动词词组总结! 动词词组总结!
动词词组总结!! !
  01. account for [1]说明(原因等) ; EG: His illness account for his absence from school. 他因病未能去上学. That accounts for it. 原来如此. [2](将保管的款项)记账; [3]对……负责( answer for ).
  02. add up to [1]合计,总计(amount to ,count up to ); EG: These figures add up to 1
  17. [2]结果.
  03. allow for [1]考虑到(take into consideration); [2]原谅,体谅. EG: You should allow for his youth. 你应当体谅他还年轻.
  04. arrive at **在表示"到达"的具体含义时,arrive at/in =get to =reach ;在表示"达成"等抽象含义时,只用 arrive at 或 reach..
  05. ask after 探望,问候 EG: She asked after your health. 她问候你.
  06. ask for [1](向人)请求见面; [2]央求.EG: ask for help.
  07. avail (oneself) of 利用(机会等) EG: You must avail yourself of every opportunity to speak foreign languages.
  08. back up [1]支持,援助; [2]倒退,后退; [3]使(交通等)停滞; (车子)倒车; [4]支撑(身体等) .
  09. bear/keep in mind 记住 EG: We have no vacations now, but we'll certainly bear your application in mind. 0
  10. break away (from) 脱离,逃跑 EG: He considered breaking away from the clan. 他考虑同那伙人分道扬镳. **break away (from) & get away from 都是 vi. 前者?Escape with a sudden violent effort. 后者?Escape from the scene of a crime or from being caught. 0
  11. break down 损坏,分解,瓦解另有:[1](元气等)受挫,筋疲力尽, (健康)衰弱; [2](感情)失控, (因伤心过度而)哭泣; [3]分析,分类.
0
  12. break in [1]强行进入,闯入; [2](on) 打断,插嘴; [3]驯服(动物等) . 0
  13. break into [1]闯入; [2]突然打断(话) . 0
  14. break off [1]断绝,结束; [2]中断; [3]绝交,突然停止(工作等) ,突然脱离. 0
  15. break out [1]爆发,突然发生(战争,火灾,事故等) ; [2]脱逃. 0
  16. break through [1]突破(障碍等) ; [2](太阳)从云中出现. 0
  17. break up [1]中止,结束; [2]打碎,拆散; [3](身体)变虚弱,衰弱; [4]崩溃,损坏. 0
  18. bring about 带来,造成 (=give rise to, lead to, result to ) 0
  19. bring down [1]打倒,挫伤; EG: The wind brought down a number of trees. [2]降低; EG: Good Harvest will bring down the price. [3]卸下(行李,货物) ; [4]使蒙受(责罚等) 〈on〉 ; [5]继续,持续(记录) 〈to〉 ; 0
  20. bring forth [1]产生; EG:Trees bring forth fruit. [2]提出. EG:bring forth a question. 0
  21. bring forward [1]提出; EG: Can you bring forward any proof of what you said ? [2](簿记)过次,转入下页; [3](日期等)提早,提前. 0
  22. bring out [1]使出现,使明显;
EG: This essay fully brings out his ability. 这篇论文充分显示出他的才能. [2]公布,出版.bring out a new book [3]把某人(尤其指女孩)引进社交界; [4]发挥(才能等) . 0
  23. bring to [1]使恢复知觉; EG: A glass of water brought him to. [2]停船,使停船. 0
  24. bring up 教育,培养,使成长 [1]提出(证据,计划等) ; [2]突然停(车等) ,使(船)停泊; [3]引起注意; [4]吐出(食物) ; [5]继续进一步(说明等) . 0
  25. bring/put …into practice 实施,实行 0
  26. build up [1]树立,逐步建立; [2]增进,锻炼; [3]积累,堵塞; [4]赞扬. 0
  27. burn out [1]燃尽(物品)烧光; [2](房屋等)失火,烧尽. 0
  28. burn up [1]烧尽,烧完; EG: He burned up all the books after the failure in the entrance examination. [2]烧起来,旺起来; [3](美国俗语)大发雷霆. 0
  29. call for [1]要求,需要; EG: The job calls for patience. [2]邀请,去取(接) ; EG: I'll call for you at your house. 我将到你家去找你. [3]求援. 0
