,送给我的朋友们作为圣诞礼物。 (
  2) which book did you pick out to send to Helen? 你挑选了那一本书给海伦呢?
  2.to one’s
  2.to take one s time : (to work or go leisurely, not to hurry) 【说明:】to take one’s time(从容不迫,慢慢来)指有足够的时间,尽可慢慢的去做, time的后面可以跟现在分词,如例一中的doing,作为主词补语;也可以跟in,接 着用一名词或动名词作为in的受词如例二。 【例:】(
  1) there is no hurry. You can take your time doing that work. 不要忙,你可以慢慢地去做那个工作。 (
  2) william never works rapidly. He always takes his time in everything that he does. 威廉做事从来不匆忙,他总是从从容容地做每一件事。
  3.to
  3.to talk over : (to discuss. Consider) 【说明:】to talk over(讲座,商量)指讲座、会商尚未实施的计划或问题,或以商谈说 服,使别人赞成自己的计划。后面的受词如果是名词,应放在over之后,如果是 代名词,则放在over之前,如My husband talked me over. (我的丈夫说服了 我。) 【例:】(
  1) We talked over Mr. Reese’s plan but could not come to a decision. 我们讨论过李斯先生的计划,可是尚未获得结论。 (
  2) With whom did you talk over your plan to buy a new car? 你跟谁讨论你买新车的计划呢?
  4.to
  4.to lie down : (to recline, take a lying position) 【说明:】to lie down(躺下,横卧)指躺在床上或睡椅上休息而言。Lie是不及物动词,
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down是副词。 【例:】(
  1) If you are tired, why don’t you lie down for an hour or so? 如果你累了,你为什么不躺下来休息一小时呢? (
  2) The doctor says that Grace must lie down and rest for an hour every afternoon. 医生说葛丽斯每天下午必须躺下来休息一小时。
  5.to stand up : (to rise, take an upright or standing position after being seated)
  5.to 【说明:】to stand up(起立)指从坐下的姿势转取直立或站着的姿势而言。 【例:】(
  1) When the President entered, everyone in the room stood up. 总统进来时,室内每个人起立。 (
  2) When the “Star - Spangled Banner” is played, everyone must stand up and remove his hat. 当奏美国国歌时,大家都应该起立并且脱帽。
  6.to
  6.to sit down : (to take a sitting position after standing) 【说明:】to sit down(坐下)指从站着的姿势转取坐下的姿势而言。主人请客人坐下可 以说 “Sit down” 或 “have a seat,” 或 “Take a seat,” 或 “Be seated.” 【例:】(
  1) After standing for so long, it was a pleasure to sit down and rest. 站得太久了,坐下来休息真是愉快。 (
  2) We sat down on the park bench and watched the people as they passed. 我们坐在公园的长凳上,留心观察着来往的行人。
  7.all
  7.all day long : (the entire day, continuously through the day) 【说明:】all day long(整天,全日)为副词片语,也可以用all the day long.指做某 一件事,在一天中不会间断。 【例:】(
  1) I have been working on this problem all day long. 我研究这问题已经有一整天了。 (
  2) She shopped all day long looking for a new dress. 她为了选购一件新衣服,逛了一整天的商店。
  8.by
  8.by oneself : (alone) 【说明:】by oneself(独自,独立)为副词片语,oneself包括myself, yourself, himself 等,为反身代名词。
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【例:】(
  1) John did the work by himself. No one helped him. 约翰独自做这工作,没有人帮他忙。 (
  2) She likes to walk by herself through the park. 她喜欢一个人在公园里散步。
  9.on
  9.on purpose : (purposely, intentionally) 【说明:】on purpose(故意,蓄意,预谋)与of set purpose同意,通常放在句子的后 面。 【例:】(
  1) It was no accident. She broke the dish on purpose. 这不并是意外的事,她是故意把碟子打破的。 (
  2) Do you think he made that mistake on purpose? 他认为他是故意弄错的吗?
