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初中英语代词用法归纳 ★★★【字体:小 大】
初中英语代词用法归纳
作者:未知 文章来源:本站整理 点击数:398 更新时间:2007-5-3
初中英语代词用法归纳

[本站整理 2007-05-03]

代词的用法是初中阶段的重点语法项目之一, 也是历年中考英语试题的一个考查热点。下面结合 2005 年全国部分省市典型中考试题,
对中考代词的考查热点作一归纳。

一、人称代词

在英语中, 人称代词有主格与宾格的变化。


  1. My sister is a clerk. works in a bank near here.
A. She B. He C. I D. You


  2. When Yang Liwei came back from space, many reporters interviewed nd
got some first- hand
information.
A. he B. him C. his D. himself


  3. Kate is nice. I like to work with.
A. she B. her C. hers


  4. ?Can we put our sports shoes here?
?Oh, yes. Put here, please.
A. them B. their C. it D. they


  5. Miss Wang teaches English this term.
A. us B. our C. ourselves D. we

Keys:
  1. A
  2. B
  3. B
  4. A
  5. A

二、物主代词

英语中物主代词分为形容词性的物主代词和名词性的物主代词。形容词性的物主代词必须接名词; 名词性物主代词可单独作主语、表语、宾语。


  1. ?Is this pen yours? ?No, it’s not . It’s Elsa’s.
A. I B. me C. my D. min


  2. ?Paul, do you know the man standing at the door? ?Yes, he is one of
friends.
A. I B. me C. my D. min


  3. ?Whose English- Chinese dictionary is it? ?It’s . My parents
bought it my sister and me.
A. hers B. ours C. mine D. the


  4. ?Excuse me. Is this watch ? ?No, it’s not . It’s Tom’s.
A. yourX myself B. yoursX mine C. yourX my D. yourX mine


  5. ?Where’s my dictionary? ?Oh, sorry. I have taken by mistake.
A. yours B. his C. hers D. mine

Keys:
  1. D
  2. C
  3. B
  4. D
  5. A

三、反身代词

反身代词常在句中作宾语,还可作同位语, 起强调作用。此外, 反身代词还和一些动词或介词构成固定搭配, 如: enjoy oneself (
玩得开心), teach oneself ( 自学),help oneself to ... ( 随便取用或吃、喝…… ), look after
oneself ( 照 顾 自 己 ), be pleased with oneself ( 对 自 己 满 意 ), lose oneself
in ( 专心于某事; 埋头于某事), by oneself( 单独地, 独自地), for oneself( 为自己; 独自地), of
oneself(自发地; 自动地)等。


  1. ?Who taught French? ?Nobody. She learned all by .
A. herself...her B. she...herself C. her...herself D. her... she


  2. I’m sure I can improve in spoken English in two years’ time.
A. myself B. ourselves C. himself D. themselves


  3. ? yourself to some tea after the hard work. ?Thanks a lot.
A. Enjoy B. Drink C. Cook D. Help


  4. Don’t lose in computer games, children.
A. yourself B. yourselves C. ourselves D. themselves

Keys:
  1. C
  2. A
  3. D
  4. B

四、关系代词

关系代词用来引导定语从句, 常见的有 who, whom, that 和 which。who指代人, 在从句中作主语。whom 指代人,
在从句中作宾语。that 可指代人或物, 在从句中可作主语或宾语。which 指代物, 在从句中可作主语或宾语。关系代词在从句中作宾语时可省略。


  1. I like to live in a house is big and bright.
A. that B. who C. how D. why


  2. The young lady we met yesterday is our new maths teacher.
A. what B. whose C. whom D. which


  3. Miss Green is the only person can help you with your English.
A. she B. whom C. which D. who


  4. Mr Green, there is someone at the front desk would like to speak
with you.
A. he B. who C. which D. whom

Keys:
  1. A
  2. C
  3. D
  4. B

五、不定代词

(一) all, both, either, neither, none

all 和 both 表示肯定意义,both 表示“两者都”; all 表示“三者或三者以上都”; either 表示“( 两者之中)
任何一个”。neither 和 none 表示否定意义, neither 表示“两者都不”, none 表示“三者或三者以上都不”。


  1. I had to buy these books because I didn’t know which one was the
best.
A. both B. none C. neither D. all


  2. ?How many of these books have you read? ? of them. Every one.
A. Many B. Some C. All D. None


  3. ?Have you invited Dave and Eric to go hiking with us? ?Yes, of
them have come already. They are waiting for us in the room.
A. either B. both C. neither


  4. ?When shall we have the party, Saturday or Sunday ? ? is OK. I’m
free this weekend.
A. Saturday B. Sunday C. Neither D. Either


  5. We’ve got two TV sets, but works well.
A. any B. both C. either D. neither


  6. ?Do you live alone, Mr Wang? ?Yes. I have two children. But of them
lives with me. They are now
studying in England.
A. both B. none C. neither

Keys:
  1. D
  2. C
  3. B
  4. D
  5. D
  6. C

(二) a few, a little, few, little

few 和 a few 修饰复数可数名词, a few 表示肯定意义, few表 示否定意义。a little 和 little 修饰不可数名词,
a little 表示肯定意义, little 表示否定意义。


  1. ?Good morning, Mr Brown. Would you please tell me the result of the
exam? ?OK. You did quite well. You’ve made mistakes.
A. few B. a few C. little D. a little


  2. The film is boring. I think like it.
A. a few B. few C. many D. some


  3. I don’t understand the story though there are new words in it.
A. a few B. few C. many D. several


  4. My cousin is very busy with his work. He has time to read
newspapers.
A. little B. few C. a little D. a few


  5. ?Could I have a talk with you, Bruce? ?Sure. But only time.
A. a little B. a few C. little D. few

Keys:
  1. A
  2. B
  3. B
  4. A
  5. A

(三 ) something, anything, nothing, everything, somebody, anybody,
nobody,everybody 等。

something, somebody, everything, everybody 用于肯定句; anything,anybody
用于否定句、疑问句和条件从句;nothing, nobody 本身具有否定意义。此外,anything, anybody 也可以用于肯定句, 表示“
任 何 事 情 ”,“ 任 何 人 ”.

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