初中英语常用重点句型
引导的句型。 一、以形式主语 it 引导的句型。 句型
  1. It happened(chanced) that +clause. = sb. happened /chanced sth. = sb. did sth. by chance. 如: It happened that he was out when I got there. 当我到那儿时,碰巧他不在。=He happened to be out when I got there.= I tchanced that he was out when I got there= He was out by chance when I got there. 句型
  2、It seems that sb. do/ be doing/ have done/ had done= Sb. seems to do/ be doing/ have done/ had done 如: (还有动词 appear 可这样使用) It seemed that he had been to Beijing before.好象你以去过北京。=He seemed to have been Beijing before. 句型
  3. It is / was+被强调的部分+that(who)+剩余的部分.如: It wasn’t until he came back that I went to bed.直到他回来我才睡觉。 (一定要注意被强 调句型谓语动词否定的转移,及形式)。 It was because he was ill that he didn’t come to school today.只因为他有病了今天没有 来上学。 (只能用 because 而不能用 for, as 或 since) It is I who am a student. 我确实是个学生。 (句中 am 不能用 are 来代替。 ) 句型
  4、It is high time (time/ about time) (that) 主语+should do / did+其它。 (注意从 句中的谓语动词用的是虚拟语气) It is high time that we should go / went home.我们该回家了。 句型
  5、It is / was said ( reported…)+that+从句. 如: It was said that he had read this novel.据说他读过这篇小说。=He was said to have read this novel. 句型
  6、It is impossible / necessary/ strange…that clause.(从句中的谓语用 should+do should have done,其形式是虚拟语气。)如: It is strange that he should have failed in this exam.真奇怪,他这次考试没有及格。
/
句型
  7、It is + a pity/ a shame…that clause.(注意从句中的谓语动词用 should do 或 should have done 的形式,但 should 可以省略。)如: He didn’t come back until the film ended. It was a pity that he should have missed this film. 他直到电影结束才回来。他没有看到这部电影真可惜。 句型
  8、It is suggested / ordered/ commanded /…that +clause.(从句的谓语动词用 should do, 但 should 可以省略。)如: It is suggested that the meeting should be put off.有人建议推迟会议。 句型
  9、It is/was+表示地点的名词+where+从句。 (注意本句不是强调句型,而是
以 where 引导的定语从句。 )如: It was this house where I was born.请比较:It was in this house that I was born. (后一句 是强调句型。) 句型
  10、It is / was +表示时间的名词+when+从句。 (注意本句型也不是强调句型, 而是以 when 引导的定语从句。 )如: It was 1999 when he came back from the United States. 请比较:It was in 1999 that he came back from the United States. 句型
  11、It is well-known that+从句。如: It is well-known that she is a learned woman. 众所周知,她是个知识渊博的妇女。 句型
  12、It is +段时间+since+主语+did. 请比较: It was +段时间+since+主语+had done. 如: It is five years since he left here.他已经离开这儿五年了。 It was five years since he left here.(同上) 句型
  13、 +谓语+段时间+before+主语+谓语. before 引导的是时间状语从句。 It ( ) 如: It wasn’t long before the people in that country rose up.没有多久那个国家的人民就起 义了。 It will be three hours before he comes back.三个小时之后他才能回来。 句型
  14、It is +形容词+for+ sb.+ to do. 如: It is impossible for me to finish this work before tomorrow.我明天之前完成此工作是不 可能的。 句型
  15、It is +(心理品质方面的)形容词+of + sb. + to do. = 主语+ be +形容词+ to do.(常用的形容词有:kind, stupid; foolish, good, wise 等。)如: It is kind of you to help me.=You are kind to help me.你真好给我提供了帮助。 二、定语从句: 定语从句: 句型
  16、由 as 引导的非限定性的定语从句。如: As we have known, he is a most good student.众所周知,他是个很好的学生。请比较: It is well-known that he is a most good student.(前一个是定语从句,而后者是个主语 从句。 ) 句型
