初中英语单词分类归纳(新目标) 初中英语单词分类归纳(新目标)
交通工具类:bus,car,boat,ship,taxi,plane,train,streamer,jeep,motorcar,bicycle,
run car,
airplane
国家类:China,America,Egypt,Brazil,South Korea, North Korea,Poland, New Zealand,Japan,France,England,Canada,
Australia,Argentina,Holland,Vietnam,
India,
Italy,
Greece,
Mexico,
Russia,
Sweden,
Norway,
Spain,
German,
Switzerland,
Thailand,
Greece,
South Africa
身体部位:head,foot,leg,tooth,hand,ear,eye,nose,mouth,face,arm,back,neck,stomach,throat,heart,knee,
finger,toe,body,hair,beard,elbow,
服饰类:scarf,
belt,
sneakers,wallet,earring,hat,jeans,watch,straw hat,ring,skate shoes,backpack,tie,
bag, pants, socks, dress, coat, shirt, T-shirt, skirt, shorts, sweater, shoes, uniform, jacket, earring, hair
clip,
场所类:club,restaurant,store,supermarket,museum,school,library,hotel, auditorium,pool,post office,bank,
park,zoo,market,garden,hospital,TV Station,
Police
station, beach, cinema, church, factory, farm, shop, theater, aquarium, college, dining room, barber
shop, gymnasium,
gallery, drugstore, laboratory, mall,
store, video arcade,
颜色类:red,black,green,white,yellow,orange,
brown,grey,pink, blond, blue,
purple,
学习用品类: pen, pencil, ruler, eraser, paper, pencil-box, ink, notebook, dictionary, sharpener, schoolbag, backpack,
textbook, flashcard
动物类:sheep,horse, monkey, dolphin, panda, tiger,fox,snake,rabbit, lion, shark,goat,dog,cock,hen,chicken,
duck,elephant,camel,bird,wolf,polar bear, giraffe, koala, penguin, camel, seal, rabbit, octopus, kangaroo,
parrot, turtle, ant, mouse, spider,
goldfish,
时间:January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November, December,
spring, summer, autumn, winter, Sunday, Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, Friday, Saturday, Morning, afternoon,
noon, evening, night, second, minute, hour, day, week, month, year, Century
职业: doctor, nurse, vet, policeman, policewoman, engineer, worker, farmer, reporter, teacher, inventor, scientist,
driver,headmaster,player,singer,dancer,
actor,
actress,
guide,
waiter,
waitress,
assistant,
boss,
businessman,
psychologist,
author,
writer,
photographer,
musician,
guide,
violinist,
pianist,
coach,
clerk,
sales
assistant,
cook,
dentist,
director,
optometrist,
translator,
vegetarian,
sportspeople,
head
teacher,
master,
pilot,
chef,
fisherman,
lawyer,
sailor,
tutor,
collector
球类:basketball,
volleyball,football,soccer, ping-pong,tennis,baseball,badminton, ice hockey,golf
蔬菜类:carrot,tomato,cabbage,onion, potato, green pepper,mushroom, broccoli, pumpkin, lettuce
水果类:apple,orange, banana,pear,peach,pumpkin, melon,grape,lemon,watermelon,strawberry, lychee,papaya,
mango,olive, plum,peachloquat, apricot, cherry
食物类:beef, noodle, dumpling, rice, chip, bread, sandwich, wheat, egg, Salad, hamburger, French fries,
porridge, cheese, hot dog, biscuit, green pepper, pancake, chip, fish, chicken, meat, tofu, pizza, candy, gum,
barbecued meat, popcorn, brown
bread, chocolate, shrimp, dessert

