动词的时态 英语共有 16 种时态,根据近几年曝光的四,六级考卷分析,时态测试重点 主要有:完成时态??现在完成时,过去完成时,将来完成时;进行时态??现 在进行时,过去进行时,将来进行时,完成进行时;一般时态. 一,一般时态 1,一般现在时 (
  1)一般现在时表示没有时限的持久存在的动作或状态或现阶段反复发生的 动作或状态,常和副词 usually,often,always sometimes, regularly,near, occasionally,every year, every week 等连用.例如:
  1)The moon moves round the earth..
  2)Mr. Smith travels to work by bus every day. (
  2)在由 after,until,before,once,when,even if,in case,as long as,as soon as,the moment 以及 if,unless 等引导的时间状语从句或条件状 语从句中,通常用一般现在时代替将来时.例如:
  1)I will tell him the news as soon as I see him.
  2)I will not go to countryside if it rains tomorrow. (
  3)某些表示起始的动词,可用一般现在时表示按规定,计划或安排要发生 的动作,这类动词有:be,go,come,start,depart,arrive,begin,leave 等.例如:
  1)The plane leaves at three sharp.
  2)The new teachers arrive tomorrow. (
  4)在由 why,what,where,whoever,who,that,as 等引导的从句中,也 常用一般现在时代替将来时.例如:
  1)Free tickets will be given to whoever comes first.
  2)You'll probably be in the same train as I am tomorrow.

  2.一般过去时 (
  1)表示过去某一特定时间所发生的,可完成的动作或状态,常与表示确切 过去时间的词,短语或从句连用.例如: We went to the pictures last night and saw a very interesting film. (
  1)He always went to class last.
  2)I used to do my homework in the library. (注意与 be used to doing 短语的区别)
  1)表示将来打算进行或期待发生的动作或状态.例如: I shall graduate next year.
  1)be going to +v 在口语中广泛使用,表示准备做或将发生的事情.例如: I'm going to buy a house when we've saved enough money.
  2)be to +v 表示计划安排要做的事,具有"必要"的强制性意义.例如: I am to play tennis this afternoon.
  3)be about to +v 表示即将发生的事情.例如: He was about to start.
  4)be due to +v 表示预先确定了的事,必定发生的事.例如: The train is due to depart in ten minutes.
  5)be on the point/verge of +v ? ing 强调即将发生的某种事态.例如: The baby was on the point of crying when her mother finally came home.
  1.现在进行时 (
  1)表示现在正在进行的动作,常与 now,right now,at the mother,for the time being,for the present 等连用.例如: Don't disturb her. She is reading a newspaper now. (
  2)表示现阶段经常发生的动作,常与 always,continually,forever, constantly 等连用.例如: My father is forever criticizing me. (
  3)表示根据计划或安排在最近要进行的事情.具有这种语法功能的动词仅 限于过渡性动词.即表示从一个状态或位置转移到另一个状态或位置上去的动 词.常用的有:go,come,leave,start,arrive,return 等.例如: They are leaving for Hong Kong next month. (
  4)有些动词不能用进行时,这是一类表示"感觉,感情,存在,从属"等 的动词.如:see,hear,smell,taste,feel,notice,look,appear,(表示 感觉的词); hate, love, fear, like, want, wish, prefer, refuse, forgive(表 示感情的动词); exist, be, remain, stay, obtain(表示存在状态的动词); have, possess,own,contain,belong,consist of,form(表示占有与从属的动词); understand,know,believe,think,doubt,forget,remember(表示思考理解 的动词).但是如果它们词义改变,便也可用进行时态.例如:
  1)Tom looks pale. What's wrong with him? (look 在此为联系动词,意为"显得,看上去")
  2)Tom is looking for his books. (look 在此为实义动词,意为"寻找")
  2.过去进行时 过去进行时表示一个过去的动作发生时或发生后, 另一个过去的动作正在进 行,或表示过去反复的习惯,常与 always,continually,constantly 等动词连 用.例如:
  1)We were discussing the matter when the headmaster entered.

