09 初中英语常用词语 (考前必读 考前必读) 考前必读

  1.ask(tell,order) sb. (not) to do sth. 请求(要求;命令)某人(不)做某事
  2.see(hear,find) sb. do 看见(听见,发现)某人经常做或做过某事 正在做某事 doing
  3.do some doing 做做某事
  4.go doing 去做某事
  5.had better (not) do 最好(不)做某事 做完(喜欢,.放弃)某事
  6.finish(enjoy; give up) doing Would you mind doing...? 你介意做某事吗?
  7.Thank you for doing 感谢你做某事 [介词后用动名词] 你认为做某事怎么样? What(How) about doing...?
  8.be busy doing 忙于做某事 with 使某人一直做某事
  9.keep sb. doing keep(get,make) sth. 形容词(作宾补) 使某物怎么样 决定(拒绝)做某事
  10.decide(refuse) to do 为什么不做某事
  11.Why not do...?
  12.make(let) sb. (not) do 使(让)某人(不)做某事 make sth. to do 制作某物为了干什么 (不)能做某事 [情态动词后用动词原形]
  13.can (not) do
  14.stop to do 停下来去做某事 doing 停止做某事 继续做工作
  15.go on working go on with one's work work on keep (on) working don't stop working continue working go on to work(原先不在工作) 被迫做某事 [被动语态后用"to do"]
  16. be made to do 被某人制造 be made by sb. be made in some place 在某地制造 be made of sth. 用什么质料制造 用什么原料制造 be made from sth. be made up of sth. and sth. 由什么组成
  17.like (enjoy,be keen on) doing 喜欢做某事 would like to do 想要做某事 want to do; would be interested to do
  18.It takes sb. some time to do sth. 做某事花费某人多少时间
  19.be late for(come late to) ……迟到
  20.be(get) interested in 对(开始)……感兴趣
  21.be pleased with 对……感到满意
  22.be full of 充满…… be filled with 装满…… 对……动手术
  23.operate on
  24.get(be) ready for 为……作准备 get sth. ready 把……准备好 带领某人参观……
  25.show sb. around
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show sth. to sb. 把……给某人看
  26.be friendly to 对……友好 It's very friendly of you! (你)真好啊!
  27.be thankful to sb. 对……感激
  28.have gone (been) to 去了(去过)…… have been in 一直在……
  29.thousands of 成千个…… two thousand 两千个……
  30.both...and... 既……又……;两者都 neither...nor... 既不……也不……;两者都不 either...or... 既……又……;或者……或者…… not only...but also... 不但……而且……
  31.be good at 擅长于…… do well in ……学得好
  32.be good for; be helpful to 对……有益 be bad for; be harmful to 对……有害
  33.think about(over) 考虑(仔细考虑) think of 想念;想到
  34.work out the problem 算出习题 answer the question 回答问题 玩东西(打球,奏乐器)
  35.play with( / ,the)
  36.borrow ...from 从某人那里借进…… lend ...to 把……借出去给某人 keep ... 借……(一段时间)
  37.(not) as(so)...as... (不)象……一样
  38.so(such)...that... 这样……以致于……
  39.for (单词); so that (从句) 为了 so as to ... (不定式) in order to ... (不定式)
  40.at night; in the day(time) 在夜里(白天) on the night of 在(某天)夜里
  41.some medicine for 治……的药
  42.There's something wrong with ……有毛病
  43.What's wrong with you? 你怎么啦? What's the matter with you?
  44.speak English(say it in English) 说英语(用英语说它)
  45.take a message for …to… 为……带口信给 leave a message for 给……留口信 给……口信 give a message to
  46.What's the weather like...? ……天气怎么样? How is the weather ...?
  47.in front of 在……前面 ♀ in the front of 在……前部 ♀
  48.have a good time 玩得高兴,过得愉快 have a great(lovely) day enjoy oneself enjoy one's time enjoy every minute of it
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  49.agree with sb. on sth. 同意某人关于…… agree to sth. 同意什么
  50.all (different) kinds of 各种
  51.as soon as possible 尽快地 as soon as sb. can
  52.at home; in 在家 at Tom's; in Tom's home 在汤姆家
  53.at the moment (now) 此刻(现在) at the moment (at that time) 那时刻(当时)
  54. be able to; manage to 能(办到某事) be able to; can 会(做某事)
  55.be covered with 被……覆盖
  56.be famous for 以……出名
  57.be proud of 为……自豪
  58.by the way 顺便说 in this way 用这种方法 on one's way (to) 在……路上 get in the way 挡道,妨碍
  59.used to do 过去常做 be used to doing 习惯于 被用来为了 be used to do
  60.from time to time; sometimes 不时地; 有时候 once for a while; now and then 断断续续; 时而,
  61.make friends with 与……交朋友
  62.praise sb. for sth. 为某事表扬某人
  63.didn't do; wasn't able to do 没做; 没能(办到) failed to do
  64.We are going to have a match... [两个"进行"] There is going to be a match...
