How do you get to school?
初二英语
主讲教师:姜利娜
一、语言目标
通过谈论如何去某个地方,培养学生运用英语 对这一常见话题进行交际的能力。
更多资源xiti1
  23.taobao.com
二、出行方式的习惯表达
人们在日常生活中往往要借助各种便利的交通工具 以便于自己的出行。在英语中,主要有三种比较常见的 表示方法。
(一) 含有动词的交通方式表达,如:
  1. How do you get to school? I walk to school.
  2. How do they usually go to school? They take the subway. 此处的疑问词 how 用来表示对出行方式的提问。如果所 涉及的人为第三人称单数或所涉及到的时间为过去时间或将 来时间的话,请看下列例句,并注意其中的一些变化:

  3. How does your sister get to work? She rides her bike.
  4. How does John usually go to the museum? He usually takes the trolley bus.
  5. How did your father get to work yesterday? He drove his car to work.
  6. How did the boss go to have the meeting last week? He took the helicopter to get there.
  7. How are they going to the countryside? They are riding the motorbikes.
常见的含有动词的交通方式表达有 take the bus take the taxi take the school bus take the train take the helicopter take the plane ride one’s bike ride the motorbike ride a horse ride a camel row a boat fly a helicopter
take the subway / underground / metro
drive a car / a van / a truck … fly a plane
(二) 含有介词by的交通方式表达 除了可以用动词词组来表达出行方式外,我们还 可以用 “by + 交通工具”的方式来表达。 如:
  1. He walks to school. = He goes to school on foot.
  2. They take the train to the city. = They go to the city by train.
  3. She’ll ride the motorbike to work tomorrow. = She’ll go to work by motorbike.
on foot by train by trolley bus by bike by helicopter
by bus by car
by school bus by taxi by double-decker by motorbike by plane / air
by boat / ship / sea
(三) 含有介词 in, on 的交通方式表达
  1. In North America, most students go to school on the school bus. = In North America, most students go to school by school bus. = In North America, most students take the school bus to go to school.
  2. We go to sports camp on a train. = We go to sports camp by train.

  3. He is taking a tour around the city in his car. = He is taking a tour around the city by car.
  4. Many tourists like to go sightseeing on a double-decker in London. = Many tourists like to go sightseeing by double-decker in London. 如用 in, on 的介词表示出行方式,其后要有冠词 a, the 或 his, my 等物主代词。
三、距离远近的表达
关于距离,我们通常是用以下的句式来问与答: Questions:
  1.
  2.
  3.
  4. How far is it? How far is it from here to the supermarket? How far is the bank from your home? How far do you live from school?
Answers:

  1.
  2.
  3.
  4.
  5. It’s not far. It’s quite near. Our school is quite near to my home. The hospital is close to the park. The farm is far away from home.

  6.
  7.
  8.
  9.
  10.
The winter camp is twelve miles away from the city. It’s a twenty-minute walk from here. It’s about half an hour’s bus ride. It’s a five-hour horse ride from the village. It’s about 13 hours’ train ride from Beijing to Shanghai.
四、表示花时间的问与答
How long does it take ( sb. ) to do sth? It takes ( sb.) some time ( to do sth.).

  1. How long does it take you to get from home to school? It takes twenty-five minutes.
  2. How long does it take to build a house? It usually takes about five months.
  3. How long does it take him to get to school every day? It takes him forty-five minutes.

  4. How long did it take you to finish all the maths exercises last night? It took me around two hours to finish them.
  5. How long will it take you to paint your house? Maybe it will take us a whole day to do that.
五、询问人们的看法
What do you think of sth. / sb. ? 在征询人们对某事的看法时,我们可用 What do you think of ……? 来表达。 例如:
  1. What do you think of the transportation in Beijing? It’s awful. There are always too many traffic jams.
  2. What do you think of Jacky Chen’s new film? It’s really great. I quite like it.

