初中英语时态专项练习

  1、 一般现在时。 、 一般现在时。
通常用 “usually, often, every day, sometimes”。 一般现在时基本用法介绍 一、一般现在时的功能
  1.表示事物或人物的特征、状态。如:The sky is blue.天空是蓝色的。
  2.表示经常性或习惯性的动作。如:I get up at six every day.我每天六点起床。
  3.表示客观现实。如:The earth goes around the sun.地球绕着太阳转。 二、一般现在时的构成: 肯定句: 肯定句
  1).主语+系动词 be(is, am, are )+名词(形容词,介词短语)
  2) .其他主语+动词原形+其它 第三人称单数+动词-s+其它 如:I am a boy.我是一个男孩。 We study English.我们学习英语。Mary likes Chinese.玛丽喜欢汉语。 三、一般现在时的变化 否定句: 否定句:
  1)主语+ be (is,am,are)+ not +其它。
  2)其他主语+do not(don’t)动词原形+其它 如:He is not a worker.他不是工人。 I don't like bread
第三人称单数+does not(doesn’t)动词原形+其它 He doesn't often play. 一般疑问句: 一般疑问句:
  1)Be(Is,Are) +主语+其它?如:-Are you a student? -Yes. I am. / No, I'm not.
  2)Do 其他主语+动词原形+其它? Does+第三人称单数+动词原形+其它+? 注意:遇 I/we?you, my?your, some?any. Does she go to work by bike? - Yes, she does. / No, she doesn't.
Do you often play football?- Yes, I do. / No, I don't. 特殊疑问句: 特殊疑问句:疑问词+一般疑问句。如:Where is my bike? How does your father go to work? 一般现在时用法专练: 一、用括号内动词的适当形式填空。
  1. He often (have) dinner at home.
  2. Daniel and Tommy (be) in Class One.
  3. We (not watch) TV on Monday.
  4. Nick (not go) to the zoo on Sunday.
  5. they (like) the World Cup? 二、按照要求改写句子
  1. Daniel watches TV every evening.(改为否定句)

  2. I do my homework every day.(改为一般疑问句,作否定回答)
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  3. She likes milk.(改为一般疑问句,作肯定回答)

  7. I like taking photos in the park.(对划线部分提问)

  8. John comes from Canada.(对划线部分提问) 三、改错(划出错误的地方,将正确的写在横线上)
  1. Is your brother speak English?
  2. Does he likes going fishing?
  3. He likes play games after class.
  4. Mr. Wu teachs us English.
  5. She don’t do her homework on Sundays.

  2、现在进行时。 、现在进行时。
通常用“now/look/listen”.
  1.现在进行时表示现在正在进行或发生的动作,也可表示当前一段时间内的活动或现 阶段正在进行的动作。
  2.现在进行时的结构:. 肯定句 : 主语+be(is,am,are ) +动词现在分词-ing eg: I am(not) doing my homework. You/We/They are(not) reading. He/She/It is(not) eating. 否定句: 否定句:主语+be(is,am,are )+not + 动词现在分词-ing 一般疑问句: 一般疑问句:Is(Are)+主语+动词现在分词-ing? 特殊疑问: 特殊疑问:疑问词+ be + 主语 + 动词 ing?
  3.动词加 ing 的变化规则
  1)一般情况下,直接加 ing,如:cook-cooking
  2)以不发音的 e 结尾,去 e 加 ing,如:make-making, taste-tasting
  3)如果末尾是一个元音字母和一个辅音字母,双写末尾的辅音字母,再加 ing, 如:run-running, stop-stopping,swim?swimming
  4. 现在进行时专项练习: 一、写出下列动词的现在分词: play run swim make go like write _ski read have sing dance put see buy love live 二、用所给的动词的正确形式填空:
  1.The boy ( draw)a picture now.
2

  2. Listen .Some girls ( sing)in the classroom .
  3. My mother ( cook )some nice food now.
  4. What you ( do ) now?
  5. Look . They ( have) an English lesson .
  10.Helen(wash )clothes? Yes ,she is . 三、句型转换:
  1. They are doing housework .(分别改成一般疑问句和否定句)
  2.The students are cleaning the classroom . ( 改一般疑问句并作肯定和否定回答)