  10.to
  10.to get along : (to do, succeed, make progress) 【说明:】to get along(进行,成功,有进展)指在某一种工作或学问上有进步与发展 而言, 后面用in。 此外这个片语也有和好相处的意思, 如He and she cannot get along with each other.(他和她两人处不来),后面用with。 【例:】(
  1) John is getting along very well in his study of English. 约翰学习英语很有进步。 (
  2) How is Mr. Holmes getting along in his new job? 贺尔姆斯先生的新工作做得怎样?
  11.to
  11.to make no difference : (to be of equal importance) 【说明:】to make no difference(没有区别,没有关系)于两种不同的情形或事物, 某人认为没有区别,无足轻重。用此成语时常以虚字it为其主词,如上述二例 句,后面用whether介绍的名词子句则为真正主词。至于二句中to me与to you 的to 亦可改用with. 【例:】 (
  1) When I asked him whether he wanted to go in the morning or in the afternoon, he said: “ It doesn’t make any difference to me.” 当我问他要早晨去还是下午去的时候,他说“这对我没有什么关系”。 (
  2) does it make any difference to you whether we have our lesson at two o’clock or at three o’clock? 我们在两点钟上课或者在三点钟上课,你觉得没有关系吗?
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  12.to
  12.to take out : (to remove, extract) 【说明:】to take out(取出,拔出)中的out是副词,如果take的受词是名词,多半放 在out的后面,如果受词是代名词则放在take与out之间。 【例:】(
  1) William took out his handkerchief and wiped his forehead. 威廉取出手帕擦擦他的前额。 (
  2) The thief suddenly took out a knife and attacked the policeman. 这个贼突然拔出一把小刀向警察袭击。
英语常用短语精解之四
(
  1)to take part (
  2)at all (
  3)to look up (
  4)to wait on (upon) (
  5)at least (
  6)so far
  1.to
  1.to take part : (participate) 【说明:】to take part(参加,参与)指参加宴会,会议,聚会等而言,后面一定要用in。 如果用with,则作袒护支持解,如He took part with me. (他加入我这一边支 持我。) 【例:】(
  1) Henry was sick and could not take part in the meeting last night. 亨利病了,昨晚他不能够参加会议。 (
  2) I did not want to take part in their argument. 我不要参加他们的辩论。
  2.at
  2.at all : (in any degree, in the least-generally used only in a negative sense) 【说明:】at all(丝毫,极少)为副词片语,多用于否定句以加强语气。也可以用在疑问 句中作究竟解,如Do you know at all?(你究竟知不知道?)用在if的后面作 既然解,如If you do it at all, do it well. (既做,就好好地做。) 【例:】(
  1) He said that he did not have any money at all. 他说他一点钱都没有。 (
  2) When I asked her whether she was tired, she said, “ Not all at!” 当我问她是否疲倦时,她说,“一点也不!”
  3.to
  3.to look up : (to search for-especially in a dictionary or catalogue where one must turn over pages) 【说明:】to look up(查出,查找)尤指从字典或目录中翻查所要找的单字或号码条文
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等。 look up作为不及物动词用时, To 其意义为抬头或仰望, 如She looked up from her writing(她不写字了,抬起头来仰望着。) 【例:】(
  1) Every student should look up all new words in his dictionary each day. 每个学生应该每天从字典上查阅所有的生字。 (
  2) Ellen said that she did not know Robert’s number but that she would look it up in the telephone book. 艾伦说她不知道罗勃的电话号码,但是她呆以从电话簿上查出来。
  4.to
  4.to wait on (upon) : (to serve, attend to - in a store or shop) 【说明:】to wait on(侍候,招待)指在商店中店员招待顾客,或指在家中仆人侍候主 人,在饭店中堂倌侍候客人而言。On可以改用upon. 【例:】(
  1) A very pleasant young woman waited on me in Macy’s yesterday. 昨天一位很可爱的年轻女店员在麦茜公司里招待我。 (
  2) The clerk asked, “Have you been waited on yet, Sir?” 店员问,“先生,有人侍候过你吗?”
