How do you get to school?
初二英语
主讲教师:姜利娜
一、语言目标
通过谈论如何去某个地方,培养学生运用英语 对这一常见话题进行交际的能力。
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二、出行方式的习惯表达
人们在日常生活中往往要借助各种便利的交通工具 以便于自己的出行。在英语中,主要有三种比较常见的 表示方法。
(一) 含有动词的交通方式表达,如:
  1. How do you get to school? I walk to school.
  2. How do they usually go to school? They take the subway. 此处的疑问词 how 用来表示对出行方式的提问。如果所 涉及的人为第三人称单数或所涉及到的时间为过去时间或将 来时间的话,请看下列例句,并注意其中的一些变化:

  3. How does your sister get to work? She rides her bike.
  4. How does John usually go to the museum? He usually takes the trolley bus.
  5. How did your father get to work yesterday? He drove his car to work.
  6. How did the boss go to have the meeting last week? He took the helicopter to get there.
  7. How are they going to the countryside? They are riding the motorbikes.
常见的含有动词的交通方式表达有 take the bus take the taxi take the school bus take the train take the helicopter take the plane ride one’s bike ride the motorbike ride a horse ride a camel row a boat fly a helicopter
take the subway / underground / metro
drive a car / a van / a truck … fly a plane
(二) 含有介词by的交通方式表达 除了可以用动词词组来表达出行方式外,我们还 可以用 “by + 交通工具”的方式来表达。 如:
  1. He walks to school. = He goes to school on foot.
  2. They take the train to the city. = They go to the city by train.
  3. She’ll ride the motorbike to work tomorrow. = She’ll go to work by motorbike.
on foot by train by trolley bus by bike by helicopter
by bus by car
by school bus by taxi by double-decker by motorbike by plane / air
by boat / ship / sea
(三) 含有介词 in, on 的交通方式表达
  1. In North America, most students go to school on the school bus. = In North America, most students go to school by school bus. = In North America, most students take the school bus to go to school.
  2. We go to sports camp on a train. = We go to sports camp by train.

  3. He is taking a tour around the city in his car. = He is taking a tour around the city by car.
  4. Many tourists like to go sightseeing on a double-decker in London. = Many tourists like to go sightseeing by double-decker in London. 如用 in, on 的介词表示出行方式,其后要有冠词 a, the 或 his, my 等物主代词。
三、距离远近的表达
关于距离,我们通常是用以下的句式来问与答: Questions:
  1.
  2.
  3.
  4. How far is it? How far is it from here to the supermarket? How far is the bank from your home? How far do you live from school?
Answers:

  1.
  2.
  3.
  4.
  5. It’s not far. It’s quite near. Our school is quite near to my home. The hospital is close to the park. The farm is far away from home.

  6.
  7.
  8.
  9.
  10.
The winter camp is twelve miles away from the city. It’s a twenty-minute walk from here. It’s about half an hour’s bus ride. It’s a five-hour horse ride from the village. It’s about 13 hours’ train ride from Beijing to Shanghai.
四、表示花时间的问与答
How long does it take ( sb. ) to do sth? It takes ( sb.) some time ( to do sth.).

  1. How long does it take you to get from home to school? It takes twenty-five minutes.
  2. How long does it take to build a house? It usually takes about five months.
  3. How long does it take him to get to school every day? It takes him forty-five minutes.

  4. How long did it take you to finish all the maths exercises last night? It took me around two hours to finish them.
  5. How long will it take you to paint your house? Maybe it will take us a whole day to do that.
五、询问人们的看法
What do you think of sth. / sb. ? 在征询人们对某事的看法时,我们可用 What do you think of ……? 来表达。 例如:
  1. What do you think of the transportation in Beijing? It’s awful. There are always too many traffic jams.
  2. What do you think of Jacky Chen’s new film? It’s really great. I quite like it.