器:
guitar,piano,drum,trumpet,violin,accordion, erhu

器: telephone,phone,computer,television,radio,fridge, refrigerator oven,
microwave oven,
blender, air
conditioner,
typewriter,
recorder, lamp 天
气:
fine,
rainy,
cloudy,
windy,
stormy,
foggy,
sunny,
snowy,
cold,
cool,
hot,
warm,
humid
学科:Chinese, math, English, P.E, music,history,Physics,biology,geography, chemistry, politics, computer,
science, art, algebra
家族谱:grandfather, grandmother,father, mother,uncle, aunt,sister, brother, son, daughter, cousin, husband,
wife, parent
厨具:bowl,plate, table,dish,spoon,chopsticks,cupboard,fork, knife
人物性格:funny,smart,cute,intelligent,friendly,shy,lazy, serious, unfriendly, quiet, easygoing, outgoing,
generous, moody, lovely, lively, talented, upset, nervous, loving, unusual, creative, hard-working, warm-hearted,
gentle, polite, confident, energetic, realistic, anxious, brave
饮料: soda, coffee, milk, water, pop, beer, lemonade, juice, orange, iced tea, beverage, cola
音乐:jazz,dance music,country music,classical music,national music, pop music
初中英语常用词组
  1.初中英语教材中共出现近 500 个词组,其中有一部分为常用词组,要求能熟练运用。
  2.在学习中,要注意词组的积累,特别要注意介词词组和短语动词的积累。
  3.对固定词组的意义,切不可望文生义。例如,动词 look 愿意为“看”,但 look after 意为“照料”,look up (a word in a dictionary)意为“(在词典中)查找(单词)”。
  4.要十分注意固定词组中冠词的使用。有时冠词可引起词义的变化,例如,go the school 意为“上学”,而 go to the school 意为“到学校里去”;take place 意为“发生”,而 take the place 意为“取代”。有些词组中须用冠词,而另一些则不用。例如,in the evening, at night。 一、动词词组(包括短语动词)、介词词组和其他词组
(一)由 be 构成的词组
  1)be back/in/out 回来/在家/外出
  2)be at home/work 在家/上班
  3)be good at 善于,擅长于
  4)be careful of 当心,注意,仔细
  5)be covered with 被……复盖
  6)be ready for 为……作好准备
  7)be surprised (at) 对……感到惊讶
  8)be interested in 对……感到举
  9)be born 出生
  10)be on 在进行,在上演, (灯)亮着
  11)be able to do sth. 能够做……
  12)be afraid of (to do sth. that…) 害怕……(不敢做……,恐怕……)
  13)be angry with sb. 生(某人)的气
  14)be pleased (with) 对……感到高兴(满意)
  15)be famous for 以……而著名
  16)be strict in (with) (对工作、对人)严格要求
  17)be from 来自……,什么地方人
  18)be hungry/thirsty/tired 饿了/渴了/累了
  19)be worried 担忧
  20)be (well) worth doing (非常)值得做……
  21)be covered with 被……所覆盖……
  22)be in (great) need of (很)需要
  23)be in trouble 处于困境中
  24)be glad to do sth. 很高兴做……
  25)be late for ……迟到
  26)be made of (from) 由……制成
  27)be satisfied with 对……感到满意
  28)be free 空闲的,有空
  29)be (ill) in bed 卧病在床
  30)be busy doing (with) 忙于做……(忙于……)
(二)由 come、do、get、give、go、have、help、keep、make、looke、put、set、send、take、turn、play 等动词构成的词组

  1)come back 回来
  2)come down 下来
  3)come in 进入,进来
  4)come on 快,走吧,跟我来
  5)come out 出来
  6)come out of 从……出来
  7)come up 上来
  8)come from 来自……
  9)do one‘s lessons/homework 做功课/回家作业
  10)do more speaking/reading 多做口头练习/朗读

  11)do one‘s best 尽力
  12)do some shopping (cooking reading, cleaning)买东西(做饭菜,读点书,大扫除)
  13)do a good deed (good deeds)做一件好事(做好事)
  14)do morning exercises 做早操
  15)do eye exercises 做眼保健操
  16)do well in 在……某方面干得好
  17)get up 起身
  18)get everything ready 把一切都准备好
 

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