句子成分
主语( 主语(subject): ) 句子叙述的主体, 句子叙述的主体,一般位于句首
? The sun rises in the east. (名词) 名词) ? He likes dancing. 代词) (代词) ? Twenty years is a short time in history. (数词 (数词) 数词) ? Seeing is believing. 动名词) (动名词)
? To see is to believe. 不定式) (不定式) ? What he needs is a book. 主语从句) (主语从句) 形式主语 ? It is very clear that the elephant is round and tall like a tree.
真正主语
It =that the elephant is round and tall like a tree
? The rich should help the poor.
名词化的形容词
V.不能做主语! 不能做主语! 不能做主语
?
  1.Do exercise is good for your health. ?
  2.Eat too much meat is bad for your health.
指出下列句中主语的中心词
① The teacher with two of his students is walking into the classroom. ?
介词不能作主语 ?There an old man on the table. ② There is is an applecoming here. ?An apple is there on the table.
? ③ The useful dictionary was given by my mother last year. ④ To do today's homework without the teacher's help is very difficult.
主语小测
? 找出下面句子的主语
?
  1. Our school is not far from my home. ?
  2. It is a great pleasure to talk with you. ?
  3.Cleaning the house needs a lot of time.
单选: 单选:

  1.Mary with her two daughters going to Shanghai for Explo 2010 next month. A. are B. was C. is D. were
  2. more exercise does good to your health. A. Do B. Does C. Did D. Doing
  3. is impossible to finish this job before Wednesday. A. That B. This C. It D. They
谓语( 是对主语加以陈述, 谓语(predicate):是对主语加以陈述,表示 ) 是对主语加以陈述 主语的行为或状态, 主语的行为或状态,常用动词或者动词词组 担任,放在主语的后面。 担任,放在主语的后面。
? I love you! ? They went to sleep very late last night. ? He practises running every morning.
? The plane took off at 10 o’clock. ? How often do you go shopping? ? Why didn’t you come back last night?
简单谓语: 简单谓语:由一个动词或动词短语构成
? You may keep the book for two weeks. ? He has caught a bad cough. ? We are sudents. ? That idea sounds great!
?复合谓语:
  1.情态动词 助动词 复合谓语: 情态动词 助动词+v 情态动词\助动词 复合谓语 ?
  2.系动词 系动词+adj. 系动词
? Open the door, please! ? Go and get some water for me. ? Don’t laugh at others! ? Don’t come back late tonight. ? 祈使句: 祈使句: ?
  1.省略主语 省略主语you 省略主语 ?
  2.谓语动词用原形 谓语动词用原形
找出下列句子的谓语
? ① I don't like the picture on the wall. ? ② The days get longer and longer when summer comes. ? ③ Do you usually go to school by bus? ? ⑤ Did the twins have porridge for their breakfast?
? ⑥ Tom didn't do his homework yesterday. ? ⑧ We had better send for a doctor. ? ⑨ He is interested in music. ? ⑩ Whom did you give my book to? ?
  11. Put away your books right now!
主谓小测
按要求找出下列句子的主谓: 按要求找出下列句子的主谓:
  1. Trees turn green when spring comes. (主谓) 主谓)
  2. He broke a piece of glass. (谓)
  3. Don’t get nervous,and help yourself to what , 祈使句,省略主语 省略主语you 祈使句 省略主语 you like. (主谓) . 主谓) ?
  4. Luckily the 1989 earthquake did not happen in the center of town. (主谓) 主谓) ?
  5. There are many people in the hall.(主) ( ?
  6. Would you please pass me the cup? (主谓) 主谓) ? ? ? ?
单选: 形式主语 单选:
真正的主语
to finish ?
  1.It is difficult for me so much work within one night. Can you help me?
It’s finish 做某事对某人来说是……的 的 做某事对某人来说是 ? A.adj. for sb to do sth.做某事对某人来说是 B. finishing
? C. to finish
D. finished
?
  2.John with two of his friends to play basketball every Sunday afternoon. ? A. go B. went C. goes D.gone
?
  3.__ up early, or you will miss the early bus. ? A. Got B. Get 祈使句,谓语动词用原形 C. Getting D.Gets 祈使句, ?
  4. up early is good for your health. ? A. Got B. Get 动名词做主语 C. Getting D.Gets
感官动词+adj. 感官动词
?
  5.Wow! The cake tastes ! Can I have one more?
? A. well B. deliciously
C. bad D. good
宾语:动宾表示行为的对象, 宾语:动宾表示行为的对象,放在及物 动词或者介词之后。 动词或者介词之后。
I like China. He hates you. How many do you need? We need two We should help the old and the poor. I enjoy working with you I hope to see you again. Did you write down what he said?
? He is afraid of her--his headteacher. ? Under the snow, there are many rocks. ? ? ? ? 介词后面的宾语: 介词后面的宾语: 注意:人称代词要用宾格 注意:人称代词要用宾格 I decided to go with . A. he B. his C. her D.they E.she
介宾
? He gave me a book yesterday. ? ? Give the poor man some money. ? 间接宾语 间接宾语(sb)+直接宾语 直接宾语(sth): 直接宾语 :
双宾
?I think it hard to finish
形式宾语
this difficult job before Sunday.
真正宾语
找出下列句子的宾语
① My brother hasn’t done his homework. ② People all over the world speak English. ③ You must pay good attention to your job. ④ How many new words did you learn last class?

  5.Some of the students in the school want to go swimming, how about you?

  6.The old man sitting at the gate said he was ill.

  7.They made him monitor of the class.
  8.Go across the bridge and you will find the museum on the left.
  9.They think it impossible to get to the station in such a short time.
 

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