  5.at
  5.at least : (in the minimum) 【说明:】at least(至少)也可以用at the least,为副词片语。 【例:】(
  1) Every student should spend at least two hours on his homework every night. 每个学生每晚至少应费两小时做他的家庭作业。 (
  2) Helen has been sick in bed for at least two months. 海伦至少已经卧病两个月了。
  6.so
  6.so far : (up to the present time) 【说明:】so far(到现在为止,到目前为止)作副词用,与up to now的意思相同。动词 应用现在完成式。 【例:】(
  1) So far John has been the best student in our English class. 到现在为止,约翰一直是我们英文班上最优秀的学生。 (
  2) How many idioms have we studied in this book so far? 到现在为止,我们在这本书里学了多少片语呢?
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英语常用短语精解之五
(
  1) to shake hands (
  2)to look out (
  3)to think of (
  4)to get back (
  5)to catch cold (
  6)to make up one’s mind (
  7)to change one’s mind (
  8)for the time being (
  9)to get over (
  10)to call off (
  11)for good (
  11)in a hurry
  1. to shake hands : (to exchange greetings with a clasp of the hand) 【说明:】to shake hands(握手)是西洋人见面时的礼节。Shake原意为摇动,因为握手 时须将手上下摇动。 注意这里的hand要用复数。 如果在hand之前加上my, his, her 等字时,则hand用单数。他跟我握手有两种说法: ①He shook hands with me. ②He shook my hand. 【例:】(
  1) I introduced them and they shook hands. 我替他们介绍后,他们握握手。 (
  2) When two women meet for the first time, they do not usually shake hands. 两个女人初次见面时,通常她们是不握手的。
  2.to
  2.to look out : (to be careful) 【说明:】to look out(注意,留心)用于唤起别人注意,以提防危险。也可以作为留 神以待解,如Will you go to the station and look out for Mr. Smith? (你可以到车站去等史密斯先生吗?) 【例:】(
  1) “Look out!” John cried as his friend almost stepped in front of the approaching car. 约翰在他的朋友几乎要碰到一部驶来的汽车时大叫,“当心”! (
  2) Why did the drive tell Mary to look out as she was getting off the bus? 为什么当玛丽下公共汽车时司机要叫她小心呢?
  3.to think of : (to have an opinion about) 【说明:】to think of(作……看法,认为)用以征询别人的意见。如What do you think of Hemingway?(你觉得海明威怎么样?)如表示意见则在think之后放much,
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highly, well等,作看重或重视解。至于think little (nothing) of 则作轻 视或对……满不在乎解,如He thought nothing of 30 miles a day. (他对 每天三十里满不在乎。) 【例:】 (
  1) What did you think of that movie which you saw last night? 你觉得你昨晚看的那个电影怎么样? (
  2) I don’t think much of him as a baseball player. 我并不认为他是一个了不得的棒球队员。
  4.to
  4.to get back : (to return) 【说明:】to get back(回来)指回返原处而方,back为副词。如果说从什么地方回来, 后面用from;如果说回到什么地方,后面用to, 如I got back to my office, yesterday morning.(我昨天早晨回到我的办公室。)to get back也作取回解, 如 I never lend books, it’s so difficult to get them back.(我从来不 把书借给人;因为很难将它们取回。) 【例:】(
  1) Mr. Harris got back from Chicago last night. 海利斯先生昨晚从芝加哥回来。 (
  2) When do you expect to get back from your trip? 你预料何时旅行回来?
  5.to
  5.to catch cold : (to become sick with a cold) 【说明:】to catch cold(着凉,伤风)指感冒风寒而言,与to take cold同议。这儿的cold系名词,作感冒解。Cold 的前面也可以加不定冠词。To have a cold = to have caught a cold, 意谓伤风了。 【例:】(
  1) If you go out in this rain, you will surely catch cold. 如果你在雨中外出,你一定会伤风。 (
  2) How did she ever catch cold in such warm weather? 这样温暖的天气,她怎么会着凉的呢?
  6.to one’s
  6.to make up one s mind : (to decide) 【说明:】to make up one’s mind(决心,决意,打定主意)后面通常要跟一个不定词, 用以表示所决定的事。 【例:】(
  1) William has made up his mind not to go to college this year. 威廉已决意今年不进大学。
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(
  2) Have you made up your mind yet as to where you are going to spend your vacation? 你已决定到哪里去渡假吗?
  7.to one’s
  7.to change one s mind : (to alter one’s decision or opinion)
 

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