  3.I’m playing the football in the playground .(对划线部分进行提问) ① ②

  3、 一般过去时态 、
一般过去时通常用 “a moment ago, just now, yesterday, last…”等。
  1.一般过去时表示过去某个时间发生的动作或存在的状态,常和表示过去的时间状语 连用。一般过去时也表示过去经常或反复发生的动作感谢。
  2.Be 动词在一般过去时中的变化: ⑴am 和 is 在一般过去时中变为 was。(was not=wasn’t) ⑵are 在一般过去时中变为 were。(were not=weren’t) ⑶带有 was 或 were 的句子,其否定、疑问的变化和 is, am, are 一样,即否定句在 was 或 were 后加 not,一般疑问句把 was 或 were 调到句首。
  3.行为动词的一般过去时变化 肯定句 (Positive) 否定句(Negative) 一般疑问句(Yes/No) 特殊疑问句(wh-) 规则动词的变化: 一般动词 以不发音的 e 结尾 辅音字母加 y 结尾 重读闭音节单词,末尾只有一个辅音字 母 不规则动词的变化: 原形 过去式 原形 过去式 原形 过去式 原形 过去式 +ed +d -y+ ied 双写最后一 个字母+ed planted,watered,climbed liked study?studied, cry- cried stop ?stopped plan - planned 动词过去式 didn’t + 动词原形 Did …+ 动词原形…? What did…+ 动词原形…? I went shopping last night. I didn’t go shopping last night. Did you go shopping last night? What did you do last night?

  4.动词过去式的变化:
sweep keep
swept kept
teach think
taught thought
3
have do
had did
go find
went found
sleep feel read put cut let fly draw grow
slept felt read put cut let flew drew grew
buy drink give sing begin ring run sit learn
bought drank gave sang began rang ran sat learned/ learnt
eat is/am are drive speak write ride hear get
ate was were drove spoke wrote rode heard got
say take mean meet make see come tell know
said took meant met made saw came told knew

  5.特殊疑问句: ⑴疑问词+did+主语+动词原形?如: What did Jim do yesterday? ⑵疑问词当主语时:疑问词+动词过去式?如:Who went to home yesterday? 过去时练习: 写出下列动词的过去式 is\am fly plant are drink play go make does dance worry ask taste eat draw put throw kick pass do Be 动词的过去时练习:A 一、 用 be 动词的适当形式填空
  1. I at school just now.
  2. He at the camp last week.
  3. We students two years ago.
  4. They on the farm a moment ago.
  5. Yang Ling eleven years old last year. 二、 句型转换
  1. It was exciting. 否定句: 一般疑问句: 肯、否定回答:
  2. All the students were very excited. 否定句: 一般疑问句: 肯、否定回答: 行为动词的过去时练习:B 一、用行为动词的适当形式填空
  1. He (live) in Wuxi two years ago.
  2. The cat (eat) a bird last night.
  3. We (have) a party last Halloween.
4

  4. Nancy (pick) up oranges on the farm last week.
  5. I (make) a model ship with Mike yesterday. 二、句型转换
  1. Su Hai took some photos at the Sports day. 否定句: 一般疑问句: 肯、否定回答:
  2. We sang some English songs. 否定句: 一般疑问句: 肯、否定回答: 三、中译英
  1.格林先生去年住在中国。
  2. 昨天我们参观了农场。
  3. 他刚才在找他的手机。 过去时综合练习 A 一、 用动词的适当形式填空
  1. It (be) Ben’s birthday last Friday.
  2. We all (have) a good time last night.
  3. He football now, but they basketball just now. (play)
  4. Jim’s mother (plant) trees just now.
  5. they (sweep) the floor on Sunday? No, they . 二、 中译英
  1.我们上周五看了一部电影。
  2.他上个中秋节走亲访友了吗?是的。
  3.你们上个儿童节做了什么?我们参观了动物园。