  17、由 which 引导的非限定性的定语从句。如: He is a professor, which I have been looking forward to becoming. 他是个教授,那是我一直盼望的职业。 (因为先行词 professor 是表示职业的名词, 因此引导词用 which,而不用 who。 (注意:关于 which 和 as 之间的比较请看语法的定 语从句部分。 ) 句型
  18、由 where, when 引导的定语从句(其中包括限定性的或非限定性的。 )如:
This is the house where I used to come.请比较:This is the house which / that I used to come to. This is the day when I joined the Party.请比较:This is the day which / that I joined the Party on. 说明:关于 that 与 which 之间的区别,请看语法中的定语从句。 三、让步状语从句 句型
  19、No matter what / which / who / where / when /whose+从句,+主句。注意 从句中的时态一般情况用一般现在时态。如: No matter what you do, you must do it well.请比较:Whatever you do, you must do it well. 无论你做什么,一定要做好。 No matter where you go, please let me know.请比较:Wherever you go, please let me know.你无论去哪儿,请通知我。 说明:这两种句型形式不同,而意义完全相同。 注意:I will tell whoever would like to read it. 句中的 whoever 不能用 whomever 来代替。因为它即作动词 tell 的宾语,又作后面 从句的主语。 四、条件状语从句 句型
  20、When / So long as / As long as / Once +从句,+主句。 (从句也可以放在主 句之后。 )如: As long as you give me some money, I will let you go.只要你给我一些钱,我就让你 走。 Once you have begun to learn English, you should learn it well. 一旦你开始学习英语,你应该把它学好。 句型
  21、主句+on condition that+从句。如: I will go with you on condition that you give me some money.我和你一起去的条件是 你给我一些钱。 句型
  22、主句+unless+从句.(注意:由于 unless 本身是否定词,所引导的从句的谓 语动词用肯定。)如: I will go there tomorrow unless it rains.我明天去那儿除非下雨。 句型
  23、祈使句,+and/ and then+主句。 (注意:祈使句也可用一个名词短语。 )如: Use your head, and you will find a good idea.动脑筋想一想,你就会想出一个好主意。 Another word, and I will beat you.你再说一句,我就揍你。 句型
  24、If +necessary / impossible/ important 等,+主句。如: If necessary, I will do it. 如果有必要的话,我来做此事。 五、原因状语从句 句型
  25、主句+in case+从句。 (in case 表示以免)如:
I will take my raincoat in case it rains.我要把雨衣带上以免下雨。 句型
  26、主句+due to / because of / owning to / + the fact that +从句。如: He did not come to school because of the fact that he was ill.由于他有病了,所以没有来上学。 六、时间状语从句 句型
  27、When / While / As +从句,+主句。 (关于它们之间的区别请看语法。 )如: When I was in the country, I used to carry some water for you.当我在农村时, 我常常给 你打水。 句型
  28、主句+after / before +从句. 如: They hadn’t been married four months before they were devoiced.他们绘结婚不到四个月就离婚了。 We went home after we had finished the work.我们做完此工作就回家了。 句型
  29、主语+肯定谓语+until+从句(或时间).请比较: 主语+否定谓语+until+从句。如: I worked until he came back.我一直工作到他回来。 I didn’t worked until he came back.他回来我才开始工作。 句型
  30、 soon as / Immediately / Directly / Instantly / The moment / The instant / The As minute +从句,+主句. 如: My father went out immediately I got home.我一到家,我父亲就出去了。 句型
  31、No sooner +had + 主语+done…than +主语+did. 请比较: 主语+had + no sooner +done…than +主语+did. 如: No sooner had I got to Beijing than I called you.我一到北京就给你打电话了。 I had no sooner got to Beijing than I called you. 句型
  32、Hardly +had +主语+done…when / before + 主语+did.请比较:主语+had +hardly +done…when / before +主语+did. Hardly had she had supper when she went out. 她一吃完晚饭就出去了。 She had hardly had supper when she went out. 句型