  3. He is thinking of taking another vacation soon.
  4. We are thinking of writing a letter to the newspaper. 我们还可以用 How do you like sth. / sb.? 来表示 征 询看法。例如:

  5. How do you like the artist’s new painting? It’s really terrible. I don’t like it.
  6. How do you like her lifestyle? I think she lives quite a healthy life.
六、含有 how 的句子的总结
  1. How does she get to school?
  2. How is the weather in Sydney?
  3. How are your uncles?
  4. How do you like my new dress?
  5. How far is it from the school to the park?
  6. How long does it take to get to work?
  7. How soon will Jessica get back from Tokyo? In a month.
  8. How many true friends do you have?
  9. How much apples do you want? How much is the toy plane?
七、 other 与 others 的区别
  1. Some students go to school by bus. Other students go to school by bike. = Some students go to school by bus. Others go to school by bike.
  2. Some books are about history. Other books are about maths. = Some books are about history. Others are about maths.

  3. Some people went hiking. The other people went climbing. = Some people went hiking. The others went climbing.
  4. Some students are going sightseeing for vacation. The other students are fishing. = Some students are going sightseeing for vacation. The others are fishing.
八、 leave 与 leave for 的辨析 leave 表示离开某地; leave for 表示离开此地到某地去。 例如:
  1. When are you leaving?
  2. They are leaving for Hong Kong.
九、It depends on where you live. depend on,或depend upon, 表示视情形而定 的意思。例如:
  1. Are they coming to the farm to work? That depends on the weather.
  2. Is the transportation in your city good? That depends. During rush hours the roads are always crowded and cars can hardly move.
depend on 还有依赖、依靠、信任、需要的意思。如:
  3. Babies and little kids have to depend on their parents.
  4. You are the only one that I can depend on.
  5. I have no car and there are no trains to take, so I have to depend on the bus.
十、And in places where there are rivers and lakes 上句中where there are rivers and lakes这个用where 引导的定语从句用来修饰前面的名词 places说明那是 个什么样的地方。例如:
  1. People like to exercise in places where there are lots of trees.
  2. This is the restaurant where he had his first job.
  3. Look! That is the primary school where I used to study.
十一、当有明显的、确定的证据时,用 must来表示可 能性极大的猜测。例如:
  1.
  2. That must be a lot more fun than taking a bus. That must be my middle school classmate. I still remember what he looked like.
  3. That must be Peter’s backpack. You see, there is a name on it.
十二、In North America, not all students take the bus to school. 此句中,not all students表示的是“不是所有的学 生”的意思,表示的是部分否定。如果指没有一个学生 坐公共汽车去上学时则应为: No students take the bus to school. 或 None of the students takes the bus to school.
十三、In Japan, the three most popular ways of getting to school are bus, train, and bike. 此句中 ways of doing sth. 表示的是 “……的方 式”的意思。例如:
  1. In Korea, people have a special way of making wine.
  2. People have different ways of greeting each other in different parts of the world.
十四、a small number of students … … a small number of 指的是少数的意思后面紧跟的 是可数名词的复数,它的反义词组是 a large number of 或 a great number of
课外练习
一、阅读下面的两篇对话,并用完整的句子回答对 话后的问题。 (A) A: Excuse me, could you tell me how to get to the Grand Hotel? B: Certainly. Just go along this street until you come to a place where the bus stop is. Take the street to your right. The Grand Hotel is about 50 meters down the street on the right side. There is a signboard at the gate. You can’t miss it.
? A: Thanks. And how long will it take me to get there? ? B: It’s about a ten-minute walk. ? A: I see. Is there a bus I can take? ? B: Yes. Bus No. 23 goes past there. Get off at the second stop, walk on a short distance and there you are.
Questions:

  1. How long does it take to get to the Grand Hotel?
  2. Which bus can the man take?

  3. Which bus stop should he get off?
Answers:

  1. It takes about ten minutes to get to the Grand Hotel.
  2. The man can take the No. 23 Bus.
  3. He should get off at the second stop.
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(B) A: Good afternoon! B: Good afternoon! How far is it to the Central Hotel? A: About 5 kilometers. B: Hm. And how much does it cost by taxi? A: Oh, a taxi is rather expensive. It’s easy to go by bus or underground from here. B: How long does it take by bus? A: About half an hour. B: Where does the bus leave from? A: There’s a bus stop just outside. B: That’s fine. Thanks for your help.
 

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