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英语句子成分基础练习及答案
(一). 指出下列句中主语的中心词 (4 分,4 分钟) ① The teacher with two of his students is walking into the classroom. ② There is an old man coming here. ③ The useful dictionary was given by my mother last year. ④ To do today's homework without the teacher's help is very difficult. (二). 选出句中谓语的中心词 (10 分,10 分钟) ① I don't like the picture on the wall. A. don't B. like C. picture D. wall
② The days get longer and longer when summer comes. A. get B. longer C. days D. summer
③ Do you usually go to school by bus? A. Do B. usually C. go D. bus
④ There will be a meeting at the library this afternoon. A. will be B. meeting C. the library D. afternoon D. breakfast
⑤ Did the twins have porridge for their breakfast? A. Did B. twins C. have ⑥ Tom didn't do his homework yesterday. A. Tom B. didn't C. do
D. his homework
⑦ What I want to tell you is this. A. want B. to tell C. you D. is
⑧ We had better send for a doctor. A. We B. had C. send D. doctor
⑨ He is interested in music. A. is B. interested C. in D. music
⑩ Whom did you give my book to? A. give B. did C. whom D. book
(三) 挑出下列句中的宾语(10 分,10 分钟) ① My brother hasn't done his homework. A B C D
② People all over the world speak English. A B C D
③ You must pay good attention to your pronunciation. A B C ④ How many new words did you learn last class? A A B C D B C D D
⑤ Some of the students in the school want to go swimming, how about you? ⑥ The old man sitting at the gate said he was ill.
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A A B A A A B C B B C D
B
C
D
⑦ They made him monitor of the class. ⑧ Go across the bridge and you will find the museum on the left. C C D D D ⑨ You will find it useful after you leave school. ⑩ They didn't know who "Father Christmas" really is.
(四) 挑出下列句中的表语 (5 分,5 分钟) ① The old man was feeling very tired. A B C D
② Why is he worried about Jim? A B C D
③ The leaves have turned yellow. A B C D
④ Soon They all became interested in the subject. A B C D
⑤ She was the first to learn about it. A B C D
(五) 挑出下列句中的定语 (6 分,6 分钟) ① They use Mr. Mrs. with the family name. A B ② What is your given name? A B C D C D
③ On the third lap are Class 1 and Class
  3. A B C D
④ I am afraid some people forgot to sweep the floor. A B C D
⑤ The man downstairs was trying to sleep. A B C D
⑥ I am waiting for the sound of the other shoe! A B C D
(六) 挑出下列句中的宾语补足语 (6 分,6 分钟) ① She likes the children to read newspapers and books in the reading-room. A D ② He asked her to take the boy out of school. A B C D B C
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③ She found it difficult to do the work. A B C ④ They call me Lily sometimes. A A B B C C A D D B C D ⑤ I saw Mr. Wang get on the bus. ⑥ Did you see Li Ming playing football on the playground just now? (七) 挑出下列句中的状语(8 分, 8 分钟) ① There was a big smile on her face. A A A A B B A A A B B A B C C C D D D B C B C C B D C D D D C D ② Every night he heard the noise upstairs. ③ He began to learn English when he was eleven. ④ The man on the motorbike was travelling to fast. ⑤ With the medicine box under her arm, Miss Li hurried off. ⑥ She loves the library because she loves books. ⑦ I am afraid that if you've lost it, you must pay for it. ⑧ The students followed Uncle Wang to see the other machine. (八) 划出句中的直接宾语和间接宾语 (5 分,5 分钟) ① Please tell us a story. ② My father bought a new bike for me last week. ③ Mr. Li is going to teach us history next term. ④ Here is a pen. Give it to Tom. ⑤ Did he leave any message for me? 答案 (一) ① teacher ② man ③ dictionary ④ To do (二) ① B (三) ① D (四) ①D (五) ① C (六) ① C (七) ① D ② A ②D ②B ② C ② C ② A ③ C ③ B ③D ④ A ⑤ C ④ A ④C ⑤ B ⑤B ⑤ B ⑤ D ⑥ D ⑥ B ⑦ C ⑧ D ⑥ C ⑥ D ⑦ D ⑦ C ⑧ C ⑨ A ⑩ A ⑩ D ⑧ D ⑨ A D
③ A ④ B ③ C ④ C ③ D ④ D
⑤ A ⑥ D
(八) ① us, 间接宾语 a story, 直接宾语 ② me, 间接宾语 a new bike, 直接宾语 ③ us, 间接宾语 history, 直接宾语 ④ Tom, 间接宾语 it, 直接宾语 ⑤ me, 间接宾语 message, 直接宾语
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