  33、By the time+从句,+主句.(注意时态的变化。 )如: By the time you came back, I had finished this book.到你回来时,我已经写完了这本 书。 By the time you come back, I will have finished this book.到你回来时,我将写完这本 书。 句型
  34、 each / every time +从句, +主句. (这时相当于 whenever 或 no matter 引导的从句。从句也可放在主句之后。)如: when
Each time he comes to Harbin, he always drops in on me.每当他来哈尔滨, 总是随便来 看看我。 七、地点状语从句 句型
  35、Where +从句,+主句. 如: Where there is no rain, farming is difficult or impossible.哪里没有雨水,种庄稼是很难 的或者是不可能的。 句型
  36、Anywhere / wherever+从句,+主句. 如: Anywhere I go, my wife goes too.无论我去哪儿,我的妻子也去哪儿。 I will go wherever you suggest.你建议我去哪儿,我就去哪儿。 八、目的状语从句 句型
  37、主句+in order that / so that +从句.如: I got up early in order that I could catch the first bus.我起得很早,以便能赶上早班车。 句型
  38、 主句+for + sb. +to do. 注意动词不定式复合结构在这儿作目的状语。 如: ( ) He came here for me to work out this problem.他来这儿叫我帮他解出这道难题。 九、结果状语从句 句型
  39、主句+so that+从句. 如: It was very cold, so that the river froze.天气很冷,因此河水结冰了。 句型
  40、So+形容词/ 副词+特定动词+主语+…+that+从句. So interesting is this book that I would like to read it again.这本书那么有趣,我想再读 一遍。 句型
  41、主语+谓语+such+名词+that+从句.如: He made such rapid progress that he was praised by the teacher.他进步很快,老师表扬 了他。 句型
  42、Such was + 主语+that +从句.(这是个完全倒装句。)如: Such was the force of the explosion that all the windows were broken.爆炸力这么大, 所 有的窗户都被震碎了。 十、比较状语从句 句型
  43、The +形容词比较级……, (主句)the +形容词比较级+……如: The sooner you do it, the better it will be.越早越好。 句型
  44、主语+谓语+as +形容词原级+as +被比较的对象. 如: He is as busy as a bee.他非常忙。
句型
  45、主语+谓语+the+形容词比较级+of / between … He is the taller of the two.他们俩人中他高。 句型
  46、主语+谓语+倍数+as+形容词原级+as+被比较的对象.如: This room is three times as large as that one.这个房间是那个房间的三倍大。 (这个房 间比那个房间大两倍。 ) 句型
  47、主语+谓语+百分数/倍数+形容词比较级+than+被比较的对象.如: This city is twice larger than ours.这个城市比我们城市大两倍。 The early rice output in that commune was 200% more than that of 20
  00.那个公社的早 稻产量是 2000 年的两倍。 句型
  48、主语+谓语+the size / length/ width/ height +of +被比较的对象.如: Our building is twice the height of yours.我们的大楼比你们的高两倍。 十一、 十一、其它句型 句型
  49、It doesn’t matter wh-+从句。如: It doesn’t matter to me what you will do tomorrow.你明天做什么与我无关。 It doesn’t matter whether you will come or not.你来不来无关紧要。 句型
  50、形容词/ 副词 / 名词(可数单数)+as / though +主语+谓语,+主句.如: Young as he is, he knows a lot.虽然他很小,但他知道得很多。 Hard he works, I am sure that he can’t pass this exam.虽然他学习很努力,这次考试他 肯定不能及格。 Child as he is, he knows a lot.虽然他是个孩子,但他懂得很多。 句型
  51、Were / Should / Had +主语+谓语,+主句.如 Were I you, I would have gone there yesterday.如果我是你的话,昨天我就去那儿了。 句型
  52、Only +状语+特定动词+主语+谓语… Only by this means can I do this work well.只有用那种方式我才能做好此工作。 Only because he was ill did he not come to school.只因为他有病了才没有来上学。 Only then did I realize that I had been wrong.只有那时,我才认识到我错了。 句型
  53、Not only +特定动词+主语+谓语…but also+主语+谓语… Not only did he learn English well but also he spoke French very well. 他不但英语学得 好,而且法语讲得很流利。
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