes to decide whether I should go or not. A. gave B. was giving C. had given D. was given 2 She willgood care. A. take; of B. be taken; of C. take; for you D. be taken; of you 13 1 The teacher made him his homework. A. to do B. do C. did D. done 2 The boy_ streets without pay in the old days. A. was made to clean B. made cleanC. made to clean D. was made clean 3 These childrendance. A. were seen to B. were seen for C. were seen D. saw to 14 1 These stoneswell. A. are fitted B. fit C. fits D. is fitted
4
2 The bike 500 yuan. A. was cost B. costed C. cost D. is costed 3 The important meeting on a cold morning last year. A. was'had B. was held C. held D. had 15 1 Great changes in the past ten years in China. A. took place B. have taken place C. were taking place D. had taken place 2 You can't use the computer, it. A. was broken down B. is wrong C. is bad D. has broken down 3 Great changesin our country during the past 20 years. A. have happened B. happened C. have been happened D. were happened 4 The watch has often down. A. sat B. lain C. broken D. fell 16 1 Please pass me another cup. This one. A. is broken B. is breaking C. broke D. broken 2 The story books by the writer in the 1960s.A. are written B. were writtenC. are writing D. were writing 3 What time the door every day? A. does; closed B. does; close C. is; closed D. /; close 17 1 Can he himself? A. get dress B. get dressed C. gets dressed D. instead of 2 He fell from his bike and . A. is hurt B. gets hurt C. got hurt D. hurt 3 Lookout, please keep away from the fire, or your trousers will__ A. burnt B. burn C. burning D. get burn 18 1 The applevery sweet. A. is tasted B. taste -C. tastes D. are tasting 2 You more beautiful in the light blue shirt. A. see B. watch C. look D. look at 3 What you said . like a good idea. A. heard B. listened C. sound D. sounded 19 1 -What do you think of the TV play? -Wonderful. It is worth a second time. A. watching B. watched C. seen D. seeing 2 How dirty the tables are! They need. A. to clean B. clean C. cleaning D. cleaned 3 The book is worth . A. seeing B. reading C. seen D. read 参考答案:
5

  1. 1-5 B D D D C
  2. 1-6 B C B B C A
  3. 1-3 A B B
  4. 1-3 A B A
  5. 1-3 B D B
  6. 1-3 B A D
  7. 1-3 A B A
  8. 1-5 D B B C D
  9. 1-4 B A D D
  10. 1-3 B B A
  11. 1-3 B A C
  12. 1-3 D D B
  13. 1-3 B A A
  14. 1-4 B C B
  15. 1-4 B D AC
  16. 1-3 A B C
  17. 1-3 B C D
  18. 1-3 C C D
  19. 1-3 A C B
6
 

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