  65.He died two years ago. [两个"死"] He has been dead for two years.
  66.He bought a bike a month ago. [两个"买"] He has had this bike for a month.
  67.He came to Shanghai last year. [两个"来"] He has been in Shanghai since last year. [两个"离开"]
  68.He left Shanghai last week. He has been away from Shanghai since last week.
  69.He borrowed this book three days ago. [两个"借"] He has kept this book for three days.
  70.Where did you go...? [ 两个"什么地方"] What place did you visit...?
  71.How long did you stay...? [两个"多少时间"] How much time did you spend...?
  72.of one's own [两个"属于自己"] belong to sb.(宾格) [两个"一个半小时"]
  73.an hour and a half one and a half hours [几个"代替"]
  74.replace; take the place of (动词)
3
instead of; in place of (介词词组) instead (副词)
  75.take a bus (动词词组) [两个"乘车"] by bus; in a bus (介词词组)
  76.the Games were held ... [两个"举行"] the Games took place ...
  77.This happened ... [两个"发生"] This took place ...
  78.have to ... [两个"必须"] must
  79.don't have to do [四个"不必"] don't need to do needn't do don't need any help
  80.work it out (副词词组) [两个 it 的位子] go over it (介词词组)
  81.look after ...well [两个"很好地照顾"] take good care of
  82.protect sb. from [两个"保护……免受"] keep sb. off
  83.Please...,will you? Let us...,will you? Let's...,shall we? [几句特殊的反意疑问句] I don't think it is …, is it? We had to …, didn't we? I'm …, aren't I? We'd better…, hadn't we?
  84.Will you take me to the zoo, Mum? 带去 [三个"带"] Would you please bring me some water? 带来 He used to carry a bag in his hand. 带着
  85.help sb. with sth. [三个"帮助"] help sb. do help sb. to do sth.
  86.Wait(Just) a moment. [几个电话用语"等一下"] Wait(just) a minute. Hold on; Hold the line.
  87.hurry off [几个"匆忙离开"] leave quickly go away in a hurry(hurriedly) 参加(活动) [几个"参加"]
  88.take part in(join in; go in for) join 加入(组织) attend 出席(会议,球赛,夜校,演讲) (报名)参加 enter for take 进行(考测)
  89.He is a doctor, too(as well). (肯定) [几个"也"] He is also a doctor. (肯定) He is not a doctor, either. (否定) So is(has; does) he. (肯定) Neither(Nor) is(has; does) he. (否定) 还没有. [几个"not"]
  90.Not yet. not...any more(any longer) 再也不…… 根本不…… not...at all
4
not...but 不是……而是 not...until 直到……才
  91.again; once more 再次 [几种 "再"] again and again 再三 over and over
  92.spend ... (in) doing [几个"花费"] on [跟名词] pay (the money) for sth. sth. cost sb. ... it takes sb. some time to do sth.
  93.Shall I...? No, you needn't. 你不必要…… [几对情态动词问答] Would you like me to do...? No, you needn't. 你不必要…… Must I...? No, you needn't. 你不必要…… I'm afraid you must. 恐怕你有必要…… May I...? No, you mustn't(can't). 你不应该(你不能)…… No, you may not. 你不可以…… I'm sorry you can't. 很遗憾你不能…… I'm afraid you can't. 恐怕你不能……
  94. many much [几个"许多"] (可数) lots of(a lot of) (不可数) huge amounts of quite a few a large number of a great deal of
  95.He must have had supper. 必定;肯定 [表示猜测] Probably he's had supper. He may be at home. 可能 He's possibly at home. Perhaps(Maybe) he's in. He can't be in the room. 不可能 He's impossibly in the room.
  96.He has lived here since 19
  88. [点用"since";段用"for"] He has lived here for seven years.
  97.He will be back after ten o'clock. [点用"after";段用"in"] He will be back in ten hours.
  98.He has waited for you since I came here. ["现完";"一过"] ("since"译为"既然"时,例外.如:Since all of us are present, let's begin our meeting.) [过去的动作,没有信号,用现在完成时] He has gone to the park.
  99.He will come if it doesn't rain tomorrow. [主"将";从"现"] Please teach me English after he leaves. ["命令";从"现"] ["情态";从"现"] You can go as soon as the class is over. Water is turned into ice when it is made cold enough. ["一现";从"现"] 1
  00. He is in charge of the restaurant. [几个"负责"] His job is to be in charge of the restaurant. The restaurant is in the charge of him. He is responsible for the restaurant. He has the duty of the restaurant. He takes charge of the restaurant.
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