  3. He is thinking of taking another vacation soon.
  4. We are thinking of writing a letter to the newspaper. 我们还可以用 How do you like sth. / sb.? 来表示 征 询看法。例如:

  5. How do you like the artist’s new painting? It’s really terrible. I don’t like it.
  6. How do you like her lifestyle? I think she lives quite a healthy life.
六、含有 how 的句子的总结
  1. How does she get to school?
  2. How is the weather in Sydney?
  3. How are your uncles?
  4. How do you like my new dress?
  5. How far is it from the school to the park?
  6. How long does it take to get to work?
  7. How soon will Jessica get back from Tokyo? In a month.
  8. How many true friends do you have?
  9. How much apples do you want? How much is the toy plane?
七、 other 与 others 的区别
  1. Some students go to school by bus. Other students go to school by bike. = Some students go to school by bus. Others go to school by bike.
  2. Some books are about history. Other books are about maths. = Some books are about history. Others are about maths.

  3. Some people went hiking. The other people went climbing. = Some people went hiking. The others went climbing.
  4. Some students are going sightseeing for vacation. The other students are fishing. = Some students are going sightseeing for vacation. The others are fishing.
八、 leave 与 leave for 的辨析 leave 表示离开某地; leave for 表示离开此地到某地去。 例如:
  1. When are you leaving?
  2. They are leaving for Hong Kong.
九、It depends on where you live. depend on,或depend upon, 表示视情形而定 的意思。例如:
  1. Are they coming to the farm to work? That depends on the weather.
  2. Is the transportation in your city good? That depends. During rush hours the roads are always crowded and cars can hardly move.
depend on 还有依赖、依靠、信任、需要的意思。如:
  3. Babies and little kids have to depend on their parents.
  4. You are the only one that I can depend on.
  5. I have no car and there are no trains to take, so I have to depend on the bus.
十、And in places where there are rivers and lakes 上句中where there are rivers and lakes这个用where 引导的定语从句用来修饰前面的名词 places说明那是 个什么样的地方。例如:
  1. People like to exercise in places where there are lots of trees.
  2. This is the restaurant where he had his first job.
  3. Look! That is the primary school where I used to study.
十一、当有明显的、确定的证据时,用 must来表示可 能性极大的猜测。例如:
  1.
  2. That must be a lot more fun than taking a bus. That must be my middle school classmate. I still remember what he looked like.
  3. That must be Peter’s backpack. You see, there is a name on it.
十二、In North America, not all students take the bus to school. 此句中,not all students表示的是“不是所有的学 生”的意思,表示的是部分否定。如果指没有一个学生 坐公共汽车去上学时则应为: No students take the bus to school. 或 None of the students takes the bus to school.
十三、In Japan, the three most popular ways of getting to school are bus, train, and bike. 此句中 ways of doing sth. 表示的是 “……的方 式”的意思。例如:
  1. In Korea, people have a special way of making wine.
  2. People have different ways of greeting each other in different parts of the world.
十四、a small number of students … … a small number of 指的是少数的意思后面紧跟的 是可数名词的复数,它的反义词组是 a large number of 或 a great number of
课外练习
一、阅读下面的两篇对话,并用完整的句子回答对 话后的问题。 (A) A: Excuse me, could you tell me how to get to the Grand Hotel? B: Certainly. Just go along this street until you come to a place where the bus stop is. Take the street to your right. The Grand Hotel is about 50 meters down the street on the right side. There is a signboard at the gate. You can’t miss it.
? A: Thanks. And how long will it take me to get there? ? B: It’s about a ten-minute walk. ? A: I see. Is there a bus I can take? ? B: Yes. Bus No. 23 goes past there. Get off at the second stop, walk on a short distance and there you are.
Questions:

  1. How long does it take to get to the Grand Hotel?
  2. Which bus can the man take?

  3. Which bus stop should he get off?
Answers:

  1. It takes about ten minutes to get to the Grand Hotel.
  2. The man can take the No. 23 Bus.
  3. He should get off at the second stop.
更多资源xiti1
  23.taobao.com
(B) A: Good afternoon! B: Good afternoon! How far is it to the Central Hotel? A: About 5 kilometers. B: Hm. And how much does it cost by taxi? A: Oh, a taxi is rather expensive. It’s easy to go by bus or underground from here. B: How long does it take by bus? A: About half an hour. B: Where does the bus leave from? A: There’s a bus stop just outside. B: That’s fine. Thanks for your help.
 