  2)Whenever I visited him, he was always writing at the desk.
  3.将来进行时 将来进行时主要表示将来某一时刻正在进行的动作, 或表示要在将来某一时 刻开始,并继续下去的动作.常用来表示礼貌的询问,请求等.例如:
  1)This time next day they will be sitting in the cinema.
  2)What will you be doing at six tomorrow evening?
  4.完成进行时 (现在,过去,将来)完成进行时是(现在,过去,将来)完成时的强调形式, 将放在完成时态部分讲述. 三,完成时态 完成时态通常表示已完成或从事的动作.它可分为:
  1.现在完成时 (
  1)现在完成时用来表示对目前状况仍有影响的,刚刚完成的动作(常与 yet,already,just 连用),或者过去某一时刻发生的,持续到现在的情况(常 与 for,since 连用).例如:
  1)I have just finished my homework.
  2)Mary has been ill for three days. (
  2)常与现在完成时连用的时间状语有:since, for, during, over 等引导 出的短语;副词 already, yet, just, ever, now, before, often, lately, recently 等;状语词组 this week (morning, month, year), so far, up to now, many times, up to the present 等.例如:
  1)I haven't been there for five years.
  2)So far, she hasn't enjoyed the summer vacation.
  3)There have been a lot of changes since 19
  78. (
  3)完成时态可用在下列结构中: This (That, It) is (was) the first (second…) time +定语从句;This
(That, It) is (was) the only (last) + n +定语从句;This (That, It) is (was) +形容词最高级+ n +定语从句.如果主句的谓语动词是一般现在时,从句的谓语 动词通常用现在完成时;如果主句谓语动词是一般过去时,从句谓语动词通常用 过去完成时.例如: (
  1)This is one of the rarest questions that have ever been raised at such a meeting. (
  2)There was a knock at the door. It was the second time someone had interrupted me that evening.
  2.过去完成时 (
  1)表示过去某时间前已经发生的动作或情况,这个过去的时间可以用 by, before 等介词短语或一个时间状语从句来表示;或者表示一个动作在另一个过 去动作之前已经完成.例如:
  1)We had just had our breakfast when Tom came in.
  2)By the end of last year they had turned out 5, 000 bicycles. (
  2)动词 expect, hope, mean, intend, plan, suppose, wish, want, desire 等用过去完成时,表示过去的希望,预期,意图或愿望等没有实现.例如: I had meant to take a good holiday this year, but I wasn't able to get away. 另外两种表示"过去想做而未做的事"的表达方式是:
  1)was / were + to have done sth,例如: We were to have come yesterday, but we couldn't.
  2)intended (expected, hope, meant, planned, supposed, wished, wanted, desired) + to have done sth,例如: I meant to have told you about it, but I forgot to do so. (
  1)hardly, scarcely, barely + 过去完成时+ when + 过去时.例如: Hardly had I got on the bus when it started to move.
  2)no sooner +过去完成时+ than +过去时.例如:
No sooner had I gone out than he came to see me.
  3)by (the end of ) +过去时间,主句中谓语动词用过去完成时.例如: The experiment had been finished by 4 o'clock yesterday afternoon.
  3.将来完成时 将来完成时表示在将来某一时刻将完成或在另一个未来的动作发生之前已 经完成的动作;也可以用来表示一种猜测.常与将来完成时连用的时间状语有: by (the time / the end of ) +表示将来时间的短语和句子;before (the end of ) +表示将来时间的词语或句子;when, after 等加上表示将来动作的句子等. 例如:
  1)By this time tomorrow you will have arrived in Shanghai.
  2)I shall have finished this composition before 9 o'clock.
  3)When we get on the railway station, the train will probably have left.
  4.完成进行时 完成进行时是完成时的强调形式,有现在完成进行时,过去完成进行时,将 来完成进行时. (
  1)现在完成进行时表示过去某一时刻之前开始的动作或状态一直延续到过 去某一时刻.例如: I have been looking for my lost book for three days, but I still haven't found it. (
  2)过去完成进行时表示过去某一时刻之前开始的动作或状态一直延续到过 去某一时刻.例如: It had been raining cats and dogs for over a week and the downpour had caused landslides in many places. (
  3)将来完成进行时表示在将来某一时刻之前开始的一个动作或状态一直延续到 将来某一时刻.例如: By the time you arrive tonight, she will have been typing for hours. 四:时态一致
时态一致是英语四,六级考试的一个重要内容.通常应由主句谓语的时态决 定从句的谓语时态.一般原则是: 1,当主句谓语使用现在时或将来时,从句的谓语根据具体情况使用任何时 态 He says that he lives in Wuhan. We hope that there will be many people at your party today. "Did you hear that Bill finally sold the house?" "Yes, but I don't know who bought it." "There's a lot of excitement on the street." "There certainly is. Do you suppose the astronauts have returned?" 2,当主句谓语使用过去时的时候,从句的谓语必须使用过去范围的时态 He said he was writing a novel. The teacher wanted to know when we would finish the experiment. He said his father had been an engineer. 3,当从句是表示没有时间概念的真理时,从句的谓语应使用一般现在时. 例如: The teacher told them since light travels faster than sound, lightning appears to go before thunder. 注:在此种情况下,即使主句谓语用了过去式的各种时态,从句谓语也应用 一般现在时. 4,从句谓语只能用虚拟语气的情况 利用时态一致原则确定从句动词时态时, 还应注意, 若主语动词是表示命令, 请求,要求,建议,劝告等的动词,从句谓语只能用虚拟语气,不能遵循时态一 致原则.例如: We insisted that we do it ourselves. 动词的语态
语态也是动词的一种形式,英语有两种语态:主动语态和被动语态.主动语 态表示主语是动作的执行者,而被动语态表示主语是动作的承受者.
  1)We use electricity to run machines. (主动语态)
  2)Electricity is used to run machines. (被动语态)
  1.不能用于被动语态的动词和短语 (
  1)在英语中, 不及物动词不能用于被动语态, 但有些不及物动词(包括短语) 容易引起误用. appear, belong, belong, die, escape, fall, happen, last, 如: remain, succeed, occur, come true, take place, consist of. (
  2)某些表示状态或特征的及物动词, become, contain, cost, fit, have, 如: resemble, suit 也没有被动语态.
  2.被动语态的时态形式 常用的被动语态有表 1 所列的几种时态形式. 表1 时?SPAN lang=EN-US> 一般时 进行时 完成时 现在 am asked am being asked is asked is being asked are asked are being asked 过去 was be asked was being asked were be asked were being asked 将来 shall be asked shall have been asked will be asked will have been asked 过去 should be asked should have been asked 将来 would be asked would have been asked
短语动词转换为被动语态时,通常被看作是一个动词,后面的介词或副词不 能拆开或省略.例如:
  1)So far no correct conclusion has arrived at.
  2)All the rubbish should be got rid of.
  4."get + -ed 分词"的被动语态 "get + -ed 分词"结构强调动作的结果,而非动作本身,常用来表示突发 性的,出乎意料的偶然事件.例如: The boy got hurt on his way home from work. 另外,"get + -ed 分词"还可用于谈论为自己做的事,是主动的行为而不 是被动的行为.例如: get dressed(穿衣服) get divorced(离婚) get engaged(订婚) get confused(迷惑不解) get lost(迷路) get washed(洗脸) get married(结婚)
  5.能带两个宾语和复合宾语的动词改为被动语态 (
  1)能带两个宾语的动词改为被动语态时,一次只能由一个宾语作主语,另 一个宾语被保留下来.例如:
  1)We showed the visitors our new products.(主动语态)
  2)The visitors were shown our new products.(被动语态)
  3)Our new products were shown to the visitors.(被动语态) (
  2)能带复合宾语的动词改为被动语态时,原来的宾语补足语变为主语补足 语.例如:
  1)The teacher appointed him League secretary.(主动语态)
  2)He was appointed League secretary.(被动语态)

