句型( 句型(一) such+名词性词组+that… So+形容词/副词+that…??如此……以致…… 例如:(
  1)She is such a good teacher that we all love her.她是一个好老师,我 们都爱她。 (
  2)It was such a hot day that they didn’t go out for a walk as usual.这么热 的天气,他们没有像往常一样去散步。 注意点:
  1.such+a+形容词+名词+that…,可以改写成:so+形容词+a+名词+that…,例句(
  1)可 以改写成:She is so good a teacher that we all love her.
  2.在 such+形容词+名词复数或不可数名词+that…结构中,形容词如果是 many/few 或 much/little 时, so 不用 such, so+many/few+可数名词复数+that…, 用 即: so+much/little+ 不可数名词+that… (
  1)There are so many people in the room that I can’t get in.房间里人太多, 我进不去。 (
  2)The man has so much money that he can buy a car.那人很有钱,他能买一辆小 汽车。 句型( 句型(二) There be…,either…or…,neither…nor…,not only…but also… 例如:(
  1)There is a pen and two pencils in his pencil-box.他的铅笔盒里有一支 钢笔和两支铅笔。 (
  2)Not only you but also I have been to the Great Wall.你和我都没有去过长城。 (
  3)Either you or I am leaving for Shanghai.要么你去上海,要么我去上海。 (
  4)Neither you nor he is right.你和他都不对。 (
  5)Both Jack and Tim are English. Jack 和 Tim 是英国人。 注意点: 当这几个句型连接主语时, 谓语动词的人称和数要考虑 “就近原则” 对比 both…and… , 来记忆,both…and…连接主语时视为复数。 句型( 句型(三) Enough+名词+to do…??有足够的……做某事 形容词/副词+enough+to do …??足够……做某事 例如:(
  1)There is enough room to hold these people to have a meeting.有足够 的地方容下这些人开会。 (
  2)The boy is strong enough to carry the heavy box.这个男孩力气够大,能搬动 这只箱子。 注意点: enough 做副词修饰形容词或副词时,放在所修饰词的后面,句子可以用 so…that…句 型改写。例句(
  2)可以改写为:The boy is so strong that he can carry the heavy box. 这个男孩力气很大,能搬动这只箱子。 句型( 句型(四) too+形容词/副词+to do…??太……以致不能…… 例如:(
  1)I was too excited to say a word.我激动得一个字也说不出来。 (
  2)Tom is too short to reach the apple. Tom 太矮了,拿不到那个苹果。
注意点: 这是一个否定句型,不能在不定式前加 not,可以用 so…that…结构改写,例如例句 (
  1)可以改写成:I was so excited that I couldn’t say a word. 句型( 句型(五) So that …??以便/以致…… 例如:(
  1)They studied hard so that they could pass the exam.他们学习很努力, 为了能通过考试。 (
  2)They started early so that they caught the early bus.他们起得很早,结果赶 上了早班车。 注意点: 在例句(
  1)中,是引导目的状语;在例句(
  2)中,是引导结果状语。一般来讲,从句中含 有情态动词的,为目的状语。无情态动词的,为结果状语。 句型( 句型(六) 祈使句+then/or/and+陈述句 例如:(
  1)Work hard,and/then/and then you will live a happy life.努力工作,你 就会过上幸福生活。 (
  2)Hurry up, or we will be late for school. 快点,否则我们上学就迟到了。 注意点: 以上句型都可以用条件状语从句来改写。 例句(
  2)可以改写成: we don’ hurry up,we’ If t ll be late for school. 句型( 句型(七) (
  1)It’s time for sth.是干某事的时间了。 It’s time (for sb) to do sth.该干某事了。 It’s time that sb did sth.该干某事了。 例如:(
  1) It’s time for the meeting.该开会了。 (
  2)It’s time for us to go to school.我们该上学了。 (