  30. call forth [1]引起,唤起; EG: The proposals called forth a good deal of hostile criticism. 这些建议引起许多敌意的批评. [2]振作起,鼓起. call forth all one's energies 全力以赴 0
  31. call off 取消,放弃(cancel) EG: He phoned me and called the appointment off. 0
  32. call on/upon [1]拜访(某人) ; [2]要求做…(to do) ;
call on him for a speech = call on him to make a speech [3]请求. 0
  33. call up [1]召集,动员;应征入伍; [2]使人想起 call up scenes of childhood ring up; [3]打电话=ring up; [4]起床. 0
  34. can't /couldn't help 禁不住,不得不 I can't help laughing (+动名词) / but laugh (but+动词原形) 0
  35. care for [1]照料,照顾; [2](主要用于疑问句和否定句中)喜好,希望; EG: Do you care for cheese? 你喜欢奶酪吗? [3]忧虑,担心. 0
  36. carry off [1]夺去; EG: Tom carried off all the school prizes. [2]渡过,完成; [3]勇敢地面对,坚持. 0
  37. carry on [1]继续下去,坚持下去; [2]从事,经营; EG: The baker has carried on business here for years. 面包师傅在此地经营了许多年. [3](口语)出丑,惊慌; [4](口语)与…调情,调戏<with>; [5]加油;继续(中断的工作等) . 0
  38. carry out 贯彻,执行,实现 carry out one's promise 实现承诺 carry out experiments 做实验 0
  39. carry /bring into effect 实行,实现 =accomplish 0
  40. cast /shade / throw light on/upon 对… 加以说明,澄清 0
  41. catch fire =take fire 开始燃烧 0
  42. catch on [1]理解,明白; EG: I catch on to the job gradually. 渐渐地我明白这工作怎么做了. [2]受欢迎,流行. 0
  43. catch one's breath 吓一跳,屏息 0
  44. catch one's eye 引人注目 0
  45. catch sight of 看到 0
  46. catch up with
[1]追上,赶上; EG: Work hard and you will catch up with your class. [2]把落后弥补上. 0
  47. check in 办理登记手续 EG: You must check in at the airport an hour before your plane leaves. 0
  48. check out [1]结帐后离去 check out of a hotel [2](美)签发支票(银行存款) ; [3](登记)离去,离开. 0
  49. check up / (up) on 调查,检查,核对 0
  50. cheer up [1]使高兴,使振奋; EG: The news cheered up everyday. [2]高兴起来,振作起来. EG: He cheered up at the news. 0
  51. clear away 扫除,收拾 ~ the dishes 0
  52. clear up [1]解释,澄清; (make clear / explicit 弄清,澄清) to clear up the mystery/misunderstanding [2](天气)变晴; [3]整理,收拾; [4]清除,解除. 0
  53. come off [1]实现,成功,奏效; [2]离开,掉下,脱落; [3]脱离,退出,断绝关系. 0
  54. come on [1]请,来吧,跟着来,慢点; [2]进展,发展; [3]开始,来临; [4]出场,上演. 0
  55. come out [1]出版,刊出; [2]出现,显露,长出; [3]结果是,结局是; [4]被解出. 0
  56. come round /around [1]来访,前来; [2]苏醒,复原. 0
  57. come through 经历,脱险 0
  58. come to [1]苏醒,复苏; [2]共计,达到. 0
  59. come to the point
0
  60. come true(梦等)实现,如愿以偿 0
  61. come up [1]走近,上来; [2]发生被提出. 0
  62. come up to 达到,符合 0
  63. come up with 提出,提供 0
  64. come /go into effect 生效,实施 0
  65. come /go into force 生效,实施 0
  66. come /go into operation 开始生效,开始 运转,开工 0
  67. compare…to… [1]与…比较; [2]把…比做. EG: He compares my book to his. He compares books to friends. 0
  68. count on 依靠,指望,期待 depend /reckon/rely on sth (依靠,指望) 0
  69. count up 把…相加 (=add up) 0