  6.被动语态与系表结构的区别 (
  1)The novel was well written.(系表结构) (
  2)The novel was written by Diskens.(被动语态)
  7.少数动词的主动语态有时有被动的意思 例 1:The book is selling remarkably well. 例 2:The song sounds very beautiful. 能这样用的动词还有 read(读起来),clean(擦起来),wash(洗起来), write(写起来). 例 3:My watch needs cleaning. (= My watch needs to be cleaned). 能像 need 这样用的动词还有:want, require, deserve, do, owe, bind 等. 例 4:The meat is cooking. 例 5:The book written by the professor is printing.



   初中英语时态总结 动词的时态 英语共有 16 种时态,根据近几年曝光的四,六级考卷分析,时态测试重点 主要有:完成时态??现在完成时,过去完成时,将来完成时;进行时态??现 在进行时,过去进行时,将来进行时,完成进行时;一般时态. 一,一般时态 1,一般现在时 (1)一般现在时表示没有时限的持久存在的动作或状态或现阶段反复发生的 动作或状态,常和副词 usually,often,always sometimes, regularly,near, occasionally,every year ...


   英语时态总结 主要有:完成时态??现在完成时、过去完成时、将来完成时;进行时态??现 在进行时、过去进行时、将来进行时、完成进行时;一般时态??一般过去时, 一般现在时,一般将来时。 一、一般时态 1、一般现在时 (1)一般现在时表示没有时限的持久存在的动作或状态或现阶段反复发生的动 作或状态,常和副词 usually,often,always sometimes, regularly,near, occasionally,every year, every week 等连用。例如: 1)T ...


   1. 现 将 表示经常发生的动作或事情,通常用 “usually, often, every day, sometimes,always,never”等 动。 基本结结: I / You / We / They He / She / It 肯定句(Positive) 动动原形(V) 动动第三人称节数形式(V+S) 否定句(Negative) don’t + 动动 doesn’t + 动动原形 一般疑问句(Yes/No) Do… ? Yes, I do. Does…(动动原形)…?No,she ...


   中考英语总复习之初中英语时态表 时 态 名 称 陈述句:I am an office worker. He is so lazy. at home now. 1 由 be 的 is am are 表示,之后接名词,形 容词或介词。 否定句: I am not Tim. She is not very beauiful. They are not in the office. 一般疑问句:Are you an 一 般 现 在 时 every…, … sometimes, always,neve ...