  4、一般将来时 、
概念:表示将要发生的动作或存在的状态及打算、计划或准备做某事。句中一般有以下 时间状语:tomorrow, next day(week, month, year…),soon, the day after tomorrow(后天)等。
  1.基本结构 基本结构:①主语+be (is,am,are)going to +动词原形. 基本结构 ②主语+will+ 动词原形.
  2.否定句:①主语+be (is,am,are)+not +going to +动词原形. 否定句: 否定句 ②主语+will +not(won’t)+ 动词原形. 例如:I’m going to have a picnic this afternoon.→ I’m not going to have a picnic this afternoon.
  3.一般疑问句:①Is(Are)+主语 +going to +动词原形.+? 一般疑问句: 一般疑问句 ②Will+主语+动词原形+? 例:We are going to go on an outing this weekend.
5
→ Are you going to go on an outing this weekend? Will he go to Beijing next week? Yes,he will.
Yes,we are. No,he won’t.
No, we aren’t.

  4.对划线部分提问 对划线部分提问。一般情况,一般将来时的对划线部分有三种情况。 对划线部分提问
  1). 问人。Who 例如:I’m going to New York soon. →Who’s going to New York soon.
  2). 问干什么。 What … do.例如: My father is going to watch a race with me this afternoon. →What is your father going to do with you this afternoon.
  3). 问什么时候。 When.例如: She’s going to go to bed at nine. →When is she going to bed? 5 同义句:be going to = will I am going to go swimming tomorrow(明天). = I will go 同义句: swimming tomorrow. 一、练习:填空。
  1. 我打算明天和朋友去野炊。 I have a picnic with my friends. I have a picnic with my friends.
  2. 下个星期一你打算去干嘛? 我想去打篮球。 What next Monday? I play basketball. What you do next Monday? I play basketball.
  3. 你妈妈这个周末去购物吗?是,她要去买一些水果。 your mother go shopping this ? Yes, she . She buy some fruit.
  4. 你们打算什么时候见面。 What time you meet? 二、改句子。
  5. Nancy is going to go camping.(改否定) Nancy going to go camping.
  6. I’ll go and join them.(改否定) I go join them.
  7. I’m going to get up at 6:30 tomorrow.(改一般疑问句) to get up at 6:30 tomorrow?
  8. We will meet at the bus stop at 10:
  30.(改一般疑问句) meet at the bus stop at 10:
  30.
  9. She is going to listen to music after school.(对划线部分提问) she after school?
  10. My father and mother are going to see a play the day after tomorrow.(同上) going to see a play the day after tomorrow. 三、用所给词的适当形式填空。
  11. Today is a sunny day. We (have) a picnic this afternoon.
  12. My brother (go) to Shanghai next week.
  13. Tom often (go) to school on foot. But today is rain. He (go) to school by bike.
  14. What do you usually do at weekends? I usually (watch) TV and (catch) insects?
6

  15. It’s Friday today. What she (do) this weekend? She (watch) TV and (catch) insects.
  16. What (d
  0) you do last Sunday? I (pick) apples on a farm. What (do) next Sunday? I (milk) cows.
  17. Mary (visit) her grandparents tomorrow.
  18. Liu Tao (fly) kites in the playground yesterday.
  19. David (give) a puppet show next Monday.
  20. I (plan) for my study now.

  5.过去进行时: 过去进行时: 过去进行时
肯定句: 肯定句:主语+助动词 be (was,were)+动词现在分词-ing+其它 否定句: 否定句:主语+助动词 be (was,were)+not+动词现在分词-ing+其它 一般疑问句: 一般疑问句:Was(Were)+主语+动词现在分词-ing+其它? 特殊疑问句: 特殊疑问句:疑问词+was(were)+动词现在分词-ing+其它? 用法:
  1、 表示在过去某一时间正在进行的动作,往往有表示过去的时间状语 then, at that time, this time yesterday 等,或与过去发生的某事同时发生的动作(即与 when, w
 

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