相关内容

初中英语主谓一致

   初中英语??主谓一致 初中英语??主谓一致 ?? 四原则 主谓一致指:谓语动词 主语 人称 数上保持一致,主谓一致必须遵循 主语在人称 指 谓语动词与主语 人称和数 语法一致原则,意义一致原则, 一致原则, 一致原则。 语法一致原则,意义一致原则,就“近”一致原则,就“前”一致原则 1. 语法一致原则:指主语是单数形式,谓语动词用单数形式,主语是复数 形式,谓语也用复数形式。例如: Tom is a good student. 汤姆是个好学生。 They often play footbal ...

英语口语[1]

   1. I wasn't born yesterday.(我又不是三岁小孩) 2. How do I address you?(我怎么称呼你) 3. She turns me off.(她使我厌烦。 ) 4. So far so good.(目前为止,一切都好。 ) 5. Be my guest.(请便、别客气) 6. That was a close call.(太危险了/千钧一发) 7. Far from it.(一点也不。 ) 8. It's a pain in the neck[麻烦的 ...

英语口语1

   Thousand times no! 绝对办不到! Easy does it. 慢慢来。 Don't push me. 别逼我。 Have a good of it.玩的很高兴。 What is the fuss? 吵什么? Still up? 还没睡呀? It doesn't make any differences. 没关系。 Don't let me down. 别让我失望。 God works. 上帝的安排。 Don't take ill of me. 别生我气。 Does it s ...

初中英语初二英语

   初二英语 Unit 3 Families Celebrate Together 更多资源xiti123.taobao.com winter spring summer fall Lesson 17 I love autumn Made by Wang Liangqing Cuizhuang Middle School Listen to the tape, and tell me True or False. 1. Li Ming will watch the moon tonight wi ...

初二英语1??3单元周练习

   本资料来自于资源最齐全的21世纪教育网 www.21cnjy.com 初二英语 1-3 单元 周练习 一.翻译短语。 1、两块鸡肉 2、一茶匙蜂蜜 3、混合在一起 4、两箱梨 儿 5、喝两袋牛奶 6、制作水果沙拉 7. 后天 8. 校队 9. 过来 10. 谢谢你的邀请 11. 帮他姐姐看孩子 12. Can you come to my party? 13. go to the doctor 14. have a piano lesson 15. What’s the date today ...

英语

   2010 年 1 月版开放英语 1 形成性考核册参考答案 月版开放英语 成性考核册参考答案 学前记录卡 根据自己实际情况填写,只要写就有成绩。 根据自己实际情况填写,只要写就有成绩。 学习记录表 1 1. parents photos buses lives halves children women teeth 2. 注意频度副词在句子中有不同的位置。 注意频度副词在句子中有不同的位置。 1) 在动词 to be 之后: 之后: ) I’m often ill on planes. 2) ...

英语

   考研时从 10 月份开始准备,国庆后才开始买资料复习,从头到尾一共可能就三个月多点的 时间, 不过从一开始我就坚信自己会有一套行之有效的方法可以迅速攻克考研英语, 毕竟以 前在雅思和托福的英语考试上有了比较充分的感悟。 结果考出来 84 分,还算理想,证明自己的一些想法是符合实际的。为了回报沪江和朋友 们, 决心把自己在考研英语复习上的体会总结成详细的文字跟大家分享, 希望能够给大家一 点帮助。 文章会比较长,请有兴趣的朋友给点耐心看完,然后结合自己的想法来讨论一下,共同提 高。如果有任何问 ...

英语

   小杨你好 我是北碚区供销社的驾驶员罗康,首先感谢你给我提供的你父亲治头晕的药,我照 此方买来后经服用效果挺好。作为回报,我把我儿子2007年的篇文章提供给你,也许对你大 学期间的学习有一点点帮助。 关于英语学习,我以前说过有自己的一套理论,的确是这样的。 我的理论用一句概括就是, 英语学习是一种快乐, 学习的动力来自内心的渴望而决不是外部 的驱使。 为什么要学英语?为过四六级吗?为期末考试拿高分吗?为找工作吗?为出国吗?统统不 是! 如果把这些作为学习英语的目的, 那么英语水平也许就只能停留 ...