   一,一般现在时 1,表示经常发生的事情或者经常存在的动作或状态 例如:She sings with the band Crazy Boy. I teach English. $ 常与 always,usually,often,sometimes,every day,every week 等时间状语连用。 例如:She is often late. He goes to work every day. 2,表示内心活动感情等。 例如:I know. I think that's a good ...


   一般过去时 Ved 一般将来时 Be going to + V / Will + V 过去将来时 Be 的过去时 going to +V/ Would +V 现在进行时 Be +doing 过去进行时 was/were doing/ was /were not doing 将来进行时 Will +be+doing/ will not be doing 现在完成时 have +done/ have not done 过去完成时 Had+done/ had not done 现在完成进行时 ha ...


   初中英语时态总结 动词的时态 英语共有 16 种时态,根据近几年曝光的四、六级考卷分析,时态测试重点主要 有:完成时态??现在完成时、过去完成时、将来完成时;进行时态??现在进行 时、过去进行时、将来进行时、完成进行时;一般时态。 一、一般时态 1、一般现在时 、 (1)一般现在时表示没有时限的持久存在的动作或状态或现阶段反复发生的动 作或状态, 常和副词 usually, often, always sometimes, regularly, near, occasionally, eve ...


   3eud 教育网 http://www.3edu.net 50 多万教学资源,完全免费,无须注册,天天更新! 初中英语时态总结 1 动词的时态 英语共有 16 种时态,根据近几年曝光的四、六级考卷分析,时态测试重点主要 有:完成时态??现在完成时、过去完成时、将来完成时;进行时态??现在进行 时、过去进行时、将来进行时、完成进行时;一般时态。 一、一般时态 1、一般现在时 (1)一般现在时表示没有时限的持久存在的动作或状态或现阶段反复发生的动 作或状态, 常和副词 usually, ofte ...


   Ⅰ, 一般现在时 1,概念:1)表示经常性或习惯性的动作,常与表示频度的时间状语连用. 时间状语:always, usually, often, sometimes, seldom, never, every day, twice a week, on Sunday, etc.(提问用 How often) 例:I leave home for school at 7 every morning. 2) 客观真理,客观存在,科学事实. 例:The earth moves around the ...


   初中英语语法总结 ( 动词的时态) 11.1 一般现在时的用法 1) 经常性或习惯性的动作, 常与表示频度的时间状语连用。 时间状语: every…, sometimes, at…, on Sunday。例如: I leave home for school at 7 every morning. 每天早上我七点离开家。 2) 客观真理,客观存在,科学事实。例如: The earth moves around the sun. 地球绕太阳转动。 Shanghai lies in the ea ...



   羽天 六级考试高频词汇 acquisition n. 获得,添加的物品 adolescent a. 青春期的,青年的 n. 青少年 adverse a. 不利的,敌对的,相反的,逆的 aesthetic a. 美学的,审美的,有美感 affiliate vt. 附属,接纳 vi. 有关 afflictvt. 使痛苦,折磨 aggravat Vt. 使恶化,使更加重 agitation/n.鼓动,煸动;搅动 alleviate/ /vt. 减轻,使缓和 amends/ /n. 赔偿 anony ...


   2008学年第一学期牛津初二英语期中试卷(试题解析) Part 2 Vocabulary and grammar I. Fill in the blanks with proper words according to the definitions. 1. noticed。“notice”,注意到、发觉。 2. followed。“follow”,跟随。 3. hurried。“hurry”,快速移动或运动。 4. staring。“stare”,凝视、盯着看。 5. seldom。“sel ...


   Unit1a 学习外语是我一生中最艰苦也是最有意义的经历之一。 虽然时常遭遇挫折,但却非常有价值。 我学外语的经历始于初中的第一堂英语课。 老师很慈祥耐心,时常表扬学生。 由于这种积极的教学方法,我踊跃回答各种问题,从不怕答错。 两年中,我的成绩一直名列前茅。 到了高中后,我渴望继续学习英语。然而,高中时的经历与以前大不相同。 以前,老师对所有的学生都很耐心,而新老师则总是惩罚答错的学生。 每当有谁回答错了,她就会用长教鞭指着我们,上下挥舞大喊: “错!错!错! ” 没有多久,我便不再渴望回 ...


   2003 年 11 月北京地区成人本科学士 学位英语统一考试试题( ) 学位英语统一考试试题(A) Part I Reading Comprehension (30%) Directions: There are three passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices mar ...


   Track01 [00:13.00]Spark English Vocabulary Series [00:17.00]Vocabulary for College English Test Band4 [00:25.00]consider [00:27.00]We consider that you are not to blame. [00:31.00]involve [00:32.00]Over the years I have gotten more involved in ...