  70. cover up 掩盖,掩饰 EG: How can we cover up our mistakes? 0
  71. cross out 注销 cross out 2 words 删去 2 个字 0
  72. cut across [1]走捷径,抄近路; [2]超出…的范围,超越. 0
  73. cut back [1]削减,降低; [2]修剪(树枝) ; [3](在电影,小说等中)重提前情. 0
  74. cut down [1]削减,减少(经费等) ; [2]砍倒(树) ; [3]修改(衣服)使变小; [4](人为疾病所)击倒,砍杀. 0
  75. cut in [1](汽车)抢档; [2]插嘴,打断. 0
  76. cut out [1]割掉,除去; [2]除掉,删掉(省略) ; [3]抢先(某人) ,取代(某人) ; [4]以…的形状裁制衣服; [5]断绝,分离; [6]停止.
0
  77. cut short 突然停止 EG: He cut short his tour abroad and retained to Paris. 0
  78. derive from 渊源于, (从…)取得 0
  79. die down 渐渐消失,平息 0
  80. die off 相继死去 0
  81. die out 灭绝,消失 (out = completely) 0
  82. do away with 废除,去掉 0
  83. do without 没有…也行 (= go without) 0
  84. do /try one's best 尽力 0
  85. double up [1]把…折叠起来; [2]弯腰. 0
  86. doze off 打瞌睡 0
  87. draw in (火车,汽车)到站 0
  88. draw on [1]动用,利用; draw on one's imagination 运用想象力 [2]吸,抽烟. 0
  89. draw up [1]写出,画出; [2]草拟; [3](车子)停住. EG: The car drew up to me. 0
  90. dress up 穿上盛装,打扮地漂漂亮亮 EG: Helen has invited us to dinner but says we shouldn't bother to dress up. 0
  91. drop by /in 顺便走访 EG: Would you drop in on me /at my house this evening? 0
  92. drop off [1]减弱,减少; [2]打瞌睡;=doze off 0
  93. drop out [1]退出,离队; [2]不参与,弃权. 0
  94. dwell on /upon [1]深思熟虑,再三考虑; [2]详述. 0
  95. embark on /upon 从事,着手,开始工作 EG: China embarked on a massive programme of reform. 中国开始实施大规模的改革计划. 0
  96. face up to 大胆面向 EG: He has never been able to face up to the realities. 他从来都不能大胆面对现实. 0
  97. fail to 未能 0
  98. fall back on 转而依靠,求助于
0
  99. fall behind [1]落后; [2](付款等)逾期. 1
  00. fall in love (with) 相爱,爱上 EG: I fell in love with her at first sight. 我对她一见钟情. 1
  01. fall in with [1]符合,与…一致; [2]碰见(偶然) . 1
  02. fall out [1]争吵,争执; [2]发生,变成…(的结果) ,结果是; [3](军)离开队伍. 1
  03. fall through 落空,失败 1
  04. feed in 输入 EG: You feed in coin here and the coffee comes out there. 1
  05. feel like (doing) 欲,想要,[一般用于否定句或疑问句中] EG: I don't feel like eating now. 1
  06. fill in(英) /out(美) 填充,填写 1
  07. find fault (with) 埋怨,挑剔;吹毛求疵,批评 1
  08. find out [1]发现;想出;解决; [2]识破(违法) ;暴露. find 与 find out (
  1) find 是一种客观结果,find out 实指主观有意识的动作; (
  2) look for"寻找"具体事物,find out(找 出,查明)的通常是抽象的事因,复杂的真相等. 1
  09. flare up [1]突然燃起来; [2]突然发怒. fire /flame /flare /blaze up 皆为"发火" 1
  10. gain /have an advantage over 胜过,优于 1
  11. get across 使人了解,使人清楚 EG: The idea got across to all. put across 解释清楚 1
  12. get along /on with [1]进展(get on); EG: How is your work getting along? [2]过活,生活(get by); EG: How are you getting along? [3]相处融洽. 1
  13. get round /around [1]走动,旅行; [2](消息)传开. 1
  14. get around /round to 找时间做,开始考虑
1
  15. get at [1]得到,接近(reach); EG: I can't get at the tool on the shelf. [2]意思是(mean) . EG: What are you getting at ? 你的意思是什么? 1