  3)It’s high time that you went to bed.你该上床休息了。 注意点: 在句型(
  3)中,可以在 time 前加 rush、 high 等修饰词,这个句型是虚拟语气的一种, 含有“稍迟一点”的含义。而(
  2)则是“正是干某事的时候” 。 句型( 句型(八) (
  1)It takes sb. Some time to do sth.干某事花某人一些时间 (
  2)sb. spend some time on sth./(in) doing sth.某人花时间在某事上/花时间干某 事 (
  3)spend some money on sth./(in) doing sth.花钱在某物上/花钱干某事 (
  4)sth. cost sb. Some money??某事花某人一些钱 (
  5)pay some money for sth.为某事(物)付钱 例如:(
  1)It took me two hours to write the letter.写这封信花了我两小时的时间。 (
  2)He spends half an hour (in) reading English every morning.他每天早上花半 小时读英语。 (
  3)He spends one hour on the housework every day.他每天花一小时做家务。 (
  4)The bike cost me 298 yuan.这辆自行车花了我 298 元。 (
  5)I spent 298 yuan on the bike.我买这辆自行车花了 298 元。 (
  6)I paid 298 yuan for the bike.我花了 298 元买这辆自行车。
注意点:cost 主语一般为物;spend、pay 主语一般为人。例(
  1)中 it 用做形式主语, 动词不定式为真正主语。 句型( 句型(九) (
  1)Why not do…?为什么不干某事? (
  2)Let’s do …让我们干某事吧。 (
  3)Shall we do …?我们干某事好吗? (
  4)Would you like something/to do sth.…?你想要什么吗?你想要干…吗? (
  5)Will you please do …?请你干某事好吗? (
  6)What (How) about doing…?干某事怎么样? 例如:(
  1)Why not go and ask our teacher?Good idea!Let’s go.为什么不去问问老 师?好主意!走吧! (
  2)Shall we go out for a walk?No, let’s go to the zoo.我们去散步怎么样?不, 我们去动物园吧。 (
  3)Will you please fetch some chalks for me?请你给我拿些粉笔,好吗? (
  4)What about singing an English song? Wonderful!唱首英语歌曲怎么样?好极了! 注意点:这些句型都是表示“建议”的句子,可视为同义句。 句型( 句型(十) (
  1)Let’s go out for a walk,shall we?让我们出去散步,好吗? (
  2)Read the book carefully,will you?认真读书,好吗? 注意点:在这两个句型中,(
  2)所代表的祈使句,一般用 will you 构成反意疑问句。在 (
  1)中 Let’s 表示包括“我”在内,用 shall we,但若是 let us,表示不包括“我”在内, 则用 will you。 例如:Let us go out for a walk,will you?你让我们出去散散步,好吗? 句型(十一) 句型(十一) So+be/助动词/情态动词+主语??也…… Neither/Nor+be/助动词/情态动词+主语??也不…… 例如:(
  1)He can sing a lot of English songs,so can she.他会唱很多英语歌曲, 她也是。 (
  2)She speaks English very well,so do I.她英语说得好,我也是。 (
  3)Li Lei hasn’t read this book,neither has Lin Feng.李蕾没看过这本书,林风 也没看过。 注意点:这两个句型都表示和前面所陈述的内容相同,用倒装句。要注意和 “so+主语 +be/助动词/情态动词??确实是”相区别,试对比一下例(
  2): A:She speaks English very well.她英语说得很好。 B:so she does.确实是这样。 句型(十二) 句型(十二) I don’t think his answer is right.我认为他的答案不对。 例如:(
  1)I can’t believe she is right.我相信她是不对的。 (
  2)You don’t think they will come tomorrow, do you?你认为他们明天不会来,是 吗? 注意点:Think、believe、suppose 等接宾语从句时,表示否定时否定主句。变为反意 疑问句时,若主语是第一人称,简短问句与宾语从句的主谓语保持一致, 若主句主语是其 他人称,与主句主谓语保持一致。例(
  1)变为反意疑问句应为:I can’t believe she is right,is she?
 

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