英语

   考研的英语复习是一个庞大的系统工程, 而且英语成绩的提高是一个循序渐进的 过程,所以英语的复习必须有一个整体的规划。根据本人的英语现状和考研英语 大纲制定四个阶段的复习计划。 个人现状:英语通过四六级考试,语法基础较好,但词汇量与阅读量不足,写作 能力较差。 一、1 月到 6 月。掌握大纲要求词汇,强化阅读。 词汇量是考研英语阅读能力和写作能力提高的根本。首先要注重记忆核心词汇, 重点的单词的含义相关短语,语法以及同义词、反义词等需要注意。某些词汇只 需记住意思即可。学习要循序渐进,不可急躁 ...

英语

   英语 百科名片 英语(English)是联合国的工作语言之一,也是事实上的国际交流语言。英语 属于印欧语系中日耳曼语族下的西日耳曼语支, 并通过英国的殖民活动传播到世 界各地。由于在历史上曾和多种民族语言接触,它的词汇从一元变为多元,语法 从“多屈折”变为“少屈折”,语音也发生了规律性的变化。根据以英语作为母 语的人数计算, 英语可能是世界上第三大语言, 但它是世界上最广泛的第二语言。 世界上 60%以上的信件是用英语书写的,上两个世纪英国和美国在文化、经济、 军事、政治和科学上的领先地位使 ...

热门内容

高三英语写作练习:如何写看图作文

   本文由Michael_YQ贡献 ppt文档可能在WAP端浏览体验不佳。建议您优先选择TXT,或下载源文件到本机查看。 English writing practice for the Sts of Senior Three How to write a story according to the pictures? 如何写看图作文 Lead in: A talk on writing 1.How do you find writing ? 1.How 2.Is ...

江苏省南菁高级中学暑假检测新初三英语试卷

   江苏省南菁高级中学暑假检测新初三英语试卷 第一卷(选择题, 第一卷(选择题,共 55 分) 2008-8-28 (本大题共15 分,每小题 1 分) 一、单项选择 在A、B、C、D 四个选项中选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。 1. My brother’s never been late for work, ? A. is he A. gone to bed A. writes; sells A. am used to A. for A. is A. is hanged A. of; in A ...

浅谈在学习英语中的记忆方法

   浅谈在学习英语中的记忆方法 在这个世界上,做任何事情的道理都是一样的,如果你真的喜爱一件事情,就应该为它付出 一些努力。我们是成年人,没有了少年的意气风发,也没有了年幼的过目不忘天赋,我们多 得是循规蹈矩,但我们当然不能裹足不前,固步自封,生活中我们总是忙碌,马不停蹄,时 间就在不停的忙碌中一点点逝去, 偶尔有一天闲下来时候自己想一想, 或多或少是不是有那 么一点点遗憾?有那么一点不服老?想学点什么?那就通过英语来锻炼自己的记忆力吧。 第一、英文记忆力第一个要素--兴趣浓厚,如果你对所有的英 ...

备战2012年考研英语:英语高频近义词辨析

   年考研英语: 备战 2012 年考研英语:英语高频近义词辨析 严重的, 一、acute, critical, crucial, urgent??严重的,重要的 严重的 1.acute a. 剧烈的,严重的;急性的(病) 举例:An acute lack of food brought hunger to the Iraqi people. 翻译:食品严重缺乏,伊拉克人民正在忍饥挨饿。 2.critical a.意为关键的,表示处于极度缺乏的状态或事件的转折点,与 crucial 相似。 区别 ...

小学英语作文范文

   1)我的书包 My Backpack 我的书包 I have a backpack. It is large and it is blue. It is a birthday gift from my parents. I love it very much. It is very "hard-working", because I keep all my school things in it. It is very heavy. It is with all the ...