  16. get away [1]离开; EG: I'm too busy to get away. [2]逃脱(break away 强行逃脱) . EG: One of the mice got away. 1
  17. get better of 胜过,占上风 1
  18. get by (get along) [1]通过,经过(get along) ; EG: The parade has got by. [2]过活. EG: She can't get by on such a small income. 1
  19. get down [1]从…下来; EG: He got down from his horse. [2]写下(write down, put down). EG: Get what he says down in writing. 1
  20. get down to 开始,着手(set about, take up) EG: Get down to work. 1
  21. get hold of [1]抓住,掌握; [2]接触. 1
  22. get in [1]进入(join in); EG: They got in and drove off. 他们一上车,车就开了. [2]收获,收集; EG: The farmers are getting the crops in. [3]插入(话) . EG: She talks so much that you can't get a word in. 1
  23. get into [1](口语)穿上(衣服鞋子等)=put on; [2]进入…,从事. 1
  24. get off [1]从…下来; EG: They got off the bus. [2]逃脱惩罚. EG: The thief got off lightly. 这个贼被从轻发落. 1
  25. get out of [1]出自…(issue from);逃脱(escape from); [2]弃绝(癖好,习惯等) ;
[3]避免(做)(doing); [4]自(某人处)取得(金钱,消息) . 1
  26. get over (recover) [1]从(疾病中)恢复过来(recover) ; EG: The man returned to work after he got over his illness. [2]克服困难(overcome); EG: The committee will have to find means to get over the difficulty. [3]解决问题(solve,settle). EG: How shall we get over these problems? 1
  27. get rid of [1]处理掉,丢弃; EG: These goods are difficult to get rid of. [2]摆脱,除去. EG: He can't get rid of the cold. 1
  28. get the best of 胜过(他人) 1
  29. get the better of 打败,胜过 EG: I'll get the better of him some day. 1
  30. get through [1]结束(工作) ,完成(任务)(finish); EG: As soon as I get through my work, I will go and see you. [2]接通电话; EG: I could not get through to my son yesterday. [3]度过(时间) ;get through the winter [4]花光(金钱等) ; EG: He got through all his money. [5](讲话等)被理解. EG: It's difficulty to get through to him.要他理解是困难的. get through with 完成 get through to (电话)接通 1
  31. get together [1]开会,会面; EG: When can we get together? [2]装配,组织. EG: It'll take me a week to get together all the materials that I need for my talk. 1
  32. get up [1]增加,增强(rise); [2]起床(rise); EG: I'm not used to getting up early. [3]起立(stand up). 1
  33. get /learn by heart 记住,背诵 EG: The girl learned the poem by heart. 1
  34. give away [1]赠送,分送(donate); EG: He has given away all his money to the poor.
[2]泄露. EG: I promised never to give her secret away. 1
  35. give back 送还,恢复(return) give it back to its owner. 1
  36. give in [1]投降,屈服(yield); EG: He always gives in to his wife's demands and does whatever she tells him to do. [2]交上(turn in, hand in) EG: Given in your exercise books. 1
  37. give off 释放,放出(emit, send off) EG: The flower gave off a sweet fragrance. 这些花散发出甜
 

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